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Criar assinatura com política de mensagens mortas

Cria uma assinatura que encaminha mensagens não entregues para um tópico de mensagens inativas.

Páginas de documentação que incluem esta amostra de código

Para visualizar o exemplo de código usado em contexto, consulte a seguinte documentação:

Amostra de código

C#

Antes de testar este exemplo, siga as instruções de configuração do C# no Guia de início rápido do Pub/Sub: como usar bibliotecas de cliente. Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Pub/Sub C#.


using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using System;

public class CreateSubscriptionWithDeadLetterPolicySample
{
    public Subscription CreateSubscriptionWithDeadLetterPolicy(string projectId, string subscriptionId, string topicId, string deadLetterTopicId)
    {
        SubscriberServiceApiClient subscriber = SubscriberServiceApiClient.Create();
        // This is the subscription you want to create with a dead letter policy.
        var subscriptionName = SubscriptionName.FromProjectSubscription(projectId, subscriptionId);
        // This is an existing topic that you want to attach the subscription with dead letter policy to.
        var topicName = TopicName.FromProjectTopic(projectId, topicId);
        // This is an existing topic that the subscription with dead letter policy forwards dead letter messages to.
        var deadLetterTopic = TopicName.FromProjectTopic(projectId, deadLetterTopicId).ToString();
        var subscriptionRequest = new Subscription
        {
            SubscriptionName = subscriptionName,
            TopicAsTopicName = topicName,
            DeadLetterPolicy = new DeadLetterPolicy
            {
                DeadLetterTopic = deadLetterTopic,
                // The maximum number of times that the service attempts to deliver a
                // message before forwarding it to the dead letter topic. Must be [5-100].
                MaxDeliveryAttempts = 10
            },
            AckDeadlineSeconds = 30
        };

        var subscription = subscriber.CreateSubscription(subscriptionRequest);
        Console.WriteLine("Created subscription: " + subscription.SubscriptionName.SubscriptionId);
        Console.WriteLine($"It will forward dead letter messages to: {subscription.DeadLetterPolicy.DeadLetterTopic}");
        Console.WriteLine($"After {subscription.DeadLetterPolicy.MaxDeliveryAttempts} delivery attempts.");
        // Remember to attach a subscription to the dead letter topic because
        // messages published to a topic with no subscriptions are lost.
        return subscription;
    }
}

C++

Antes de testar este exemplo, siga as instruções de configuração do C++ no Guia de início rápido do Pub/Sub: como usar bibliotecas de cliente. Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Pub/Sub C++.

namespace pubsub = google::cloud::pubsub;
[](pubsub::SubscriptionAdminClient client, std::string const& project_id,
   std::string const& topic_id, std::string const& subscription_id,
   std::string const& dead_letter_topic_id,
   int dead_letter_delivery_attempts) {
  auto sub = client.CreateSubscription(
      pubsub::Topic(project_id, std::move(topic_id)),
      pubsub::Subscription(project_id, std::move(subscription_id)),
      pubsub::SubscriptionBuilder{}.set_dead_letter_policy(
          pubsub::SubscriptionBuilder::MakeDeadLetterPolicy(
              pubsub::Topic(project_id, dead_letter_topic_id),
              dead_letter_delivery_attempts)));
  if (sub.status().code() == google::cloud::StatusCode::kAlreadyExists) {
    std::cout << "The subscription already exists\n";
    return;
  }
  if (!sub) throw std::runtime_error(sub.status().message());

  std::cout << "The subscription was successfully created: "
            << sub->DebugString() << "\n";

  std::cout << "It will forward dead letter messages to: "
            << sub->dead_letter_policy().dead_letter_topic() << "\n";

  std::cout << "After " << sub->dead_letter_policy().max_delivery_attempts()
            << " delivery attempts.\n";
}

Go

Antes de testar essa amostra, siga as instruções de configuração do Go no Guia de início rápido do Cloud Pub/Sub: como usar bibliotecas de cliente. Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Pub/Sub Go.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
)

// createSubWithDeadLetter creates a subscription with a dead letter policy.
func createSubWithDeadLetter(w io.Writer, projectID, subID string, topicID string, fullyQualifiedDeadLetterTopic string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// subID := "my-sub"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	// fullyQualifiedDeadLetterTopic := "projects/my-project/topics/my-dead-letter-topic"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsub.NewClient: %v", err)
	}

	topic := client.Topic(topicID)

	subConfig := pubsub.SubscriptionConfig{
		Topic:       topic,
		AckDeadline: 20 * time.Second,
		DeadLetterPolicy: &pubsub.DeadLetterPolicy{
			DeadLetterTopic:     fullyQualifiedDeadLetterTopic,
			MaxDeliveryAttempts: 10,
		},
	}

	sub, err := client.CreateSubscription(ctx, subID, subConfig)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateSubscription: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created subscription (%s) with dead letter topic (%s)\n", sub.String(), fullyQualifiedDeadLetterTopic)
	fmt.Fprintln(w, "To process dead letter messages, remember to add a subscription to your dead letter topic.")
	return nil
}

Java

Antes de testar essa amostra, siga as instruções de configuração do Java no guia de início rápido do Pub/Sub usando bibliotecas de cliente. Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Pub/Sub Java.

import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.SubscriptionAdminClient;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.DeadLetterPolicy;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectSubscriptionName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectTopicName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.Subscription;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CreateSubscriptionWithDeadLetterPolicyExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    // This is the subscription you want to create with a dead letter policy.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";
    // This is an existing topic that you want to attach the subscription with dead letter policy
    // to.
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";
    // This is an existing topic that the subscription with dead letter policy forwards dead letter
    // messages to.
    String deadLetterTopicId = "your-dead-letter-topic-id";

    CreateSubscriptionWithDeadLetterPolicyExample.createSubscriptionWithDeadLetterPolicyExample(
        projectId, subscriptionId, topicId, deadLetterTopicId);
  }

  public static void createSubscriptionWithDeadLetterPolicyExample(
      String projectId, String subscriptionId, String topicId, String deadLetterTopicId)
      throws IOException {
    try (SubscriptionAdminClient subscriptionAdminClient = SubscriptionAdminClient.create()) {

      ProjectTopicName topicName = ProjectTopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
      ProjectSubscriptionName subscriptionName =
          ProjectSubscriptionName.of(projectId, subscriptionId);
      ProjectTopicName deadLetterTopicName = ProjectTopicName.of(projectId, deadLetterTopicId);

      DeadLetterPolicy deadLetterPolicy =
          DeadLetterPolicy.newBuilder()
              .setDeadLetterTopic(deadLetterTopicName.toString())
              // The maximum number of times that the service attempts to deliver a
              // message before forwarding it to the dead letter topic. Must be [5-100].
              .setMaxDeliveryAttempts(10)
              .build();

      Subscription request =
          Subscription.newBuilder()
              .setName(subscriptionName.toString())
              .setTopic(topicName.toString())
              .setDeadLetterPolicy(deadLetterPolicy)
              .build();

      Subscription subscription = subscriptionAdminClient.createSubscription(request);

      System.out.println("Created subscription: " + subscription.getName());
      System.out.println(
          "It will forward dead letter messages to: "
              + subscription.getDeadLetterPolicy().getDeadLetterTopic());
      System.out.println(
          "After "
              + subscription.getDeadLetterPolicy().getMaxDeliveryAttempts()
              + " delivery attempts.");
      // Remember to attach a subscription to the dead letter topic because
      // messages published to a topic with no subscriptions are lost.
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Antes de testar essa amostra, siga as instruções de configuração do Node.js no Guia de início rápido do Pub/Sub usando bibliotecas de cliente. Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Pub/Sub Node.js.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const topicName = 'YOUR_TOPIC_NAME';
// const subscriptionName = 'YOUR_SUBSCRIPTION_NAME';
// const deadLetterTopicName = 'YOUR_DEAD_LETTER_TOPIC_NAME';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {PubSub} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Creates a client; cache this for further use
const pubSubClient = new PubSub();

async function createSubscriptionWithDeadLetterPolicy() {
  // Creates a new subscription
  await pubSubClient.topic(topicName).createSubscription(subscriptionName, {
    deadLetterPolicy: {
      deadLetterTopic: pubSubClient.topic(deadLetterTopicName).name,
      maxDeliveryAttempts: 10,
    },
  });
  console.log(
    `Created subscription ${subscriptionName} with dead letter topic ${deadLetterTopicName}.`
  );
  console.log(
    'To process dead letter messages, remember to add a subscription to your dead letter topic.'
  );
}

createSubscriptionWithDeadLetterPolicy().catch(console.error);

PHP

Antes de testar essa amostra, siga as instruções de configuração do PHP no guia de início rápido do Pub/Sub usando bibliotecas de cliente. Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Pub/Sub PHP.

use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;

/**
 * Creates a Pub/Sub subscription with dead letter policy enabled.
 *
 * @param string $projectId  The Google project ID.
 * @param string $topicName  The Pub/Sub topic name.
 * @param string $subscriptionName  The Pub/Sub subscription name.
 * @param string $deadLetterTopicName The Pub/Sub topic to use for dead letter policy.
 */
function dead_letter_create_subscription($projectId, $topicName, $subscriptionName, $deadLetterTopicName)
{
    $pubsub = new PubSubClient([
        'projectId' => $projectId,
    ]);

    $topic = $pubsub->topic($topicName);
    $deadLetterTopic = $pubsub->topic($deadLetterTopicName);

    $subscription = $topic->subscribe($subscriptionName, [
        'deadLetterPolicy' => [
            'deadLetterTopic' => $deadLetterTopic
        ]
    ]);

    printf(
        'Subscription %s created with dead letter topic %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $subscription->name(),
        $deadLetterTopic->name()
    );
}

Python

Antes de testar essa amostra, siga as instruções de configuração do Python no guia de início rápido do Pub/Sub usando bibliotecas de cliente. Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Pub/Sub para Python (em inglês).

from google.cloud import pubsub_v1
from google.cloud.pubsub_v1.types import DeadLetterPolicy

# TODO(developer)
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# endpoint = "https://my-test-project.appspot.com/push"
# TODO(developer): This is an existing topic that the subscription
# with dead letter policy is attached to.
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
# TODO(developer): This is an existing subscription with a dead letter policy.
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# TODO(developer): This is an existing dead letter topic that the subscription
# with dead letter policy will forward dead letter messages to.
# dead_letter_topic_id = "your-dead-letter-topic-id"
# TODO(developer): This is the maximum number of delivery attempts allowed
# for a message before it gets delivered to a dead letter topic.
# max_delivery_attempts = 5

publisher = pubsub_v1.PublisherClient()
subscriber = pubsub_v1.SubscriberClient()

topic_path = publisher.topic_path(project_id, topic_id)
subscription_path = subscriber.subscription_path(project_id, subscription_id)
dead_letter_topic_path = publisher.topic_path(project_id, dead_letter_topic_id)

dead_letter_policy = DeadLetterPolicy(
    dead_letter_topic=dead_letter_topic_path,
    max_delivery_attempts=max_delivery_attempts,
)

with subscriber:
    request = {
        "name": subscription_path,
        "topic": topic_path,
        "dead_letter_policy": dead_letter_policy,
    }
    subscription = subscriber.create_subscription(request)

print(f"Subscription created: {subscription.name}")
print(
    f"It will forward dead letter messages to: {subscription.dead_letter_policy.dead_letter_topic}."
)
print(
    f"After {subscription.dead_letter_policy.max_delivery_attempts} delivery attempts."
)

Ruby

Antes de testar essa amostra, siga as instruções de configuração do Ruby no guia de início rápido do Pub/Sub usando bibliotecas de cliente. Para mais informações, consulte a documentação de referência da API Pub/Sub Ruby.

# topic_name             = "Your Pubsub topic name"
# subscription_name      = "Your Pubsub subscription name"
# dead_letter_topic_name = "Your Pubsub dead letter topic name"
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::Pubsub.new

topic             = pubsub.topic topic_name
dead_letter_topic = pubsub.topic dead_letter_topic_name
subscription      = topic.subscribe subscription_name,
                                    dead_letter_topic:                 dead_letter_topic,
                                    dead_letter_max_delivery_attempts: 10

puts "Created subscription #{subscription_name} with dead letter topic #{dead_letter_topic_name}."
puts "To process dead letter messages, remember to add a subscription to your dead letter topic."