分析实体情感

实体情感分析 将实体分析和情感分析结合起来,并力图确定文本内实体表达的情感(正面还是负面)。 实体情感用数字分数和量值来表示,并且由实体的每次提及确定。 然后将这些分数汇总为实体的总体情感分数和量级。 如需了解如何解读分析中包含的 scoremagnitude 情感值,请参阅解读情感分析值

以下示例展示了如何查询 analyzeEntitySentiment 方法。 您必须针对每个文档分别提交请求。

分析实体情感

以下示例展示如何分析以字符串形式提供的实体的情感:

协议

如需分析文档中的实体情感,请按照下面示例中所示,向 documents:analyzeEntitySentiment REST 方法发出 POST 请求,并提供相应的请求正文。

该示例使用 gcloud auth application-default print-access-token 命令获取通过 Google Cloud Platform gcloud CLI 为项目设置的服务帐号的访问令牌。如需了解如何安装 gcloud CLI 以及为项目设置服务帐号的说明,请参阅快速入门

curl -X POST \
     -H "Authorization: Bearer "$(gcloud auth application-default print-access-token) \
     -H "Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8" \
     --data "{
  'document':{
    'type':'PLAIN_TEXT',
    'content':'I love R&B music. Marvin Gaye is the best.
               \'What\'s Going On\' is one of my favorite songs.
               It was so sad when Marvin Gaye died.'
  },
  'encodingType':'UTF8'
}" "https://language.googleapis.com/v1/documents:analyzeEntitySentiment"

gcloud

如需查看完整的详细信息,请参阅 analyze-entity-sentiment 命令。

如需执行实体情感分析,请使用 gcloud CLI 并使用 --content 标志来标识要分析的内容:

gcloud ml language analyze-entity-sentiment \
  --content="I love R&B music. Marvin Gaye is the best. 'What's Going On' is one of my favorite songs. It was so sad when Marvin Gaye died."

Go

如需了解如何安装和使用 Natural Language 的客户端库,请参阅 Natural Language 客户端库。 如需了解详情,请参阅 Natural Language Go API 参考文档

如需向 Natural Language 进行身份验证,请设置应用默认凭据。如需了解详情,请参阅为本地开发环境设置身份验证


func analyzeEntitySentiment(ctx context.Context, client *language.Client, text string) (*languagepb.AnalyzeEntitySentimentResponse, error) {
	return client.AnalyzeEntitySentiment(ctx, &languagepb.AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest{
		Document: &languagepb.Document{
			Source: &languagepb.Document_Content{
				Content: text,
			},
			Type: languagepb.Document_PLAIN_TEXT,
		},
	})
}

Java

如需了解如何安装和使用 Natural Language 的客户端库,请参阅 Natural Language 客户端库。 如需了解详情,请参阅 Natural Language Java API 参考文档

如需向 Natural Language 进行身份验证,请设置应用默认凭据。如需了解详情,请参阅为本地开发环境设置身份验证

// Instantiate the Language client com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient
try (com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient language =
    com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient.create()) {
  com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document doc =
      com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document.newBuilder().setContent(text)
          .setType(com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document.Type.PLAIN_TEXT).build();
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest request =
      AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest.newBuilder()
          .setDocument(doc)
          .setEncodingType(com.google.cloud.language.v1.EncodingType.UTF16)
          .build();
  // Detect entity sentiments in the given string
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentResponse response = language.analyzeEntitySentiment(request);
  // Print the response
  for (com.google.cloud.language.v1.Entity entity : response.getEntitiesList()) {
    System.out.printf("Entity: %s\n", entity.getName());
    System.out.printf("Salience: %.3f\n", entity.getSalience());
    System.out.printf("Sentiment : %s\n", entity.getSentiment());
    for (com.google.cloud.language.v1.EntityMention mention : entity.getMentionsList()) {
      System.out.printf("Begin offset: %d\n", mention.getText().getBeginOffset());
      System.out.printf("Content: %s\n", mention.getText().getContent());
      System.out.printf("Magnitude: %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getMagnitude());
      System.out.printf("Sentiment score : %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getScore());
      System.out.printf("Type: %s\n\n", mention.getType());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

如需了解如何安装和使用 Natural Language 的客户端库,请参阅 Natural Language 客户端库。 如需了解详情,请参阅 Natural Language Node.js API 参考文档

如需向 Natural Language 进行身份验证,请设置应用默认凭据。如需了解详情,请参阅为本地开发环境设置身份验证

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const language = require('@google-cloud/language');

// Creates a client
const client = new language.LanguageServiceClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following line to run this code.
 */
// const text = 'Your text to analyze, e.g. Hello, world!';

// Prepares a document, representing the provided text
const document = {
  content: text,
  type: 'PLAIN_TEXT',
};

// Detects sentiment of entities in the document
const [result] = await client.analyzeEntitySentiment({document});
const entities = result.entities;

console.log('Entities and sentiments:');
entities.forEach(entity => {
  console.log(`  Name: ${entity.name}`);
  console.log(`  Type: ${entity.type}`);
  console.log(`  Score: ${entity.sentiment.score}`);
  console.log(`  Magnitude: ${entity.sentiment.magnitude}`);
});

Python

如需了解如何安装和使用 Natural Language 的客户端库,请参阅 Natural Language 客户端库。 如需了解详情,请参阅 Natural Language Python API 参考文档

如需向 Natural Language 进行身份验证,请设置应用默认凭据。如需了解详情,请参阅为本地开发环境设置身份验证

from google.cloud import language_v1

def sample_analyze_entity_sentiment(text_content):
    """
    Analyzing Entity Sentiment in a String

    Args:
      text_content The text content to analyze
    """

    client = language_v1.LanguageServiceClient()

    # text_content = 'Grapes are good. Bananas are bad.'

    # Available types: PLAIN_TEXT, HTML
    type_ = language_v1.types.Document.Type.PLAIN_TEXT

    # Optional. If not specified, the language is automatically detected.
    # For list of supported languages:
    # https://cloud.google.com/natural-language/docs/languages
    language = "en"
    document = {"content": text_content, "type_": type_, "language": language}

    # Available values: NONE, UTF8, UTF16, UTF32
    encoding_type = language_v1.EncodingType.UTF8

    response = client.analyze_entity_sentiment(
        request={"document": document, "encoding_type": encoding_type}
    )
    # Loop through entitites returned from the API
    for entity in response.entities:
        print(f"Representative name for the entity: {entity.name}")
        # Get entity type, e.g. PERSON, LOCATION, ADDRESS, NUMBER, et al
        print(f"Entity type: {language_v1.Entity.Type(entity.type_).name}")
        # Get the salience score associated with the entity in the [0, 1.0] range
        print(f"Salience score: {entity.salience}")
        # Get the aggregate sentiment expressed for this entity in the provided document.
        sentiment = entity.sentiment
        print(f"Entity sentiment score: {sentiment.score}")
        print(f"Entity sentiment magnitude: {sentiment.magnitude}")
        # Loop over the metadata associated with entity. For many known entities,
        # the metadata is a Wikipedia URL (wikipedia_url) and Knowledge Graph MID (mid).
        # Some entity types may have additional metadata, e.g. ADDRESS entities
        # may have metadata for the address street_name, postal_code, et al.
        for metadata_name, metadata_value in entity.metadata.items():
            print(f"{metadata_name} = {metadata_value}")

        # Loop over the mentions of this entity in the input document.
        # The API currently supports proper noun mentions.
        for mention in entity.mentions:
            print(f"Mention text: {mention.text.content}")
            # Get the mention type, e.g. PROPER for proper noun
            print(
                "Mention type: {}".format(
                    language_v1.EntityMention.Type(mention.type_).name
                )
            )

    # Get the language of the text, which will be the same as
    # the language specified in the request or, if not specified,
    # the automatically-detected language.
    print(f"Language of the text: {response.language}")

其他语言

C#: 请按照客户端库页面上的 C# 设置说明操作,然后访问 .NET 版 Natural Language 参考文档。

PHP: 请按照客户端库页面上的 PHP 设置说明操作,然后访问 PHP 版 Natural Language 参考文档。

Ruby: 请按照客户端库页面上的 Ruby 设置说明操作,然后访问 Ruby 版 Natural Language 参考文档。

分析 Cloud Storage 中的实体情感

以下示例介绍如何分析 Cloud Storage 上文本文件中存储的实体情感:

协议

如需分析 Cloud Storage 中存储的文档的实体情感,请向 documents:analyzeEntitySentiment REST 方法发出 POST 请求,并提供带有文档路径的相应请求正文,如以下示例所示。

curl -X POST \
     -H "Authorization: Bearer "$(gcloud auth application-default print-access-token) \
     -H "Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8" \
     --data "{
  'document':{
    'type':'PLAIN_TEXT',
    'gcsContentUri':'gs://<bucket-name>/<object-name>'
  }
}" "https://language.googleapis.com/v1/documents:analyzeEntitySentiment"

gcloud

如需查看完整的详细信息,请参阅 analyze-entity-sentiment 命令。

如需执行实体情感分析,请使用 gcloud CLI 并使用 --content 标志来标识要分析的内容:

gcloud ml language analyze-entity-sentiment \
  --content-file=gs://<bucket-name>/<object-name>

Java

如需了解如何安装和使用 Natural Language 的客户端库,请参阅 Natural Language 客户端库。 如需了解详情,请参阅 Natural Language Java API 参考文档

如需向 Natural Language 进行身份验证,请设置应用默认凭据。如需了解详情,请参阅为本地开发环境设置身份验证

// Instantiate the Language client com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient
try (com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient language =
    com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient.create()) {
  com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document doc =
      com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document.newBuilder().setGcsContentUri(gcsUri)
          .setType(com.google.cloud.language.v1.Document.Type.PLAIN_TEXT).build();
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest request =
      AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest.newBuilder()
          .setDocument(doc)
          .setEncodingType(com.google.cloud.language.v1.EncodingType.UTF16)
          .build();
  // Detect entity sentiments in the given file
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentResponse response = language.analyzeEntitySentiment(request);
  // Print the response
  for (com.google.cloud.language.v1.Entity entity : response.getEntitiesList()) {
    System.out.printf("Entity: %s\n", entity.getName());
    System.out.printf("Salience: %.3f\n", entity.getSalience());
    System.out.printf("Sentiment : %s\n", entity.getSentiment());
    for (com.google.cloud.language.v1.EntityMention mention : entity.getMentionsList()) {
      System.out.printf("Begin offset: %d\n", mention.getText().getBeginOffset());
      System.out.printf("Content: %s\n", mention.getText().getContent());
      System.out.printf("Magnitude: %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getMagnitude());
      System.out.printf("Sentiment score : %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getScore());
      System.out.printf("Type: %s\n\n", mention.getType());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

如需了解如何安装和使用 Natural Language 的客户端库,请参阅 Natural Language 客户端库。 如需了解详情,请参阅 Natural Language Node.js API 参考文档

如需向 Natural Language 进行身份验证,请设置应用默认凭据。如需了解详情,请参阅为本地开发环境设置身份验证

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const language = require('@google-cloud/language');

// Creates a client
const client = new language.LanguageServiceClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines to run this code
 */
// const bucketName = 'Your bucket name, e.g. my-bucket';
// const fileName = 'Your file name, e.g. my-file.txt';

// Prepares a document, representing a text file in Cloud Storage
const document = {
  gcsContentUri: `gs://${bucketName}/${fileName}`,
  type: 'PLAIN_TEXT',
};

// Detects sentiment of entities in the document
const [result] = await client.analyzeEntitySentiment({document});
const entities = result.entities;

console.log('Entities and sentiments:');
entities.forEach(entity => {
  console.log(`  Name: ${entity.name}`);
  console.log(`  Type: ${entity.type}`);
  console.log(`  Score: ${entity.sentiment.score}`);
  console.log(`  Magnitude: ${entity.sentiment.magnitude}`);
});

Python

如需了解如何安装和使用 Natural Language 的客户端库,请参阅 Natural Language 客户端库。 如需了解详情,请参阅 Natural Language Python API 参考文档

如需向 Natural Language 进行身份验证,请设置应用默认凭据。如需了解详情,请参阅为本地开发环境设置身份验证

from google.cloud import language_v1

def sample_analyze_entity_sentiment(gcs_content_uri):
    """
    Analyzing Entity Sentiment in text file stored in Cloud Storage

    Args:
      gcs_content_uri Google Cloud Storage URI where the file content is located.
      e.g. gs://[Your Bucket]/[Path to File]
    """

    client = language_v1.LanguageServiceClient()

    # gcs_content_uri = 'gs://cloud-samples-data/language/entity-sentiment.txt'

    # Available types: PLAIN_TEXT, HTML
    type_ = language_v1.Document.Type.PLAIN_TEXT

    # Optional. If not specified, the language is automatically detected.
    # For list of supported languages:
    # https://cloud.google.com/natural-language/docs/languages
    language = "en"
    document = {
        "gcs_content_uri": gcs_content_uri,
        "type_": type_,
        "language": language,
    }

    # Available values: NONE, UTF8, UTF16, UTF32
    encoding_type = language_v1.EncodingType.UTF8

    response = client.analyze_entity_sentiment(
        request={"document": document, "encoding_type": encoding_type}
    )
    # Loop through entitites returned from the API
    for entity in response.entities:
        print(f"Representative name for the entity: {entity.name}")
        # Get entity type, e.g. PERSON, LOCATION, ADDRESS, NUMBER, et al
        print(f"Entity type: {language_v1.Entity.Type(entity.type_).name}")
        # Get the salience score associated with the entity in the [0, 1.0] range
        print(f"Salience score: {entity.salience}")
        # Get the aggregate sentiment expressed for this entity in the provided document.
        sentiment = entity.sentiment
        print(f"Entity sentiment score: {sentiment.score}")
        print(f"Entity sentiment magnitude: {sentiment.magnitude}")
        # Loop over the metadata associated with entity. For many known entities,
        # the metadata is a Wikipedia URL (wikipedia_url) and Knowledge Graph MID (mid).
        # Some entity types may have additional metadata, e.g. ADDRESS entities
        # may have metadata for the address street_name, postal_code, et al.
        for metadata_name, metadata_value in entity.metadata.items():
            print(f"{metadata_name} = {metadata_value}")

        # Loop over the mentions of this entity in the input document.
        # The API currently supports proper noun mentions.
        for mention in entity.mentions:
            print(f"Mention text: {mention.text.content}")
            # Get the mention type, e.g. PROPER for proper noun
            print(
                "Mention type: {}".format(
                    language_v1.EntityMention.Type(mention.type_).name
                )
            )

    # Get the language of the text, which will be the same as
    # the language specified in the request or, if not specified,
    # the automatically-detected language.
    print(f"Language of the text: {response.language}")

其他语言

C#: 请按照客户端库页面上的 C# 设置说明操作,然后访问 .NET 版 Natural Language 参考文档。

PHP: 请按照客户端库页面上的 PHP 设置说明操作,然后访问 PHP 版 Natural Language 参考文档。

Ruby: 请按照客户端库页面上的 Ruby 设置说明操作,然后访问 Ruby 版 Natural Language 参考文档。