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Cree una política de alertas

Muestra cómo crear una política de alertas.

Páginas de documentación que incluyen esta muestra de código

Para ver la muestra de código usada en contexto, consulta la siguiente documentación:

Muestra de código

C#

static void RestorePolicies(string projectId, string filePath)
{
    var policyClient = AlertPolicyServiceClient.Create();
    var channelClient = NotificationChannelServiceClient.Create();
    List<Exception> exceptions = new List<Exception>();
    var backup = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<BackupRecord>(
        File.ReadAllText(filePath), new ProtoMessageConverter());
    var projectName = new ProjectName(projectId);
    bool isSameProject = projectId == backup.ProjectId;
    // When a channel is recreated, rather than updated, it will get
    // a new name.  We have to update the AlertPolicy with the new
    // name.  Track the names in this map.
    var channelNameMap = new Dictionary<string, string>();
    foreach (NotificationChannel channel in backup.Channels)
    {
    }
    foreach (AlertPolicy policy in backup.Policies)
    {
        string policyName = policy.Name;
        // These two fields cannot be set directly, so clear them.
        policy.CreationRecord = null;
        policy.MutationRecord = null;
        // Update channel names if the channel was recreated with
        // another name.
        for (int i = 0; i < policy.NotificationChannels.Count; ++i)
        {
            if (channelNameMap.ContainsKey(policy.NotificationChannels[i]))
            {
                policy.NotificationChannels[i] =
                    channelNameMap[policy.NotificationChannels[i]];
            }
        }
        try
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Updating policy.\n{0}",
                policy.DisplayName);
            bool updated = false;
            if (isSameProject)
                try
                {
                    policyClient.UpdateAlertPolicy(null, policy);
                    updated = true;
                }
                catch (Grpc.Core.RpcException e)
                when (e.Status.StatusCode == StatusCode.NotFound)
                { }
            if (!updated)
            {
                // The policy no longer exists.  Recreate it.
                policy.Name = null;
                foreach (var condition in policy.Conditions)
                {
                    condition.Name = null;
                }
                policyClient.CreateAlertPolicy(projectName, policy);
            }
            Console.WriteLine("Restored {0}.", policyName);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            // If one failed, continue trying to update the others.
            exceptions.Add(e);
        }
    }
    if (exceptions.Count > 0)
    {
        throw new AggregateException(exceptions);
    }
}

Go


// restorePolicies updates the project with the alert policies and
// notification channels in r.
func restorePolicies(w io.Writer, projectID string, r io.Reader) error {
	b := backup{}
	if err := json.NewDecoder(r).Decode(&b); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	sameProject := projectID == b.ProjectID

	ctx := context.Background()

	alertClient, err := monitoring.NewAlertPolicyClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	channelClient, err := monitoring.NewNotificationChannelClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	// When a channel is recreated, rather than updated, it will get
	// a new name.  We have to update the AlertPolicy with the new
	// name.  channelNames keeps track of the new names.
	channelNames := make(map[string]string)
	for _, c := range b.Channels {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Updating channel %q\n", c.GetDisplayName())
		c.VerificationStatus = monitoringpb.NotificationChannel_VERIFICATION_STATUS_UNSPECIFIED
		updated := false
		if sameProject {
			req := &monitoringpb.UpdateNotificationChannelRequest{
				NotificationChannel: c.NotificationChannel,
			}
			_, err := channelClient.UpdateNotificationChannel(ctx, req)
			if err == nil {
				updated = true
			}
		}
		if !updated {
			req := &monitoringpb.CreateNotificationChannelRequest{
				Name:                "projects/" + projectID,
				NotificationChannel: c.NotificationChannel,
			}
			oldName := c.GetName()
			c.Name = ""
			newC, err := channelClient.CreateNotificationChannel(ctx, req)
			if err != nil {
				return err
			}
			channelNames[oldName] = newC.GetName()
		}
	}

	for _, policy := range b.AlertPolicies {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Updating alert %q\n", policy.GetDisplayName())
		policy.CreationRecord = nil
		policy.MutationRecord = nil
		for i, aChannel := range policy.GetNotificationChannels() {
			if c, ok := channelNames[aChannel]; ok {
				policy.NotificationChannels[i] = c
			}
		}
		updated := false
		if sameProject {
			req := &monitoringpb.UpdateAlertPolicyRequest{
				AlertPolicy: policy.AlertPolicy,
			}
			_, err := alertClient.UpdateAlertPolicy(ctx, req)
			if err == nil {
				updated = true
			}
		}
		if !updated {
			req := &monitoringpb.CreateAlertPolicyRequest{
				Name:        "projects/" + projectID,
				AlertPolicy: policy.AlertPolicy,
			}
			if _, err = alertClient.CreateAlertPolicy(ctx, req); err != nil {
				log.Fatal(err)
			}
		}
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Successfully restored alerts.")
	return nil
}

Java

private static void restoreRevisedPolicies(
    String projectId, boolean isSameProject, List<AlertPolicy> policies) throws IOException {
  try (AlertPolicyServiceClient client = AlertPolicyServiceClient.create()) {
    for (AlertPolicy policy : policies) {
      if (!isSameProject) {
        policy = client.createAlertPolicy(ProjectName.of(projectId), policy);
      } else {
        try {
          client.updateAlertPolicy(null, policy);
        } catch (Exception e) {
          policy =
              client.createAlertPolicy(
                  ProjectName.of(projectId), policy.toBuilder().clearName().build());
        }
      }
      System.out.println(String.format("Restored %s", policy.getName()));
    }
  }
}

Node.js

const fs = require('fs');

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const monitoring = require('@google-cloud/monitoring');

// Creates a client
const client = new monitoring.AlertPolicyServiceClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';

console.log('Loading policies from ./policies_backup.json');
const fileContent = fs.readFileSync('./policies_backup.json', 'utf-8');
const policies = JSON.parse(fileContent);

for (const index in policies) {
  // Restore each policy one at a time
  let policy = policies[index];
  if (await doesAlertPolicyExist(policy.name)) {
    policy = await client.updateAlertPolicy({
      alertPolicy: policy,
    });
  } else {
    // Clear away output-only fields
    delete policy.name;
    delete policy.creationRecord;
    delete policy.mutationRecord;
    policy.conditions.forEach(condition => delete condition.name);

    policy = await client.createAlertPolicy({
      name: client.projectPath(projectId),
      alertPolicy: policy,
    });
  }

  console.log(`Restored ${policy[0].name}.`);
}
async function doesAlertPolicyExist(name) {
  try {
    const [policy] = await client.getAlertPolicy({
      name,
    });
    return policy ? true : false;
  } catch (err) {
    if (err && err.code === 5) {
      // Error code 5 comes from the google.rpc.code.NOT_FOUND protobuf
      return false;
    }
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\AlertPolicyServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\AlertPolicy;
use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\ComparisonType;
use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\AlertPolicy\Condition;
use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\AlertPolicy\Condition\MetricThreshold;
use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\AlertPolicy\ConditionCombinerType;
use Google\Protobuf\Duration;

/**
 * @param string $projectId Your project ID
 */
function alert_create_policy($projectId)
{
    $alertClient = new AlertPolicyServiceClient([
        'projectId' => $projectId,
    ]);
    $projectName = $alertClient->projectName($projectId);

    $policy = new AlertPolicy();
    $policy->setDisplayName('Test Alert Policy');
    $policy->setCombiner(ConditionCombinerType::PBOR);
    /** @see https://cloud.google.com/monitoring/api/resources for a list of resource.type */
    /** @see https://cloud.google.com/monitoring/api/metrics_gcp for a list of metric.type */
    $policy->setConditions([new Condition([
        'display_name' => 'condition-1',
        'condition_threshold' => new MetricThreshold([
            'filter' => 'resource.type = "gce_instance" AND metric.type = "compute.googleapis.com/instance/cpu/utilization"',
            'duration' => new Duration(['seconds' => '60']),
            'comparison' => ComparisonType::COMPARISON_LT,
        ])
    ])]);

    $policy = $alertClient->createAlertPolicy($projectName, $policy);
    printf('Created alert policy %s' . PHP_EOL, $policy->getName());
}

Python

def restore(project_name, backup_filename):
    print(
        "Loading alert policies and notification channels from {}.".format(
            backup_filename
        )
    )
    record = json.load(open(backup_filename, "rt"))
    is_same_project = project_name == record["project_name"]
    # Convert dicts to AlertPolicies.
    policies_json = [json.dumps(policy) for policy in record["policies"]]
    policies = [
        monitoring_v3.AlertPolicy.from_json(policy_json)
        for policy_json in policies_json
    ]
    # Convert dicts to NotificationChannels
    channels_json = [json.dumps(channel) for channel in record["channels"]]
    channels = [
        monitoring_v3.NotificationChannel.from_json(channel_json)
        for channel_json in channels_json
    ]

    # Restore the channels.
    channel_client = monitoring_v3.NotificationChannelServiceClient()
    channel_name_map = {}

    for channel in channels:
        updated = False
        print("Updating channel", channel.display_name)
        # This field is immutable and it is illegal to specify a
        # non-default value (UNVERIFIED or VERIFIED) in the
        # Create() or Update() operations.
        channel.verification_status = (
            monitoring_v3.NotificationChannel.VerificationStatus.VERIFICATION_STATUS_UNSPECIFIED
        )

        if is_same_project:
            try:
                channel_client.update_notification_channel(notification_channel=channel)
                updated = True
            except google.api_core.exceptions.NotFound:
                pass  # The channel was deleted.  Create it below.

        if not updated:
            # The channel no longer exists.  Recreate it.
            old_name = channel.name
            del channel.name
            new_channel = channel_client.create_notification_channel(
                name=project_name, notification_channel=channel
            )
            channel_name_map[old_name] = new_channel.name

    # Restore the alerts
    alert_client = monitoring_v3.AlertPolicyServiceClient()

    for policy in policies:
        print("Updating policy", policy.display_name)
        # These two fields cannot be set directly, so clear them.
        del policy.creation_record
        del policy.mutation_record

        # Update old channel names with new channel names.
        for i, channel in enumerate(policy.notification_channels):
            new_channel = channel_name_map.get(channel)
            if new_channel:
                policy.notification_channels[i] = new_channel

        updated = False

        if is_same_project:
            try:
                alert_client.update_alert_policy(alert_policy=policy)
                updated = True
            except google.api_core.exceptions.NotFound:
                pass  # The policy was deleted.  Create it below.
            except google.api_core.exceptions.InvalidArgument:
                # Annoying that API throws InvalidArgument when the policy
                # does not exist.  Seems like it should throw NotFound.
                pass  # The policy was deleted.  Create it below.

        if not updated:
            # The policy no longer exists.  Recreate it.
            old_name = policy.name
            del policy.name
            for condition in policy.conditions:
                del condition.name
            policy = alert_client.create_alert_policy(
                name=project_name, alert_policy=policy
            )
        print("Updated", policy.name)