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Asymmetrische Signatur abrufen

Mit der KMS API eine asymmetrische Signatur der SHA-256-Hash-Funktion einer Eingabenachricht abrufen.

Dokumentationsseiten mit diesem Codebeispiel

Die folgenden Dokumente enthalten das Codebeispiel im Kontext:

Codebeispiel

C#

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud KMS finden Sie in den Cloud KMS-Clientbibliotheken.


using Google.Cloud.Kms.V1;
using Google.Protobuf;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

public class SignAsymmetricSample
{
    public byte[] SignAsymmetric(
      string projectId = "my-project", string locationId = "us-east1", string keyRingId = "my-key-ring", string keyId = "my-key", string keyVersionId = "123",
      string message = "Sample message")
    {
        // Create the client.
        KeyManagementServiceClient client = KeyManagementServiceClient.Create();

        // Build the key version name.
        CryptoKeyVersionName keyVersionName = new CryptoKeyVersionName(projectId, locationId, keyRingId, keyId, keyVersionId);

        // Convert the message into bytes. Cryptographic plaintexts and
        // ciphertexts are always byte arrays.
        byte[] plaintext = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(message);

        // Calculate the digest.
        SHA256 sha256 = SHA256.Create();
        byte[] hash = sha256.ComputeHash(plaintext);

        // Build the digest.
        //
        // Note: Key algorithms will require a varying hash function. For
        // example, EC_SIGN_P384_SHA384 requires SHA-384.
        Digest digest = new Digest
        {
            Sha256 = ByteString.CopyFrom(hash),
        };

        // Call the API.
        AsymmetricSignResponse result = client.AsymmetricSign(keyVersionName, digest);

        // Get the signature.
        byte[] signature = result.Signature.ToByteArray();

        // Return the result.
        return signature;
    }
}

Go

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud KMS finden Sie in den Cloud KMS-Clientbibliotheken.

import (
	"context"
	"crypto/sha256"
	"fmt"
	"hash/crc32"
	"io"

	kms "cloud.google.com/go/kms/apiv1"
	kmspb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/kms/v1"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/wrapperspb"
)

// signAsymmetric will sign a plaintext message using a saved asymmetric private
// key stored in Cloud KMS.
func signAsymmetric(w io.Writer, name string, message string) error {
	// name := "projects/my-project/locations/us-east1/keyRings/my-key-ring/cryptoKeys/my-key/cryptoKeyVersions/123"
	// message := "my message"

	// Create the client.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := kms.NewKeyManagementClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("failed to create kms client: %v", err)
	}

	// Convert the message into bytes. Cryptographic plaintexts and
	// ciphertexts are always byte arrays.
	plaintext := []byte(message)

	// Calculate the digest of the message.
	digest := sha256.New()
	if _, err := digest.Write(plaintext); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("failed to create digest: %v", err)
	}

	// Optional but recommended: Compute digest's CRC32C.
	crc32c := func(data []byte) uint32 {
		t := crc32.MakeTable(crc32.Castagnoli)
		return crc32.Checksum(data, t)

	}
	digestCRC32C := crc32c(digest.Sum(nil))

	// Build the signing request.
	//
	// Note: Key algorithms will require a varying hash function. For example,
	// EC_SIGN_P384_SHA384 requires SHA-384.
	req := &kmspb.AsymmetricSignRequest{
		Name: name,
		Digest: &kmspb.Digest{
			Digest: &kmspb.Digest_Sha256{
				Sha256: digest.Sum(nil),
			},
		},
		DigestCrc32C: wrapperspb.Int64(int64(digestCRC32C)),
	}

	// Call the API.
	result, err := client.AsymmetricSign(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("failed to sign digest: %v", err)
	}

	// Optional, but recommended: perform integrity verification on result.
	// For more details on ensuring E2E in-transit integrity to and from Cloud KMS visit:
	// https://cloud.google.com/kms/docs/data-integrity-guidelines
	if result.VerifiedDigestCrc32C == false {
		return fmt.Errorf("AsymmetricSign: request corrupted in-transit")
	}
	// TODO(iamtamjam) Uncomment when this field is populated by the server
	// if result.Name != req.Name {
	//	return fmt.Errorf("AsymmetricSign: request corrupted in-transit")
	// }
	if int64(crc32c(result.Signature)) != result.SignatureCrc32C.Value {
		return fmt.Errorf("AsymmetricSign: response corrupted in-transit")
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Signed digest: %s", result.Signature)
	return nil
}

Java

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud KMS finden Sie in den Cloud KMS-Clientbibliotheken.

import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.AsymmetricSignResponse;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.CryptoKeyVersionName;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.Digest;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.KeyManagementServiceClient;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.security.MessageDigest;

public class SignAsymmetric {

  public void signAsymmetric() throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String locationId = "us-east1";
    String keyRingId = "my-key-ring";
    String keyId = "my-key";
    String keyVersionId = "123";
    String message = "my message";
    signAsymmetric(projectId, locationId, keyRingId, keyId, keyVersionId, message);
  }

  // Get the public key associated with an asymmetric key.
  public void signAsymmetric(
      String projectId,
      String locationId,
      String keyRingId,
      String keyId,
      String keyVersionId,
      String message)
      throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only
    // needs to be created once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After
    // completing all of your requests, call the "close" method on the client to
    // safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (KeyManagementServiceClient client = KeyManagementServiceClient.create()) {
      // Build the key version name from the project, location, key ring, key,
      // and key version.
      CryptoKeyVersionName keyVersionName =
          CryptoKeyVersionName.of(projectId, locationId, keyRingId, keyId, keyVersionId);

      // Convert the message into bytes. Cryptographic plaintexts and
      // ciphertexts are always byte arrays.
      byte[] plaintext = message.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

      // Calculate the digest.
      MessageDigest sha256 = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA-256");
      byte[] hash = sha256.digest(plaintext);

      // Build the digest object.
      Digest digest = Digest.newBuilder().setSha256(ByteString.copyFrom(hash)).build();

      // Sign the digest.
      AsymmetricSignResponse result = client.asymmetricSign(keyVersionName, digest);

      // Get the signature.
      byte[] signature = result.getSignature().toByteArray();

      System.out.printf("Signature %s%n", signature);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud KMS finden Sie in den Cloud KMS-Clientbibliotheken.

//
// TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
//
// const projectId = 'your-project-id';
// const locationId = 'us-east1';
// const keyRingId = 'my-key-ring';
// const keyId = 'my-key';
// const versionId = '123';
// const message = Buffer.from('...');

// Imports the Cloud KMS library
const {KeyManagementServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/kms');

// Instantiates a client
const client = new KeyManagementServiceClient();

// Build the version name
const versionName = client.cryptoKeyVersionPath(
  projectId,
  locationId,
  keyRingId,
  keyId,
  versionId
);

async function signAsymmetric() {
  // Create a digest of the message. The digest needs to match the digest
  // configured for the Cloud KMS key.
  const crypto = require('crypto');
  const hash = crypto.createHash('sha256');
  hash.update(message);
  const digest = hash.digest();

  // Optional but recommended: Compute digest's CRC32C.
  const crc32c = require('fast-crc32c');
  const digestCrc32c = crc32c.calculate(digest);

  // Sign the message with Cloud KMS
  const [signResponse] = await client.asymmetricSign({
    name: versionName,
    digest: {
      sha256: digest,
    },
    digestCrc32c: {
      value: digestCrc32c,
    },
  });

  // Optional, but recommended: perform integrity verification on signResponse.
  // For more details on ensuring E2E in-transit integrity to and from Cloud KMS visit:
  // https://cloud.google.com/kms/docs/data-integrity-guidelines
  if (signResponse.name !== versionName) {
    throw new Error('AsymmetricSign: request corrupted in-transit');
  }
  if (!signResponse.verifiedDigestCrc32c) {
    throw new Error('AsymmetricSign: request corrupted in-transit');
  }
  if (
    crc32c.calculate(signResponse.signature) !==
    Number(signResponse.signatureCrc32c.value)
  ) {
    throw new Error('AsymmetricSign: response corrupted in-transit');
  }

  // Example of how to display signature. Because the signature is in a binary
  // format, you need to encode the output before printing it to a console or
  // displaying it on a screen.
  const encoded = signResponse.signature.toString('base64');
  console.log(`Signature: ${encoded}`);

  return signResponse.signature;
}

return signAsymmetric();

PHP

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud KMS finden Sie in den Cloud KMS-Clientbibliotheken.

use Google\Cloud\Kms\V1\KeyManagementServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Kms\V1\Digest;

function sign_asymmetric_sample(
    string $projectId = 'my-project',
    string $locationId = 'us-east1',
    string $keyRingId = 'my-key-ring',
    string $keyId = 'my-key',
    string $versionId = '123',
    string $message = '...'
) {
    // Create the Cloud KMS client.
    $client = new KeyManagementServiceClient();

    // Build the key version name.
    $keyVersionName = $client->cryptoKeyVersionName($projectId, $locationId, $keyRingId, $keyId, $versionId);

    // Calculate the hash.
    $hash = hash('sha256', $message, true);

    // Build the digest.
    //
    // Note: Key algorithms will require a varying hash function. For
    // example, EC_SIGN_P384_SHA384 requires SHA-384.
    $digest = (new Digest())
        ->setSha256($hash);

    // Call the API.
    $signResponse = $client->asymmetricSign($keyVersionName, $digest);
    printf('Signature: %s' . PHP_EOL, $signResponse->getSignature());
    return $signResponse;
}

Python

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud KMS finden Sie in den Cloud KMS-Clientbibliotheken.

def sign_asymmetric(project_id, location_id, key_ring_id, key_id, version_id, message):
    """
    Sign a message using the public key part of an asymmetric key.

    Args:
        project_id (string): Google Cloud project ID (e.g. 'my-project').
        location_id (string): Cloud KMS location (e.g. 'us-east1').
        key_ring_id (string): ID of the Cloud KMS key ring (e.g. 'my-key-ring').
        key_id (string): ID of the key to use (e.g. 'my-key').
        version_id (string): Version to use (e.g. '1').
        message (string): Message to sign.

    Returns:
        AsymmetricSignResponse: Signature.
    """

    # Import the client library.
    from google.cloud import kms

    # Import base64 for printing the ciphertext.
    import base64

    # Import hashlib for calculating hashes.
    import hashlib

    # Create the client.
    client = kms.KeyManagementServiceClient()

    # Build the key version name.
    key_version_name = client.crypto_key_version_path(project_id, location_id, key_ring_id, key_id, version_id)

    # Convert the message to bytes.
    message_bytes = message.encode('utf-8')

    # Calculate the hash.
    hash_ = hashlib.sha256(message_bytes).digest()

    # Build the digest.
    #
    # Note: Key algorithms will require a varying hash function. For
    # example, EC_SIGN_P384_SHA384 requires SHA-384.
    digest = {'sha256': hash_}

    # Optional, but recommended: compute digest's CRC32C.
    # See crc32c() function defined below.
    digest_crc32c = crc32c(hash_)

    # Call the API
    sign_response = client.asymmetric_sign(
        request={'name': key_version_name, 'digest': digest, 'digest_crc32c': digest_crc32c})

    # Optional, but recommended: perform integrity verification on sign_response.
    # For more details on ensuring E2E in-transit integrity to and from Cloud KMS visit:
    # https://cloud.google.com/kms/docs/data-integrity-guidelines
    if not sign_response.verified_digest_crc32c:
        raise Exception('The request sent to the server was corrupted in-transit.')
    if not sign_response.name == key_version_name:
        raise Exception('The request sent to the server was corrupted in-transit.')
    if not sign_response.signature_crc32c == crc32c(sign_response.signature):
        raise Exception('The response received from the server was corrupted in-transit.')
    # End integrity verification

    print('Signature: {}'.format(base64.b64encode(sign_response.signature)))
    return sign_response

def crc32c(data):
    """
    Calculates the CRC32C checksum of the provided data.
    Args:
        data: the bytes over which the checksum should be calculated.
    Returns:
        An int representing the CRC32C checksum of the provided bytes.
    """
    import crcmod
    import six
    crc32c_fun = crcmod.predefined.mkPredefinedCrcFun('crc-32c')
    return crc32c_fun(six.ensure_binary(data))

Ruby

Informationen zum Installieren und Verwenden der Clientbibliothek für Cloud KMS finden Sie in den Cloud KMS-Clientbibliotheken.

# TODO(developer): uncomment these values before running the sample.
# project_id  = "my-project"
# location_id = "us-east1"
# key_ring_id = "my-key-ring"
# key_id      = "my-key"
# version_id  = "123"
# message     = "my message"

# Require the library.
require "google/cloud/kms"

# Require digest.
require "digest"

# Create the client.
client = Google::Cloud::Kms.key_management_service

# Build the key version name.
key_version_name = client.crypto_key_version_path project:            project_id,
                                                  location:           location_id,
                                                  key_ring:           key_ring_id,
                                                  crypto_key:         key_id,
                                                  crypto_key_version: version_id

# Calculate the hash.
#
# Note: Key algorithms will require a varying hash function. For
# example, EC_SIGN_P384_SHA384 requires SHA-384.
digest = { sha256: Digest::SHA256.digest(message) }

# Call the API.
sign_response = client.asymmetric_sign name: key_version_name, digest: digest
puts "Signature: #{Base64.strict_encode64 sign_response.signature}"

Nächste Schritte

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