Add a rotation schedule to an existing key

Add a rotation schedule to an existing key.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

To view the code sample used in context, see the following documentation:

Code sample

C#

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud KMS, see the Cloud KMS Client Libraries.


using Google.Cloud.Kms.V1;
using Google.Protobuf.WellKnownTypes;
using System;

public class UpdateKeyAddRotationSample
{
    public CryptoKey UpdateKeyAddRotation(string projectId = "my-project", string locationId = "us-east1", string keyRingId = "my-key-ring", string keyId = "my-key")
    {
        // Create the client.
        KeyManagementServiceClient client = KeyManagementServiceClient.Create();

        // Build the key.
        CryptoKey key = new CryptoKey
        {
            // Provide the name of the key to update.
            CryptoKeyName = new CryptoKeyName(projectId, locationId, keyRingId, keyId),

            // Rotate the key every 30 days.
            RotationPeriod = new Duration
            {
                Seconds = 60 * 60 * 24 * 30, // 30 days
            },

            // Start the first rotation in 24 hours.
            NextRotationTime = new Timestamp
            {
                Seconds = new DateTimeOffset(DateTime.UtcNow.AddHours(24)).ToUnixTimeSeconds(),
            }
        };

        // Build the update mask.
        FieldMask fieldMask = new FieldMask
        {
            Paths = { "rotation_period", "next_rotation_time" },
        };

        // Call the API.
        CryptoKey result = client.UpdateCryptoKey(key, fieldMask);

        // Return the updated key.
        return result;
    }
}

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud KMS, see the Cloud KMS Client Libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	kms "cloud.google.com/go/kms/apiv1"
	"github.com/golang/protobuf/ptypes/duration"
	"github.com/golang/protobuf/ptypes/timestamp"
	kmspb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/kms/v1"
	fieldmask "google.golang.org/genproto/protobuf/field_mask"
)

// addRotationSchedule updates a key to add a rotation schedule. If the key
// already has a rotation schedule, it is overwritten.
func addRotationSchedule(w io.Writer, name string) error {
	// name := "projects/my-project/locations/us-east1/keyRings/my-key-ring/cryptoKeys/my-key"

	// Create the client.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := kms.NewKeyManagementClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("failed to create kms client: %v", err)
	}

	// Build the request.
	req := &kmspb.UpdateCryptoKeyRequest{
		CryptoKey: &kmspb.CryptoKey{
			// Provide the name of the key to update
			Name: name,

			// Rotate the key every 30 days
			RotationSchedule: &kmspb.CryptoKey_RotationPeriod{
				RotationPeriod: &duration.Duration{
					Seconds: int64(60 * 60 * 24 * 30), // 30 days
				},
			},

			// Start the first rotation in 24 hours
			NextRotationTime: &timestamp.Timestamp{
				Seconds: time.Now().Add(24 * time.Hour).Unix(),
			},
		},
		UpdateMask: &fieldmask.FieldMask{
			Paths: []string{"rotation_period", "next_rotation_time"},
		},
	}

	// Call the API.
	result, err := client.UpdateCryptoKey(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("failed to update key: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Updated key: %s\n", result.Name)
	return nil
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud KMS, see the Cloud KMS Client Libraries.

import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.CryptoKey;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.CryptoKey.CryptoKeyPurpose;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.CryptoKeyName;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.CryptoKeyVersion.CryptoKeyVersionAlgorithm;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.CryptoKeyVersionTemplate;
import com.google.cloud.kms.v1.KeyManagementServiceClient;
import com.google.protobuf.Duration;
import com.google.protobuf.FieldMask;
import com.google.protobuf.Timestamp;
import com.google.protobuf.util.FieldMaskUtil;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.time.temporal.ChronoUnit;

public class UpdateKeyAddRotation {

  public void updateKeyAddRotation() throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String locationId = "us-east1";
    String keyRingId = "my-key-ring";
    String keyId = "my-key";
    updateKeyAddRotation(projectId, locationId, keyRingId, keyId);
  }

  // Update a key to add or change a rotation schedule.
  public void updateKeyAddRotation(
      String projectId, String locationId, String keyRingId, String keyId) throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only
    // needs to be created once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After
    // completing all of your requests, call the "close" method on the client to
    // safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (KeyManagementServiceClient client = KeyManagementServiceClient.create()) {
      // Build the name from the project, location, and key ring.
      CryptoKeyName cryptoKeyName = CryptoKeyName.of(projectId, locationId, keyRingId, keyId);

      // Calculate the date 24 hours from now (this is used below).
      long tomorrow = java.time.Instant.now().plus(24, ChronoUnit.HOURS).getEpochSecond();

      // Build the key to update with a rotation schedule.
      CryptoKey key =
          CryptoKey.newBuilder()
              .setName(cryptoKeyName.toString())
              .setPurpose(CryptoKeyPurpose.ENCRYPT_DECRYPT)
              .setVersionTemplate(
                  CryptoKeyVersionTemplate.newBuilder()
                      .setAlgorithm(CryptoKeyVersionAlgorithm.GOOGLE_SYMMETRIC_ENCRYPTION))

              // Rotate every 30 days.
              .setRotationPeriod(
                  Duration.newBuilder().setSeconds(java.time.Duration.ofDays(30).getSeconds()))

              // Start the first rotation in 24 hours.
              .setNextRotationTime(Timestamp.newBuilder().setSeconds(tomorrow))
              .build();

      // Construct the field mask.
      FieldMask fieldMask = FieldMaskUtil.fromString("rotation_period,next_rotation_time");

      // Update the key.
      CryptoKey updatedKey = client.updateCryptoKey(key, fieldMask);
      System.out.printf("Updated key %s%n", updatedKey.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud KMS, see the Cloud KMS Client Libraries.

//
// TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
//
// const projectId = 'my-project';
// const locationId = 'us-east1';
// const keyRingId = 'my-key-ring';
// const keyId = 'my-key';
// const versionId = '123';

// Imports the Cloud KMS library
const {KeyManagementServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/kms');

// Instantiates a client
const client = new KeyManagementServiceClient();

// Build the key name
const keyName = client.cryptoKeyPath(projectId, locationId, keyRingId, keyId);

async function updateKeyAddRotation() {
  const [key] = await client.updateCryptoKey({
    cryptoKey: {
      name: keyName,

      // Rotate the key every 30 days.
      rotationPeriod: {
        seconds: 60 * 60 * 24 * 30,
      },

      // Start the first rotation in 24 hours.
      nextRotationTime: {
        seconds: new Date().getTime() / 1000 + 60 * 60 * 24,
      },
    },
    updateMask: {
      paths: ['rotation_period', 'next_rotation_time'],
    },
  });

  console.log(`Updated rotation for: ${key.name}`);
  return key;
}

return updateKeyAddRotation();

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud KMS, see the Cloud KMS Client Libraries.

use Google\Cloud\Kms\V1\CryptoKey;
use Google\Cloud\Kms\V1\KeyManagementServiceClient;
use Google\Protobuf\Duration;
use Google\Protobuf\FieldMask;
use Google\Protobuf\Timestamp;

function update_key_add_rotation_sample(
    string $projectId = 'my-project',
    string $locationId = 'us-east1',
    string $keyRingId = 'my-key-ring',
    string $keyId = 'my-key'
) {
    // Create the Cloud KMS client.
    $client = new KeyManagementServiceClient();

    // Build the key name.
    $keyName = $client->cryptoKeyName($projectId, $locationId, $keyRingId, $keyId);

    // Build the key.
    $key = (new CryptoKey())
        ->setName($keyName)

        // Rotate the key every 30 days.
        ->setRotationPeriod((new Duration())
            ->setSeconds(60*60*24*30)
        )

        // Start the first rotation in 24 hours.
        ->setNextRotationTime((new Timestamp())
            ->setSeconds(time() + 60*60*24)
        );

    // Create the field mask.
    $updateMask = (new FieldMask())
        ->setPaths(['rotation_period', 'next_rotation_time']);

    // Call the API.
    $updatedKey = $client->updateCryptoKey($key, $updateMask);
    printf('Updated key: %s' . PHP_EOL, $updatedKey->getName());
    return $updatedKey;
}

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud KMS, see the Cloud KMS Client Libraries.

def update_key_add_rotation(project_id, location_id, key_ring_id, key_id):
    """
    Add a rotation schedule to an existing key.

    Args:
        project_id (string): Google Cloud project ID (e.g. 'my-project').
        location_id (string): Cloud KMS location (e.g. 'us-east1').
        key_ring_id (string): ID of the Cloud KMS key ring (e.g. 'my-key-ring').
        key_id (string): ID of the key to use (e.g. 'my-key').

    Returns:
        CryptoKey: Updated Cloud KMS key.

    """

    # Import the client library.
    from google.cloud import kms

    # Import time for getting the current time.
    import time

    # Create the client.
    client = kms.KeyManagementServiceClient()

    # Build the key name.
    key_name = client.crypto_key_path(project_id, location_id, key_ring_id, key_id)

    key = {
        'name': key_name,
        'rotation_period': {
            'seconds': 60*60*24*30  # Rotate the key every 30 days.
        },
        'next_rotation_time': {
            'seconds': int(time.time()) + 60*60*24  # Start the first rotation in 24 hours.
        }
    }

    # Build the update mask.
    update_mask = {'paths': ['rotation_period', 'next_rotation_time']}

    # Call the API.
    updated_key = client.update_crypto_key(request={'crypto_key': key, 'update_mask': update_mask})
    print('Updated key: {}'.format(updated_key.name))
    return updated_key

Ruby

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud KMS, see the Cloud KMS Client Libraries.

# TODO(developer): uncomment these values before running the sample.
# project_id  = "my-project"
# location_id = "us-east1"
# key_ring_id = "my-key-ring"
# key_id      = "my-key"

# Require the library.
require "google/cloud/kms"

# Create the client.
client = Google::Cloud::Kms.key_management_service

# Build the parent key name.
key_name = client.crypto_key_path project:    project_id,
                                  location:   location_id,
                                  key_ring:   key_ring_id,
                                  crypto_key: key_id

# Build the key.
key = {
  name:               key_name,

  # Rotate the key every 30 days.
  rotation_period:    {
    seconds: 60 * 60 * 24 * 30
  },

  # Start the first rotation in 24 hours.
  next_rotation_time: {
    seconds: (Time.now + 60 * 60 * 24).to_i
  }
}

# Build the field mask.
update_mask = { paths: ["rotation_period", "next_rotation_time"] }

# Call the API.
updated_key = client.update_crypto_key crypto_key: key, update_mask: update_mask
puts "Updated key: #{updated_key.name}"