Update

Use an update in a transaction.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C#

To learn how to install and use the client library for Datastore mode, see Datastore mode client libraries. For more information, see the Datastore mode C# API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Datastore mode, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

private void TransferFunds(Key fromKey, Key toKey, long amount)
{
    using (var transaction = _db.BeginTransaction())
    {
        var entities = transaction.Lookup(fromKey, toKey);
        entities[0]["balance"].IntegerValue -= amount;
        entities[1]["balance"].IntegerValue += amount;
        transaction.Update(entities);
        transaction.Commit();
    }
}

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Datastore mode, see Datastore mode client libraries. For more information, see the Datastore mode Go API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Datastore mode, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

type BankAccount struct {
	Balance int
}

const amount = 50
keys := []*datastore.Key{to, from}
tx, err := client.NewTransaction(ctx)
if err != nil {
	log.Fatalf("client.NewTransaction: %v", err)
}
accs := make([]BankAccount, 2)
if err := tx.GetMulti(keys, accs); err != nil {
	tx.Rollback()
	log.Fatalf("tx.GetMulti: %v", err)
}
accs[0].Balance += amount
accs[1].Balance -= amount
if _, err := tx.PutMulti(keys, accs); err != nil {
	tx.Rollback()
	log.Fatalf("tx.PutMulti: %v", err)
}
if _, err = tx.Commit(); err != nil {
	log.Fatalf("tx.Commit: %v", err)
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Datastore mode, see Datastore mode client libraries. For more information, see the Datastore mode Java API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Datastore mode, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

void transferFunds(Key fromKey, Key toKey, long amount) {
  Transaction txn = datastore.newTransaction();
  try {
    List<Entity> entities = txn.fetch(fromKey, toKey);
    Entity from = entities.get(0);
    Entity updatedFrom =
        Entity.newBuilder(from).set("balance", from.getLong("balance") - amount).build();
    Entity to = entities.get(1);
    Entity updatedTo =
        Entity.newBuilder(to).set("balance", to.getLong("balance") + amount).build();
    txn.put(updatedFrom, updatedTo);
    txn.commit();
  } finally {
    if (txn.isActive()) {
      txn.rollback();
    }
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Datastore mode, see Datastore mode client libraries. For more information, see the Datastore mode Node.js API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Datastore mode, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

async function transferFunds(fromKey, toKey, amount) {
  const transaction = datastore.transaction();
  await transaction.run();
  const results = await Promise.all([
    transaction.get(fromKey),
    transaction.get(toKey),
  ]);
  const accounts = results.map(result => result[0]);

  accounts[0].balance -= amount;
  accounts[1].balance += amount;

  transaction.save([
    {
      key: fromKey,
      data: accounts[0],
    },
    {
      key: toKey,
      data: accounts[1],
    },
  ]);

  return await transaction.commit();
}

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Datastore mode, see Datastore mode client libraries. For more information, see the Datastore mode PHP API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Datastore mode, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

/**
 * Update two entities in a transaction.
 *
 * @param DatastoreClient $datastore
 * @param Key $fromKey
 * @param Key $toKey
 * @param $amount
 */
function transfer_funds(
    DatastoreClient $datastore,
    Key $fromKey,
    Key $toKey,
    $amount
) {
    $transaction = $datastore->transaction();
    // The option 'sort' is important here, otherwise the order of the result
    // might be different from the order of the keys.
    $result = $transaction->lookupBatch([$fromKey, $toKey], ['sort' => true]);
    if (count($result['found']) != 2) {
        $transaction->rollback();
    }
    $fromAccount = $result['found'][0];
    $toAccount = $result['found'][1];
    $fromAccount['balance'] -= $amount;
    $toAccount['balance'] += $amount;
    $transaction->updateBatch([$fromAccount, $toAccount]);
    $transaction->commit();
}

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Datastore mode, see Datastore mode client libraries. For more information, see the Datastore mode Python API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Datastore mode, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

from google.cloud import datastore

# For help authenticating your client, visit
# https://cloud.google.com/docs/authentication/getting-started
client = datastore.Client()

def transfer_funds(client, from_key, to_key, amount):
    with client.transaction():
        from_account = client.get(from_key)
        to_account = client.get(to_key)

        from_account["balance"] -= amount
        to_account["balance"] += amount

        client.put_multi([from_account, to_account])

Ruby

To learn how to install and use the client library for Datastore mode, see Datastore mode client libraries. For more information, see the Datastore mode Ruby API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Datastore mode, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

def transfer_funds from_key, to_key, amount
  datastore.transaction do |tx|
    from = tx.find from_key
    from["balance"] -= amount
    to = tx.find to_key
    to["balance"] += amount
    tx.save from, to
  end
end

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