Google Cloud Storage Errors and Error Handling

Google Cloud Storage is accessed by the App Engine UrlFetch feature. As a result, there are three sources of possible errors:

  • App Engine UrlFetch transient errors.
  • Google Cloud Storage transient errors.
  • Google Cloud Storage errors related to buckets and object authorization.

The Google Cloud Storage client library handles timeout errors on both the App Engine side and the Google Cloud Storage side and performs retries automatically, so your app does not need to add logic to handle this. The configuration of the timeout and retry mechanism is exposed through the RetryParams class, which you can use to change any or all of the default settings. You can make your changes to apply to all function calls or you can specify changes for a specific call using the function's retry_params parameter.

Errors

The Google Cloud Storage client library has the following error exception classes defined:

cloudstorage.Error

The base class for all exceptions in this package. Errors can be generated from App Engine or from Google Cloud Storage. For details on HTTP error codes from Google Cloud Storage, see HTTP Status and Error Codes in the Google Cloud Storage documentation.

cloudstorage.AuthorizationError
An unauthorized request was received by Google Cloud Storage. This error can occur if an authorized app is using an access token that has expired. Normally, this error is handled automatically in the Google Cloud Storage client library, which gets a new access token and retries the request.
cloudstorage.ForbiddenError

This error (403) indicates that the user was not authorized by Google Cloud Storage to make the request.

cloudstorage.NotFoundError
HTTP error 404. The bucket or object you specified in a call to cloudstorage.delete(), cloudstorage.listbucket(), cloudstorage.open(), or cloudstorage.stat() does not exist.
cloudstorage.TimeoutError
This error is raised when the attempt to contact Google Cloud Storage servers times out even after retry attempts. (See RetryParams for information on changing the default timeout handling and retries.

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