Sending and Receiving Mail with the Mail API

Use the Mail API to send and receive mail.

For information on who can send mail and guidelines for sending bulk mail, see the Mail API Overview.

Before you begin

You must register your sender emails as authorized senders. For more information, see who can send email.

Sending mail

PHP's built-in mail() function can send emails via App Engine Mail API. This should work well with most existing code as long as it conforms to the restrictions listed in the Sending mail.

Alternatively, you can make direct calls to the Mail API:

use google\appengine\api\mail\Message;

// Notice that $image_content_id is the optional Content-ID header value of the
// attachment. Must be enclosed by angle brackets (<>)
$image_content_id = '<image-content-id>';

// Pull in the raw file data of the image file to attach it to the message.
$image_data = file_get_contents('image.jpg');

try {
    $message = new Message();
    $message->setSubject('Example email');
    $message->setTextBody('Hello, world!');
    $message->addAttachment('image.jpg', $image_data, $image_content_id);
    echo 'Mail Sent';
} catch (InvalidArgumentException $e) {
    echo 'There was an error';

Receiving mail

You can set up your app to receive incoming email at addresses in the following format:

To receive email:

  1. Enable incoming mail in your app's app.yaml file. Add the following to the inbound_services:

    - mail

  2. In your configuration file, create mappings from URL paths that represent email addresses to handlers in your app's code. The pattern /_ah/mail/.+ matches all incoming email addresses:

    - url: /_ah/mail/.+
      script: handle_incoming_email.php
      login: admin

  3. Implement code for the handlers you specified in your application code.

    You can read the MIME data from php://input and parse the email content using Mailparse.

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