Version 1.6. This version is supported as outlined in the Anthos version support policy, offering the latest patches and updates for security vulnerabilities, exposures, and issues impacting Anthos clusters on VMware (GKE on-prem). Refer to the release notes for more details. This is not the most recent version.

Service accounts and keys

This document explains the Google Cloud service accounts and keys that you need to create clusters in your Anthos clusters on VMware (GKE on-prem) implementation.

The instructions here are complete. For a shorter introduction to using a service account, see Service account (quickstart).

Before you begin

Create Google Cloud projects.

Overview of service accounts

Before you create your admin and user clusters, you need to have these service accounts:

  • Component access service account
  • Connect-register service account
  • Connect-agent service account
  • Logging-monitoring service account

Depending on the features you want to enable, you might also need to have some optional service accounts.

Understanding service accounts and Google Cloud projects

When you create a service account, you associate it with a Google Cloud project. This Cloud project is called the parent project of the service account.

You can determine the parent project of a service account by looking at the email address of the service account. For example, here is the email address of a service account named logger. The parent project is alice-123.

logger@alice-123.iam.gserviceaccount.com

When you grant an Identity and Access Management (IAM) role to a service account, you grant the role to the service account on a particular Cloud project. This follows the general pattern of granting a role to an identity on a resource.

For example, you could grant the bigquery.dataEditor role to the logger@alice-123.iam.gserviceaccount.com service account on the bob-456 project. In this case, the service account is the identity, and the Google Cloud project is the resource.

It is important to understand that you can grant a role to a service account on a Cloud project that is not the parent project of the service account.

Permissions for granting roles to service accounts

Each of your service accounts must be granted certain roles on the relevant Cloud project. For example, your connect-register service account must be granted the gkehub.admin role on your connect project.

To grant roles on a Cloud project, you must have certain permissions on the project. For details, see roles/resourcemanager.projectIamAdmin in Understanding roles.

If you have the required permissions, you can grant the roles yourself. Otherwise, someone else in your organization must grant the roles for you.

Using gkeadm to automatically create service accounts

This page shows how to manually create service accounts and grant roles to service accounts. As an alternative to doing these steps manually, you can have gkeadm create some of the service accounts, and grant roles, for you when you create an admin workstation. For more information, see Creating your admin workstation.

Component access service account

Anthos clusters on VMware uses this service account to download cluster components, on your behalf, from Container Registry.

To create a component access service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts create component-access-sa \
    --display-name "Component Access Service Account" \
    --project PROJECT_ID

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of the Google Cloud project that you want to be the parent project of your service account.

To create a JSON key for your component access service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts keys create component-access-key.json \
   --iam-account SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL

Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL with the email address of your component access service account.

Granting roles to your component access service account

The admin and user cluster configuration files have several fields that specify a project ID.

In the admin cluster configuration file:

stackdriver:
  projectID: ""
...
cloudAuditLogging:
  projectid: ""

In the user cluster configuration file:

stackdriver:
  projectID: ""
...
gkeConnect:
  projectID: ""
...
usageMetering:
  bigQueryProjectID: ""
...
cloudAuditLogging:
  projectid: ""

The project IDs in your configuration files do not have to be distinct. For example, gkeConnect.projectID could be the same as cloudAuditLogging.projectID. In fact, all of the project IDs in your configuration files could be the same.

Your component access service account must be granted the following IAM roles on each Cloud project that is specified in your admin and user cluster configuration files. These roles are required so that Anthos clusters on VMware can do preflight checks:

  • serviceusage.serviceUsageViewer
  • iam.serviceAccountCreator
  • iam.roleViewer

For each Cloud project that you specified in your cluster configuration files, run the following commands to grant the required roles to your component access service account:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/serviceusage.serviceUsageViewer"
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/iam.serviceAccountCreator"
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/iam.roleViewer"

Replace the following:

  • PROJECT_ID: the ID of one of the Cloud projects you specified in your configuration files.

  • SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL: the email address of your component access service account.

Connect-register service account

Anthos clusters on VMware uses this service account to register your user clusters with Google Cloud.

To create a connect-register service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts create connect-register-sa \
    --project PROJECT_ID

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of the Cloud project that you want to be the parent of your connect-register service account.

To create a JSON key for your connect-register service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts keys create connect-register-key.json \
   --iam-account SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL

Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL with the email address of your connect-register service account.

Your connect-register service account must be granted the gkehub.admin role on your connect project. This is the Cloud project where you want to view and manage your clusters.

To grant the gkehub.admin role to your connect-register service account:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/gkehub.admin"

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of your connect project.

Connect-agent service account

Anthos clusters on VMware uses this service account to maintain a connection between Anthos clusters on VMware and Google Cloud.

To create a connect-agent service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts create connect-agent-sa \
    --project PROJECT_ID

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of the Cloud project that you want to be the parent of your connect-agent service account.

To create a JSON key for your connect-agent service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts keys create connect-agent-key.json \
    --iam-account SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL

Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL with the email address of your connect-agent service account.

Your connect-agent service account must be granted the gkehub.connect role on your connect project. This is the Cloud project where you want to view and manage your clusters.

To grant the gkehub.connect role to your connect-agent service account:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/gkehub.connect"

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of your connect project.

Logging-monitoring service account

Anthos clusters on VMware uses this service account to export logs and metrics from clusters to Cloud Logging and Cloud Monitoring.

To create a logging-monitoring service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts create logging-monitoring-sa \
    --project=PROJECT_ID

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of the Cloud project that you want to be the parent of your logging-monitoring service account.

To create a JSON key for your logging-monitoring service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts keys create logging-monitoring-key.json \
    --iam-account SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL

Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL with the email address of your logging-monitoring service account.

Your logging-monitoring service account must be granted the following roles on your logging-monitoring project. This is the Cloud project where you want to view logs for your clusters.

  • stackdriver.resourceMetadata.writer
  • logging.logWriter
  • monitoring.metricWriter
  • monitoring.dashboardEditor

To grant the required roles to your logging-monitoring service account:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/stackdriver.resourceMetadata.writer"
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/logging.logWriter"
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/monitoring.metricWriter"
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/monitoring.dashboardEditor"

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of your logging-monitoring project.

Optional service accounts

Usage metering service account

Anthos clusters on VMware uses this service account to store usage data in a BigQuery dataset.

To create a usage metering service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts create usage-metering-sa \
    --project PROJECT_ID

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of the Cloud project that you want to be the parent of your usage metering service account.

To create a JSON key for your usage metering service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts keys create usage-metering-key.json \
   --iam-account SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL

Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL with the email address of your usage metering service account.

Your usage metering service account must be grantesd the bigquery.dataEditor role on your usage metering project. This is the Cloud project where you want to view usage data for your user cluster.

To grant the bigquery.dataEditor role to your usage metering service account:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --member "serviceAccount:SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL" \
    --role "roles/bigquery.dataEditor"

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of your usage metering project.

Audit logging service account

Anthos clusters on VMware uses this service account to send Kubernetes audit logs from your cluster to Cloud Audit Logs.

To create an audit logging service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts create audit-logging-sa \
    --project PROJECT_ID

Replace PROJECT_ID with the ID of the Cloud project that you want to be the parent of your audit logging service account.

To create a JSON key for your audit logging service account:

gcloud iam service-accounts keys create audit-logging-key.json \
   --iam-account SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL

Replace SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL with the email address of your audit logging service account.

You do not need to grant any roles to your audit logging service account.

Binary authorization service account

Anthos clusters on VMware uses this service account to call the Binary Authorization API.

For information on creating a binary authorization service account, see Binary Authorization in GKE on-prem.

What's next

Create an admin workstation.