Mantieni tutto organizzato con le raccolte Salva e classifica i contenuti in base alle tue preferenze.

Libreria di modelli del vincolo

I modelli di vincolo consentono di definire il funzionamento di un vincolo, ma delegare la definizione dei dettagli del vincolo a un individuo o gruppo con competenza in materia. Oltre a separare i timori, questo distingue anche la logica del vincolo dalla sua definizione.

Tutti i vincoli contengono una sezione match, che definisce gli oggetti a cui si applica un vincolo. Per dettagli su come configurare la sezione, consulta la sezione Corrispondenza vincoli.

Non tutti i modelli di vincolo sono disponibili per tutte le versioni di Anthos Config Management e i modelli possono passare da una versione all'altra. Utilizza i seguenti link per confrontare i vincoli delle versioni supportate di Anthos Config Management:

Link a versioni supportate di questa pagina

Per assicurarti di ricevere il supporto completo, ti consigliamo di utilizzare i modelli di vincolo di una versione supportata di Anthos Config Management.

Per aiutarti a vedere come funzionano i modelli di vincolo, ogni modello include un vincolo di esempio e una risorsa che viola il vincolo.

NomePortPortServizio consentito

Richiede che i nomi delle porte dei servizi abbiano un prefisso incluso in un elenco specificato.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AllowedServicePortName
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # prefixes <array>: Prefixes of allowed service port names.
    prefixes:
      - <string>

Esempi

vincolo del nome della porta
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AllowedServicePortName
metadata:
  name: port-name-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: deny
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Service
  parameters:
    prefixes:
    - http-
    - http2-
    - grpc-
    - mongo-
    - redis-
    - tcp-
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    app: helloworld
  name: port-name-http
spec:
  ports:
  - name: http-helloport
    port: 5000
  selector:
    app: helloworld
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    app: helloworld
  name: port-name-tcp
spec:
  ports:
  - name: foo-helloport
    port: 5000
  selector:
    app: helloworld
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    app: helloworld
  name: port-name-bad
spec:
  ports:
  - name: helloport
    port: 5000
  selector:
    app: helloworld

AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultNega

Applica il criterio deniedPolicyPolicy predefinito a livello di mesh. Riferimento: https://istio.io/latest/docs/ops/best-practices/security/#use-default-deny-patterns. Nota: questo vincolo è di riferimento. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta l'articolo Attivare i vincoli di riferimento.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # rootNamespace <string>: Anthos Service Mesh root namespace, default value
    # is "istio-system" if not specified.
    rootNamespace: <string>
    # strictnessLevel <string>: Level of AuthorizationPolicy strictness.
    # Allowed Values: Low, High
    strictnessLevel: <string>

Esempi

asm-authz-policy-default-deny-with-input-constraint
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-default-deny-with-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    rootNamespace: istio-system
    strictnessLevel: High
Consentita
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-default-deny-with-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    rootNamespace: istio-system
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: default-deny-no-action
  namespace: istio-system
spec: null
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-default-deny-with-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    rootNamespace: istio-system
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: default-deny-with-action
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  action: ALLOW
Non consentito
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-default-deny-with-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    rootNamespace: istio-system
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: not-default-deny
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  action: DENY
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        notMethods:
        - GET
        - POST
asm-authz-policy-default-deny-no-input-constraint
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-default-deny-no-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
Consentita
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-default-deny-no-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: default-deny-no-action
  namespace: istio-system
spec: null
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-default-deny-no-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: default-deny-with-action
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  action: ALLOW
Non consentito
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDefaultDeny
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-default-deny-no-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: not-default-deny
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  action: DENY
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        notMethods:
        - GET
        - POST

AsmAuthzPolicyDisallowedPrefix

Richiede che le entità e gli spazi dei nomi nelle regole AuthorizationPolicy di Istio non abbiano un prefisso da un elenco specificato. https://istio.io/latest/docs/reference/config/security/authorization-policy/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDisallowedPrefix
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # disallowedNamespacePrefixes <array>: Disallowed prefixes for namespaces.
    disallowedNamespacePrefixes:
      - <string>
    # disallowedPrincipalPrefixes <array>: Disallowed prefixes for principals.
    disallowedPrincipalPrefixes:
      - <string>

Esempi

asm-authz-policy-disallowed-prefix-constraint
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyDisallowedPrefix
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-disallowed-prefix-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - AuthorizationPolicy
  parameters:
    disallowedNamespacePrefixes:
    - bad-ns-prefix
    - worse-ns-prefix
    disallowedPrincipalPrefixes:
    - bad-principal-prefix
    - worse-principal-prefix
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: valid-authz-policy
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/sleep
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: bad-source-principal
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/worse-principal-prefix-sleep
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: bad-source-namespace
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/sleep
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - bad-ns-prefix-test
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin

AsmAuthzPolicyEnforceSourcePrincipals

Richiede che il campo Istio AuthorizationPolicy "from", quando definito, abbia principi di origine, che devono essere impostati su un valore diverso da "*". https://istio.io/latest/docs/reference/config/security/authorization-policy/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyEnforceSourcePrincipals
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

asm-authz-policy-enforce-source-principals-constraint
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyEnforceSourcePrincipals
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-enforce-source-principals-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - AuthorizationPolicy
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: valid-authz-policy
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/sleep
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: no-source-principals
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: source-principals-wildcard
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - '*'
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: source-principals-contains-wildcard
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/sleep
        - '*'
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin

AsmAuthzPolicyNormalization

Applica la normalizzazione AuthorizationPolicy. Riferimento: https://istio.io/latest/docs/reference/config/security/normalization/.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyNormalization
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

campione-normalizzazione-norme-asm-authz
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicyNormalization
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-normalization-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - AuthorizationPolicy
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: good-authz-policy
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /test/foo
  - when:
    - key: source.ip
      values:
      - 10.1.2.3
      - 10.2.0.0/16
    - key: request.headers[User-Agent]
      values:
      - Mozilla/*
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: bad-method-lowercase
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - get
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: bad-request-header-whitespace
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
  - when:
    - key: source.ip
      values:
      - 10.1.2.3
      - 10.2.0.0/16
    - key: request.headers[User-Ag ent]
      values:
      - Mozilla/*
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: path-unnormalized
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /test\/foo
  - when:
    - key: source.ip
      values:
      - 10.1.2.3
      - 10.2.0.0/16
    - key: request.headers[User-Agent]
      values:
      - Mozilla/*
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin

AsmAuthzPolicySafePattern

Applica i pattern sicuri di AuthorizationPolicy. fare riferimento a https://istio.io/latest/docs/ops/best-practices/security/#safer-authorization-policy-patterns.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicySafePattern
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # strictnessLevel <string>: Level of AuthorizationPolicy strictness.
    # Allowed Values: Low, High
    strictnessLevel: <string>

Esempi

campione-asm-authz-policy-safe-pattern
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmAuthzPolicySafePattern
metadata:
  name: asm-authz-policy-safe-pattern-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - AuthorizationPolicy
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: good-authz-policy-istio-ingress
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        hosts:
        - test.com
        - test.com:*
        methods:
        - GET
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      istio: ingressgateway
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: good-authz-policy-asm-ingress
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        hosts:
        - test.com
        - test.com:*
        methods:
        - GET
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      asm: ingressgateway
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: hosts-on-noningress
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        hosts:
        - test.com
        - test.com:*
        methods:
        - GET
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: invalid-hosts
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        hosts:
        - test.com
        methods:
        - GET
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      istio: ingressgateway
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: allow-negative-match
spec:
  action: ALLOW
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        hosts:
        - test.com
        - test.com:*
        notMethods:
        - GET
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      istio: ingressgateway
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: deny-positive-match
spec:
  action: DENY
  rules:
  - to:
    - operation:
        hosts:
        - test.com
        - test.com:*
        methods:
        - GET
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      istio: ingressgateway

Etichetta AsmIngressgateway

Applica l'utilizzo dell'etichetta istio ingressgateway solo sui pod in entrata.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmIngressgatewayLabel
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

campione-etichetta-asm-ingressgateway
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmIngressgatewayLabel
metadata:
  name: asm-ingressgateway-label-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: sleep
    istio: istio
  name: sleep
spec:
  containers:
  - image: curlimages/curl
    name: sleep
  - image: gcr.io/gke-release/asm/proxyv2:release
    name: istio-proxy
    ports:
    - containerPort: 15090
      name: http-envoy-prom
      protocol: TCP
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: istio-ingressgateway
    istio: ingressgateway
  name: istio-ingressgateway
spec:
  containers:
  - image: gcr.io/gke-release/asm/proxyv2:release
    name: istio-proxy
    ports:
    - containerPort: 15090
      name: http-envoy-prom
      protocol: TCP
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: asm-ingressgateway
    asm: ingressgateway
  name: asm-ingressgateway
spec:
  containers:
  - image: gcr.io/gke-release/asm/proxyv2:release
    name: istio-proxy
    ports:
    - containerPort: 15090
      name: http-envoy-prom
      protocol: TCP
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: sleep
    istio: ingressgateway
  name: sleep
spec:
  containers:
  - image: curlimages/curl
    name: sleep
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: sleep
    asm: ingressgateway
  name: sleep
spec:
  containers:
  - image: curlimages/curl
    name: sleep
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: sleep
    istio: ingressgateway
  name: sleep
spec:
  containers:
  - image: curlimages/curl
    name: sleep
  - image: gcr.io/gke-release/asm/proxyv2:release
    name: istio-proxy
    ports:
    - containerPort: 15090
      name: http-envoy-prom
      protocol: TCP

AsmPeerAuthnMeshStrictMtls

Applica il livello massimo di mesh mtls PeerAuthentication. Riferimento: https://istio.io/latest/docs/ops/best-practices/security/#mutual-tls. Nota: questo vincolo è di riferimento. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta l'articolo Attivare i vincoli di riferimento.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnMeshStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # rootNamespace <string>: Anthos Service Mesh root namespace, default value
    # is "istio-system" if not specified.
    rootNamespace: <string>
    # strictnessLevel <string>: Level of PeerAuthentication strictness.
    # Allowed Values: Low, High
    strictnessLevel: <string>

Esempi

asm-peer-authn-mesh-strict-mtls-con-contenuto-di-input
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnMeshStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: asm-peer-authn-mesh-strict-mtls-with-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    rootNamespace: asm-root
    strictnessLevel: High
Consentita
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnMeshStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: asm-peer-authn-mesh-strict-mtls-with-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    rootNamespace: asm-root
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mesh-strict-mtls
  namespace: asm-root
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: STRICT
Non consentito
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnMeshStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: asm-peer-authn-mesh-strict-mtls-with-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    rootNamespace: asm-root
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mesh-permissive-mtls
  namespace: asm-root
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: PERMISSIVE
asm-peer-authn-mesh-strict-mtls-senza-contenuto-di-input
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnMeshStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: asm-peer-authn-mesh-strict-mtls-no-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
Consentita
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnMeshStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: asm-peer-authn-mesh-strict-mtls-no-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mesh-strict-mtls
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: STRICT
Non consentito
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnMeshStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: asm-peer-authn-mesh-strict-mtls-no-input-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mesh-permissive-mtls
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: PERMISSIVE

AsmPeerAuthnStrictMtls

L'applicazione forzata di tutti i peerPeers non può sovrascrivere i messaggi MTLS. Riferimento: https://istio.io/latest/docs/ops/best-practices/security/#mutual-tls.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # strictnessLevel <string>: Level of PeerAuthentication strictness.
    # Allowed Values: Low, High
    strictnessLevel: <string>

Esempi

vincolo-asm-peer-authn-mtls
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmPeerAuthnStrictMtls
metadata:
  name: asm-peer-authn-strict-mtls-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - PeerAuthentication
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: valid-strict-mtls-pa
  namespace: foo
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: UNSET
  portLevelMtls:
    "80":
      mode: UNSET
    "443":
      mode: STRICT
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bar
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: invalid-permissive-mtls-pa
  namespace: foo
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: PERMISSIVE
  portLevelMtls:
    "80":
      mode: UNSET
    "443":
      mode: STRICT
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bar
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: invalid-port-disable-mtls-pa
  namespace: foo
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: UNSET
  portLevelMtls:
    "80":
      mode: DISABLE
    "443":
      mode: STRICT
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: bar

Intestazioni di output richieste da AsmProhibitedOutput

In RequestAuthentication, applica il campo jwtRules.outPayloadToHeader in modo che non contenga intestazioni di richiesta HTTP ben note o intestazioni personalizzate vietate. Riferimento: https://istio.io/latest/docs/reference/config/security/jwt/#JWTRule.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmRequestAuthnProhibitedOutputHeaders
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # prohibitedHeaders <array>: User predefined prohibited headers.
    prohibitedHeaders:
      - <string>

Esempi

asm-request-authn-prohibited-output-headers-constraint
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmRequestAuthnProhibitedOutputHeaders
metadata:
  name: asm-request-authn-prohibited-output-headers-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - RequestAuthentication
  parameters:
    prohibitedHeaders:
    - Bad-Header
    - X-Bad-Header
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: RequestAuthentication
metadata:
  name: valid-request-authn
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  jwtRules:
  - issuer: example.com
    outputPayloadToHeader: Good-Header
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: istio-ingressgateway
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: RequestAuthentication
metadata:
  name: deny-predefined-output-header
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  jwtRules:
  - issuer: example.com
    outputPayloadToHeader: Host
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: istio-ingressgateway
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: RequestAuthentication
metadata:
  name: deny-predefined-output-header
  namespace: istio-system
spec:
  jwtRules:
  - issuer: example.com
    outputPayloadToHeader: X-Bad-Header
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: istio-ingressgateway

Iniezione d'auto

Applica il sidecar proxy istio sempre inserito nei pod del carico di lavoro.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmSidecarInjection
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # strictnessLevel <string>: Level of sidecar injection strictness.
    # Allowed Values: Low, High
    strictnessLevel: <string>

Esempi

campione-iniezione-asm-sidecar
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: AsmSidecarInjection
metadata:
  name: asm-sidecar-injection-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    strictnessLevel: High
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    sidecar.istio.io/inject: "true"
  name: sleep
spec:
  containers:
  - image: curlimages/curl
    name: sleep
  - image: gcr.io/gke-release/asm/proxyv2:release
    name: istio-proxy
    ports:
    - containerPort: 15090
      name: http-envoy-prom
      protocol: TCP
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    "false": "false"
  name: sleep
spec:
  containers:
  - image: curlimages/curl
    name: sleep
  - image: gcr.io/gke-release/asm/proxyv2:release
    name: istio-proxy
    ports:
    - containerPort: 15090
      name: http-envoy-prom
      protocol: TCP
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    sidecar.istio.io/inject: "false"
  name: sleep
spec:
  containers:
  - image: curlimages/curl
    name: sleep

RegolaRegolaDestinazione attivata

Vieta la disattivazione di TLS per tutti gli host e i sottoinsiemi di host in Istio DestinationRule.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: DestinationRuleTLSEnabled
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

abilitato con DRT
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: DestinationRuleTLSEnabled
metadata:
  name: dr-tls-enabled
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - networking.istio.io
      kinds:
      - DestinationRule
Non consentito
apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1alpha3
kind: DestinationRule
metadata:
  name: dr-subset-tls-disable
  namespace: default
spec:
  host: myservice
  subsets:
  - name: v1
    trafficPolicy:
      tls:
        mode: DISABLE
  - name: v2
    trafficPolicy:
      tls:
        mode: SIMPLE
apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1alpha3
kind: DestinationRule
metadata:
  name: dr-traffic-tls-disable
  namespace: default
spec:
  host: myservice
  trafficPolicy:
    tls:
      mode: DISABLE

DisallowedAuthzPrefix

Richiede che le entità e gli spazi dei nomi nelle regole AuthorizationPolicy di Istio non abbiano un prefisso da un elenco specificato. https://istio.io/latest/docs/reference/config/security/authorization-policy/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: DisallowedAuthzPrefix
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # disallowedprefixes <array>: Disallowed prefixes of principals and
    # namespaces.
    disallowedprefixes:
      - <string>

Esempi

vincolo-di-autorizzazione-non-authz
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: DisallowedAuthzPrefix
metadata:
  name: disallowed-authz-prefix-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - AuthorizationPolicy
  parameters:
    disallowedprefixes:
    - badprefix
    - reallybadprefix
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: good
  namespace: foo
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/sleep
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
      version: v1
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: bad-source-principal
  namespace: foo
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/badprefix-sleep
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
      version: v1
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: bad-source-namespace
  namespace: foo
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/sleep
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - badprefix-test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
      version: v1

GCPStorageLocationConstraintV1

Limita le risorse locations consentite per Storage Connector Config Connector all'elenco delle località fornite nel vincolo. I nomi dei bucket nell'elenco exemptions sono esenti.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: GCPStorageLocationConstraintV1
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptions <array>: A list of bucket names that are exempt from this
    # constraint.
    exemptions:
      - <string>
    # locations <array>: A list of locations that a bucket is permitted to
    # have.
    locations:
      - <string>

Esempi

solo singapore-e-karkarta
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: GCPStorageLocationConstraintV1
metadata:
  name: singapore-and-jakarta-only
spec:
  enforcementAction: deny
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - storage.cnrm.cloud.google.com
      kinds:
      - StorageBucket
  parameters:
    exemptions:
    - my_project_id_cloudbuild
    locations:
    - asia-southeast1
    - asia-southeast2
Consentita
apiVersion: storage.cnrm.cloud.google.com/v1beta1
kind: StorageBucket
metadata:
  name: bucket-in-permitted-location
spec:
  location: asia-southeast1
Non consentito
apiVersion: storage.cnrm.cloud.google.com/v1beta1
kind: StorageBucket
metadata:
  name: bucket-in-disallowed-location
spec:
  location: us-central1
apiVersion: storage.cnrm.cloud.google.com/v1beta1
kind: StorageBucket
metadata:
  name: bucket-without-specific-location
spec: null

Repository K8sAllowed

Richiede che le immagini container inizino con una stringa dell'elenco specificato.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sAllowedRepos
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # repos <array>: The list of prefixes a container image is allowed to have.
    repos:
      - <string>

Esempi

repository-is-openpolicyagent
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sAllowedRepos
metadata:
  name: repo-is-openpolicyagent
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
    namespaces:
    - default
  parameters:
    repos:
    - openpolicyagent/
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: nginx-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: nginx-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
  initContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginxinit
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: nginx-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
  initContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginxinit
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: nginx-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
  initContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi

K8sBloccoAllIngress

Non consente la creazione di oggetti Ingress (Ingress, Gateway e Service tipi di NodePort e LoadBalancer).

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockAllIngress
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowList <array>: A list of regular expressions for the Ingress object
    # names that are exempt from the constraint.
    allowList:
      - <string>

Esempi

blocco-ingress
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockAllIngress
metadata:
  name: block-all-ingress
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    allowList:
    - name1
    - name2
    - name3
    - my-*
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: my-service
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 9376
  selector:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: MyApp
  type: LoadBalancer
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: allowed-clusterip-service-example
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 9376
  selector:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: MyApp
  type: ClusterIP
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: disallowed-service-example
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 9376
  selector:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: MyApp
  type: LoadBalancer

K8sBlockCreationWithDefaultServiceAccount

Non consente la creazione di risorse utilizzando un account di servizio predefinito.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockCreationWithDefaultServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

blocco-creazione-con-account-di-servizio-predefinito
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockCreationWithDefaultServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: block-creation-with-default-serviceaccount
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: example-namespace

K8sBlockEndpointEditDefaultRole

Molte installazioni di Kubernetes per impostazione predefinita utilizzano un ClusterRole system:aggregate-to-edit che non limita correttamente l'accesso alla modifica degli endpoint. Questo ConstraintTemplate vieta al system:aggregate-to-edit di ClusterRole di concedere l'autorizzazione per creare/patch/aggiornare endpoint. ClusterRole/system:aggregate-to-edit non deve consentire le autorizzazioni di modifica degli endpoint a causa di CVE-2021-25740, le autorizzazioni Endpoint & EndpointSlice consentono l'inoltro cross-Namespace, https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/issues/103675

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockEndpointEditDefaultRole
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

blocco-endpoint-modifica-ruolo-predefinito
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockEndpointEditDefaultRole
metadata:
  name: block-endpoint-edit-default-role
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kinds:
      - ClusterRole
Consentita
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  annotations:
    rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-edit: "true"
  name: system:aggregate-to-edit
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods/attach
  - pods/exec
  - pods/portforward
  - pods/proxy
  - secrets
  - services/proxy
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - serviceaccounts
  verbs:
  - impersonate
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  - pods/attach
  - pods/exec
  - pods/portforward
  - pods/proxy
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - configmaps
  - persistentvolumeclaims
  - replicationcontrollers
  - replicationcontrollers/scale
  - secrets
  - serviceaccounts
  - services
  - services/proxy
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - apps
  resources:
  - daemonsets
  - deployments
  - deployments/rollback
  - deployments/scale
  - replicasets
  - replicasets/scale
  - statefulsets
  - statefulsets/scale
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - autoscaling
  resources:
  - horizontalpodautoscalers
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - batch
  resources:
  - cronjobs
  - jobs
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - extensions
  resources:
  - daemonsets
  - deployments
  - deployments/rollback
  - deployments/scale
  - ingresses
  - networkpolicies
  - replicasets
  - replicasets/scale
  - replicationcontrollers/scale
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - policy
  resources:
  - poddisruptionbudgets
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - networking.k8s.io
  resources:
  - ingresses
  - networkpolicies
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
Non consentito
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  annotations:
    rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-edit: "true"
  name: system:aggregate-to-edit
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods/attach
  - pods/exec
  - pods/portforward
  - pods/proxy
  - secrets
  - services/proxy
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - serviceaccounts
  verbs:
  - impersonate
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  - pods/attach
  - pods/exec
  - pods/portforward
  - pods/proxy
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - configmaps
  - persistentvolumeclaims
  - replicationcontrollers
  - replicationcontrollers/scale
  - secrets
  - serviceaccounts
  - services
  - services/proxy
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - apps
  resources:
  - daemonsets
  - deployments
  - deployments/rollback
  - deployments/scale
  - endpoints
  - replicasets
  - replicasets/scale
  - statefulsets
  - statefulsets/scale
  verbs:
  - create
  - delete
  - deletecollection
  - patch
  - update

Bilanciatore del carico a blocchi K8s

Non consente tutti i servizi con tipo LoadBalancer. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/services-networking/service/#loadbalancer

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockLoadBalancer
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

bilanciatore del carico a blocchi
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockLoadBalancer
metadata:
  name: block-load-balancer
spec:
  match:
    excludedNamespaces:
    - ingress-nginx-private
    - ingress-nginx-public
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Service
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: my-service-allowed
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 80
    targetPort: 80
  type: ClusterIP
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: my-service-disallowed
spec:
  ports:
  - nodePort: 30007
    port: 80
    targetPort: 80
  type: LoadBalancer

K8sBlockNodePort

Non consente tutti i servizi con tipo NodePort. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/services-networking/service/#nodeport

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockNodePort
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

porta-nodo-blocco
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockNodePort
metadata:
  name: block-node-port
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Service
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: my-service-disallowed
spec:
  ports:
  - nodePort: 30007
    port: 80
    targetPort: 80
  type: NodePort

Oggetti in blocco K8s

Non consente oggetti di tipi vietati.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockObjectsOfType
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    forbiddenTypes:
      - <string>

Esempi

block-secrets-of-type-basic-auth
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockObjectsOfType
metadata:
  name: block-secrets-of-type-basic-auth
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Secret
  parameters:
    forbiddenTypes:
    - kubernetes.io/basic-auth
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
data:
  password: ZHVtbXlwYXNz
  username: ZHVtbXl1c2Vy
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: credentials
  namespace: default
type: Opaque
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
data:
  password: YmFzaWMtcGFzc3dvcmQ=
  username: YmFzaWMtdXNlcm5hbWU=
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: secret-basic-auth
  namespace: default
type: kubernetes.io/basic-auth

K8sBlockProcessNamespaceCondivisione

Vieta le specifiche dei pod con il valore shareProcessNamespace impostato su true. Questo evita scenari in cui tutti i container in un pod condividono uno spazio dei nomi PID e possono accedere tra loro al file system e alla memoria.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockProcessNamespaceSharing
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

condivisione-spazio- nomi-blocco
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockProcessNamespaceSharing
metadata:
  name: block-process-namespace-sharing
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: good-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: bad-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
  shareProcessNamespace: true

K8sBlockWildcardIngress

Gli utenti non devono creare risorse Ingress con un nome host vuoto o con caratteri jolly (*), in quanto ciò consentirebbe di intercettare il traffico per altri servizi nel cluster, anche se non hanno accesso a tali servizi.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockWildcardIngress
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

blocco-wildcard-ingress
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sBlockWildcardIngress
metadata:
  name: block-wildcard-ingress
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - extensions
      - networking.k8s.io
      kinds:
      - Ingress
Consentita
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: non-wildcard-ingress
spec:
  rules:
  - host: myservice.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: example
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
Non consentito
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: wildcard-ingress
spec:
  rules:
  - host: ""
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: example
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: wildcard-ingress
spec:
  rules:
  - http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: example
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: wildcard-ingress
spec:
  rules:
  - host: '*.example.com'
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: example
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
  - host: valid.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: example
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix

K8sContainerLimits

È necessario impostare limiti di memoria e CPU per i container e limitare i limiti entro i valori massimi specificati. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/manage-resources-containers/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sContainerLimits
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # cpu <string>: The maximum allowed cpu limit on a Pod, exclusive.
    cpu: <string>
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # memory <string>: The maximum allowed memory limit on a Pod, exclusive.
    memory: <string>

Esempi

container-must-aver-limits
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sContainerLimits
metadata:
  name: container-must-have-limits
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    cpu: 200m
    memory: 1Gi
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 1Gi
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 2Gi

Proporzioni container K8s

Imposta un rapporto massimo per i limiti delle risorse container per le richieste. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/manage-resources-containers/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sContainerRatios
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # cpuRatio <string>: The maximum allowed ratio of `resources.limits.cpu` to
    # `resources.requests.cpu` on a container. If not specified, equal to
    # `ratio`.
    cpuRatio: <string>
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # ratio <string>: The maximum allowed ratio of `resources.limits` to
    # `resources.requests` on a container.
    ratio: <string>

Esempi

container-must-meet-ratio
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sContainerRatios
metadata:
  name: container-must-meet-ratio
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    ratio: "2"
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 200m
        memory: 200Mi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 100Mi
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 800m
        memory: 2Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 100Mi
container-must-meet-memory-and-cpu-ratio
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sContainerRatios
metadata:
  name: container-must-meet-memory-and-cpu-ratio
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    cpuRatio: "10"
    ratio: "1"
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: "4"
        memory: 2Gi
      requests:
        cpu: "1"
        memory: 2Gi
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: "4"
        memory: 2Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 2Gi

Richieste container K8s

È necessario che i container dispongano di richieste di memoria e CPU impostate e vincoli per rientrare nei valori massimi specificati. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/manage-resources-containers/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sContainerRequests
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # cpu <string>: The maximum allowed cpu request on a Pod, exclusive.
    cpu: <string>
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # memory <string>: The maximum allowed memory request on a Pod, exclusive.
    memory: <string>

Esempi

richieste-container-must-have
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sContainerRequests
metadata:
  name: container-must-have-requests
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    cpu: 200m
    memory: 1Gi
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 1Gi
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 2Gi

K8sDisallow anonima

Non consente di associare le risorse ClusterRole e Role al gruppo system:anonymous utente e system:unauthenticated.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sDisallowAnonymous
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedRoles <array>: The list of ClusterRoles and Roles that may be
    # associated with the `system:unauthenticated` group and `system:anonymous`
    # user.
    allowedRoles:
      - <string>

Esempi

anonimo
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sDisallowAnonymous
metadata:
  name: no-anonymous
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kinds:
      - ClusterRoleBinding
    - apiGroups:
      - rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kinds:
      - RoleBinding
  parameters:
    allowedRoles:
    - cluster-role-1
Consentita
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: cluster-role-binding-1
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-role-1
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:authenticated
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:unauthenticated
Non consentito
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: cluster-role-binding-2
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-role-2
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:authenticated
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:unauthenticated

Oggetto K8sDisallowedRoleBindingSubjects

Vieta i RoleBindings o i ClusterRoleBindings con soggetti che corrispondono a qualsiasi disallowedSubjects trasmesso come parametro.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sDisallowedRoleBindingSubjects
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # disallowedSubjects <array>: A list of subjects that cannot appear in a
    # RoleBinding.
    disallowedSubjects:
      - # apiGroup <string>: The Kubernetes API group of the disallowed role
        # binding subject. Currently ignored.
        apiGroup: <string>
        # kind <string>: The kind of the disallowed role binding subject.
        kind: <string>
        # name <string>: The name of the disallowed role binding subject.
        name: <string>

Esempi

soggetti-non-ruolo-non consentiti
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sDisallowedRoleBindingSubjects
metadata:
  name: disallowed-rolebinding-subjects
spec:
  parameters:
    disallowedSubjects:
    - apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kind: Group
      name: system:unauthenticated
Consentita
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: good-clusterrolebinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: my-role
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:authenticated
Non consentito
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: bad-clusterrolebinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: my-role
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:unauthenticated

Tag K8sDisallowed

Richiede che il tag immagine abbia un tag immagine diverso da quelli dell'elenco specificato. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/containers/images/#image-names

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sDisallowedTags
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # tags <array>: Disallowed container image tags.
    tags:
      - <string>

Esempi

contenitore-immagine-non-deve-avere-l'ultimo-tag
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sDisallowedTags
metadata:
  name: container-image-must-not-have-latest-tag
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
    namespaces:
    - default
  parameters:
    exemptImages:
    - openpolicyagent/opa-exp:latest
    - openpolicyagent/opa-exp2:latest
    tags:
    - latest
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-exempt-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa-exp:latest
    name: opa-exp
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/init:v1
    name: opa-init
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa-exp2:latest
    name: opa-exp2
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa
    name: opa
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-disallowed-2
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:latest
    name: opa
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-disallowed-ephemeral
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
  ephemeralContainers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:latest
    name: opa
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-disallowed-3
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa-exp:latest
    name: opa
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/init:latest
    name: opa-init
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa-exp2:latest
    name: opa-exp2
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/monitor:latest
    name: opa-monitor

K8sEmptyDirHasSizeLimit

Richiede che qualsiasi volume emptyDir specifichi un sizeLimit. Facoltativamente, può essere fornito un parametro maxSizeLimit nel vincolo per specificare un limite massimo consentito per le dimensioni.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sEmptyDirHasSizeLimit
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptVolumesRegex <array>: Exempt Volume names as regex match.
    exemptVolumesRegex:
      - <string>
    # maxSizeLimit <string>: When set, the declared size limit for each volume
    # must be less than `maxSizeLimit`.
    maxSizeLimit: <string>

Esempi

empty-dir-has-limit-size
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sEmptyDirHasSizeLimit
metadata:
  name: empty-dir-has-size-limit
spec:
  match:
    excludedNamespaces:
    - istio-system
    - kube-system
    - gatekeeper-system
  parameters:
    exemptVolumesRegex:
    - ^istio-[a-z]+$
    maxSizeLimit: 4Gi
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: good-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
  volumes:
  - emptyDir:
      sizeLimit: 2Gi
    name: good-pod-volume
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: exempt-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: istio-envoy
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: bad-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: bad-pod-volume

K8sEnforceCloudArmorBackendConfig

Applica la configurazione di Cloud Armor alle risorse BackendConfig

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sEnforceCloudArmorBackendConfig
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

applica-cloudarmor-backendconfig
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sEnforceCloudArmorBackendConfig
metadata:
  name: enforce-cloudarmor-backendconfig
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: cloud.google.com/v1
kind: BackendConfig
metadata:
  name: my-backendconfig
  namespace: examplenamespace
spec:
  securityPolicy:
    name: example-security-policy
apiVersion: cloud.google.com/v1
kind: BackendConfig
metadata:
  name: second-backendconfig
spec:
  securityPolicy:
    name: my-security-policy
Non consentito
apiVersion: cloud.google.com/v1
kind: BackendConfig
metadata:
  name: my-backendconfig
  namespace: examplenamespace
spec:
  securityPolicy:
    name: null
apiVersion: cloud.google.com/v1
kind: BackendConfig
metadata:
  name: my-backendconfig
  namespace: examplenamespace
spec:
  securityPolicy:
    name: ""
apiVersion: cloud.google.com/v1
kind: BackendConfig
metadata:
  name: my-backendconfig
spec:
  logging:
    enable: true
    sampleRate: 0.5

K8sEnforceConfigManagement

Richiede la presenza e il funzionamento di config management.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sEnforceConfigManagement
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

applica-configurazione-gestione
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sEnforceConfigManagement
metadata:
  name: enforce-config-management
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: configmanagement.gke.io/v1
kind: ConfigManagement
metadata:
  annotations:
    configmanagement.gke.io/managed-by-hub: "true"
    configmanagement.gke.io/update-time: "1663586155"
  name: config-management
spec:
  binauthz:
    enabled: true
  clusterName: tec6ea817b5b4bb2-cluster
  enableMultiRepo: true
  git:
    proxy: {}
    syncRepo: git@test-git-server.config-management-system-test:/git-server/repos/sot.git
  hierarchyController: {}
  policyController:
    auditIntervalSeconds: 60
    enabled: true
    monitoring:
      backends:
      - prometheus
      - cloudmonitoring
    mutation: {}
    referentialRulesEnabled: true
    templateLibraryInstalled: true
status:
  configManagementVersion: v1.12.2-rc.2
  healthy: true
Non consentito
apiVersion: configmanagement.gke.io/v1
kind: ConfigManagement
metadata:
  annotations:
    configmanagement.gke.io/managed-by-hub: "true"
    configmanagement.gke.io/update-time: "1663586155"
  name: config-management
spec:
  binauthz:
    enabled: true
  clusterName: tec6ea817b5b4bb2-cluster
  enableMultiRepo: true
  git:
    syncRepo: git@test-git-server.config-management-system-test:/git-server/repos/sot.git
  hierarchyController: {}
  policyController:
    auditIntervalSeconds: 60
    enabled: true
    monitoring:
      backends:
      - prometheus
      - cloudmonitoring
    mutation: {}
    referentialRulesEnabled: true
    templateLibraryInstalled: true
status:
  configManagementVersion: v1.12.2-rc.2

IP esterni K8s

Limita gli IP esterni del servizio a un elenco consentito di indirizzi IP. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/services-networking/service/#external-ips

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sExternalIPs
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedIPs <array>: An allow-list of external IP addresses.
    allowedIPs:
      - <string>

Esempi

IP esterni
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sExternalIPs
metadata:
  name: external-ips
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Service
  parameters:
    allowedIPs:
    - 203.0.113.0
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: allowed-external-ip
spec:
  externalIPs:
  - 203.0.113.0
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8080
  selector:
    app: MyApp
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: disallowed-external-ip
spec:
  externalIPs:
  - 1.1.1.1
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8080
  selector:
    app: MyApp

Solo HTTPS K8s

Le risorse Ingress devono essere solo HTTPS. Le risorse Ingress devono includere l'annotazione kubernetes.io/ingress.allow-http, impostata su false. Per impostazione predefinita è necessaria una configurazione TLS {} valida. Puoi effettuare questa operazione impostando il parametro tlsOptional su true. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/services-networking/ingress/#tls

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sHttpsOnly
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # tlsOptional <boolean>: When set to `true` the TLS {} is optional,
    # defaults to false.
    tlsOptional: <boolean>

Esempi

in entrata-solo
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sHttpsOnly
metadata:
  name: ingress-https-only
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - extensions
      - networking.k8s.io
      kinds:
      - Ingress
Consentita
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.allow-http: "false"
  name: ingress-demo-allowed
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-host.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
  tls:
  - {}
Non consentito
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: ingress-demo-disallowed
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-host.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
ingress-only-https-only-tls-facoltativo
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sHttpsOnly
metadata:
  name: ingress-https-only-tls-optional
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - extensions
      - networking.k8s.io
      kinds:
      - Ingress
  parameters:
    tlsOptional: true
Consentita
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  annotations:
    kubernetes.io/ingress.allow-http: "false"
  name: ingress-demo-allowed-tls-optional
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-host.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
Non consentito
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: ingress-demo-disallowed-tls-optional
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-host.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix

Digest immagini K8s

Richiede che le immagini container contengano un digest. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/containers/images/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sImageDigests
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>

Esempi

immagine-container-devi-digest
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sImageDigests
metadata:
  name: container-image-must-have-digest
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
    namespaces:
    - default
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2@sha256:04ff8fce2afd1a3bc26260348e5b290e8d945b1fad4b4c16d22834c2f3a1814a
    name: opa
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
  initContainers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opainit
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
  ephemeralContainers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
  initContainers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opainit

K8sLocalStorageRequestSafeToEvict

Richiede che i pod che utilizzano lo spazio di archiviazione locale (emptyDir o hostPath) abbiano l'annotazione "cluster-autoscaler.kubernetes.io/safe-to-evict": "true". Il gestore della scalabilità automatica dei cluster non eliminerà i pod senza questa annotazione.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sLocalStorageRequireSafeToEvict
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

spazio-di-archiviazione-richiesto-protetto-da-evitare
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sLocalStorageRequireSafeToEvict
metadata:
  name: local-storage-require-safe-to-evict
spec:
  match:
    excludedNamespaces:
    - kube-system
    - istio-system
    - gatekeeper-system
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    cluster-autoscaler.kubernetes.io/safe-to-evict: "true"
  name: good-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: redis
    name: redis
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /data/redis
      name: redis-storage
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: redis-storage
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: bad-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: redis
    name: redis
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /data/redis
      name: redis-storage
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: redis-storage

K8sMemoryRequestEqualsLimit

Promuove la stabilità dei pod richiedendo che la memoria richiesta da tutti i container corrisponda esattamente al limite di memoria, in modo che i pod non si trovino mai in uno stato in cui l'utilizzo della memoria supera la quantità richiesta. Altrimenti, Kubernetes può terminare i pod richiedendo ulteriore memoria se è necessaria memoria sul nodo.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sMemoryRequestEqualsLimit
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptContainersRegex <array>: Exempt Container names as regex match.
    exemptContainersRegex:
      - <string>

Esempi

container-must-request-limit
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sMemoryRequestEqualsLimit
metadata:
  name: container-must-request-limit
spec:
  match:
    excludedNamespaces:
    - kube-system
    - resource-group-system
    - asm-system
    - istio-system
    - config-management-system
    - config-management-monitoring
  parameters:
    exemptContainersRegex:
    - ^istio-[a-z]+$
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: good-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 4Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 50m
        memory: 4Gi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: exempt-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: auto
    name: istio-proxy
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 4Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 50m
        memory: 2Gi
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: bad-pod
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 4Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 50m
        memory: 2Gi

K8sNoEnvVarSecrets

Impedisce i secret come variabili di ambiente nelle definizioni di container dei pod. Utilizza invece i file secret montati nei volumi di dati: https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/secret/#using-secrets-as-files-from-a-pod

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sNoEnvVarSecrets
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

nessun-secret-come-campione-di-env-vars
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sNoEnvVarSecrets
metadata:
  name: no-secrets-as-env-vars-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: allowed-example
spec:
  containers:
  - image: redis
    name: test
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /etc/test
      name: test
      readOnly: true
  volumes:
  - name: test
    secret:
      secretName: mysecret
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: disallowed-example
spec:
  containers:
  - env:
    - name: MY_PASSWORD
      valueFrom:
        secretKeyRef:
          key: password
          name: mysecret
    image: redis
    name: test

Servizi esterni K8s

Vieta la creazione di risorse note che espongono i carichi di lavoro a IP esterni. Sono incluse le risorse del gateway Istio e le risorse Ingress di Kubernetes. Inoltre, i servizi Kubernetes non sono consentiti a meno che non soddisfino i seguenti criteri: Qualsiasi servizio di tipo LoadBalancer in Google Cloud deve avere un'annotazione "cloud.google.com/load-balancer-type": "Internal". Qualsiasi servizio di tipo LoadBalancer in AWS deve avere un'annotazione service.beta.kubernetes.io/aws-load-balancer-internal: "true. Qualsiasi "IP esterno" (esterno al cluster) associato al servizio deve essere un membro di un intervallo di CIDR interni forniti al vincolo.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sNoExternalServices
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # cloudPlatform <string>: The hosting cloud platform. Only `GCP` and `AWS`
    # are supported currently.
    cloudPlatform: <string>
    # internalCIDRs <array>: A list of CIDRs that are only accessible
    # internally, for example: `10.3.27.0/24`. Which IP ranges are
    # internal-only is determined by the underlying network infrastructure.
    internalCIDRs:
      - <string>

Esempi

nessuna-esterna
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sNoExternalServices
metadata:
  name: no-external
spec:
  parameters:
    internalCIDRs:
    - 10.0.0.1/32
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: good-service
  namespace: default
spec:
  externalIPs:
  - 10.0.0.1
  ports:
  - port: 8888
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8888
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: bad-service
  namespace: default
spec:
  externalIPs:
  - 10.0.0.2
  ports:
  - port: 8888
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8888
CANNOT TRANSLATE
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sNoExternalServices
metadata:
  name: no-external-aws
spec:
  parameters:
    cloudPlatform: AWS
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  annotations:
    service.beta.kubernetes.io/aws-load-balancer-internal: "true"
  name: good-aws-service
  namespace: default
spec:
  type: LoadBalancer
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  annotations:
    cloud.google.com/load-balancer-type: Internal
  name: bad-aws-service
  namespace: default
spec:
  type: LoadBalancer

Container K8sPSPAllowPrivilegiEscalation

Controlli che limitano la riassegnazione ai privilegi root. Corrisponde al campo allowPrivilegeEscalation in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#privilege-escalation

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPAllowPrivilegeEscalationContainer
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>

Esempi

psp-allow-privilege-escalation-container-sample
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPAllowPrivilegeEscalationContainer
metadata:
  name: psp-allow-privilege-escalation-container-sample
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-privilege-escalation
  name: nginx-privilege-escalation-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-privilege-escalation
  name: nginx-privilege-escalation-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      allowPrivilegeEscalation: true
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-privilege-escalation
  name: nginx-privilege-escalation-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      allowPrivilegeEscalation: true

K8sPSPAllowedUsers

Controlla gli ID gruppo e utente del contenitore e alcuni volumi. Corrisponde ai campi runAsUser, runAsGroup, supplementalGroups e fsGroup in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#users-and-groups

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPAllowedUsers
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # fsGroup <object>: Controls the fsGroup values that are allowed in a Pod
    # or container-level SecurityContext.
    fsGroup:
      # ranges <array>: A list of group ID ranges affected by the rule.
      ranges:
        # <list item: object>: The range of group IDs affected by the rule.
        - # max <integer>: The maximum group ID in the range, inclusive.
          max: <integer>
          # min <integer>: The minimum group ID in the range, inclusive.
          min: <integer>
      # rule <string>: A strategy for applying the fsGroup restriction.
      # Allowed Values: MustRunAs, MayRunAs, RunAsAny
      rule: <string>
    # runAsGroup <object>: Controls which group ID values are allowed in a Pod
    # or container-level SecurityContext.
    runAsGroup:
      # ranges <array>: A list of group ID ranges affected by the rule.
      ranges:
        # <list item: object>: The range of group IDs affected by the rule.
        - # max <integer>: The maximum group ID in the range, inclusive.
          max: <integer>
          # min <integer>: The minimum group ID in the range, inclusive.
          min: <integer>
      # rule <string>: A strategy for applying the runAsGroup restriction.
      # Allowed Values: MustRunAs, MayRunAs, RunAsAny
      rule: <string>
    # runAsUser <object>: Controls which user ID values are allowed in a Pod or
    # container-level SecurityContext.
    runAsUser:
      # ranges <array>: A list of user ID ranges affected by the rule.
      ranges:
        # <list item: object>: The range of user IDs affected by the rule.
        - # max <integer>: The maximum user ID in the range, inclusive.
          max: <integer>
          # min <integer>: The minimum user ID in the range, inclusive.
          min: <integer>
      # rule <string>: A strategy for applying the runAsUser restriction.
      # Allowed Values: MustRunAs, MustRunAsNonRoot, RunAsAny
      rule: <string>
    # supplementalGroups <object>: Controls the supplementalGroups values that
    # are allowed in a Pod or container-level SecurityContext.
    supplementalGroups:
      # ranges <array>: A list of group ID ranges affected by the rule.
      ranges:
        # <list item: object>: The range of group IDs affected by the rule.
        - # max <integer>: The maximum group ID in the range, inclusive.
          max: <integer>
          # min <integer>: The minimum group ID in the range, inclusive.
          min: <integer>
      # rule <string>: A strategy for applying the supplementalGroups
      # restriction.
      # Allowed Values: MustRunAs, MayRunAs, RunAsAny
      rule: <string>

Esempi

psp-pod-consentiti-intervalli-utente
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPAllowedUsers
metadata:
  name: psp-pods-allowed-user-ranges
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    fsGroup:
      ranges:
      - max: 200
        min: 100
      rule: MustRunAs
    runAsGroup:
      ranges:
      - max: 200
        min: 100
      rule: MustRunAs
    runAsUser:
      ranges:
      - max: 200
        min: 100
      rule: MustRunAs
    supplementalGroups:
      ranges:
      - max: 200
        min: 100
      rule: MustRunAs
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-users
  name: nginx-users-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      runAsGroup: 199
      runAsUser: 199
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 199
    supplementalGroups:
    - 199
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-users
  name: nginx-users-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      runAsGroup: 250
      runAsUser: 250
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 250
    supplementalGroups:
    - 250
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-users
  name: nginx-users-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      runAsGroup: 250
      runAsUser: 250
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 250
    supplementalGroups:
    - 250

K8sPSPAppArmor

Configura una lista consentita di profili AppArmor per l'utilizzo da parte dei container. Corrisponde a annotazioni specifiche applicate a un PodSecurityPolicy. Per informazioni su AppArmor, consulta https://kubernetes.io/docs/tutorials/clusters/apparmor/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPAppArmor
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedProfiles <array>: An array of AppArmor profiles. Examples:
    # `runtime/default`, `unconfined`.
    allowedProfiles:
      - <string>
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>

Esempi

apparmor psp
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPAppArmor
metadata:
  name: psp-apparmor
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    allowedProfiles:
    - runtime/default
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    container.apparmor.security.beta.kubernetes.io/nginx: runtime/default
  labels:
    app: nginx-apparmor
  name: nginx-apparmor-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    container.apparmor.security.beta.kubernetes.io/nginx: unconfined
  labels:
    app: nginx-apparmor
  name: nginx-apparmor-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    container.apparmor.security.beta.kubernetes.io/nginx: unconfined
  labels:
    app: nginx-apparmor
  name: nginx-apparmor-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx

K8sPSPAutomountServiceAccountTokenPod

Controlla la capacità di qualsiasi pod di abilitare automountServiceAccountToken.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPAutomountServiceAccountTokenPod
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    <object>

Esempi

psp-automount-serviceaccount-token-pod
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPAutomountServiceAccountTokenPod
metadata:
  name: psp-automount-serviceaccount-token-pod
spec:
  match:
    excludedNamespaces:
    - kube-system
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-not-automountserviceaccounttoken
  name: nginx-automountserviceaccounttoken-allowed
spec:
  automountServiceAccountToken: false
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-automountserviceaccounttoken
  name: nginx-automountserviceaccounttoken-disallowed
spec:
  automountServiceAccountToken: true
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx

Funzionalità K8sPSP

Controlla le funzionalità di Linux sui container. Corrisponde ai campi allowedCapabilities e requiredDropCapabilities in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#capabilities

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPCapabilities
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedCapabilities <array>: A list of Linux capabilities that can be
    # added to a container.
    allowedCapabilities:
      - <string>
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # requiredDropCapabilities <array>: A list of Linux capabilities that are
    # required to be dropped from a container.
    requiredDropCapabilities:
      - <string>

Esempi

demo-funzionalità
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPCapabilities
metadata:
  name: capabilities-demo
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
    namespaces:
    - default
  parameters:
    allowedCapabilities:
    - something
    requiredDropCapabilities:
    - must_drop
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
    securityContext:
      capabilities:
        add:
        - something
        drop:
        - must_drop
        - another_one
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
    securityContext:
      capabilities:
        add:
        - disallowedcapability
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 30Mi
    securityContext:
      capabilities:
        add:
        - disallowedcapability

Gruppo K8sPSPFS

Controlla l'allocazione di un FSGroup proprietario dei volumi del pod. Corrisponde al campo fsGroup in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#volumes-and-file-systems

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPFSGroup
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # ranges <array>: GID ranges affected by the rule.
    ranges:
      - # max <integer>: The maximum GID in the range, inclusive.
        max: <integer>
        # min <integer>: The minimum GID in the range, inclusive.
        min: <integer>
    # rule <string>: An FSGroup rule name.
    # Allowed Values: MayRunAs, MustRunAs, RunAsAny
    rule: <string>

Esempi

gruppo-psp-fs
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPFSGroup
metadata:
  name: psp-fsgroup
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    ranges:
    - max: 1000
      min: 1
    rule: MayRunAs
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: fsgroup-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - command:
    - sh
    - -c
    - sleep 1h
    image: busybox
    name: fsgroup-demo
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /data/demo
      name: fsgroup-demo-vol
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 500
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: fsgroup-demo-vol
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: fsgroup-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - command:
    - sh
    - -c
    - sleep 1h
    image: busybox
    name: fsgroup-demo
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /data/demo
      name: fsgroup-demo-vol
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 2000
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: fsgroup-demo-vol

K8sPSPFlexVolumes

Controlla la lista consentita dei driver FlexVolume. Corrisponde al campo allowedFlexVolumes in PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#flexvolume-drivers

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPFlexVolumes
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedFlexVolumes <array>: An array of AllowedFlexVolume objects.
    allowedFlexVolumes:
      - # driver <string>: The name of the FlexVolume driver.
        driver: <string>

Esempi

Driver per volume flessibile PSP
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPFlexVolumes
metadata:
  name: psp-flexvolume-drivers
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    allowedFlexVolumes:
    - driver: example/lvm
    - driver: example/cifs
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-flexvolume-driver
  name: nginx-flexvolume-driver-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /test
      name: test-volume
      readOnly: true
  volumes:
  - flexVolume:
      driver: example/lvm
    name: test-volume
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-flexvolume-driver
  name: nginx-flexvolume-driver-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /test
      name: test-volume
      readOnly: true
  volumes:
  - flexVolume:
      driver: example/testdriver
    name: test-volume

K8sPSPForbiddenSysctls

Controlla il profilo sysctl utilizzato dai container. Corrisponde ai campi allowedUnsafeSysctls e forbiddenSysctls in un PodSecurityPolicy. Se specificato, qualsiasi sysctl non incluso nel parametro allowedSysctls viene considerato vietato. Il parametro forbiddenSysctls ha la precedenza sul parametro allowedSysctls. Per ulteriori informazioni, consulta https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/administer-cluster/sysctl-cluster/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPForbiddenSysctls
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedSysctls <array>: An allow-list of sysctls. `*` allows all sysctls
    # not listed in the `forbiddenSysctls` parameter.
    allowedSysctls:
      - <string>
    # forbiddenSysctls <array>: A disallow-list of sysctls. `*` forbids all
    # sysctls.
    forbiddenSysctls:
      - <string>

Esempi

psp-proibito-sysctls
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPForbiddenSysctls
metadata:
  name: psp-forbidden-sysctls
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    allowedSysctls:
    - '*'
    forbiddenSysctls:
    - kernel.*
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-forbidden-sysctls
  name: nginx-forbidden-sysctls-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
  securityContext:
    sysctls:
    - name: net.core.somaxconn
      value: "1024"
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-forbidden-sysctls
  name: nginx-forbidden-sysctls-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
  securityContext:
    sysctls:
    - name: kernel.msgmax
      value: "65536"
    - name: net.core.somaxconn
      value: "1024"

File system host K8sPSP

Controlla l'utilizzo del file system host. Corrisponde al campo allowedHostPaths in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#volumes-and-file-systems

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPHostFilesystem
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedHostPaths <array>: An array of hostpath objects, representing
    # paths and read/write configuration.
    allowedHostPaths:
      - # pathPrefix <string>: The path prefix that the host volume must
        # match.
        pathPrefix: <string>
        # readOnly <boolean>: when set to true, any container volumeMounts
        # matching the pathPrefix must include `readOnly: true`.
        readOnly: <boolean>

Esempi

File system-host-psp
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPHostFilesystem
metadata:
  name: psp-host-filesystem
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    allowedHostPaths:
    - pathPrefix: /foo
      readOnly: true
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-host-filesystem-disallowed
  name: nginx-host-filesystem
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache
      name: cache-volume
      readOnly: true
  volumes:
  - hostPath:
      path: /foo/bar
    name: cache-volume
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-host-filesystem-disallowed
  name: nginx-host-filesystem
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache
      name: cache-volume
      readOnly: true
  volumes:
  - hostPath:
      path: /tmp
    name: cache-volume
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-host-filesystem-disallowed
  name: nginx-host-filesystem
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache
      name: cache-volume
      readOnly: true
  volumes:
  - hostPath:
      path: /tmp
    name: cache-volume

Spazio dei nomi host K8sPSP

Non consente la condivisione di spazi dei nomi host PID e IPC da parte dei container pod. Corrisponde ai campi hostPID e hostIPC in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#host-namespaces

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPHostNamespace
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    <object>

Esempi

campione-spazio-dei-nomi-host-psp
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPHostNamespace
metadata:
  name: psp-host-namespace-sample
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-host-namespace
  name: nginx-host-namespace-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
  hostIPC: false
  hostPID: false
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-host-namespace
  name: nginx-host-namespace-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
  hostIPC: true
  hostPID: true

Porte 88PSPSPNetworkingNetwork

Controlla l'utilizzo dello spazio dei nomi di rete host da parte dei container dei pod. È necessario specificare porte specifiche. Corrisponde ai campi hostNetwork e hostPorts in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#host-namespaces

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPHostNetworkingPorts
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # hostNetwork <boolean>: Determines if the policy allows the use of
    # HostNetwork in the pod spec.
    hostNetwork: <boolean>
    # max <integer>: The end of the allowed port range, inclusive.
    max: <integer>
    # min <integer>: The start of the allowed port range, inclusive.
    min: <integer>

Esempi

campione-porte-rete-host-psp
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPHostNetworkingPorts
metadata:
  name: psp-host-network-ports-sample
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    hostNetwork: true
    max: 9000
    min: 80
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-host-networking-ports
  name: nginx-host-networking-ports-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 9000
      hostPort: 80
  hostNetwork: false
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-host-networking-ports
  name: nginx-host-networking-ports-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 9001
      hostPort: 9001
  hostNetwork: true
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-host-networking-ports
  name: nginx-host-networking-ports-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 9001
      hostPort: 9001
  hostNetwork: true

Container con privilegi K8sPSP

Controlla la capacità di qualsiasi container di abilitare la modalità con privilegi. Corrisponde al campo privileged in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#privileged

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPPrivilegedContainer
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>

Esempi

campione-container-con-privilegi-psp
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPPrivilegedContainer
metadata:
  name: psp-privileged-container-sample
spec:
  match:
    excludedNamespaces:
    - kube-system
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-privileged
  name: nginx-privileged-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      privileged: false
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-privileged
  name: nginx-privileged-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      privileged: true
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-privileged
  name: nginx-privileged-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      privileged: true

K8sPSPProcMount

Controlla i tipi procMount consentiti per il contenitore. Corrisponde al campo allowedProcMountTypes in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#allowedprocmounttypes

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPProcMount
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # procMount <string>: Defines the strategy for the security exposure of
    # certain paths in `/proc` by the container runtime. Setting to `Default`
    # uses the runtime defaults, where `Unmasked` bypasses the default
    # behavior.
    # Allowed Values: Default, Unmasked
    procMount: <string>

Esempi

piastra di montaggio psp-proc
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPProcMount
metadata:
  name: psp-proc-mount
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    procMount: Default
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-proc-mount
  name: nginx-proc-mount-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      procMount: Default
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-proc-mount
  name: nginx-proc-mount-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      procMount: Unmasked
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-proc-mount
  name: nginx-proc-mount-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      procMount: Unmasked

File system radice di sola lettura K8sPSP

Richiede l'utilizzo di un file system radice di sola lettura da parte dei container dei pod. Corrisponde al campo readOnlyRootFilesystem in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#volumes-and-file-systems

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPReadOnlyRootFilesystem
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>

Esempi

psp-sola letturafilesystem
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPReadOnlyRootFilesystem
metadata:
  name: psp-readonlyrootfilesystem
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-readonlyrootfilesystem
  name: nginx-readonlyrootfilesystem-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      readOnlyRootFilesystem: true
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-readonlyrootfilesystem
  name: nginx-readonlyrootfilesystem-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      readOnlyRootFilesystem: false
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-readonlyrootfilesystem
  name: nginx-readonlyrootfilesystem-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      readOnlyRootFilesystem: false

K8sPSPSELinuxV2

Definisce una lista consentita di configurazioni seLinuxOptions per i container dei pod. Corrisponde a un PodSecurityPolicy che richiede le configurazioni SELinux. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#selinux

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPSELinuxV2
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedSELinuxOptions <array>: An allow-list of SELinux options
    # configurations.
    allowedSELinuxOptions:
      # <list item: object>: An allowed configuration of SELinux options for a
      # pod container.
      - # level <string>: An SELinux level.
        level: <string>
        # role <string>: An SELinux role.
        role: <string>
        # type <string>: An SELinux type.
        type: <string>
        # user <string>: An SELinux user.
        user: <string>
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>

Esempi

psp-selinux-v2
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPSELinuxV2
metadata:
  name: psp-selinux-v2
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    allowedSELinuxOptions:
    - level: s0:c123,c456
      role: object_r
      type: svirt_sandbox_file_t
      user: system_u
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-selinux
  name: nginx-selinux-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      seLinuxOptions:
        level: s0:c123,c456
        role: object_r
        type: svirt_sandbox_file_t
        user: system_u
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-selinux
  name: nginx-selinux-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      seLinuxOptions:
        level: s1:c234,c567
        role: sysadm_r
        type: svirt_lxc_net_t
        user: sysadm_u
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-selinux
  name: nginx-selinux-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      seLinuxOptions:
        level: s1:c234,c567
        role: sysadm_r
        type: svirt_lxc_net_t
        user: sysadm_u

K8sPSPSeccomp

Controlla il profilo seccomp utilizzato dai container. Corrisponde all'annotazione seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io/allowedProfileNames in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#seccomp

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPSeccomp
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedLocalhostFiles <array>: When using securityContext naming scheme
    # for seccomp and including `Localhost` this array holds the allowed
    # profile JSON files. Putting a `*` in this array will allows all JSON
    # files to be used. This field is required to allow `Localhost` in
    # securityContext as with an empty list it will block.
    allowedLocalhostFiles:
      - <string>
    # allowedProfiles <array>: An array of allowed profile values for seccomp
    # on Pods/Containers. Can use the annotation naming scheme:
    # `runtime/default`, `docker/default`, `unconfined` and/or
    # `localhost/some-profile.json`. The item `localhost/*` will allow any
    # localhost based profile. Can also use the securityContext naming scheme:
    # `RuntimeDefault`, `Unconfined` and/or `Localhost`. For securityContext
    # `Localhost`, use the parameter `allowedLocalhostProfiles` to list the
    # allowed profile JSON files. The policy code will translate between the
    # two schemes so it is not necessary to use both. Putting a `*` in this
    # array allows all Profiles to be used. This field is required since with
    # an empty list this policy will block all workloads.
    allowedProfiles:
      - <string>
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>

Esempi

psp-seccomp
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPSeccomp
metadata:
  name: psp-seccomp
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    allowedProfiles:
    - runtime/default
    - docker/default
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    container.seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io/nginx: runtime/default
  labels:
    app: nginx-seccomp
  name: nginx-seccomp-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io/pod: runtime/default
  labels:
    app: nginx-seccomp
  name: nginx-seccomp-allowed2
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io/pod: unconfined
  labels:
    app: nginx-seccomp
  name: nginx-seccomp-disallowed2
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    container.seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io/nginx: unconfined
  labels:
    app: nginx-seccomp
  name: nginx-seccomp-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    container.seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io/nginx: unconfined
  labels:
    app: nginx-seccomp
  name: nginx-seccomp-disallowed
spec:
  ephemeralContainers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx

Tipi di volumi P8s PSP

Consente di limitare i tipi di volume montabili a quelli specificati dall'utente. Corrisponde al campo volumes in un PodSecurityPolicy. Per ulteriori informazioni, visita https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/policy/pod-security-policy/#volumes-and-file-systems

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPVolumeTypes
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # volumes <array>: `volumes` is an array of volume types. All volume types
    # can be enabled using `*`.
    volumes:
      - <string>

Esempi

psp-volume-types
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPSPVolumeTypes
metadata:
  name: psp-volume-types
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    volumes:
    - configMap
    - emptyDir
    - projected
    - secret
    - downwardAPI
    - persistentVolumeClaim
    - flexVolume
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-volume-types
  name: nginx-volume-types-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache
      name: cache-volume
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx2
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache2
      name: demo-vol
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: cache-volume
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: demo-vol
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx-volume-types
  name: nginx-volume-types-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache
      name: cache-volume
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx2
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /cache2
      name: demo-vol
  volumes:
  - hostPath:
      path: /tmp
    name: cache-volume
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: demo-vol

K8sPodDisruptionBudget

Non consentire i seguenti scenari durante il deployment di PodDisruptionBudget o risorse che implementano la risorsa secondaria di replica (ad es. Deployment, ReplicationController, ReplicaSet, StatefulSet): 1. Deployment di PodDisruptionBudget con .spec.maxAvailable == 0 2. Deployment di PodDisruptionBudget con .spec.minAvailable == .spec.replicas della risorsa con risorsa secondaria replica Questo impedirà a PodDisruptionBudget di bloccare le interruzioni volontarie come lo svuotamento dei nodi. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/disruptions/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

budget-distruzione-pod
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: pod-distruption-budget
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - apps
      kinds:
      - Deployment
      - ReplicaSet
      - StatefulSet
    - apiGroups:
      - policy
      kinds:
      - PodDisruptionBudget
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - ReplicationController
Consentita
apiVersion: policy/v1
kind: PodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: nginx-pdb-allowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  maxUnavailable: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      foo: bar
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: nginx-deployment-allowed-1
  namespace: default
spec:
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
      example: allowed-deployment-1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
        example: allowed-deployment-1
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: nginx:1.14.2
        name: nginx
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: policy/v1
kind: PodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: inventory-nginx-pdb-allowed-1
  namespace: default
spec:
  minAvailable: 2
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
      example: allowed-deployment-1
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: nginx-deployment-allowed-2
  namespace: default
spec:
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
      example: allowed-deployment-2
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
        example: allowed-deployment-2
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: nginx:1.14.2
        name: nginx
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: policy/v1
kind: PodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: inventory-nginx-pdb-allowed-2
  namespace: default
spec:
  maxUnavailable: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
      example: allowed-deployment-2
Non consentito
apiVersion: policy/v1
kind: PodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: nginx-pdb-disallowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  maxUnavailable: 0
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      foo: bar
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: nginx-deployment-disallowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
      example: disallowed-deployment
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
        example: disallowed-deployment
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: nginx:1.14.2
        name: nginx
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: policy/v1
kind: PodDisruptionBudget
metadata:
  name: inventory-nginx-pdb-disallowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  minAvailable: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
      example: disallowed-deployment

K8sPodsRequestSecurityContext

Richiede che tutti i pod definiscano securityContext. Tutti i container definiti nei pod devono avere un SecurityContext definito a livello di pod o container.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPodsRequireSecurityContext
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

esempi-pod-request-security-context-sample
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sPodsRequireSecurityContext
metadata:
  name: pods-require-security-context-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: allowed-example
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    securityContext:
      runAsUser: 2000
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: disallowed-example
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx

K8sProhibitRoleWildcardAccess

Richiede che Role e ClusterRoles non impostino l'accesso alle risorse su un carattere jolly ("") tranne che per i Role e i ClusterRole esentati indicati come esenzioni. Non limita l'accesso con caratteri jolly alle risorse secondarie, ad esempio "/status".

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sProhibitRoleWildcardAccess
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptions <object>: The list of exempted Roles and/or ClusterRoles name
    # that are allowed to set  resource access to a wildcard.
    exemptions:
      clusterRoles:
        - # name <string>: The name of the ClusterRole to be exempted.
          name: <string>
          # regexMatch <boolean>: The flag to allow a regular expression
          # based match on the name.
          regexMatch: <boolean>
      roles:
        - # name <string>: The name of the Role to be exempted.
          name: <string>
          # namespace <string>: The namespace of the Role to be exempted.
          namespace: <string>

Esempi

esempio-vieta-role-wildcard-access
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sProhibitRoleWildcardAccess
metadata:
  name: prohibit-role-wildcard-access-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: cluster-role-example
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  verbs:
  - get
Non consentito
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: cluster-role-bad-example
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  verbs:
  - '*'
vieta-wildcard-tranne-ruolo-cluster-esentato
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sProhibitRoleWildcardAccess
metadata:
  name: prohibit-wildcard-except-exempted-cluster-role
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    exemptions:
      clusterRoles:
      - name: cluster-role-allowed-example
      roles:
      - name: role-allowed-example
        namespace: role-ns-allowed-example
Consentita
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: cluster-role-allowed-example
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  verbs:
  - '*'
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: Role
metadata:
  name: role-allowed-example
  namespace: role-ns-allowed-example
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  verbs:
  - '*'
Non consentito
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: cluster-role-not-allowed-example
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  verbs:
  - '*'
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: Role
metadata:
  name: role-not-allowed-example
  namespace: role-ns-not-allowed-example
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  verbs:
  - '*'

Limiti di K8sReplica

Richiede che gli oggetti con il campo spec.replicas (Deployment, ReplicaSet e così via) specifichino un numero di repliche all'interno degli intervalli definiti.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sReplicaLimits
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # ranges <array>: Allowed ranges for numbers of replicas.  Values are
    # inclusive.
    ranges:
      # <list item: object>: A range of allowed replicas.  Values are
      # inclusive.
      - # max_replicas <integer>: The maximum number of replicas allowed,
        # inclusive.
        max_replicas: <integer>
        # min_replicas <integer>: The minimum number of replicas allowed,
        # inclusive.
        min_replicas: <integer>

Esempi

limiti-repliche
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sReplicaLimits
metadata:
  name: replica-limits
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - apps
      kinds:
      - Deployment
  parameters:
    ranges:
    - max_replicas: 50
      min_replicas: 3
Consentita
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: allowed-deployment
spec:
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: nginx:1.14.2
        name: nginx
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
Non consentito
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: disallowed-deployment
spec:
  replicas: 100
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: nginx:1.14.2
        name: nginx
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80

K8sRichiediCosNodeImage

Impone l'uso di Container-Optimized OS da Google sui nodi.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireCosNodeImage
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

nodi-hanno-tempo-coerente
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireCosNodeImage
metadata:
  name: nodes-have-consistent-time
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Node
metadata:
  name: allowed-example
status:
  nodeInfo:
    osImage: Container-Optimized OS from Google
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Node
metadata:
  name: disallowed-example
status:
  nodeInfo:
    osImage: Debian GNUv1.0

K8sRichiediDaemonsets

Richiede l'elenco dei daemonset specificati. Nota: questo vincolo è di riferimento. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta l'articolo Attivare i vincoli di riferimento.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireDaemonsets
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # requiredDaemonsets <array>: A list of names and namespaces of the
    # required daemonsets.
    requiredDaemonsets:
      - # name <string>: The name of the required daemonset.
        name: <string>
        # namespace <string>: The namespace for the required daemonset.
        namespace: <string>

Esempi

serve-daemonset
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireDaemonsets
metadata:
  name: require-daemonset
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Namespace
  parameters:
    requiredDaemonsets:
    - name: clamav
      namespace: pci-dss-av
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: pci-dss-av
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  name: other
  namespace: pci-dss-av
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      name: other
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        name: other
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: us.gcr.io/{your-project-id}/other:latest
        name: other
        resources:
          limits:
            memory: 3Gi
          requests:
            cpu: 500m
            memory: 2Gi
      tolerations:
      - effect: NoSchedule
        key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: clamav-host-scanner
  name: clamav
  namespace: pci-dss-av
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      name: clamav
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        name: clamav
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: us.gcr.io/{your-project-id}/clamav:latest
        livenessProbe:
          exec:
            command:
            - /health.sh
          initialDelaySeconds: 60
          periodSeconds: 30
        name: clamav-scanner
        resources:
          limits:
            memory: 3Gi
          requests:
            cpu: 500m
            memory: 2Gi
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /data
          name: data-vol
        - mountPath: /host-fs
          name: host-fs
          readOnly: true
        - mountPath: /logs
          name: logs
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 30
      tolerations:
      - effect: NoSchedule
        key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
      volumes:
      - emptyDir: {}
        name: data-vol
      - hostPath:
          path: /
        name: host-fs
      - hostPath:
          path: /var/log/clamav
        name: logs
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: pci-dss-av
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: pci-dss-av
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  name: other
  namespace: pci-dss-av
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      name: other
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        name: other
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: us.gcr.io/{your-project-id}/other:latest
        name: other
        resources:
          limits:
            memory: 3Gi
          requests:
            cpu: 500m
            memory: 2Gi
      tolerations:
      - effect: NoSchedule
        key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master

K8sRequestDefaultNegaPolicyPolicy

Richiede che a ogni spazio dei nomi definito nel cluster sia associato un valore NetworkPolicy negato per il traffico in uscita predefinito. Nota: questo vincolo è di riferimento. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta l'articolo Attivare i vincoli di riferimento.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireDefaultDenyEgressPolicy
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

richiedono-criteri-predefiniti-di-rete-deny
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireDefaultDenyEgressPolicy
metadata:
  name: require-default-deny-network-policies
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: example-namespace
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: NetworkPolicy
metadata:
  name: default-deny-egress
  namespace: example-namespace
spec:
  podSelector: {}
  policyTypes:
  - Egress
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: example-namespace
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: example-namespace2
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: NetworkPolicy
metadata:
  name: default-deny-egress
  namespace: example-namespace
spec:
  podSelector: {}
  policyTypes:
  - Egress

K8sRequestNamespaceNetworkPolicies

Richiede che ogni spazio dei nomi definito nel cluster abbia un criterio NetworkPolicy. Nota: questo vincolo è di riferimento. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta l'articolo Attivare i vincoli di riferimento.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireNamespaceNetworkPolicies
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

campione-nome-spazio-rete-norme-esempio
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireNamespaceNetworkPolicies
metadata:
  name: require-namespace-network-policies-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: require-namespace-network-policies-example
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: NetworkPolicy
metadata:
  name: test-network-policy
  namespace: require-namespace-network-policies-example
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: require-namespace-network-policies-example

K8sRequestRequiredRangesForNetworks

Applica i blocchi CIDR consentiti per il traffico in entrata e in uscita dalla rete.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireValidRangesForNetworks
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedEgress <array>: IP ranges in CIDR format (0.0.0.0/32) that are
    # allowed for egress.
    allowedEgress:
      - <string>
    # allowedIngress <array>: IP ranges in CIDR format (0.0.0.0/32) that are
    # allowed for ingress.
    allowedIngress:
      - <string>

Esempi

richiedono-intervalli-di-rete-validi
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequireValidRangesForNetworks
metadata:
  name: require-valid-network-ranges
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    allowedEgress:
    - 1.1.2.0/32
    allowedIngress:
    - 1.1.2.0/24
Consentita
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: NetworkPolicy
metadata:
  name: test-network-policy
  namespace: default
spec:
  egress:
  - ports:
    - port: 5978
      protocol: TCP
    to:
    - ipBlock:
        cidr: 1.1.2.0/32
  ingress:
  - from:
    - ipBlock:
        cidr: 1.1.2.0/29
    - ipBlock:
        cidr: 1.1.2.100/29
    - namespaceSelector:
        matchLabels:
          project: myproject
    - podSelector:
        matchLabels:
          role: frontend
    ports:
    - port: 6379
      protocol: TCP
  podSelector:
    matchLabels:
      role: db
  policyTypes:
  - Ingress
  - Egress
Non consentito
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: NetworkPolicy
metadata:
  name: test-network-policy-disallowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  egress:
  - ports:
    - port: 5978
      protocol: TCP
    to:
    - ipBlock:
        cidr: 1.1.2.0/31
  ingress:
  - from:
    - ipBlock:
        cidr: 1.1.2.0/24
    - ipBlock:
        cidr: 2.1.2.0/24
    - namespaceSelector:
        matchLabels:
          project: myproject
    - podSelector:
        matchLabels:
          role: frontend
    ports:
    - port: 6379
      protocol: TCP
  podSelector:
    matchLabels:
      role: db
  policyTypes:
  - Ingress
  - Egress

Annotazioni obbligatorie K8s

Richiede risorse per contenere annotazioni specificate, con valori corrispondenti alle espressioni regolari fornite.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredAnnotations
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # annotations <array>: A list of annotations and values the object must
    # specify.
    annotations:
      - # allowedRegex <string>: If specified, a regular expression the
        # annotation's value must match. The value must contain at least one
        # match for the regular expression.
        allowedRegex: <string>
        # key <string>: The required annotation.
        key: <string>
    message: <string>

Esempi

tutti-devono-avere-alcune-annotazioni
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredAnnotations
metadata:
  name: all-must-have-certain-set-of-annotations
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Service
  parameters:
    annotations:
    - allowedRegex: ^([A-Za-z0-9._%+-]+@[A-Za-z0-9.-]+\.[A-Za-z]{2,6}|[a-z]{1,39})$
      key: a8r.io/owner
    - allowedRegex: ^(http:\/\/www\.|https:\/\/www\.|http:\/\/|https:\/\/)?[a-z0-9]+([\-\.]{1}[a-z0-9]+)*\.[a-z]{2,5}(:[0-9]{1,5})?(\/.*)?$
      key: a8r.io/runbook
    message: All services must have a `a8r.io/owner` and `a8r.io/runbook` annotations.
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  annotations:
    a8r.io/owner: dev-team-alfa@contoso.com
    a8r.io/runbook: https://confluence.contoso.com/dev-team-alfa/runbooks
  name: allowed-service
spec:
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 80
    targetPort: 8080
  selector:
    app: foo
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: disallowed-service
spec:
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 80
    targetPort: 8080
  selector:
    app: foo

Etichette richieste K8s

Richiede risorse per contenere etichette specificate, con valori corrispondenti alle espressioni regolari fornite.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredLabels
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # labels <array>: A list of labels and values the object must specify.
    labels:
      - # allowedRegex <string>: If specified, a regular expression the
        # annotation's value must match. The value must contain at least one
        # match for the regular expression.
        allowedRegex: <string>
        # key <string>: The required label.
        key: <string>
    message: <string>

Esempi

obbligatoriamente-possibile
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredLabels
metadata:
  name: all-must-have-owner
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Namespace
  parameters:
    labels:
    - allowedRegex: ^[a-zA-Z]+.agilebank.demo$
      key: owner
    message: All namespaces must have an `owner` label that points to your company
      username
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: user.agilebank.demo
  name: allowed-namespace
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: disallowed-namespace

Probe richiesti K8s

Richiede che i pod abbiano probe di idoneità e/o di attività.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredProbes
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # probeTypes <array>: The probe must define a field listed in `probeType`
    # in order to satisfy the constraint (ex. `tcpSocket` satisfies
    # `['tcpSocket', 'exec']`)
    probeTypes:
      - <string>
    # probes <array>: A list of probes that are required (ex: `readinessProbe`)
    probes:
      - <string>

Esempi

oggetti imperdibili
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredProbes
metadata:
  name: must-have-probes
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    probeTypes:
    - tcpSocket
    - httpGet
    - exec
    probes:
    - readinessProbe
    - livenessProbe
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: test-pod1
spec:
  containers:
  - image: tomcat
    livenessProbe:
      initialDelaySeconds: 5
      periodSeconds: 10
      tcpSocket:
        port: 80
    name: tomcat
    ports:
    - containerPort: 8080
    readinessProbe:
      initialDelaySeconds: 5
      periodSeconds: 10
      tcpSocket:
        port: 8080
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: cache-volume
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: test-pod1
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx:1.7.9
    name: nginx-1
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /tmp/cache
      name: cache-volume
  - image: tomcat
    name: tomcat
    ports:
    - containerPort: 8080
    readinessProbe:
      initialDelaySeconds: 5
      periodSeconds: 10
      tcpSocket:
        port: 8080
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: cache-volume
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: test-pod2
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx:1.7.9
    livenessProbe:
      initialDelaySeconds: 5
      periodSeconds: 10
      tcpSocket:
        port: 80
    name: nginx-1
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /tmp/cache
      name: cache-volume
  - image: tomcat
    name: tomcat
    ports:
    - containerPort: 8080
    readinessProbe:
      initialDelaySeconds: 5
      periodSeconds: 10
      tcpSocket:
        port: 8080
  volumes:
  - emptyDir: {}
    name: cache-volume

Risorse richieste K8s

È necessario impostare le risorse definite per i container. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/manage-resources-containers/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredResources
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exemptImages <array>: Any container that uses an image that matches an
    # entry in this list will be excluded from enforcement. Prefix-matching can
    # be signified with `*`. For example: `my-image-*`. It is recommended that
    # users use the fully-qualified Docker image name (e.g. start with a domain
    # name) in order to avoid unexpectedly exempting images from an untrusted
    # repository.
    exemptImages:
      - <string>
    # limits <array>: A list of limits that should be enforced (cpu, memory or
    # both).
    limits:
      # Allowed Values: cpu, memory
      - <string>
    # requests <array>: A list of requests that should be enforced (cpu, memory
    # or both).
    requests:
      # Allowed Values: cpu, memory
      - <string>

Esempi

container-must-have-limits-and-requests
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredResources
metadata:
  name: container-must-have-limits-and-requests
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    limits:
    - cpu
    - memory
    requests:
    - cpu
    - memory
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 1Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 1Gi
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 2Gi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        memory: 2Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        memory: 2Gi
container-must-have-cpu-requests-memory-limits-and-requests
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredResources
metadata:
  name: container-must-have-cpu-requests-memory-limits-and-requests
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    limits:
    - memory
    requests:
    - cpu
    - memory
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 1Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 1Gi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        memory: 2Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 2Gi
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 2Gi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        memory: 2Gi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources: {}
nessuna applicazione
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRequiredResources
metadata:
  name: no-enforcements
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-allowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 1Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 1Gi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
        memory: 2Gi
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources:
      limits:
        memory: 2Gi
      requests:
        cpu: 100m
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: me.agilebank.demo
  name: opa-disallowed
spec:
  containers:
  - args:
    - run
    - --server
    - --addr=localhost:8080
    image: openpolicyagent/opa:0.9.2
    name: opa
    resources: {}

Etichette K8sRestrict

Non consente alle risorse di contenere etichette specificate, a meno che non vi sia un'eccezione per la risorsa specifica.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictLabels
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # exceptions <array>: Objects listed here are exempt from enforcement of
    # this constraint. All fields must be provided.
    exceptions:
      # <list item: object>: A single object's identification, based on group,
      # kind, namespace, and name.
      - # group <string>: The Kubernetes group of the exempt object.
        group: <string>
        # kind <string>: The Kubernetes kind of the exempt object.
        kind: <string>
        # name <string>: The name of the exempt object.
        name: <string>
        # namespace <string>: The namespace of the exempt object. For
        # cluster-scoped resources, use the empty string `""`.
        namespace: <string>
    # restrictedLabels <array>: A list of label keys strings.
    restrictedLabels:
      - <string>

Esempi

limitare-etichetta-esempio
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictLabels
metadata:
  name: restrict-label-example
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    exceptions:
    - group: ""
      kind: Pod
      name: allowed-example
      namespace: default
    restrictedLabels:
    - label-example
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    label-example: example
  name: allowed-example
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    label-example: example
  name: disallowed-example
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx

K8sRestrictNamespaces

Impedisce alle risorse di utilizzare gli spazi dei nomi elencati nel parametro restrictedNamespaces.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictNamespaces
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # restrictedNamespaces <array>: A list of Namespaces to restrict.
    restrictedNamespaces:
      - <string>

Esempi

limit-default-namespace-sample
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictNamespaces
metadata:
  name: restrict-default-namespace-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    restrictedNamespaces:
    - default
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: allowed-example
  namespace: test-namespace
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: disallowed-example
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx

Oggetto K8sRestrictRbac

Limita l'uso di nomi nei soggetti RBAC ai valori consentiti.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictRbacSubjects
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedSubjects <array>: The list of names permitted in RBAC subjects.
    allowedSubjects:
      - # name <string>: The exact-name or the pattern of the allowed subject
        name: <string>
        # regexMatch <boolean>: The flag to allow a regular expression based
        # match on the name.
        regexMatch: <boolean>

Esempi

limitare-rbac-subjects
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictRbacSubjects
metadata:
  name: restrict-rbac-subjects
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kinds:
      - RoleBinding
      - ClusterRoleBinding
  parameters:
    allowedSubjects:
    - name: system:masters
    - name: ^.+@gcp-sa-mcmetering.iam.gserviceaccount.com$
      regexMatch: true
    - name: ^.+@gcp-sa-gkehub.iam.gserviceaccount.com$
      regexMatch: true
    - name: ^.+@gcp-sa-anthosconfigmanagement.iam.gserviceaccount.com$
      regexMatch: true
    - name: ^.+@gcp-sa-servicemesh.iam.gserviceaccount.com$
      regexMatch: true
    - name: ^.+@system.gserviceaccount.com$
      regexMatch: true
    - name: ^.+@google.com$
      regexMatch: true
Consentita
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: good-clusterrolebinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: User
  name: user@google.com
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:masters
Non consentito
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: bad-clusterrolebinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: User
  name: user@example.com

K8sRestrictRoleBindings

Limita i soggetti specificati in ClusterRoleBindings e RoleBindings a un elenco di oggetti consentiti.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictRoleBindings
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedSubjects <array>: The list of subjects that are allowed to bind to
    # the restricted role.
    allowedSubjects:
      - # apiGroup <string>: The Kubernetes API group of the subject.
        apiGroup: <string>
        # kind <string>: The Kubernetes kind of the subject.
        kind: <string>
        # name <string>: The name of the subject which is matched exactly as
        # provided as well as based on a regular expression.
        name: <string>
        # regexMatch <boolean>: The flag to allow a regular expression based
        # match on the name.
        regexMatch: <boolean>
    # restrictedRole <object>: The role that cannot be bound to unless
    # expressly allowed.
    restrictedRole:
      # apiGroup <string>: The Kubernetes API group of the role.
      apiGroup: <string>
      # kind <string>: The Kubernetes kind of the role.
      kind: <string>
      # name <string>: The name of the role.
      name: <string>

Esempi

Limit-clusteradmin-rolebindings-sample
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictRoleBindings
metadata:
  name: restrict-clusteradmin-rolebindings-sample
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    allowedSubjects:
    - apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kind: Group
      name: system:masters
    restrictedRole:
      apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kind: ClusterRole
      name: cluster-admin
Consentita
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: good-clusterrolebinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:masters
Non consentito
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: bad-clusterrolebinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Group
  name: system:unauthenticated
Limit-clusteradmin-rolebindings-regex
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sRestrictRoleBindings
metadata:
  name: restrict-clusteradmin-rolebindings-regex
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  parameters:
    allowedSubjects:
    - apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kind: User
      name: ^service-[0-9]+@gcp-sa-anthosconfigmanagement.iam.gserviceaccount.com$
      regexMatch: true
    restrictedRole:
      apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
      kind: ClusterRole
      name: cluster-admin
Consentita
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: good-clusterrolebinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: User
  name: service-123456789@gcp-sa-anthosconfigmanagement.iam.gserviceaccount.com
Non consentito
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: bad-clusterrolebinding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: User
  name: someotherservice-123456789@gcp-sa-anthosconfigmanagement.iam.gserviceaccount.com

Classe di archiviazione K8s

Richiede di specificare le classi di archiviazione quando vengono utilizzate. È supportato solo Gatekeeper 3.9 e versioni successive.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sStorageClass
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    includeStorageClassesInMessage: <boolean>

Esempi

storageclass
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sStorageClass
metadata:
  name: storageclass
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - PersistentVolumeClaim
    - apiGroups:
      - apps
      kinds:
      - StatefulSet
  parameters:
    includeStorageClassesInMessage: true
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: ok
spec:
  accessModes:
  - ReadWriteOnce
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 8Gi
  storageClassName: somestorageclass
  volumeMode: Filesystem
---
# Referential Data
allowVolumeExpansion: true
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
  name: somestorageclass
provisioner: foo
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: volumeclaimstorageclass
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: volumeclaimstorageclass
  serviceName: volumeclaimstorageclass
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: volumeclaimstorageclass
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: k8s.gcr.io/nginx-slim:0.8
        name: main
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
          name: data
  volumeClaimTemplates:
  - metadata:
      name: data
    spec:
      accessModes:
      - ReadWriteOnce
      resources:
        requests:
          storage: 1Gi
      storageClassName: somestorageclass
---
# Referential Data
allowVolumeExpansion: true
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
  name: somestorageclass
provisioner: foo
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: badstorageclass
spec:
  accessModes:
  - ReadWriteOnce
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 8Gi
  storageClassName: badstorageclass
  volumeMode: Filesystem
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: badvolumeclaimstorageclass
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: badvolumeclaimstorageclass
  serviceName: badvolumeclaimstorageclass
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: badvolumeclaimstorageclass
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: k8s.gcr.io/nginx-slim:0.8
        name: main
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
          name: data
  volumeClaimTemplates:
  - metadata:
      name: data
    spec:
      accessModes:
      - ReadWriteOnce
      resources:
        requests:
          storage: 1Gi
      storageClassName: badstorageclass
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
metadata:
  name: nostorageclass
spec:
  accessModes:
  - ReadWriteOnce
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 8Gi
  volumeMode: Filesystem
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: novolumeclaimstorageclass
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: novolumeclaimstorageclass
  serviceName: novolumeclaimstorageclass
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: novolumeclaimstorageclass
    spec:
      containers:
      - image: k8s.gcr.io/nginx-slim:0.8
        name: main
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
          name: data
  volumeClaimTemplates:
  - metadata:
      name: data
    spec:
      accessModes:
      - ReadWriteOnce
      resources:
        requests:
          storage: 1Gi

Host unico Ingress K8s

Tutti gli host di regole Ingress devono essere univoci. Non gestisce i caratteri jolly del nome host: https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/services-networking/ingress/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sUniqueIngressHost
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

host-ingress univoco
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sUniqueIngressHost
metadata:
  name: unique-ingress-host
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - extensions
      - networking.k8s.io
      kinds:
      - Ingress
Consentita
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: ingress-host-allowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-allowed-host.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
  - host: example-allowed-host1.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx2
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
Non consentito
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: ingress-host-disallowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-host.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: ingress-host-example
  namespace: default
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-host.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: ingress-host-disallowed2
  namespace: default
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-host2.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
  - host: example-host3.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx2
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
kind: Ingress
metadata:
  name: ingress-host-example2
  namespace: default
spec:
  rules:
  - host: example-host2.example.com
    http:
      paths:
      - backend:
          service:
            name: nginx
            port:
              number: 80
        path: /
        pathType: Prefix

K8sUniqueServiceSelector

Richiede che i servizi dispongano di selettori univoci all'interno di uno spazio dei nomi. I selettori sono considerati uguali se hanno chiavi e valori identici. I selettori possono condividere una coppia chiave-valore purché sia presente almeno una coppia chiave-valore distinta tra loro. https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/services-networking/service/#defining-a-service

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sUniqueServiceSelector
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

selettore-servizio-univoco
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: K8sUniqueServiceSelector
metadata:
  labels:
    owner: admin.agilebank.demo
  name: unique-service-selector
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: gatekeeper-test-service-disallowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 443
  selector:
    key: other-value
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: gatekeeper-test-service-disallowed
  namespace: default
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 443
  selector:
    key: value
---
# Referential Data
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: gatekeeper-test-service-example
  namespace: default
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 443
  selector:
    key: value

Nessun account di servizio di aggiornamento

Blocca l'aggiornamento dell'account di servizio sulle risorse che astraggono i pod. Questo criterio viene ignorato in modalità di controllo.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: NoUpdateServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedGroups <array>: Groups that should be allowed to bypass the
    # policy.
    allowedGroups:
      - <string>
    # allowedUsers <array>: Users that should be allowed to bypass the policy.
    allowedUsers:
      - <string>

Esempi

account-di-servizio-di-sistema-no-update-kube
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: NoUpdateServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: no-update-kube-system-service-account
spec:
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - ReplicationController
    - apiGroups:
      - apps
      kinds:
      - ReplicaSet
      - Deployment
      - StatefulSet
      - DaemonSet
    - apiGroups:
      - batch
      kinds:
      - CronJob
    namespaces:
    - kube-system
  parameters:
    allowedGroups: []
    allowedUsers: []
Consentita
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    app: policy-test
  name: policy-test
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: policy-test-deploy
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: policy-test-deploy
    spec:
      containers:
      - command:
        - /bin/bash
        - -c
        - sleep 99999
        image: ubuntu
        name: policy-test
      serviceAccountName: policy-test-sa-1

SoloSolo criterio

Richiede che STRICT TLS reciprocamente TLS sia sempre specificato quando si utilizza PeerAuthentication. Questo vincolo garantisce inoltre che le risorse deprecate Policy e MeshPolicy applichino STRICT TLS reciproco. Vedi: https://istio.io/latest/docs/tasks/security/authentication/mtls-migration/#lock-down-mutual-tls-for-the-entire-mesh

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: PolicyStrictOnly
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

vincolo di peerpeer-strict
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: PolicyStrictOnly
metadata:
  name: peerauthentication-strict-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - PeerAuthentication
    namespaces:
    - default
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mode-strict
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: STRICT
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mode-strict-port-level
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: STRICT
  portLevelMtls:
    "8080":
      mode: STRICT
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mode-strict-port-unset
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: STRICT
  portLevelMtls:
    "8080":
      mode: UNSET
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: empty-mtls
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls: {}
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: unspecified-mtls
  namespace: default
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mode-null
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: null
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mtls-null
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls: null
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mode-permissive
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: PERMISSIVE
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mode-strict-port-permissive
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: STRICT
  portLevelMtls:
    "8080":
      mode: PERMISSIVE
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: PeerAuthentication
metadata:
  name: mode-strict-port-permissive
  namespace: default
spec:
  mtls:
    mode: STRICT
  portLevelMtls:
    "8080":
      mode: PERMISSIVE
    "8081":
      mode: STRICT
ritiro-criterio-stretto
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: PolicyStrictOnly
metadata:
  name: deprecated-policy-strict-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - authentication.istio.io
      kinds:
      - Policy
    namespaces:
    - default
Consentita
apiVersion: authentication.istio.io/v1alpha1
kind: Policy
metadata:
  name: default-mode-strict
  namespace: default
spec:
  peers:
  - mtls:
      mode: STRICT
Non consentito
apiVersion: authentication.istio.io/v1alpha1
kind: Policy
metadata:
  name: default-mtls-empty
  namespace: default
spec:
  peers:
  - mtls: {}
apiVersion: authentication.istio.io/v1alpha1
kind: Policy
metadata:
  name: default-mtls-null
  namespace: default
spec:
  peers:
  - mtls: null
apiVersion: authentication.istio.io/v1alpha1
kind: Policy
metadata:
  name: peers-empty
  namespace: default
spec:
  peers: []
apiVersion: authentication.istio.io/v1alpha1
kind: Policy
metadata:
  name: policy-no-peers
  namespace: default
spec:
  targets:
  - name: httpbin
apiVersion: authentication.istio.io/v1alpha1
kind: Policy
metadata:
  name: policy-permissive
  namespace: default
spec:
  peers:
  - mtls:
      mode: PERMISSIVE

Limita le esclusioni di rete

Controlla quali porte in entrata, porte in uscita e intervalli IP in uscita possono essere esclusi dall'acquisizione della rete Istio. Le porte e gli intervalli IP che ignorano l'acquisizione della rete Istio non sono gestiti dal proxy Istio e non sono soggetti all'autenticazione Istio di mTLS, ai criteri di autorizzazione e ad altre funzionalità di Istio. Questo vincolo può essere utilizzato per applicare restrizioni all'uso delle seguenti annotazioni:

  • traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeInboundPorts
  • traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundPorts
  • traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundIPRanges

Vedi https://istio.io/latest/docs/reference/config/annotations/.

Quando limiti gli intervalli IP in uscita, il vincolo calcola se gli intervalli IP esclusi corrispondono o sono un sottoinsieme delle esclusioni di intervalli IP consentiti.

Quando utilizzi questo vincolo, tutte le porte in entrata, le porte in uscita e gli intervalli IP in uscita devono essere sempre inclusi impostando le annotazioni "Includi" corrispondenti su "*" o lasciandole non impostate. Non è consentito impostare nessuna delle seguenti annotazioni su "*".

  • traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeInboundPorts
  • traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeOutboundPorts
  • traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeOutboundIPRanges

Questo vincolo consente sempre di escludere la porta 15020 perché l'iniettore sidecar Istio lo aggiunge sempre all'annotazione traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeInboundPorts in modo che possa essere utilizzato per il controllo di integrità.

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: RestrictNetworkExclusions
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]
  parameters:
    # allowedInboundPortExclusions <array>: A list of ports that this
    # constraint will allow in the
    # `traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeInboundPorts` annotation.
    allowedInboundPortExclusions:
      - <string>
    # allowedOutboundIPRangeExclusions <array>: A list of IP ranges that this
    # constraint will allow in the
    # `traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundIPRanges` annotation. The
    # constraint calculates whether excluded IP ranges match or are a subset of
    # the ranges in this list.
    allowedOutboundIPRangeExclusions:
      - <string>
    # allowedOutboundPortExclusions <array>: A list of ports that this
    # constraint will allow in the
    # `traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundPorts` annotation.
    allowedOutboundPortExclusions:
      - <string>

Esempi

limitare-esclusioni-di-rete
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: RestrictNetworkExclusions
metadata:
  name: restrict-network-exclusions
spec:
  enforcementAction: deny
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - ""
      kinds:
      - Pod
  parameters:
    allowedInboundPortExclusions:
    - "80"
    allowedOutboundIPRangeExclusions:
    - 169.254.169.254/32
    allowedOutboundPortExclusions:
    - "8888"
Consentita
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: nothing-excluded
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeInboundPorts: "80"
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundIPRanges: 169.254.169.254/32
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundPorts: "8888"
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: allowed-port-and-ip-exclusions
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundIPRanges: 169.254.169.254/32
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeOutboundIPRanges: '*'
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: all-ip-ranges-included-with-one-allowed-ip-excluded
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeInboundPorts: '*'
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeOutboundIPRanges: '*'
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeOutboundPorts: '*'
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: everything-included-with-no-exclusions
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
Non consentito
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundIPRanges: 1.1.2.0/24
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: disallowed-ip-range-exclusion
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
    - containerPort: 443
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/excludeOutboundIPRanges: 169.254.169.254/32,1.1.2.0/24
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: one-disallowed-ip-exclusion-and-one-allowed-exclusion
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
    - containerPort: 443
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeInboundPorts: 80,443
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeOutboundIPRanges: 169.254.169.254/32
    traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeOutboundPorts: "8888"
  labels:
    app: nginx
  name: disallowed-specific-port-and-ip-inclusions
spec:
  containers:
  - image: nginx
    name: nginx
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80

Fonte di origine non AllAuthz

Le regole Istio AuthorizationPolicy hanno le entità di origine impostate su un valore diverso da "*". https://istio.io/latest/docs/reference/config/security/authorization-policy/

Schema di vincolo

apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: SourceNotAllAuthz
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  # match <object>: lets you configure which resources are in scope for this
  # constraint. For more information, see the Constraint match section of the
  # Anthos Config Management documentation:
  # https://cloud.google.com/anthos-config-management/docs/reference/match
  match:
    [match schema]

Esempi

vincolo-di-autenticazione-non-nota
Vincolo
apiVersion: constraints.gatekeeper.sh/v1beta1
kind: SourceNotAllAuthz
metadata:
  name: sourcenotall-authz-constraint
spec:
  enforcementAction: dryrun
  match:
    kinds:
    - apiGroups:
      - security.istio.io
      kinds:
      - AuthorizationPolicy
Consentita
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: source-principals-good
  namespace: foo
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/sleep
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
      version: v1
Non consentito
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: source-principals-dne
  namespace: foo
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
      version: v1
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: source-principals-all
  namespace: foo
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - '*'
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
      version: v1
apiVersion: security.istio.io/v1beta1
kind: AuthorizationPolicy
metadata:
  name: source-principals-someall
  namespace: foo
spec:
  rules:
  - from:
    - source:
        principals:
        - cluster.local/ns/default/sa/sleep
        - '*'
    - source:
        namespaces:
        - test
    to:
    - operation:
        methods:
        - GET
        paths:
        - /info*
    - operation:
        methods:
        - POST
        paths:
        - /data
    when:
    - key: request.auth.claims[iss]
      values:
      - https://accounts.google.com
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: httpbin
      version: v1

Passaggi successivi