Resource metadata labels

Monitored resources in Cloud Monitoring come with a set of labels that are used to identify a particular instance of the monitored-resource type. These labels are documented for each monitored-resource type in the Monitored resource list.

In addition, Monitoring might create additional labels to capture metadata about a monitored resource. These system metadata labels are available to users as read-only values. Users can also create their own resource metadata labels. For more information, see Resource metadata labels.

A group of monitored-resource metadata labels has been deprecated. The labels in the set are either redundant and can be replaced by existing equivalent labels, or they represent obsolete concepts that are no longer supported by Cloud Monitoring alerting policies, charts, scorecards, or resource groups.

Effects of the deprecation

All alerting policies, charts, scorecards, and resource groups that specify a monitored resource and use metadata labels for which replacement labels could be determined were automatically migrated to use the replacements by July 31, 2020. All other uses of deprecated labels must be manually migrated. This page provides information about how to migrate them.

Any alerting policies, charts, scorecards, and resource groups using metadata labels that were not migrated automatically or manually by July 31, 2020, are no longer supported and might stop working.

Required action

To repair alerting policies, charts, scorecards, or resource groups that have stopped working because of deprecated metadata labels, you must take some action. You can remove the alerting policies, charts, scorecards, or groups, or you can modify any filters that use those deprecated labels to use labels that provide similar behavior.

Similarly, if you have filters that use metadata labels but do not specify monitored resources, it isn't possible to determine automatically if these labels are deprecated. You must evaluate and address them manually.

This page includes a script to help you identify uses of deprecated metadata labels.

Deprecated metadata labels

The following table lists the resource metadata labels being deprecated and their replacements, if any.


Monitored-resource type Deprecated label Equivalent label
All Google Cloud types metadata.system_labels.cloud_account* resource.labels.project_id
cloud_tasks_queue metadata.system_labels.name
metadata.system_labels.state
resource.labels.queue_id
none
dataflow_job metadata.system_labels.name
metadata.system_labels.state
resource.labels.job_name
none
gae_app metadata.system_labels.gaeapp

metadata.system_labels.gaemodule

metadata.system_labels.gaeversion
none
consider resource.labels.project_id
none
consider resource.labels.module_id
none
consider resource.labels.version_id
gce_disk metadata.user_labels.name metadata.system_labels.name
gce_instance metadata.user_labels.name metadata.system_labels.name
l7_lb_rule metadata.system_labels.state none
pubsub_topic metadata.system_labels.name# metadata.system_labels.name
pubsub_subscription metadata.system_labels.name#
metadata.system_labels.name
vpn_gateway metadata.system_labels.region resource.labels.region

* The Cloud Monitoring filter syntax does not allow the resources.labels.project_id label to be used as flexibly as the metadata.system_labels.cloud_account label could be used. For example, you can't do the following:

  • Use OR to combine an expression using the project_id label and an expression using metadata labels.
  • Use the != operation with the project_id label.
  • Use the functions starts_with or has_substring with the project_id label.

For gae_app resources: The noted resource labels are similar to the deprecated metadata labels, so they might be good replacements. But because they are only similar, they were not migrated automatically.

For gce_disk and gce_instance resources: If you do not otherwise set metadata.user_labels.name, it had been auto-populated with the value from metadata.system_labels.name. This auto-population also ended on July 31, 2020. Alerting policies, charts, scorecards, and resource groups that filter on auto-populated metadata.user_labels.name value were migrated to use metadata.system_labels.name instead.

# For pubsub_topic and pubsub_subscription resources: We have fixed a long-standing bug causing metadata.system_labels.name to be automatically converted to lowercase (for example, "My-Subscription" became "my-subscription"). This produced unexpected behavior in cases where users had multiple resources whose lowercase names are identical. This behavior also ended on July 31, 2020. After this date, the metadata system label name reflects the actual name of the topic or subscription (for example, "My-Subscription").

What do I need to do?

There are two high-level steps:

  1. Determine if you are using any metadata labels affected by this deprecation. See Find deprecated metadata labels for information on running the provided detector script.

  2. If you are using any affected metadata labels, update or remove them. See Update your filters for more detailed steps.

Find deprecated metadata labels

You can use this Python script to identify references to deprecated metadata labels: metadata_label_detection.py.

Syntax summary: python3 metadata_label_detection.py PROJECT_ID_OR_NUMBER

PROJECT_ID_OR_NUMBER can be either a project ID (for example, my-project), or a project number (for example, 123456789). Do not include the projects/ prefix.

The following steps describe a way to use the script:

  1. Go to the Google Cloud Console.

    Go to Cloud Console

  2. Click Activate Cloud Shell at the top of the Google Cloud Console page for your project.

  3. Click Open Editor on the Cloud Shell toolbar. If the workspace for your home directory is not already open, open it by selecting File and then Open Workspace. Choose the workspace with your username.

  4. Create a new file called metadata_label_detection.py by selecting File and then New File. Paste the text of the metadata_label_detection.py into the editor. Save the file by selecting File and then Save.

  5. Go back to the terminal by clicking Open Terminal on the Cloud Shell toolbar.

  6. At the command-line prompt in Cloud Shell, install the script dependencies by running the following command:

    sudo pip3 install google-cloud-monitoring=="1.*" google-cloud-monitoring-dashboards
    
  7. After installing the dependencies, run the detector script:

    python3 metadata_label_detection.py $GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT
    

The script generates a report like the following excerpt:

Alert "Test alert" (projects/PROJECT_ID/alertPolicies/8401129027900817186) is affected.
URL: https://console.cloud.google.com/monitoring/alerting/policies/8401129027900817186?project=PROJECT_ID
        metadata.system_labels.cloud_account is deprecated for non-AWS resource
types. Please manually remove the reference.

Group "Test group" (projects/PROJECT_ID/groups/4518177785663978371) might be affected,
depending on the type of resources it is used for.
URL: https://console.cloud.google.com/monitoring/groups/4518177785663978371?project=PROJECT_ID
        metadata.system_labels.name is deprecated for dataflow_job. Please
manually remove the reference if this group is used for dataflow_job resources.
        metadata.system_labels.name is deprecated for cloud_tasks_queue. Please
manually remove the reference if this group is used for cloud_tasks_queue resources.

Xy_chart "Test chart" in dashboard "Demo dashboard" (projects/PROJECT_ID/dashboards/2826428163455705326) is affected.
URL: https://console.cloud.google.com/monitoring/dashboards/custom/2826428163455705326?project=PROJECT_ID
        metadata.user_labels.name is deprecated for gce_instance. Please
manually remove the reference.

Update your filters

To update your alerting policies, charts, scorecards, and resource groups:

  1. Log into the Google Cloud Console.

  2. Run the detector script as described in Find deprecated labels.

  3. Inspect each of your alerting policies, charts, and resource groups to check if the value you're retrieving comes from one of the deprecated labels identified by the script.

    To check the all the charts, you must check each chart on each custom dashboard you have defined.

    For each deprecated label, do one of the following:

    • If the label has no replacement, remove the use of the label or delete the alerting policy, chart, or resource group.

    • If the label has a replacement, replace the deprecated label with the replacement.

    If you do nothing, the affected alerting policy, chart, or resource group will not work.

    For additional help on making updates by using the Google Cloud Console, see the resources listed in Editing.

    In some cases, you might need to use the Cloud Monitoring API rather than the Cloud Console. The API can express some queries that can't otherwise be constructed.

  4. Run the detector script again, to verify that no deprecated labels remain.

Additional information

For information on resource metadata labels, filters, or specific monitored-resource types, see the following:

Editing

For information on updating alerting policies, charts, dashboards, and resources groups, see the following: