登録

マルチ パーティションのサブスクライバーとフロー制御のサブスクライバー(サブスクライバーのコレクション)を使用して、マルチパーティション トピックにサブスクライブし、コールバックで非同期にメッセージを処理します。

このコードサンプルが含まれるドキュメント ページ

コンテキストで使用されているコードサンプルを表示するには、次のドキュメントをご覧ください。

コードサンプル

Go


package main

import (
	"context"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
	"sync/atomic"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite/pscompat"
)

func main() {
	// NOTE: Set these flags for an existing Pub/Sub Lite subscription containing
	// published messages when running this sample.
	projectID := flag.String("project_id", "", "Cloud Project ID")
	zone := flag.String("zone", "", "Cloud Zone where the topic resides, e.g. us-central1-a")
	subscriptionID := flag.String("subscription_id", "", "Existing Pub/Sub Lite subscription")
	timeout := flag.Duration("timeout", 90*time.Second, "The duration to receive messages")
	flag.Parse()

	ctx := context.Background()
	subscriptionPath := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/subscriptions/%s", *projectID, *zone, *subscriptionID)

	// Configure flow control settings. These settings apply per partition.
	// The message stream is paused based on the maximum size or number of
	// messages that the subscriber has already received, whichever condition is
	// met first.
	settings := pscompat.ReceiveSettings{
		// 10 MiB. Must be greater than the allowed size of the largest message
		// (1 MiB).
		MaxOutstandingBytes: 10 * 1024 * 1024,
		// 1,000 outstanding messages. Must be > 0.
		MaxOutstandingMessages: 1000,
	}

	// Create the subscriber client.
	subscriber, err := pscompat.NewSubscriberClientWithSettings(ctx, subscriptionPath, settings)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("pscompat.NewSubscriberClientWithSettings error: %v", err)
	}

	// Listen for messages until the timeout expires.
	log.Printf("Listening to messages on %s for %v...\n", subscriptionPath, *timeout)
	cctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, *timeout)
	defer cancel()
	var receiveCount int32

	// Receive blocks until the context is cancelled or an error occurs.
	if err := subscriber.Receive(cctx, func(ctx context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
		// NOTE: May be called concurrently; synchronize access to shared memory.
		atomic.AddInt32(&receiveCount, 1)

		// Metadata decoded from the message ID contains the partition and offset.
		metadata, err := pscompat.ParseMessageMetadata(msg.ID)
		if err != nil {
			log.Fatalf("Failed to parse %q: %v", msg.ID, err)
		}

		fmt.Printf("Received (partition=%d, offset=%d): %s\n", metadata.Partition, metadata.Offset, string(msg.Data))
		msg.Ack()
	}); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("SubscriberClient.Receive error: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Printf("Received %d messages\n", receiveCount)
}

Java

import com.google.api.gax.rpc.ApiException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.MessageMetadata;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.FlowControlSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.Subscriber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.SubscriberSettings;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class SubscriberExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    // Choose an existing subscription for the subscribe example to work.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");

    subscriberExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, subscriptionId);
  }

  public static void subscriberExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, String subscriptionId)
      throws ApiException {

    SubscriptionPath subscriptionPath =
        SubscriptionPath.newBuilder()
            .setLocation(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId))
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setName(SubscriptionName.of(subscriptionId))
            .build();

    // The message stream is paused based on the maximum size or number of messages that the
    // subscriber has already received, whichever condition is met first.
    FlowControlSettings flowControlSettings =
        FlowControlSettings.builder()
            // 10 MiB. Must be greater than the allowed size of the largest message (1 MiB).
            .setBytesOutstanding(10 * 1024 * 1024L)
            // 1,000 outstanding messages. Must be >0.
            .setMessagesOutstanding(1000L)
            .build();

    MessageReceiver receiver =
        (PubsubMessage message, AckReplyConsumer consumer) -> {
          System.out.println("Id : " + MessageMetadata.decode(message.getMessageId()));
          System.out.println("Data : " + message.getData().toStringUtf8());
          consumer.ack();
        };

    SubscriberSettings subscriberSettings =
        SubscriberSettings.newBuilder()
            .setSubscriptionPath(subscriptionPath)
            .setReceiver(receiver)
            // Flow control settings are set at the partition level.
            .setPerPartitionFlowControlSettings(flowControlSettings)
            .build();

    Subscriber subscriber = Subscriber.create(subscriberSettings);

    // Start the subscriber. Upon successful starting, its state will become RUNNING.
    subscriber.startAsync().awaitRunning();

    System.out.println("Listening to messages on " + subscriptionPath.toString() + "...");

    try {
      System.out.println(subscriber.state());
      // Wait 90 seconds for the subscriber to reach TERMINATED state. If it encounters
      // unrecoverable errors before then, its state will change to FAILED and an
      // IllegalStateException will be thrown.
      subscriber.awaitTerminated(90, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    } catch (TimeoutException t) {
      // Shut down the subscriber. This will change the state of the subscriber to TERMINATED.
      subscriber.stopAsync().awaitTerminated();
      System.out.println("Subscriber is shut down: " + subscriber.state());
    }
  }
}

Python

from concurrent.futures._base import TimeoutError
from google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub import SubscriberClient
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import (
    CloudRegion,
    CloudZone,
    FlowControlSettings,
    SubscriptionPath,
)

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# timeout = 90

location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)
subscription_path = SubscriptionPath(project_number, location, subscription_id)
# Configure when to pause the message stream for more incoming messages based on the
# maximum size or number of messages that a single-partition subscriber has received,
# whichever condition is met first.
per_partition_flow_control_settings = FlowControlSettings(
    # 1,000 outstanding messages. Must be >0.
    messages_outstanding=1000,
    # 10 MiB. Must be greater than the allowed size of the largest message (1 MiB).
    bytes_outstanding=10 * 1024 * 1024,
)

def callback(message: PubsubMessage):
    message_data = message.data.decode("utf-8")
    metadata = MessageMetadata.decode(message.message_id)
    print(f"Received {message_data} of ordering key {message.ordering_key} with id {metadata}.")
    message.ack()

# SubscriberClient() must be used in a `with` block or have __enter__() called before use.
with SubscriberClient() as subscriber_client:

    streaming_pull_future = subscriber_client.subscribe(
        subscription_path,
        callback=callback,
        per_partition_flow_control_settings=per_partition_flow_control_settings,
    )

    print(f"Listening for messages on {str(subscription_path)}...")

    try:
        streaming_pull_future.result(timeout=timeout)
    except TimeoutError or KeyboardInterrupt:
        streaming_pull_future.cancel()
        assert streaming_pull_future.done()

次のステップ

他の Google Cloud プロダクトに関連するコードサンプルの検索および条件付き検索を行うには、Google Cloud のサンプル ブラウザをご覧ください。