Executing a migration

You begin migrating VMs with a command that generates target container artifacts and extracts them using the processing cluster you created in Installing Migrate for Anthos.

This topic describes how to execute a migration to:

  • Generate a migration zip file with the extracted application files, settings, and Dockerfile.

Once this step has completed, you'll be able to:

  • Use the migration artifacts in the zip file to build a container image.

  • Deploy the image to your GKE cluster.

Before you begin

To succeed, you should have first done the following:

Executing the migration and generating artifacts

Use the migctl migration generate-artifacts command or the GCP Console to generate target container artifacts as part of processing a VM for migration.

migctl

migctl migration generate-artifacts my-migration

CRD

  1. Create a WindowsGenerateArtifactsTask my-generate.yaml file to define a migration.

    In this file, set the value of the name field for migration to the name you specified in the Migration yaml when you created the migration:

    apiVersion: anthos-migrate.cloud.google.com/v1beta2
    kind: WindowsGenerateArtifactsTask
    metadata:
     name: my-migration-task
     namespace: v2k-system
    spec:
     migration:
       name:  my-migration
  2. Apply the file:

    kubectl apply -f my-generate.yaml

Console

  1. Open the Migrate for Anthos page in the Cloud Console.

    Go to the Migrate for Anthos page

  2. In the row for the desired migration, select Generate artifacts in the Next steps dropdown.

  3. View the status of a migration by:

    • Clicking the migration name. The Migration details panel opens to display the migration status and other information.

    • Viewing the Status column for the row for your migration.

When you generate artifacts for Windows workloads, Migrate for Anthos writes the artifacts to a zip file and then uploads the zip file to a Cloud Storage bucket. This zip file contains a Dockerfile and several directories and files that are extracted from the source and used by the Dockerfile.

To check the migration progress:

migctl

migctl migration status my-migration

NAME            CURRENT-OPERATION       PROGRESS        STEP            STATUS  AGE
my-migration    GenerateArtifacts       [1/1]           ExtractImage    Running 12m2s

When the migration completes, you should see a message such as the following when you request status with migctl migration status.

migctl migration status my-migration

NAME            CURRENT-OPERATION       PROGRESS        STEP            STATUS    AGE
my-migration    GenerateArtifacts       [1/1]           ExtractImage    Completed 14m23s

You can also add the -v flag to get error and warning information. See Monitoring a migration for more.

CRD

Use kubectl to get execution information and status by specifying a JSONPath to the necessary field.

  1. Get the migration operation:

    kubectl get migrations.anthos-migrate.cloud.google.com -n v2k-system  my-migration -o jsonpath={.status.currentOperation}

    Returns GenerateArtifacts.

  2. Get the migration status:

    kubectl get migrations.anthos-migrate.cloud.google.com -n v2k-system my-migration -o jsonpath={.status.status}

    When the status shows that the operation has completed, you can move on to the next step.

Console

  1. Open the Migrate for Anthos page in the Cloud Console.

    Go to the Migrate for Anthos page

  2. View the status of a migration by:

    • Clicking the migration name. The Migration details panel opens to display the migration status and other information.

    • Viewing the Status column for the row for your migration.

  3. When the Status of the migration is Artifacts generated you can move on to the next step.

Next Steps