Configuring logging to Cloud Logging

You can have logs that are generated by workload containers migrated with Migrate for Anthos written to Cloud Logging.

By default, Migrate for Anthos writes entries from the following sources:

  • Entries written to stdout of init, the parent of all Linux processes.
  • Contents from /var/log/syslog.

In Cloud Logging, entries from the supported log files will each appear on a line in the log in the following form. Labels are defined in a ConfigMap that lists log files.

date time label log-output

The following example illustrates the form with an entry from MySQL:

2019-09-22 12:43:08.681193976 +0000 UTC mysql log-output

You can opt to extend the log forwarding feature to propagate logs for other processes and applications running in the migrated container, following the instructions in this topic.

Forwarding application logs to Cloud Logging

In order to log to Cloud Logging from applications on VMs migrated with Migrate for Anthos, you must have the following in place:

  • Create a ConfigMap on your target workload cluster that specifies a list of the file system log files whose entries should be written to Cloud Logging.

    You can use the sample ConfigMap included in the section below, as a reference covering many common log files.

  • The ConfigMap must be in the same namespace as your container's Deployment or StatefulSet.

  • The Deployment or StatefulSet must reference the ConfigMap as highlighted in the example below:

  • (Migrating to GKE on-prem only) Install Connect on your GKE on-prem cluster. Connect is required to pass data back to Cloud Logging.

    apiVersion: apps/v1
    kind: Deployment
    metadata:
      creationTimestamp: null
      labels:
        app: my-app
        migrate-for-anthos-type: workload
      name: test-ibsc-appenhmutimiy
    spec:
      replicas: 1
      selector:
        matchLabels:
          app: test-ibsc-appenhmutimiy
          migrate-for-anthos-type: workload
      strategy: {}
      template:
        metadata:
          creationTimestamp: null
          labels:
            app: test-ibsc-appenhmutimiy
            migrate-for-anthos-type: workload
        spec:
          containers:
          - image: gcr.io/myproject/my-container-image:v1.0.0
            name: test-ibsc-appenhmutimiy
            readinessProbe:
              exec:
                command:
                - /code/ready.sh
            resources: {}
            securityContext:
              privileged: true
            volumeMounts:
            - mountPath: /sys/fs/cgroup
              name: cgroups
            - mountPath: /code/config/logs/
              name: logs-config
          volumes:
          - hostPath:
              path: /sys/fs/cgroup
              type: Directory
            name: cgroups
          - configMap:
              name: <ConfigMap name>
            name: logs-config

ConfigMap for common application logs

The reference ConfigMap YAML below covers a list of common application log files and their application labels. You can copy the reference ConfigMap YAML as is, or modify it to remove entries or add your custom application logs.

To edit the list of log files, edit the elements following the logs: line. A log sub-element consists of the following structure:

label:
  - path-with-simple-wildcards

For example:

tomcat:
  - /var/log/tomcat*/catalina.out
  - /var/log/tomcat*/localhost.*.log

Reference ConfigMap for common apps

apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: null
  name: <ConfigMap name>
data:
  logs.yaml: |
    logs:
      mysql:
      - /var/log/mysql.log
      - /var/log/mysql/mysql.log
      mongodb:
      - /var/log/mongodb/*.log
      memcached:
      - /var/log/memcached.log
      redis:
      - /var/log/redis*.log
      - /var/log/redis/*.log
      rabbitmq-startup:
      - /var/log/rabbitmq/startup_log
      rabbitmq-startup_err:
      - /var/log/rabbitmq/startup_err
      rabbitmq-sasl:
      - /var/log/rabbitmq/*-sasl.log
      sugarcrm:
      - /var/www/*/sugarcrm.log
      tomcat-localhost_access_log:
      - /var/log/tomcat*/localhost_access_log*.txt
      tomcat:
      - /var/log/tomcat*/catalina.out
      - /var/log/tomcat*/localhost.*.log
      apache-acccess:
      - /var/log/apache*/access.log
      - /var/log/apache*/access_log
      - /var/log/httpd/access.log
      - /var/log/httpd/access_log
      apache-error:
      - /var/log/apache*/error.log
      - /var/log/apache*/error_log
      - /var/log/httpd/error.log
      - /var/log/httpd/error_log
      cassandra:
      - /var/log/cassandra/system.log
      - /var/log/cassandra/cassandra.log
      - /var/log/cassandra/output.log
      chef-bookshelf:
      - /var/log/chef-server/bookshelf/current
      chef-expander:
      - /var/log/chef-server/chef-expander/current
      chef-pedant-http-traffic:
      - /var/log/chef-server/chef-pedant/http-traffic.log
      chef-server-webui:
      - /var/log/chef-server/chef-server-webui/current
      chef-solr:
      - /var/log/chef-server/chef-solr/current
      chef-erchef-current:
      - /var/log/chef-server/erchef/current
      chef-erchef:
      - /var/log/chef-server/erchef/erchef.log.1
      chef-nginx-access:
      - /var/log/chef-server/nginx/access.log
      chef-nginx-error:
      - /var/log/chef-server/nginx/error.log
      chef-nginx-rewrite-port-80:
      - /var/log/chef-server/nginx/rewrite-port-80.log
      chef-postgresql:
      - /var/log/chef-server/postgresql/current
      chef-rabbitmq:
      - /var/log/chef-server/rabbitmq/current
      postgresql:
      - /var/log/postgres*/*.log
      - /var/log/pgsql/*.log
      puppet-access:
      - /var/log/pe-httpd/access.log
      puppet-puppetmasteraccess:
      - /var/log/pe-httpd/puppetmasteraccess.log
      puppet-activemq:
      - /var/log/pe-activemq/activemq.log
      puppet-activemq-wrapper:
      - /var/log/pe-activemq/wrapper.log
      puppet-mcollective:
      - /var/log/pe-mcollective/mcollective.log
      puppet-mcollective-audit:
      - /var/log/pe-mcollective/mcollective_audit.log
      puppet-puppetdb:
      - /var/log/pe-puppetdb/pe-puppetdb.log
      puppet-dashboard-error:
      - /var/log/pe-httpd/puppetdashboard.error.log
      puppet-dashboard-mcollective-client:
      - /var/log/pe-puppet-dashboard/mcollective_client.log
      puppet-dashboard-production:
      - /var/log/pe-puppet-dashboard/production.log
      puppet-dashboard-event-inspector:
      - /var/log/pe-puppet-dashboard/event-inspector.log
      puppet-dashboard-certificate-manager:
      - /var/log/pe-puppet-dashboard/certificate_manager.log
      puppet-dashboard-live-management:
      - /var/log/pe-puppet-dashboard/live-management.log
      puppet-console-cas-client:
      - /var/log/pe-console-auth/cas_client.log
      puppet-console-auth-cas:
      - /var/log/pe-console-auth/cas.log
      puppet-console-auth:
      - /var/log/pe-console-auth/auth.log
      puppet-dashboard-access:
      - /var/log/pe-httpd/puppetdashboard.access.log
      puppet-dashboard-failed-reports:
      - /var/log/pe-puppet-dashboard/failed_reports.log
      puppet-error:
      - /var/log/pe-httpd/error.log
      puppet-other-vhosts-access:
      - /var/log/pe-httpd/other_vhosts_access.log
      puppet-masterhttp:
      - /var/log/pe-puppet/masterhttp.log
      - /var/log/puppet/masterhttp.log
      puppet-rails:
      - /var/log/pe-puppet/rails.log
      puppet-http:
      - /var/log/puppet/http.log
      gitlab-application:
      - /home/git/gitlab/log/application.log
      gitlab-production:
      - /home/git/gitlab/log/production.log
      gitlab-sidekiq:
      - /home/git/gitlab/log/sidekiq.log
      gitlab-unicorn-stdout:
      - /home/git/gitlab/log/unicorn.stdout.log
      gitlab-unicorn-stderr:
      - /home/git/gitlab/log/unicorn.stderr.log
      gitlab-githost:
      - /home/git/gitlab/log/githost.log
      gitlab-satellites:
      - /home/git/gitlab/log/satellites.log
      gitlab-shell:
      - /home/git/gitlab-shell/gitlab-shell.log
      jenkins:
      - /var/log/jenkins/jenkins.log
      jetty-request:
      - /var/log/jetty/*.request.log
      jetty-stderrout:
      - /var/log/jetty/*.stderrout.log
      jetty-out:
      - /var/log/jetty/out.log
      joomla:
      - /var/www/joomla/logs/*.log
      magento-system:
      - /var/www/magento/var/log/system.log
      magento-exception:
      - /var/www/magento/var/log/exception.log
      magento-report:
      - /var/www/magento/var/report/*
      mediawiki:
      - /var/log/mediawiki/*.log
      nginx-access:
      - /var/log/nginx/access.log
      nginx-error:
      - /var/log/nginx/error.log
      redmine:
      - /var/log/redmine/*.log
      salt-master:
      - /var/log/salt/master
      salt-minion:
      - /var/log/salt/minion
      salt-key:
      - /var/log/salt/key
      salt-syndic:
      - /var/log/salt/syndic.loc
      solr:
      - /var/log/solr/*.log
      sugarcrm:
      - /var/www/*/sugarcrm.log
      tomcat-localhost_access_log:
      - /var/log/tomcat*/localhost_access_log.*.txt
      tomcat:
      - /var/log/tomcat*/catalina.out,/var/log/tomcat*/localhost.*.log