Créer une collection de documents Firestore

Restez organisé à l'aide des collections Enregistrez et classez les contenus selon vos préférences.

Créer une collection de documents Firestore

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Pour afficher l'exemple de code utilisé en contexte, consultez la documentation suivante :

Exemple de code

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
)

// collectionGroupSetup sets up a collection group to query.
func collectionGroupSetup(projectID, cityCollection string) error {
	ctx := context.Background()

	client, err := firestore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("firestore.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	landmarks := []struct {
		city, name, t string
	}{
		{"SF", "Golden Gate Bridge", "bridge"},
		{"SF", "Legion of Honor", "museum"},
		{"LA", "Griffith Park", "park"},
		{"LA", "The Getty", "museum"},
		{"DC", "Lincoln Memorial", "memorial"},
		{"DC", "National Air and Space Museum", "museum"},
		{"TOK", "Ueno Park", "park"},
		{"TOK", "National Museum of Nature and Science", "museum"},
		{"BJ", "Jingshan Park", "park"},
		{"BJ", "Beijing Ancient Observatory", "museum"},
	}

	cities := client.Collection(cityCollection)
	for _, l := range landmarks {
		if _, err := cities.Doc(l.city).Collection("landmarks").NewDoc().Set(ctx, map[string]string{
			"name": l.name,
			"type": l.t,
		}); err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("Set: %v", err)
		}
	}

	return nil
}

Java

CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

final List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures =
    Arrays.asList(
        cities
            .document("SF")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Golden Gate Bridge");
                    put("type", "bridge");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("SF")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Legion of Honor");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("LA")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Griffith Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("LA")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "The Getty");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("DC")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Lincoln Memorial");
                    put("type", "memorial");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("DC")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "National Air and Space Museum");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("TOK")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Ueno Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("TOK")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "National Museum of Nature and Science");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("BJ")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Jingshan Park");
                    put("type", "park");
                  }
                }),
        cities
            .document("BJ")
            .collection("landmarks")
            .document()
            .set(
                new HashMap<String, String>() {
                  {
                    put("name", "Beijing Ancient Observatory");
                    put("type", "museum");
                  }
                }));
final List<WriteResult> landmarks = ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();

Node.js

const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
  type: 'bridge'
});
await citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Legion of Honor',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Griffith Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'The Getty',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
  type: 'memorial'
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Ueno Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
  type: 'museum'
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Jingshan Park',
  type: 'park'
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
  name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
  type: 'museum'
});

PHP

$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Golden Gate Bridge',
    'type' => 'bridge'
]);
$citiesRef->document('SF')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Legion of Honor',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Griffith Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'The Getty',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Lincoln Memorial',
    'type' => 'memorial'
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'National Air and Space Museum',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Ueno Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Jingshan Park',
    'type' => 'park'
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->collection('landmarks')->newDocument()->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    'type' => 'museum'
]);
print('Added example landmarks collections to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);

Python

cities = db.collection(u'cities')

sf_landmarks = cities.document(u'SF').collection(u'landmarks')
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Golden Gate Bridge',
    u'type': u'bridge'
})
sf_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Legion of Honor',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
la_landmarks = cities.document(u'LA').collection(u'landmarks')
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Griffith Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
la_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'The Getty',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
dc_landmarks = cities.document(u'DC').collection(u'landmarks')
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Lincoln Memorial',
    u'type': u'memorial'
})
dc_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Air and Space Museum',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
tok_landmarks = cities.document(u'TOK').collection(u'landmarks')
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Ueno Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
tok_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'National Museum of Nature and Science',
    u'type': u'museum'
})
bj_landmarks = cities.document(u'BJ').collection(u'landmarks')
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Jingshan Park',
    u'type': u'park'
})
bj_landmarks.document().set({
    u'name': u'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
    u'type': u'museum'
})

Ruby

cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

sf_landmarks = cities_ref.document("SF").collection("landmarks")
sf_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Golden Gate Bridge",
    type: "bridge"
  }
)
sf_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Legion of Honor",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

la_landmarks = cities_ref.document("LA").collection("landmarks")
la_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Griffith Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
la_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "The Getty",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

dc_landmarks = cities_ref.document("DC").collection("landmarks")
dc_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Lincoln Memorial",
    type: "memorial"
  }
)
dc_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "National Air and Space Museum",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

tok_landmarks = cities_ref.document("TOK").collection("landmarks")
tok_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Ueno Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
tok_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "National Museum of Nature and Science",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

bj_landmarks = cities_ref.document("BJ").collection("landmarks")
bj_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Jingshan Park",
    type: "park"
  }
)
bj_landmarks.document.set(
  {
    name: "Beijing Ancient Observatory",
    type: "museum"
  }
)

Étape suivante

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