Supported filesystems

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This page provides an overview of the filesystems available in Container-Optimized OS. Container-Optimized OS comes with two built-in filesystems: EXT4 and XFS.

EXT4 filesystem

Container-Optimized OS comes with a fully-supported EXT4 filesystem. Container-Optimized OS recommends using the EXT4 filesystem for production workloads.

Container-Optimized OS enables the following EXT4-related features:

  • Support for the EXT4 filesystem in kernel: The Linux kernel in Container-Optimized OS has the most commonly used EXT4 features enabled:

    CONFIG_EXT4_FS=y
    CONFIG_EXT4_USE_FOR_EXT2=y
    CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL=y
    CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY=y
    CONFIG_JBD2=y
    
  • e2fsprogs package: The e2fsprogs package contains several critical user space utilities available for the EXT4 filesystem (for example, mkfs and fsck). These packages are necessary for the creation and maintenance of the EXT4 filesystem.

XFS filesystem

Container-Optimized OS images include limited support for the XFS filesystem in COS-85 and later. The recommended filesystem for production workloads on Container-Optimized OS is still EXT4. XFS is primarily targeted for users who have some existing dependency on XFS that cannot be migrated to EXT4. We recommend using XFS only for advanced users that are familiar with the filesystem functionality.

Container-Optimized OS enables the following XFS-related features:

  • Support for the XFS filesystem in kernel: The Linux kernel in Container-Optimized OS has the most commonly used XFS features enabled:

    CONFIG_XFS_FS=y
    CONFIG_XFS_POSIX_ACL=y
    CONFIG_XFS_QUOTA=y
    
  • xfsprogs package: The xfsprogs package contains several critical user space utilities available for the XFS filesystem (for example, mkfs and fsck). These packages are necessary for creation and maintenance of the XFS filesystem.