You must follow these guidelines if your application is sending out bulk email, that is, similar messages to numerous recipients. These guidelines will help to improve your inbox delivery rate to Gmail users, by ensuring that all recipients in your distribution list actually want to receive the email. If recipients manually mark your email as spam, then that acts as a strong signal to Gmail to mark future emails from you as spam.
For more information on sending mail, see the Mail API Overview.
Authentication and identification
- Use the same sender for every bulk email. When calling the Mail API function
to send email, the
Fromheader will be set to match the sender you specify.
- Your sender address should be an account in a G Suite for
domain. If the domain is still in the free trial period or has less than six
users, Google accounts that send too many emails marked as spam can be
temporarily disabled. In these cases, the Mail API will throw an exception
Unauthorized sendererror message.
- Sign your email with DKIM, which requires a G Suite domain if you are sending using App Engine.
- Publish an SPF record
to prevent spammers from spoofing your envelope sender address. SPF verifies
that email is sent from an IP address that is published in the DNS records of
the envelope sender. App Engine's envelope sender is in the
apphosting.bounces.google.comdomain, so your SPF record may not be used to determine if email from App Engine should be delivered.
Each user in your distribution list should opt-in to receive messages from you in one of the following ways:
- By sending you an email asking to subscribe
- By manually checking a box on a web form or within a piece of software
Using an email address list purchased from a third party is not considered opt-in. You also should not set a checkbox on a web form or within a piece of software to subscribe all users by default. Users should not be required to explicitly opt out of mailings.
You should verify that the person that signed up by checking the box on the web form or in software is actually receiving emails at the address that was specified in the form. Verify the user by sending an email that requires them to confirm receipt.
- A user must be able to unsubscribe in one of the following ways:
- Through a prominent link in the email with no further user interaction other than confirmation.
- Via an email unsubscribe response.
- App Engine can only receive email sent to the
[APP_ID].appspotmail.comdomain. Therefore, you will need to set your sender to an address in this domain if you want to automatically handle email unsubscribe responses within App Engine.
- Use the
List-Unsubscribeheader, which is supported by the App Engine Mail API.
- Automatically unsubscribe users whose addresses bounce multiple pieces of email. You can configure your app to receive bounce notifications.
- Periodically send email confirmations to users, offering the opportunity to unsubscribe from each list they are signed up for.
- Explicitly indicate the email address subscribed within your email, because users might forward email from other accounts.
- Format to RFC 2822 SMTP standards and, if using HTML, w3.org standards.
- Attempts to hide the true sender of the message or the true landing page for any web links in the message may result in non-delivery. For example, we recommend that you do not use URL shortener services in bulk email, because these can mask the real URLs contained in the body of your email.
- The subject of each message should be relevant to the body's content and should not be misleading.
- The following factors will help messages arrive in Gmail users' inboxes:
Fromaddress is listed in the user's Contacts list.
- A user clicks "Not Spam" to alert Gmail that messages sent from that address are solicited.
- If you send both promotional email and transactional email relating to your
organization, we recommend separating email by purpose as much as possible.
You can do this by:
- Using separate email addresses for each function.
- Sending email from different domains for each function.
- If others use your service to send email, you are responsible for monitoring your users and/or clients' behavior. You must terminate, in a timely fashion, all users and/or clients who use your service to send spam email. The Google Cloud Platform Acceptable Use Policy specifically prohibits spam. Your application can be suspended if you violate this policy, as described in the Google Cloud Platform Terms of Service.
- You must have an email address available for users and/or clients to report
abuse, which should normally be
abuse@[YOUR_DOMAIN].com. You should also monitor
- Monitor email sent to app admins. Google may need to urgently contact app admins, for example to notify you of a violation of the Acceptable Use Policy. We can help you to resolve the problems more quickly if you respond promptly to our emails.
- You must maintain up-to-date contact information in your WHOIS record maintained by your domain registrar, and on abuse.net.
Affiliate marketing programs
- Affiliate marketing programs reward third-parties for bringing visitors to
your site. These programs are attractive to spammers and can potentially do
more harm than good. Please note the following:
- If your brand becomes associated with affiliate marketing spam, it can affect the email sent by you and your other affiliates.
- It is your responsibility to monitor your affiliates and remove them if they send spam.
Alternatives to the App Engine Mail API
- You can use a third-party email delivery service provider to send email from App Engine. These services may provide additional features that are not available in the Mail API and may be a better solution for some bulk email senders.
- You can use the Sockets API to connect directly to an SMTP server to send email.
Limits for bulk mail
If you send too many emails in a short burst, some emails might be silently dropped due to Google safety limits. To avoid this, calculate the maximum daily rate of emails sent per second by dividing your daily quota by 86,400, the number of seconds in a day. Do not send bulk email at a rate higher than 50 times the maximum daily rate.
For more information on other quotas around sending mail, see Quotas and limits.