Using Cloud Storage

You can use Cloud Storage to store and serve files, such as movies or images or other static content.

This document describes how to use the Google Cloud Client Library to store and retrieve data using Cloud Storage in an App Engine app.


Prerequisites and setup

Follow the instructions in "Hello, World!" for Python on App Engine to set up your environment and project, and to understand how Python apps are structured in App Engine. Write down and save your project ID, because you will need it to run the sample application described in this document.

Make sure you create a Cloud Storage bucket for your application by invoking the following command:

gsutil mb gs://[your-bucket-name]

And make it publically readable so it can serve files:

gsutil defacl set public-read gs://[your-bucket-name]

Clone the repository

Download the sample:

git clone
cd python-docs-samples/appengine/flexible/storage

Edit project configuration and install dependencies

In app.yaml, set GCLOUD_PROJECT for your project. This value is your project ID. Then set GCLOUD_STORAGE_BUCKET; this value is the name of the Cloud Storage bucket you created previously.

runtime: python
vm: true
entrypoint: gunicorn -b :$PORT main:app

  python_version: 3

#[START env]
    GCLOUD_PROJECT: your-project-id
    CLOUD_STORAGE_BUCKET: your-bucket-name
#[END env]

In requirements.txt, notice that you must include the gcloud library, because this provides Cloud Storage functions.


Application code

The sample application presents a web page prompting the user to supply a file to be stored in Cloud Storage. When the user selects a file and clicks submit, the upload handler loads the file content into a Cloud Storage blob and writes it to the Cloud Storage bucket.

Notice that after the file is uploaded to Cloud Storage, the public URL to this file is returned, which you can use to serve the file directly from Cloud Storage. You should store this value in your app for future use.

import logging
import os

from flask import Flask, request
from import storage

# [start config]
app = Flask(__name__)

# Configure this environment variable via app.yaml
# [end config]

def index():
    return """
<form method="POST" action="/upload" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <input type="file" name="file">
    <input type="submit">

@app.route('/upload', methods=['POST'])
def upload():
    """Process the uploaded file and upload it to Google Cloud Storage."""
    uploaded_file = request.files.get('file')

    if not uploaded_file:
        return 'No file uploaded.', 400

    # Create a Cloud Storage client.
    gcs = storage.Client()

    # Get the bucket that the file will be uploaded to.
    bucket = gcs.get_bucket(CLOUD_STORAGE_BUCKET)

    # Create a new blob and upload the file's content.
    blob = bucket.blob(uploaded_file.filename)


    # The public URL can be used to directly access the uploaded file via HTTP.
    return blob.public_url

def server_error(e):
    logging.exception('An error occurred during a request.')
    return """
    An internal error occurred: <pre>{}</pre>
    See logs for full stacktrace.
    """.format(e), 500

if __name__ == '__main__':
    # This is used when running locally. Gunicorn is used to run the
    # application on Google App Engine. See entrypoint in app.yaml.'', port=8080, debug=True)

For more information

For complete information on Cloud Storage, see the Cloud Storage documentation.

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