Using Cloud Storage

You can use Cloud Storage to store and serve files, such as movies or images or other static content.

This document describes how to use the Google Cloud Client Library to store and retrieve data using Cloud Storage in an App Engine app.


Prerequisites and setup

Follow the instructions in "Hello, World!" for Java on App Engine to set up your environment and project, and to understand how Java apps are structured in App Engine. Write down and save your project ID, because you will need it to run the sample application described in this document.

Make sure you create a Cloud Storage bucket for your application by invoking the following command:

gsutil mb gs://[your-bucket-name]

And make it publically readable so it can serve files:

gsutil defacl set public-read gs://[your-bucket-name]

Clone the repository

Download the sample:

git clone
cd java-docs-samples/managed_vms/cloudstorage

Edit project configuration and install dependencies

In app.yaml, set the BUCKET_NAME to the Cloud Storage you previously created for your project.

runtime: java
vm: true

- url: /.*
  script: this field is required, but ignored
  secure: always

# [START env_variables]
# [END env_variables]

In pom.xml, set as a dependency, and specify google-cloud-java-storage as the artifactID for that dependency; this provides the functions to use Cloud Storage.


Application code

The sample application presents a web page prompting the user to supply a file to be stored in Cloud Storage. When the user selects a file and clicks submit, the doPost request handler writes the file to the Cloud Storage bucket using Storage.create

Notice that to retrieve this file from Cloud Storage, you will need to specify the bucket name and the filename. You should store these values in your app for future use.

@WebServlet(name = "upload", value = "/upload")
public class UploadServlet extends HttpServlet {

  private static final String BUCKET_NAME = System.getenv("BUCKET_NAME");
  private static Storage storage = null;

  public void init() {
    storage = StorageOptions.defaultInstance().service();

  public void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) throws IOException,
      ServletException {
    final Part filePart = req.getPart("file");
    final String fileName = filePart.getSubmittedFileName();

    // Modify access list to allow all users with link to read file
    List<Acl> acls = new ArrayList<>();
    acls.add(Acl.of(Acl.User.ofAllUsers(), Acl.Role.READER));
    // the inputstream is closed by default, so we don't need to close it here
    Blob blob =
            BlobInfo.builder(BUCKET_NAME, fileName).acl(acls).build(),

    // return the public download link

For more information

For complete information on Cloud Storage, see the Cloud Storage documentation.

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