Version 1.5. This version is supported as outlined in the Anthos version support policy, offering the latest patches and updates for security vulnerabilities, exposures, and issues impacting Anthos clusters on VMware (GKE on-prem). Refer to the release notes for more details. This is not the most recent version.


This page describes some of the tools you use to install and use GKE on-prem.

  • govc
  • terraform
  • gkectl
  • kubectl (included in the Cloud SDK)
  • gcloud (included in the Cloud SDK)


govc is the CLI to vSphere. You use govc when you create the admin workstation, and you can use it to administer your vSphere cluster.


terraform is the CLI to HashiCorp Terraform. You use terraform to create and upgrade the admin workstation.


gkectl is the CLI to GKE on-prem. See its reference guide.

You use gkectl for many cluster administration tasks, including:

  • Cluster creation and management.
  • Diagnosing and troubleshooting issues.
  • Capturing and exporting cluster logs.


kubectl is the CLI to Kubernetes. You use kubectl to interact with Kubernetes and Kubernetes clusters, and for tasks including:

  • Deploying, managing, and deleting containerized workloads running in clusters.
  • Managing, editing, and deleting Kubernetes resources.


gcloud is the CLI to Google Cloud. You use gcloud for several purposes, including:

  • Authenticating against your Google Cloud project.
  • Creating service accounts and their private keys.
  • Binding Identity and Access Management roles to accounts.