Composer plusieurs objets

Restez organisé à l'aide des collections Enregistrez et classez les contenus selon vos préférences.

Composez plusieurs objets en un seul objet dans un bucket Cloud Storage.

En savoir plus

Pour obtenir une documentation détaillée incluant cet exemple de code, consultez la page suivante :

Exemple de code

C#

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Cloud Storage en langage C#.


using Google.Apis.Storage.v1.Data;
using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class ComposeObjectSample
{
    public void ComposeObject(
        string bucketName = "your-bucket-name",
        string firstObjectName = "your-first-object-name",
        string secondObjectName = "your-second-object-name",
        string targetObjectName = "new-composite-object-name")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.Create();

        var sourceObjects = new List<ComposeRequest.SourceObjectsData>
        {
            new ComposeRequest.SourceObjectsData { Name = firstObjectName },
            new ComposeRequest.SourceObjectsData { Name = secondObjectName }
        };
        //You could add as many sourceObjects as you want here, up to the max of 32.

        storage.Service.Objects.Compose(new ComposeRequest
        {
            SourceObjects = sourceObjects,
            Destination = new Google.Apis.Storage.v1.Data.Object { ContentType = "text/plain" }
        }, bucketName, targetObjectName).Execute();

        Console.WriteLine($"New composite file {targetObjectName} was created in bucket {bucketName}" +
            $" by combining {firstObjectName} and {secondObjectName}.");
    }
}

C++

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Cloud Storage en langage C++.

namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;
using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](gcs::Client client, std::string const& bucket_name,
   std::string const& destination_object_name,
   std::vector<gcs::ComposeSourceObject> const& compose_objects) {
  StatusOr<gcs::ObjectMetadata> composed_object = client.ComposeObject(
      bucket_name, compose_objects, destination_object_name);

  if (!composed_object) {
    throw std::runtime_error(composed_object.status().message());
  }

  std::cout << "Composed new object " << composed_object->name()
            << " in bucket " << composed_object->bucket()
            << "\nFull metadata: " << *composed_object << "\n";
}

Go

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Cloud Storage en langage Go.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
)

// composeFile composes source objects to create a composite object.
func composeFile(w io.Writer, bucket, object1, object2, toObject string) error {
	// bucket := "bucket-name"
	// object1 := "object-name-1"
	// object2 := "object-name-2"
	// toObject := "object-name-3"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*10)
	defer cancel()

	src1 := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(object1)
	src2 := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(object2)
	dst := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(toObject)

	// ComposerFrom takes varargs, so you can put as many objects here
	// as you want.
	_, err = dst.ComposerFrom(src1, src2).Run(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("ComposerFrom: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "New composite object %v was created by combining %v and %v\n", toObject, object1, object2)
	return nil
}

Java

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Cloud Storage en langage Java.

import com.google.cloud.storage.Blob;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BlobInfo;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;

public class ComposeObject {
  public static void composeObject(
      String bucketName,
      String firstObjectName,
      String secondObjectName,
      String targetObjectName,
      String projectId) {
    // The ID of your GCP project
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The ID of your GCS bucket
    // String bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name";

    // The ID of the first GCS object to compose
    // String firstObjectName = "your-first-object-name";

    // The ID of the second GCS object to compose
    // String secondObjectName = "your-second-object-name";

    // The ID to give the new composite object
    // String targetObjectName = "new-composite-object-name";

    Storage storage = StorageOptions.newBuilder().setProjectId(projectId).build().getService();

    // Optional: set a generation-match precondition to avoid potential race
    // conditions and data corruptions. The request returns a 412 error if the
    // preconditions are not met.
    // For a target object that does not yet exist, set the DoesNotExist precondition.
    Storage.BlobTargetOption precondition = Storage.BlobTargetOption.doesNotExist();
    // If the destination already exists in your bucket, instead set a generation-match
    // precondition:
    // Storage.BlobTargetOption precondition = Storage.BlobTargetOption.generationMatch();

    Storage.ComposeRequest composeRequest =
        Storage.ComposeRequest.newBuilder()
            // addSource takes varargs, so you can put as many objects here as you want, up to the
            // max of 32
            .addSource(firstObjectName, secondObjectName)
            .setTarget(BlobInfo.newBuilder(bucketName, targetObjectName).build())
            .setTargetOptions(precondition)
            .build();

    Blob compositeObject = storage.compose(composeRequest);

    System.out.println(
        "New composite object "
            + compositeObject.getName()
            + " was created by combining "
            + firstObjectName
            + " and "
            + secondObjectName);
  }
}

Node.js

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Cloud Storage en langage Node.js.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

// The ID of the first GCS file to compose
// const firstFileName = 'your-first-file-name';

// The ID of the second GCS file to compose
// const secondFileName = 'your-second-file-name';

// The ID to give the new composite file
// const destinationFileName = 'new-composite-file-name';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

async function composeFile() {
  const bucket = storage.bucket(bucketName);
  const sources = [firstFileName, secondFileName];

  // Optional:
  // Set a generation-match precondition to avoid potential race conditions
  // and data corruptions. The request to upload is aborted if the object's
  // generation number does not match your precondition. For a destination
  // object that does not yet exist, set the ifGenerationMatch precondition to 0
  // If the destination object already exists in your bucket, set instead a
  // generation-match precondition using its generation number.
  const combineOptions = {
    ifGenerationMatch: destinationGenerationMatchPrecondition,
  };
  await bucket.combine(sources, destinationFileName, combineOptions);

  console.log(
    `New composite file ${destinationFileName} was created by combining ${firstFileName} and ${secondFileName}`
  );
}

composeFile().catch(console.error);

PHP

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Cloud Storage en langage PHP.

use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;

/**
 * Compose two objects into a single target object.
 *
 * @param string $bucketName The name of your Cloud Storage bucket.
 *        (e.g. 'my-bucket')
 * @param string $firstObjectName The name of the first GCS object to compose.
 *        (e.g. 'my-object-1')
 * @param string $secondObjectName The name of the second GCS object to compose.
 *        (e.g. 'my-object-2')
 * @param string $targetObjectName The name of the object to be created.
 *        (e.g. 'composed-my-object-1-my-object-2')
 */
function compose_file(string $bucketName, string $firstObjectName, string $secondObjectName, string $targetObjectName): void
{
    $storage = new StorageClient();
    $bucket = $storage->bucket($bucketName);

    // In this example, we are composing only two objects, but Cloud Storage supports
    // composition of up to 32 objects.
    $objectsToCompose = [$firstObjectName, $secondObjectName];

    $targetObject = $bucket->compose($objectsToCompose, $targetObjectName, [
        'destination' => [
            'contentType' => 'application/octet-stream'
        ]
    ]);

    if ($targetObject->exists()) {
        printf(
            'New composite object %s was created by combining %s and %s',
            $targetObject->name(),
            $firstObjectName,
            $secondObjectName
        );
    }
}

Python

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Cloud Storage en langage Python.

from google.cloud import storage

def compose_file(bucket_name, first_blob_name, second_blob_name, destination_blob_name):
    """Concatenate source blobs into destination blob."""
    # bucket_name = "your-bucket-name"
    # first_blob_name = "first-object-name"
    # second_blob_name = "second-blob-name"
    # destination_blob_name = "destination-object-name"

    storage_client = storage.Client()
    bucket = storage_client.bucket(bucket_name)
    destination = bucket.blob(destination_blob_name)
    destination.content_type = "text/plain"

    # sources is a list of Blob instances, up to the max of 32 instances per request
    sources = [bucket.get_blob(first_blob_name), bucket.get_blob(second_blob_name)]
    destination.compose(sources)

    print(
        "New composite object {} in the bucket {} was created by combining {} and {}".format(
            destination_blob_name, bucket_name, first_blob_name, second_blob_name
        )
    )
    return destination

Ruby

Pour en savoir plus, consultez la documentation de référence de l'API Cloud Storage en langage Ruby.

def compose_file bucket_name:, first_file_name:, second_file_name:, destination_file_name:
  # The ID of your GCS bucket
  # bucket_name = "your-unique-bucket-name"

  # The ID of the first GCS object to compose
  # first_file_name = "your-first-file-name"

  # The ID of the second GCS object to compose
  # second_file_name = "your-second-file-name"

  # The ID to give the new composite object
  # destination_file_name = "new-composite-file-name"

  require "google/cloud/storage"

  storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.new
  bucket = storage.bucket bucket_name, skip_lookup: true

  destination = bucket.compose [first_file_name, second_file_name], destination_file_name do |f|
    f.content_type = "text/plain"
  end

  puts "Composed new file #{destination.name} in the bucket #{bucket_name} " \
       "by combining #{first_file_name} and #{second_file_name}"
end

Étape suivante

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