Create a connection using the Cloud SQL Java Connector

Open a connection to Cloud SQL for MySQL by using the Cloud SQL Java Connector.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample


To authenticate to Cloud SQL for MySQL, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

import com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariConfig;
import com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariDataSource;
import javax.sql.DataSource;

public class ConnectorConnectionPoolFactory extends ConnectionPoolFactory {

  // Note: Saving credentials in environment variables is convenient, but not
  // secure - consider a more secure solution such as
  // Cloud Secret Manager ( to help
  // keep secrets safe.
  private static final String INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME =
  private static final String INSTANCE_UNIX_SOCKET = System.getenv("INSTANCE_UNIX_SOCKET");
  private static final String DB_USER = System.getenv("DB_USER");
  private static final String DB_PASS = System.getenv("DB_PASS");
  private static final String DB_NAME = System.getenv("DB_NAME");

  public static DataSource createConnectionPool() {
    // The configuration object specifies behaviors for the connection pool.
    HikariConfig config = new HikariConfig();

    // The following URL is equivalent to setting the config options below:
    // jdbc:mysql:///<DB_NAME>?cloudSqlInstance=<INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME>&
    // See the link below for more info on building a JDBC URL for the Cloud SQL JDBC Socket Factory

    // Configure which instance and what database user to connect with.
    config.setJdbcUrl(String.format("jdbc:mysql:///%s", DB_NAME));
    config.setUsername(DB_USER); // e.g. "root", "mysql"
    config.setPassword(DB_PASS); // e.g. "my-password"

    config.addDataSourceProperty("socketFactory", "");
    config.addDataSourceProperty("cloudSqlInstance", INSTANCE_CONNECTION_NAME);

    // The ipTypes argument can be used to specify a comma delimited list of preferred IP types
    // for connecting to a Cloud SQL instance. The argument ipTypes=PRIVATE will force the
    // SocketFactory to connect with an instance's associated private IP.
    config.addDataSourceProperty("ipTypes", "PUBLIC,PRIVATE");

    // ... Specify additional connection properties here.
    // ...

    // Initialize the connection pool using the configuration object.
    return new HikariDataSource(config);

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