This page provides information about the Cloud SQL quotas and limits. Quotas are applied per-project; limits are applied to the instance or to the project, depending on the limit.
Checking your quotas
To check the current quotas for resources in your project, go to the Quotas page in the Google Cloud Console.
Increasing your quotas
As your use of Google Cloud expands over time, your quotas can increase accordingly. If you expect a notable upcoming increase in usage, make your request a few days in advance to ensure your quotas are adequately sized.
In the Quotas page, select Cloud SQL Admin API in the Services dropdown list.
If you do not see Cloud SQL Admin API, the Cloud SQL Admin API has not been enabled.
Select the quotas you want to change.
Click Edit quotas.
Fill out your name, email, and phone number and click Next.
Fill in your quota request and click Submit request.
You will receive a response from the Cloud SQL for MySQL team within 48 hours of your request.
How resource quotas are replenished
Daily quotas are replenished daily at midnight Pacific time.
Quotas and resource availability
Resource quotas are the maximum amount of resources you can create for that resource type if those resources are available. Quotas do not guarantee that resources will be available at all times. If a resource is not physically available for your region, you will not be able to create new resources of that type, even if you still have remaining quota in your project.
There are restrictions on some Cloud SQL resources that are not replenished periodically and not shown on the Quotas page in the Google Cloud Console. Some limits can be increased while others cannot.
Instances per project
By default, you can have up to 100 instances per project. If you need more, file a support case to request the increase.
Maximum concurrent connections
You can use the
flag to configure connections limits. The Cloud SQL team recommends using
the default connection limits to ensure instance stability. You can find the
connection limits for your instance by connecting to your database and running
SHOW VARIABLES LIKE "max_connections";
Cloud SQL for MySQL default connection limits
|Machine type||Default concurrent connections|
|All other machine types||4,000|
Cloud SQL for MySQL has a limit of 10,000 tables for an instance. Too many tables can significantly impact the performance of a Cloud SQL instance. Instances that exceed this limit are not covered by the SLA.
Micro and small tier machine types limit the number of concurrent operations.
The f1-micro (shared-core CPU) machine type limit is 20 concurrent operations.
The db-custom-1-3840 (single CPU) machine type limit is 50 concurrent operations.
Exceeding these limits causes a
Too many operations error.
Cloud SQL storage limits
|MySQL instances||PostgreSQL and SQL Server instances|
|Up to 30,720 GB, depending on the machine type.||Up to 30,720 GB, depending on whether the instance has dedicated or shared vCPUs. See the Instance settings for PostgreSQL or SQL Server.|
Cloud SQL storage optionsTo configure a storage option for best performance, it's important to understand your workload and choose the appropriate disk type and size. For more information on the available choices for Cloud SQL, see instance settings.
App Engine limits
Each App Engine instance running in a standard environment cannot have more than 100 concurrent connections to an instance. For PHP 5.5 apps, the limit is 60 concurrent connections.
App Engine applications are also subject to additional App Engine quotas and limits as discussed on the App Engine Quotas page.
Cloud Run limits
Cloud Run (fully managed) services are limited to 100 connections to a Cloud SQL database. This limit applies per service instance. This means that each instance of the Cloud Run (fully managed) service can have 100 connections to the database, and as it scales the total number of connections per deployment can grow.
Cloud Function limits
Note: Cloud Functions limits concurrent executions to 1 per instance. You never have a situation where a single function instance is processing two requests at the same time. In most situations, only a single database connection is needed.