Administra las fuentes de seguridad mediante la API de Security Command Center

En esta guía, aprenderás a usar la API de Security Command Center a fin de crear una fuente para que una organización genere resultados. Cuando agregas una fuente, Security Command Center crea las fuentes adecuadas y les asigna los permisos correspondientes.

Antes de comenzar

Antes de configurar una fuente, debes completar lo siguiente:

Crea una fuente

En este ejemplo, se muestra cómo crear una fuente con un nombre visible y una descripción específicos que se usan en el panel de Security Command Center.

El servidor asigna de forma automática un ID al origen.

Python

from google.cloud import securitycenter

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()
# organization_id is the numeric ID of the organization. e.g.:
# organization_id = "111122222444"
org_name = "organizations/{org_id}".format(org_id=organization_id)

created = client.create_source(
    request={
        "parent": org_name,
        "source": {
            "display_name": "Customized Display Name",
            "description": "A new custom source that does X",
        },
    }
)
print("Created Source: {}".format(created.name))

Java

static Source createSource(OrganizationName organizationName) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // Start setting up a request to create a source in an organization.
    // OrganizationName organizationName = OrganizationName.of(/*organizationId=*/"123234324");
    Source source =
        Source.newBuilder()
            .setDisplayName("Customized Display Name")
            .setDescription("A new custom source that does X")
            .build();

    CreateSourceRequest.Builder request =
        CreateSourceRequest.newBuilder().setParent(organizationName.toString()).setSource(source);

    // Call the API.
    Source response = client.createSource(request.build());

    System.out.println("Created Source: " + response);
    return response;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	securitycenterpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/securitycenter/v1"
)

// createSource creates a new source for organization orgID. orgID is
// the numeric identifier of the organization
func createSource(w io.Writer, orgID string) error {
	// orgID := "12321311"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	req := &securitycenterpb.CreateSourceRequest{
		Source: &securitycenterpb.Source{
			DisplayName: "Customized Display Name",
			Description: "A new custom source that does X",
		},
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("organizations/%s", orgID),
	}
	source, err := client.CreateSource(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateSource: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "New source created: %s\n", source.Name)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Display Name: %s\n", source.DisplayName)
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();
// organizationId is numeric organization identifier.
/*
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
 */
// const organizationId = "1234567777";
async function createSource() {
  const [source] = await client.createSource({
    source: {
      displayName: 'Customized Display Name',
      description: 'A new custom source that does X',
    },
    parent: client.organizationPath(organizationId),
  });
  console.log('New Source: %j', source);
}
createSource();

La fuente no es visible en el panel hasta que se generan los resultados. Puedes verificar que se creó. Para ello, sigue las instrucciones en Obtén una fuente específica.

Actualiza una fuente

Puedes actualizar el nombre visible y la descripción de una fuente después de crearla. También puedes usar una máscara de campo para actualizar solo un campo. En el siguiente ejemplo, se usa una máscara de campo para actualizar solo el nombre visible, sin modificar la descripción.

Python

from google.cloud import securitycenter
from google.protobuf import field_mask_pb2

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()

# Field mask to only update the display name.
field_mask = field_mask_pb2.FieldMask(paths=["display_name"])

# source_name is the resource path for a source that has been
# created previously (you can use list_sources to find a specific one).
# Its format is:
# source_name = "organizations/{organization_id}/sources/{source_id}"
# e.g.:
# source_name = "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234"
updated = client.update_source(
    request={
        "source": {"name": source_name, "display_name": "Updated Display Name"},
        "update_mask": field_mask,
    }
)
print("Updated Source: {}".format(updated))

Java

static Source updateSource(SourceName sourceName) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // Start setting up a request to update a source.
    // SourceName sourceName = SourceName.of(/*organization=*/"123234324",/*source=*/
    // "423432321");
    Source source =
        Source.newBuilder()
            .setDisplayName("Updated Display Name")
            .setName(sourceName.toString())
            .build();
    FieldMask updateMask = FieldMask.newBuilder().addPaths("display_name").build();

    UpdateSourceRequest.Builder request =
        UpdateSourceRequest.newBuilder().setSource(source).setUpdateMask(updateMask);

    // Call the API.
    Source response = client.updateSource(request.build());

    System.out.println("Updated Source: " + response);
    return response;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	securitycenterpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/securitycenter/v1"
	"google.golang.org/genproto/protobuf/field_mask"
)

// updateSource changes a sources display name to "New Display Name" for a
// specific source. sourceName is the full resource name of the source to be
// updated.
func updateSource(w io.Writer, sourceName string) error {
	// sourceName := "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	req := &securitycenterpb.UpdateSourceRequest{
		Source: &securitycenterpb.Source{
			Name:        sourceName,
			DisplayName: "New Display Name",
		},
		// Only update the display name field (if not set all mutable
		// fields of the source will be updated.
		UpdateMask: &field_mask.FieldMask{
			Paths: []string{"display_name"},
		},
	}
	source, err := client.UpdateSource(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("UpdateSource: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Source Name: %s, ", source.Name)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Display name: %s, ", source.DisplayName)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Description: %s\n", source.Description)

	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();
// sourceName is the full resource path to the update target.
/*
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
 */
// const sourceName = "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234";
async function updateSource() {
  const [source] = await client.updateSource({
    source: {
      name: sourceName,
      displayName: 'New Display Name',
    },
    // Only update the display name field (if not set all mutable
    // fields of the source will be updated.
    updateMask: {paths: ['display_name']},
  });
  console.log('Updated source: %j', source);
}

updateSource();

Configura políticas de IAM en una fuente

Después de crear una fuente, actualiza las políticas de administración de identidades y accesos (IAM) para permitir

Python

from google.cloud import securitycenter
from google.iam.v1 import policy_pb2

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()

# source_name is the resource path for a source that has been
# created previously (you can use list_sources to find a specific one).
# Its format is:
# source_name = "organizations/{organization_id}/sources/{source_id}"
# e.g.:
# source_name = "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234"
# Get the old policy so we can do an incremental update.
old_policy = client.get_iam_policy(request={"resource": source_name})
print("Old Policy: {}".format(old_policy))

# Setup a new IAM binding.
binding = policy_pb2.Binding()
binding.role = "roles/securitycenter.findingsEditor"
# user_email is an e-mail address known to Cloud IAM (e.g. a gmail address).
# user_mail = user@somedomain.com
binding.members.append("user:{}".format(user_email))

# Setting the e-tag avoids over-write existing policy
updated = client.set_iam_policy(
    request={
        "resource": source_name,
        "policy": {"etag": old_policy.etag, "bindings": [binding]},
    }
)

print("Updated Policy: {}".format(updated))

Java

static Policy setIamPolicySource(SourceName sourceName, String userEmail) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // userEmail = "someuser@domain.com"
    // Set up IAM Policy for the user userMail to use the role findingsEditor.
    // The user must be a valid google account.
    Policy oldPolicy = client.getIamPolicy(sourceName.toString());
    Binding bindings =
        Binding.newBuilder()
            .setRole("roles/securitycenter.findingsEditor")
            .addMembers("user:" + userEmail)
            .build();
    Policy policy = oldPolicy.toBuilder().addBindings(bindings).build();

    // Start setting up a request to set IAM policy for a source.
    // SourceName sourceName = SourceName.of("123234324", "423432321");
    SetIamPolicyRequest.Builder request =
        SetIamPolicyRequest.newBuilder().setPolicy(policy).setResource(sourceName.toString());

    // Call the API.
    Policy response = client.setIamPolicy(request.build());

    System.out.println("Policy: " + response);
    return response;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	iam "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/iam/v1"
)

// setSourceIamPolicy grants user roles/securitycenter.findingsEditor permision
// for a source. sourceName is the full resource name of the source to be
// updated. user is an email address that IAM can grant permissions to.
func setSourceIamPolicy(w io.Writer, sourceName string, user string) error {
	// sourceName := "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234"
	// user := "someuser@some_domain.com
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	// Retrieve the existing policy so we can update only a specific
	// field.
	existing, err := client.GetIamPolicy(ctx, &iam.GetIamPolicyRequest{
		Resource: sourceName,
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("GetIamPolicy(%s): %v", sourceName, err)
	}

	req := &iam.SetIamPolicyRequest{
		Resource: sourceName,
		Policy: &iam.Policy{
			// Enables partial update of existing policy
			Etag: existing.Etag,
			Bindings: []*iam.Binding{{
				Role: "roles/securitycenter.findingsEditor",
				// New IAM Binding for the user.
				Members: []string{fmt.Sprintf("user:%s", user)},
			},
			},
		},
	}
	policy, err := client.SetIamPolicy(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("SetIamPolicy(%s, %v): %v", sourceName, req.Policy, err)
	}

	fmt.Fprint(w, "Bindings:\n")
	for _, binding := range policy.Bindings {
		for _, member := range binding.Members {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Principal: %s Role: %s\n", member, binding.Role)
		}
	}
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();

async function setSourceIamPolicy() {
  // sourceName is the full resource name of the source to be
  // updated.
  // user is an email address that IAM can grant permissions to.
  /*
   * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
   */
  // const sourceName = "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234";
  // const user = "someuser@domain.com";
  const [existingPolicy] = await client.getIamPolicy({
    resource: sourceName,
  });

  const [updatedPolicy] = await client.setIamPolicy({
    resource: sourceName,
    policy: {
      // Enables partial update of existing policy
      etag: existingPolicy.etag,
      bindings: [
        {
          role: 'roles/securitycenter.findingsEditor',
          // New IAM Binding for the user.
          members: [`user:${user}`],
        },
      ],
    },
  });
  console.log('Updated policy: %j', updatedPolicy);
}
setSourceIamPolicy();

Obtén una fuente específica

Verifica que se cree o actualice una fuente de forma adecuada mediante la consulta de Security Command Center con el nombre absoluto del recurso de la fuente:

gcloud

  # Note: For GCloud you can use either full resource name or just ID Flags.
  # In this example, we are using ID Flags.
  # ORGANIZATION_ID=12344321
  # SOURCE_ID=43211234

  gcloud scc sources describe $ORGANIZATION_ID --source=$SOURCE_ID

Para obtener más ejemplos, ejecuta lo siguiente:

  gcloud scc sources describe --help

Python

from google.cloud import securitycenter

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()

# source_name is the resource path for a source that has been
# created previously (you can use list_sources to find a specific one).
# Its format is:
# source_name = "organizations/{organization_id}/sources/{source_id}"
# e.g.:
# source_name = "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234"
source = client.get_source(request={"name": source_name})

print("Source: {}".format(source))

Java

static Source getSource(SourceName sourceName) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // Start setting up a request to get a source.
    // SourceName sourceName = SourceName.of(/*organization=*/"123234324",/*source=*/
    // "423432321");
    GetSourceRequest.Builder request =
        GetSourceRequest.newBuilder().setName(sourceName.toString());

    // Call the API.
    Source response = client.getSource(request.build());

    System.out.println("Source: " + response);
    return response;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	securitycenterpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/securitycenter/v1"
)

// getSource retrieves a source by its resource name and print it to w.
// sourceName is the full resource name of the source to be updated.
func getSource(w io.Writer, sourceName string) error {
	// sourceName := "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	req := &securitycenterpb.GetSourceRequest{
		Name: sourceName,
	}
	source, err := client.GetSource(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("GetSource: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Source: %v\n", source.Name)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Display Name: %v\n", source.DisplayName)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Description: %v\n", source.Description)
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();
// sourceName is the full resource name of the source to be retrieved.
/*
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
 */
// const sourceName = "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234";
async function getSource() {
  const [source] = await client.getSource({name: sourceName});
  console.log('Source: %j', source);
}

getSource();

Enumera fuentes

Security Command Center te permite enumerar una fuente específica y enumerar todas las fuentes disponibles actualmente en una organización:

Python

from google.cloud import securitycenter

# Create a new client.
client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()
# organization_id is the numeric ID of the organization. e.g.:
# organization_id = "111122222444"
org_name = "organizations/{org_id}".format(org_id=organization_id)

# Call the API and print out each existing source.
for i, source in enumerate(client.list_sources(request={"parent": org_name})):
    print(i, source)

Java

static ImmutableList<Source> listSources(OrganizationName organizationName) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // Start setting up a request to list sources in an organization.
    // OrganizationName organizationName = OrganizationName.of(/*organizationId=*/"123234324");
    ListSourcesRequest.Builder request =
        ListSourcesRequest.newBuilder().setParent(organizationName.toString());

    // Call the API.
    ListSourcesPagedResponse response = client.listSources(request.build());

    // This creates one list for all sources.  If your organization has a large number of sources
    // this can cause out of memory issues.  You can process them batches by returning
    // the Iterable returned response.iterateAll() directly.
    ImmutableList<Source> results = ImmutableList.copyOf(response.iterateAll());
    System.out.println("Sources:");
    System.out.println(results);
    return results;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	securitycenterpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/securitycenter/v1"
)

// listSources prints all sources in  orgID to w.  orgID is the numeric
// identifier of the organization.
func listSources(w io.Writer, orgID string) error {
	// orgID := "12321311"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	req := &securitycenterpb.ListSourcesRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("organizations/%s", orgID),
	}
	it := client.ListSources(ctx, req)
	for {
		source, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("it.Next: %v", err)
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Source Name: %s, ", source.Name)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Display name: %s, ", source.DisplayName)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Description: %s\n", source.Description)
	}
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();
//  organizationId is the numeric ID of the organization.
/*
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
 */
// const organizaionId = "111122222444";
const orgName = client.organizationPath(organizationId);
// Call the API with automatic pagination.
async function listSources() {
  const [response] = await client.listSources({parent: orgName});
  let count = 0;
  console.log('Sources:');
  Array.from(response).forEach(source =>
    console.log('%d %j', ++count, source)
  );
}

listSources();

Obtener políticas de IAM

Para verificar si se aplicaron las políticas de IAM adecuadas a una fuente, obtén los datos de la política de IAM actual del Security Command Center:

Python

from google.cloud import securitycenter

client = securitycenter.SecurityCenterClient()

# source_name is the resource path for a source that has been
# created previously (you can use list_sources to find a specific one).
# Its format is:
# source_name = "organizations/{organization_id}/sources/{source_id}"
# e.g.:
# source_name = "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234"
# Get the old policy so we can do an incremental update.
policy = client.get_iam_policy(request={"resource": source_name})
print("Policy: {}".format(policy))

Java

static Policy getIamPolicySource(SourceName sourceName) {
  try (SecurityCenterClient client = SecurityCenterClient.create()) {
    // Start setting up a request to get IAM policy for a source.
    // SourceName sourceName = SourceName.of(/*organization=*/"123234324",/*source=*/
    // "423432321");
    GetIamPolicyRequest request =
        GetIamPolicyRequest.newBuilder().setResource(sourceName.toString()).build();

    // Call the API.
    Policy response = client.getIamPolicy(request);

    System.out.println("Policy: " + response);
    return response;
  } catch (IOException e) {
    throw new RuntimeException("Couldn't create client.", e);
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	securitycenter "cloud.google.com/go/securitycenter/apiv1"
	iam "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/iam/v1"
)

// getSourceIamPolicy prints the policy for sourceName to w and return it.
// sourceName is the full resource name of the source with the policy of interest.
func getSourceIamPolicy(w io.Writer, sourceName string) error {
	// sourceName := "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234"
	// Instantiate a context and a security service client to make API calls.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := securitycenter.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("securitycenter.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close() // Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.

	req := &iam.GetIamPolicyRequest{
		Resource: sourceName,
	}

	policy, err := client.GetIamPolicy(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("GetIamPolicy(%s): %v", sourceName, err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Policy: %v", policy)
	return nil
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library.
const {SecurityCenterClient} = require('@google-cloud/security-center');

// Creates a new client.
const client = new SecurityCenterClient();

async function getSourceIamPolicy() {
  // sourceName is the full resource name to retrieve the policy for.
  /*
   * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines
   */
  // const sourceName = "organizations/111122222444/sources/1234";

  const [existingPolicy] = await client.getIamPolicy({
    resource: sourceName,
  });

  console.log('Current policy: %j', existingPolicy);
}
getSourceIamPolicy();