Secret Manager Client Libraries

This page shows how to get started with the Cloud Client Libraries for the Secret Manager API. Read more about the client libraries for Cloud APIs in Client Libraries Explained.

Installing the client library

C#

For more information, see Setting Up a C# Development Environment.

Using PowerShell:

$ Install-Package Google.Cloud.SecretManager.V1 -Version 1.0.0

Using the dotnet CLI:

$ dotnet add package Google.Cloud.SecretManager.V1 --version 1.0.0

Go

For more information, see Setting Up a Go Development Environment.

$ go get -u cloud.google.com/go/secretmanager/apiv1
$ go get -u google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/secretmanager/v1

Java

For more information, see Setting Up a Java Development Environment.

如果您使用的是 Maven,请将以下代码添加到您的 pom.xml 文件中。如需详细了解 BOM,请参阅 Google Cloud Platform 库 BOM

<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>libraries-bom</artifactId>
      <version>18.0.0</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-secretmanager</artifactId>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>

如果您使用的是 Gradle,请将以下代码添加到您的依赖项中:

implementation platform('com.google.cloud:libraries-bom:16.4.0')

compile 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-secretmanager'

如果您使用的是 sbt,请将以下代码添加到您的依赖项中:

libraryDependencies += "com.google.cloud" % "google-cloud-secretmanager" % "1.2.9"

如果您使用的是 IntelliJ 或 Eclipse,请通过以下 IDE 插件将客户端库添加到您的项目中:

上述插件还提供其他功能,例如服务帐号密钥管理。如需了解详情,请参阅各个插件相应的文档。

Node.js

For more information, see Setting Up a Node.js Development Environment.

$ npm install --save @google-cloud/secret-manager

PHP

For more information, see Using PHP on Google Cloud.

$ composer require google/cloud-secret-manager

Python

For more information, see Setting Up a Python Development Environment.

$ pip install google-cloud-secret-manager

Ruby

For more information, see Setting Up a Ruby Development Environment.

$ gem install google-cloud-secret_manager

Setting up authentication

To run the client library, you must first set up authentication by creating a service account and setting an environment variable. Complete the following steps to set up authentication. For other ways to authenticate, see the GCP authentication documentation.

Cloud Console

  1. 在 Cloud Console 中,转到创建服务帐号密钥页面。

    转到“创建服务帐号密钥”页面
  2. 服务帐号列表中,选择新的服务帐号
  3. 服务帐号名称字段中,输入一个名称。
  4. 角色列表中,选择 Project > Owner

  5. 点击创建。包含密钥的 JSON 文件就会下载到计算机。

命令行

您可以使用本地机器上的 Cloud SDK 或在 Cloud Shell 中运行以下命令。

  1. 创建服务帐号。将 NAME 替换为服务帐号的名称。

    gcloud iam service-accounts create NAME
  2. 向服务帐号授予权限。将 PROJECT_ID 替换为您的项目 ID。

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID --member="serviceAccount:NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com" --role="roles/owner"
  3. 生成密钥文件。将 FILE_NAME 替换为密钥文件的名称。

    gcloud iam service-accounts keys create FILE_NAME.json --iam-account=NAME@PROJECT_ID.iam.gserviceaccount.com

通过设置环境变量 GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS 向应用代码提供身份验证凭据。 将 [PATH] 替换为包含您的服务帐号密钥的 JSON 文件的路径。此变量仅适用于当前的 Shell 会话,因此,如果您打开新的会话,请重新设置该变量。

Linux 或 macOS

export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="[PATH]"

例如:

export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="/home/user/Downloads/my-key.json"

Windows

使用 PowerShell:

$env:GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="[PATH]"

例如:

$env:GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS="C:\Users\username\Downloads\my-key.json"

使用命令提示符:

set GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS=[PATH]

Using the client library

The following example shows how to use the client library.

C#

To learn how to install and use the client library for Secret Manager, see the Secret Manager Client Libraries. For more information, see the Secret Manager C# API reference documentation.


using System;
using System.Text;
using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.SecretManager.V1;
using Google.Protobuf;

public class QuickstartSample
{
    public void Quickstart(string projectId = "my-project", string secretId = "my-secret")
    {
        // Create the client.
        SecretManagerServiceClient client = SecretManagerServiceClient.Create();

        // Build the parent project name.
        ProjectName projectName = new ProjectName(projectId);

        // Build the secret to create.
        Secret secret = new Secret
        {
            Replication = new Replication
            {
                Automatic = new Replication.Types.Automatic(),
            },
        };

        Secret createdSecret = client.CreateSecret(projectName, secretId, secret);

        // Build a payload.
        SecretPayload payload = new SecretPayload
        {
            Data = ByteString.CopyFrom("my super secret data", Encoding.UTF8),
        };

        // Add a secret version.
        SecretVersion createdVersion = client.AddSecretVersion(createdSecret.SecretName, payload);

        // Access the secret version.
        AccessSecretVersionResponse result = client.AccessSecretVersion(createdVersion.SecretVersionName);

        // Print the results
        //
        // WARNING: Do not print secrets in production environments. This
        // snippet is for demonstration purposes only.
        string data = result.Payload.Data.ToStringUtf8();
        Console.WriteLine($"Plaintext: {data}");
    }
}

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Secret Manager, see the Secret Manager Client Libraries. For more information, see the Secret Manager Go API reference documentation.


// Sample quickstart is a basic program that uses Secret Manager.
package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"log"

	secretmanager "cloud.google.com/go/secretmanager/apiv1"
	secretmanagerpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/secretmanager/v1"
)

func main() {
	// GCP project in which to store secrets in Secret Manager.
	projectID := "your-project-id"

	// Create the client.
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := secretmanager.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("failed to setup client: %v", err)
	}

	// Create the request to create the secret.
	createSecretReq := &secretmanagerpb.CreateSecretRequest{
		Parent:   fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s", projectID),
		SecretId: "my-secret",
		Secret: &secretmanagerpb.Secret{
			Replication: &secretmanagerpb.Replication{
				Replication: &secretmanagerpb.Replication_Automatic_{
					Automatic: &secretmanagerpb.Replication_Automatic{},
				},
			},
		},
	}

	secret, err := client.CreateSecret(ctx, createSecretReq)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("failed to create secret: %v", err)
	}

	// Declare the payload to store.
	payload := []byte("my super secret data")

	// Build the request.
	addSecretVersionReq := &secretmanagerpb.AddSecretVersionRequest{
		Parent: secret.Name,
		Payload: &secretmanagerpb.SecretPayload{
			Data: payload,
		},
	}

	// Call the API.
	version, err := client.AddSecretVersion(ctx, addSecretVersionReq)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("failed to add secret version: %v", err)
	}

	// Build the request.
	accessRequest := &secretmanagerpb.AccessSecretVersionRequest{
		Name: version.Name,
	}

	// Call the API.
	result, err := client.AccessSecretVersion(ctx, accessRequest)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("failed to access secret version: %v", err)
	}

	// Print the secret payload.
	//
	// WARNING: Do not print the secret in a production environment - this
	// snippet is showing how to access the secret material.
	log.Printf("Plaintext: %s", result.Payload.Data)
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Secret Manager, see the Secret Manager Client Libraries. For more information, see the Secret Manager Java API reference documentation.

import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.AccessSecretVersionResponse;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.ProjectName;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.Replication;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.Secret;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.SecretManagerServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.SecretPayload;
import com.google.cloud.secretmanager.v1.SecretVersion;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;

public class Quickstart {

  public void quickstart() throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String secretId = "your-secret-id";
    quickstart(projectId, secretId);
  }

  public void quickstart(String projectId, String secretId) throws Exception {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (SecretManagerServiceClient client = SecretManagerServiceClient.create()) {
      // Build the parent name from the project.
      ProjectName projectName = ProjectName.of(projectId);

      // Create the parent secret.
      Secret secret =
          Secret.newBuilder()
              .setReplication(
                  Replication.newBuilder()
                      .setAutomatic(Replication.Automatic.newBuilder().build())
                      .build())
              .build();

      Secret createdSecret = client.createSecret(projectName, secretId, secret);

      // Add a secret version.
      SecretPayload payload =
          SecretPayload.newBuilder().setData(ByteString.copyFromUtf8("hello world!")).build();
      SecretVersion addedVersion = client.addSecretVersion(createdSecret.getName(), payload);

      // Access the secret version.
      AccessSecretVersionResponse response = client.accessSecretVersion(addedVersion.getName());

      // Print the secret payload.
      //
      // WARNING: Do not print the secret in a production environment - this
      // snippet is showing how to access the secret material.
      String data = response.getPayload().getData().toStringUtf8();
      System.out.printf("Plaintext: %s\n", data);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Secret Manager, see the Secret Manager Client Libraries. For more information, see the Secret Manager Node.js API reference documentation.

// Import the Secret Manager client and instantiate it:
const {SecretManagerServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/secret-manager');
const client = new SecretManagerServiceClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// parent = 'projects/my-project', // Project for which to manage secrets.
// secretId = 'foo', // Secret ID.
// payload = 'hello world!' // String source data.

async function createAndAccessSecret() {
  // Create the secret with automation replication.
  const [secret] = await client.createSecret({
    parent: parent,
    secret: {
      name: secretId,
      replication: {
        automatic: {},
      },
    },
    secretId,
  });

  console.info(`Created secret ${secret.name}`);

  // Add a version with a payload onto the secret.
  const [version] = await client.addSecretVersion({
    parent: secret.name,
    payload: {
      data: Buffer.from(payload, 'utf8'),
    },
  });

  console.info(`Added secret version ${version.name}`);

  // Access the secret.
  const [accessResponse] = await client.accessSecretVersion({
    name: version.name,
  });

  const responsePayload = accessResponse.payload.data.toString('utf8');
  console.info(`Payload: ${responsePayload}`);
}
createAndAccessSecret();

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Secret Manager, see the Secret Manager Client Libraries. For more information, see the Secret Manager PHP API reference documentation.

// Import the Secret Manager client library.
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\Replication;
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\Replication\Automatic;
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\Secret;
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\SecretManagerServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\SecretManager\V1\SecretPayload;

/** Uncomment and populate these variables in your code */
// $projectId = 'YOUR_GOOGLE_CLOUD_PROJECT' (e.g. 'my-project');
// $secretId = 'YOUR_SECRET_ID' (e.g. 'my-secret');

// Create the Secret Manager client.
$client = new SecretManagerServiceClient();

// Build the parent name from the project.
$parent = $client->projectName($projectId);

// Create the parent secret.
$secret = $client->createSecret($parent, $secretId,
  new Secret([
        'replication' => new Replication([
            'automatic' => new Automatic(),
        ]),
    ])
);

// Add the secret version.
$version = $client->addSecretVersion($secret->getName(), new SecretPayload([
    'data' => 'hello world',
]));

// Access the secret version.
$response = $client->accessSecretVersion($version->getName());

// Print the secret payload.
//
// WARNING: Do not print the secret in a production environment - this
// snippet is showing how to access the secret material.
$payload = $response->getPayload()->getData();
printf('Plaintext: %s' . PHP_EOL, $payload);

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Secret Manager, see the Secret Manager Client Libraries. For more information, see the Secret Manager Python API reference documentation.

# Import the Secret Manager client library.
from google.cloud import secretmanager

# GCP project in which to store secrets in Secret Manager.
project_id = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID"

# ID of the secret to create.
secret_id = "YOUR_SECRET_ID"

# Create the Secret Manager client.
client = secretmanager.SecretManagerServiceClient()

# Build the parent name from the project.
parent = f"projects/{project_id}"

# Create the parent secret.
secret = client.create_secret(
    request={
        "parent": parent,
        "secret_id": secret_id,
        "secret": {"replication": {"automatic": {}}},
    }
)

# Add the secret version.
version = client.add_secret_version(
    request={"parent": secret.name, "payload": {"data": b"hello world!"}}
)

# Access the secret version.
response = client.access_secret_version(request={"name": version.name})

# Print the secret payload.
#
# WARNING: Do not print the secret in a production environment - this
# snippet is showing how to access the secret material.
payload = response.payload.data.decode("UTF-8")
print("Plaintext: {}".format(payload))

Ruby

To learn how to install and use the client library for Secret Manager, see the Secret Manager Client Libraries. For more information, see the Secret Manager Ruby API reference documentation.

# project_id  = "YOUR-GOOGLE-CLOUD-PROJECT"  # (e.g. "my-project")
# secret_id   = "YOUR-SECRET-ID"             # (e.g. "my-secret")

# Import the Secret Manager client library.
require "google/cloud/secret_manager"

# Create the Secret Manager client.
client = Google::Cloud::SecretManager.secret_manager_service

# Build the parent name from the project.
parent = "projects/#{project_id}"

# Create the parent secret.
secret = client.create_secret(
  parent:    parent,
  secret_id: secret_id,
  secret:    {
    replication: {
      automatic: {}
    }
  }
)

# Add a secret version.
version = client.add_secret_version(
  parent:  secret.name,
  payload: {
    data: "hello world!"
  }
)

# Access the secret version.
response = client.access_secret_version name: version.name

# Print the secret payload.
#
# WARNING: Do not print the secret in a production environment - this
# snippet is showing how to access the secret material.
payload = response.payload.data
puts "Plaintext: #{payload}"

Additional resources