Create and manage Lite subscriptions

Subscribers use a Lite subscription to read messages from a Lite topic. When you create a Lite subscription, you attach it to a Lite topic. You can attach many Lite subscriptions to a single Lite topic.

Properties of a Lite subscription

A subscription for a zonal Lite topic has identical properties to a subscription for a regional Lite topic, except for the following:

  • Location type, a zone or a region, used in the resource name. An example of a region location is us-central1; an example of a zone location is us-central1-a.

  • Reliability. See Data replication in a Lite topic to learn more about reliability differences between regional and zonal topics.

Lite subscriptions have a delivery requirement property. Lite subscriptions can deliver messages to subscribers immediately after the Pub/Sub Lite service receives the messages or only after the Pub/Sub Lite service stores the message on disk.

If the delivery requirement is deliver-immediately and the Pub/Sub Lite service fails to write a message to storage, the Pub/Sub Lite service returns an error to the publisher but subscribers might still receive the message.

Create a Lite subscription

A Lite subscription must be in the same project and location as the Lite topic to which the Lite subscription is attached.

To create a Lite topic, see Create and manage a Lite topic.

For a list of the available locations, see Pub/Sub Lite locations.

You can create a Lite subscription with the Cloud console, the Google Cloud CLI, or the Pub/Sub Lite API.

Console

  1. Go to the Lite Subscriptions page.

    Go to Lite Subscriptions

  2. Click Create Lite subscription.

  3. Enter a Lite subscription ID.

  4. Choose a Lite topic to receive messages from.

  5. Choose Deliver messages immediately or Deliver messages after stored.

  6. Choose a type of Starting offset.

  7. Click Create.

gcloud

To create a Lite subscription, use the gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions create command:

gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions create SUBSCRIPTION_ID \
  --location=LOCATION \
  --topic=TOPIC_ID \
  --delivery-requirement=DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT

Replace the following:

  • SUBSCRIPTION_ID: the ID of the Lite subscription

  • LOCATION: the name of a location that Pub/Sub Lite supports

  • TOPIC_ID: the ID of the Lite topic to attach to the Lite subscription

  • DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT: deliver-after-stored or deliver-immediately

If the request is successful, the command line displays a confirmation:

Created [SUBSCRIPTION_ID].

Protocol

To create a Lite subscription, send a POST request like the following:

POST https://REGION-pubsublite.googleapis.com/v1/admin/projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
Authorization: Bearer $(gcloud auth print-access-token)

Replace the following:

Specify the following fields in the request body:

{
  "topic": projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID,
  "deliveryConfig": {
    "deliveryRequirement": DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT,
   }
}

Replace DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT with deliver-after-stored or deliver-immediately.

If the request is successful, the response is the Lite subscription in JSON format:

{
  "deliveryConfig": {
    "deliveryRequirement": DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT,
   }
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID",
  "topic": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID",
}

Go

Before running this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite"
)

func createSubscription(w io.Writer, projectID, region, location, topicID, subID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// region := "us-central1"
	// NOTE: location can be either a region ("us-central1") or a zone ("us-central1-a")
	// For a list of valid locations, see https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/locations.
	// location := "us-central1"
	// NOTE: topic and subscription must be in the same region/zone (e.g. "us-central1-a")
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	// subID := "my-subscription"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsublite.NewAdminClient(ctx, region)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsublite.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	sub, err := client.CreateSubscription(ctx, pubsublite.SubscriptionConfig{
		Name:                fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/subscriptions/%s", projectID, location, subID),
		Topic:               fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/topics/%s", projectID, location, topicID),
		DeliveryRequirement: pubsublite.DeliverImmediately, // can also be DeliverAfterStored
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.CreateSubscription got err: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created subscription: %s\n", sub.Name)
	return nil
}

Java

Before running this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import com.google.api.gax.rpc.AlreadyExistsException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClientSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Subscription;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Subscription.DeliveryConfig;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Subscription.DeliveryConfig.DeliveryRequirement;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class CreateSubscriptionExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = false;

    createSubscriptionExample(
        cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, topicId, subscriptionId, regional);
  }

  public static void createSubscriptionExample(
      String cloudRegion,
      char zoneId,
      long projectNumber,
      String topicId,
      String subscriptionId,
      boolean regional)
      throws Exception {

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    TopicPath topicPath =
        TopicPath.newBuilder()
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setLocation(location)
            .setName(TopicName.of(topicId))
            .build();

    SubscriptionPath subscriptionPath =
        SubscriptionPath.newBuilder()
            .setLocation(location)
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setName(SubscriptionName.of(subscriptionId))
            .build();

    Subscription subscription =
        Subscription.newBuilder()
            .setDeliveryConfig(
                // Possible values for DeliveryRequirement:
                // - `DELIVER_IMMEDIATELY`
                // - `DELIVER_AFTER_STORED`
                // You may choose whether to wait for a published message to be successfully written
                // to storage before the server delivers it to subscribers. `DELIVER_IMMEDIATELY` is
                // suitable for applications that need higher throughput.
                DeliveryConfig.newBuilder()
                    .setDeliveryRequirement(DeliveryRequirement.DELIVER_IMMEDIATELY))
            .setName(subscriptionPath.toString())
            .setTopic(topicPath.toString())
            .build();

    AdminClientSettings adminClientSettings =
        AdminClientSettings.newBuilder().setRegion(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion)).build();

    try (AdminClient adminClient = AdminClient.create(adminClientSettings)) {
      Subscription response = adminClient.createSubscription(subscription).get();
      System.out.println(response.getAllFields() + " created successfully.");
    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
      try {
        throw e.getCause();
      } catch (AlreadyExistsException alreadyExists) {
        System.out.println("This subscription already exists.");
      } catch (Throwable throwable) {
        throwable.printStackTrace();
      }
    }
  }
}

Python

Before running this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

from google.api_core.exceptions import AlreadyExists
from google.cloud.pubsublite import AdminClient, Subscription
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import (
    CloudRegion,
    CloudZone,
    SubscriptionPath,
    TopicPath,
)

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# regional = True

if regional:
    location = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
else:
    location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)

topic_path = TopicPath(project_number, location, topic_id)
subscription_path = SubscriptionPath(project_number, location, subscription_id)

subscription = Subscription(
    name=str(subscription_path),
    topic=str(topic_path),
    delivery_config=Subscription.DeliveryConfig(
        # Possible values for delivery_requirement:
        # - `DELIVER_IMMEDIATELY`
        # - `DELIVER_AFTER_STORED`
        # You may choose whether to wait for a published message to be successfully written
        # to storage before the server delivers it to subscribers. `DELIVER_IMMEDIATELY` is
        # suitable for applications that need higher throughput.
        delivery_requirement=Subscription.DeliveryConfig.DeliveryRequirement.DELIVER_IMMEDIATELY,
    ),
)

client = AdminClient(cloud_region)
try:
    response = client.create_subscription(subscription)
    print(f"{response.name} created successfully.")
except AlreadyExists:
    print(f"{subscription_path} already exists.")

After creating a Lite subscription to a Lite topic, you can receive messages from the Lite subscription.

Update a Lite subscription

You can update Lite subscriptions with the Cloud console, the Google Cloud CLI, or the Pub/Sub Lite API.

Console

  1. Go to the Lite Subscriptions page.

    Go to Lite Subscriptions

  2. Click the Lite subscription ID.

  3. In the Lite subscription details page, click Edit.

gcloud

To update a Lite subscription, use the gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions update command:

gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions update SUBSCRIPTION_ID \
  --location=LOCATION \
  --delivery-requirement=DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT

Replace the following:

  • SUBSCRIPTION_ID: the ID of the Lite subscription

  • LOCATION: the name of the location that the Lite subscription is in

  • DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT: deliver-after-stored or deliver-immediately

If the request is successful, the command line displays the Lite subscription:

deliveryConfig:
  deliveryRequirement: DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT
name: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
topic: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID

Protocol

To update a Lite subscription, send a PATCH request like the following:

PATCH https://REGION-pubsublite.googleapis.com/v1/admin/projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID?updateMask=deliveryConfig.deliveryRequirement
Authorization: Bearer $(gcloud auth print-access-token)

Replace the following:

  • REGION: the region to store the Lite subscription in

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: the project number of the project with the Lite subscription

  • LOCATION: the name of the location that the Lite subscription is in

  • SUBSCRIPTION_ID: the ID of the Lite subscription

Specify the following fields in the request body:

{
  "deliveryConfig": {
    "deliveryRequirement": DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT,
   }
}

Replace DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT with deliver-after-stored or deliver-immediately.

If the request is successful, the response is the Lite subscription in JSON format:

{
  "deliveryConfig": {
    "deliveryRequirement": DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT,
   }
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID",
  "topic": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID",
}

Go

Before running this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite"
)

func updateSubscription(w io.Writer, projectID, region, location, subID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// region := "us-central1"
	// NOTE: location can be either a region ("us-central1") or a zone ("us-central1-a")
	// For a list of valid locations, see https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/locations.
	// location := "us-central1"
	// subID := "my-subscription"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsublite.NewAdminClient(ctx, region)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsublite.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	subPath := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/subscriptions/%s", projectID, location, subID)
	config := pubsublite.SubscriptionConfigToUpdate{
		Name:                subPath,
		DeliveryRequirement: pubsublite.DeliverAfterStored,
	}
	updatedCfg, err := client.UpdateSubscription(ctx, config)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.UpdateSubscription got err: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Updated subscription: %#v\n", updatedCfg)
	return nil
}

Java

Before running this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import com.google.api.gax.rpc.NotFoundException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClientSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Subscription;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Subscription.DeliveryConfig;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Subscription.DeliveryConfig.DeliveryRequirement;
import com.google.protobuf.FieldMask;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class UpdateSubscriptionExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    // Choose an existing subscription.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = false;

    updateSubscriptionExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, subscriptionId, regional);
  }

  public static void updateSubscriptionExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, String subscriptionId, boolean regional)
      throws Exception {

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    SubscriptionPath subscriptionPath =
        SubscriptionPath.newBuilder()
            .setLocation(location)
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setName(SubscriptionName.of(subscriptionId))
            .build();

    FieldMask fieldMask =
        FieldMask.newBuilder().addPaths("delivery_config.delivery_requirement").build();

    Subscription subscription =
        Subscription.newBuilder()
            .setDeliveryConfig(
                // Possible values for DeliveryRequirement:
                // - `DELIVER_IMMEDIATELY`
                // - `DELIVER_AFTER_STORED`
                // `DELIVER_AFTER_STORED` requires a published message to be successfully written
                // to storage before the server delivers it to subscribers.
                DeliveryConfig.newBuilder()
                    .setDeliveryRequirement(DeliveryRequirement.DELIVER_AFTER_STORED))
            .setName(subscriptionPath.toString())
            .build();

    AdminClientSettings adminClientSettings =
        AdminClientSettings.newBuilder().setRegion(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion)).build();

    try (AdminClient adminClient = AdminClient.create(adminClientSettings)) {
      Subscription subscriptionBeforeUpdate = adminClient.getSubscription(subscriptionPath).get();
      System.out.println("Before update: " + subscriptionBeforeUpdate.getAllFields());

      Subscription subscriptionAfterUpdate =
          adminClient.updateSubscription(subscription, fieldMask).get();
      System.out.println("After update: " + subscriptionAfterUpdate.getAllFields());
    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
      try {
        throw e.getCause();
      } catch (NotFoundException notFound) {
        System.out.println("This subscription is not found.");
      } catch (Throwable throwable) {
        throwable.printStackTrace();
      }
    }
  }
}

Python

Before running this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

from google.api_core.exceptions import NotFound
from google.cloud.pubsublite import AdminClient, Subscription
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import CloudRegion, CloudZone, SubscriptionPath
from google.protobuf.field_mask_pb2 import FieldMask

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# regional = True

if regional:
    location = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
else:
    location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)

subscription_path = SubscriptionPath(project_number, location, subscription_id)
field_mask = FieldMask(paths=["delivery_config.delivery_requirement"])

subscription = Subscription(
    name=str(subscription_path),
    delivery_config=Subscription.DeliveryConfig(
        # Possible values for delivery_requirement:
        # - `DELIVER_IMMEDIATELY`
        # - `DELIVER_AFTER_STORED`
        # `DELIVER_AFTER_STORED` requires a published message to be successfully written
        # to storage before the server delivers it to subscribers.
        delivery_requirement=Subscription.DeliveryConfig.DeliveryRequirement.DELIVER_AFTER_STORED,
    ),
)

client = AdminClient(cloud_region)
try:
    response = client.update_subscription(subscription, field_mask)
    print(f"{response.name} updated successfully.")
except NotFound:
    print(f"{subscription_path} not found.")

View Lite subscription details

You can get details about a Lite subscription using the Cloud console, the Google Cloud CLI, or the Pub/Sub Lite API.

Console

  1. Go to the Lite Subscriptions page.

    Go to Lite Subscriptions

  2. Click the Lite subscription ID.

gcloud

To get details about a Lite subscription, use the gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions describe command:

gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions describe SUBSCRIPTION_ID \
  --location=LOCATION

Replace the following:

  • SUBSCRIPTION_ID: the ID of the Lite subscription

  • LOCATION: the name of the location that the Lite subscription is in

If the request is successful, the command line displays the Lite topic:

deliveryConfig:
  deliveryRequirement: DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT
name: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
topic: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID

Protocol

To get details about a Lite subscription, send a GET request like the following:

GET https://REGION-pubsublite.googleapis.com/v1/admin/projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
Authorization: Bearer $(gcloud auth print-access-token)

Replace the following:

  • REGION: the region to store the Lite subscription in

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: the project number of the project with the Lite subscription

  • LOCATION: the name of the location that the Lite subscription is in

  • SUBSCRIPTION_ID: the ID of the Lite subscription

If the request is successful, the response is the Lite topic in JSON format:

{
  "deliveryConfig": {
    "deliveryRequirement": DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT,
   }
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID",
  "topic": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID",
}

Go

Before running this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite"
)

func getSubscription(w io.Writer, projectID, region, location, subID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// region := "us-central1"
	// NOTE: location can be either a region ("us-central1") or a zone ("us-central1-a")
	// For a list of valid locations, see https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/locations.
	// location := "us-central1"
	// subID := "my-subscription"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsublite.NewAdminClient(ctx, region)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsublite.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	subPath := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/subscriptions/%s", projectID, location, subID)
	sub, err := client.Subscription(ctx, subPath)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.Subscription got err: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Got subscription: %#v\n", sub)
	return nil
}

Java

Before running this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import com.google.api.gax.rpc.NotFoundException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClientSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Subscription;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class GetSubscriptionExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    // Choose an existing subscription.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = false;

    getSubscriptionExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, subscriptionId, regional);
  }

  public static void getSubscriptionExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, String subscriptionId, boolean regional)
      throws Exception {

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    SubscriptionPath subscriptionPath =
        SubscriptionPath.newBuilder()
            .setLocation(location)
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setName(SubscriptionName.of(subscriptionId))
            .build();

    AdminClientSettings adminClientSettings =
        AdminClientSettings.newBuilder().setRegion(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion)).build();

    try (AdminClient adminClient = AdminClient.create(adminClientSettings)) {
      Subscription subscription = adminClient.getSubscription(subscriptionPath).get();
      System.out.println(subscription.getAllFields());
    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
      try {
        throw e.getCause();
      } catch (NotFoundException notFound) {
        System.out.println("This subscription is not found.");
      } catch (Throwable throwable) {
        throwable.printStackTrace();
      }
    }
  }
}

Python

Before running this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

from google.api_core.exceptions import NotFound
from google.cloud.pubsublite import AdminClient
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import CloudRegion, CloudZone, SubscriptionPath

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# regional = True

if regional:
    location = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
else:
    location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)

subscription_path = SubscriptionPath(project_number, location, subscription_id)

client = AdminClient(cloud_region)
try:
    response = client.get_subscription(subscription_path)
    print(f"{response.name} exists.")
except NotFound:
    print(f"{subscription_path} not found.")

List Lite subscriptions

You can list the Lite subscriptions in a project or the Lite subscriptions to a Lite topic.

List Lite subscriptions in a project

You can list Lite subscriptions in a project using the Cloud console, the Google Cloud CLI, or the Pub/Sub Lite API.

Console

gcloud

gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions list \
  --location=LOCATION

Replace LOCATION with the name of the location that the Lite subscriptions are in.

If the request is successful, the command line displays the Lite subscriptions:

---
deliveryConfig:
  deliveryRequirement: DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT
name: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
topic: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID
---
deliveryConfig:
  deliveryRequirement: DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT
name: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
topic: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID

Protocol

  • To list the Lite subscriptions in a project, send a GET request like the following:
GET https://REGION-pubsublite.googleapis.com/v1/admin/projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/subscriptions
Authorization: Bearer $(gcloud auth print-access-token)

Replace the following:

  • REGION: the region to store the Lite subscription in

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: the project number of the project with the Lite subscription

If the request is successful, the response is the Lite topic in JSON format:

{
  "subscriptions": [
      {
          "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID"
      },
      {
          "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID"
      }
  ]
}

Go

Before running this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

func listSubscriptionsInProject(w io.Writer, projectID, region, location string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// region := "us-central1"
	// NOTE: location can be either a region ("us-central1") or a zone ("us-central1-a")
	// For a list of valid locations, see https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/locations.
	// location := "us-central1"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsublite.NewAdminClient(ctx, region)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsublite.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	// To list topics in a region, set location to a cloud region instead.
	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectID, location)
	subIter := client.Subscriptions(ctx, parent)
	for {
		sub, err := subIter.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("subIter.Next() got err: %v", err)
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Got subscription config: %v", sub)
	}
	return nil
}

Java

Before running this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClientSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.LocationPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.proto.Subscription;
import java.util.List;

public class ListSubscriptionsInProjectExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = true;

    listSubscriptionsInProjectExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, regional);
  }

  public static void listSubscriptionsInProjectExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, boolean regional) throws Exception {

    AdminClientSettings adminClientSettings =
        AdminClientSettings.newBuilder().setRegion(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion)).build();

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    LocationPath locationPath =
        LocationPath.newBuilder()
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setLocation(location)
            .build();

    try (AdminClient adminClient = AdminClient.create(adminClientSettings)) {
      List<Subscription> subscriptions = adminClient.listSubscriptions(locationPath).get();
      for (Subscription subscription : subscriptions) {
        System.out.println(subscription.getAllFields());
      }
      System.out.println(subscriptions.size() + " subscription(s) listed in the project.");
    }
  }
}

Python

Before running this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

from google.cloud.pubsublite import AdminClient
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import CloudRegion, CloudZone, LocationPath

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# regional = True

if regional:
    location = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
else:
    location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)

location_path = LocationPath(project_number, location)

client = AdminClient(cloud_region)
response = client.list_subscriptions(location_path)

for subscription in response:
    print(subscription.name)

print(f"{len(response)} subscription(s) listed in your project and location.")

Listing Lite subscriptions to a Lite topic

You can list Lite subscriptions to a Lite topic using the Cloud console, the Google Cloud CLI, or the Pub/Sub Lite API.

Console

  1. Go to the Lite Topics page.

    Go to Lite Topics

  2. Select a Lite topic ID.

  3. In the Lite topics details page, the Lite subscriptions section includes a list of Lite subscriptions to the Lite topic.

gcloud

gcloud pubsub lite-topics list-subscriptions TOPIC_ID \
  --location=LOCATION

Replace the following:

  • TOPIC_ID: the ID of the Lite topic that the Lite subscriptions are attached to

  • LOCATION: the name of the location that the Lite subscription is in

If the request is successful, the command line displays the Lite subscriptions:

---
deliveryConfig:
  deliveryRequirement: DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT
name: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
topic: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID
---
deliveryConfig:
  deliveryRequirement: DELIVERY_REQUIREMENT
name: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
topic: projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/topics/TOPIC_ID

Protocol

  • To list the Lite subscriptions to a Lite topic, send a GET request like the following:
GET https://REGION-pubsublite.googleapis.com/v1/admin/projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/lite-topics/TOPIC_ID/subscriptions
Authorization: Bearer $(gcloud auth print-access-token)

Replace the following:

  • REGION: the region to store the Lite subscription in

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: the project number of the project with the Lite subscription

  • LOCATION: the name of the location that the Lite subscription is in

  • TOPIC_ID: the ID of the Lite topic that the Lite subscriptions are attached to

If the request is successful, the response is a list of Lite subscriptions in JSON format:

{
  "subscriptions": [
      {
          "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID"
      },
      {
          "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID"
      }
  ]
}

Go

Before running this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

func listSubscriptionsInTopic(w io.Writer, projectID, region, location, topicID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// region := "us-central1"
	// NOTE: location can be either a region ("us-central1") or a zone ("us-central1-a")
	// For a list of valid locations, see https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/locations.
	// location := "us-central"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsublite.NewAdminClient(ctx, region)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsublite.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	topicPath := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/topics/%s", projectID, location, topicID)
	subPathIter := client.TopicSubscriptions(ctx, topicPath)
	for {
		subPath, err := subPathIter.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("subPathIter.Next got err: %v", err)
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Got subscription: %s\n", subPath)
	}
	return nil
}

Java

Before running this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClientSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicPath;
import java.util.List;

public class ListSubscriptionsInTopicExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = false;

    listSubscriptionsInTopicExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, topicId, regional);
  }

  public static void listSubscriptionsInTopicExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, String topicId, boolean regional)
      throws Exception {

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    TopicPath topicPath =
        TopicPath.newBuilder()
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setLocation(location)
            .setName(TopicName.of(topicId))
            .build();

    AdminClientSettings adminClientSettings =
        AdminClientSettings.newBuilder().setRegion(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion)).build();

    try (AdminClient adminClient = AdminClient.create(adminClientSettings)) {
      List<SubscriptionPath> subscriptionPaths =
          adminClient.listTopicSubscriptions(topicPath).get();
      for (SubscriptionPath subscription : subscriptionPaths) {
        System.out.println(subscription.toString());
      }
      if (regional) {
        System.out.println(
            subscriptionPaths.size()
                + " subscription(s) listed in the regional topic "
                + topicPath);
      } else {
        System.out.println(
            subscriptionPaths.size() + " subscription(s) listed in the zonal topic " + topicPath);
      }
    }
  }
}

Python

Before running this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

from google.cloud.pubsublite import AdminClient
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import CloudRegion, CloudZone, TopicPath

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
# regional = True

if regional:
    location = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
else:
    location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)

topic_path = TopicPath(project_number, location, topic_id)

client = AdminClient(cloud_region)
response = client.list_topic_subscriptions(topic_path)

for subscription_path in response:
    print(subscription_path)

print(f"{len(response)} subscription(s) listed in your topic.")

Delete a Lite subscription

You can delete Lite subscriptions with the Cloud console, the Google Cloud CLI, or the Pub/Sub Lite API.

Console

  1. Go to the Lite Subscriptions page.

    Go to Lite Subscriptions

  2. Click the Lite subscription ID.

  3. In the Lite subscription details page, click Delete.

  4. In the dialog that appears, click Delete to confirm that you want to delete the Lite subscription.

gcloud

To delete a Lite subscription, use the gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions delete command:

  1. Run the delete command:

    gcloud pubsub lite-subscriptions delete SUBSCRIPTION_ID \
     --location=LOCATION
    

    Replace the following:

    • SUBSCRIPTION_ID: the ID of the Lite subscription

    • LOCATION: the name of the location that the Lite subscription is in

  2. To confirm, type Y.

If the request is successful, the command line displays a confirmation:

Deleted subscription [SUBSCRIPTION_ID].

Protocol

  • To delete a Lite topic, send a DELETE request like the following:
DELETE https://REGION-pubsublite.googleapis.com/v1/admin/projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/subscriptions/SUBSCRIPTION_ID
Authorization: Bearer $(gcloud auth print-access-token)

Replace the following:

  • REGION: the region to store the Lite subscription in

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: the project number of the project with the Lite subscription

  • LOCATION: the name of the location that the Lite subscription is in

  • SUBSCRIPTION_ID: the ID of the Lite subscription

If the request is successful, the response is an empty JSON object.

Go

Before running this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite"
)

func deleteSubscription(w io.Writer, projectID, region, location, subID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// region := "us-central1"
	// NOTE: location can be either a region ("us-central1") or a zone ("us-central1-a")
	// For a list of valid locations, see https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/locations.
	// location := "us-central1"
	// subID := "my-subscription"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := pubsublite.NewAdminClient(ctx, region)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pubsublite.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	err = client.DeleteSubscription(ctx, fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/subscriptions/%s", projectID, location, subID))
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.DeleteSubscription got err: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Deleted subscription\n")
	return nil
}

Java

Before running this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

import com.google.api.gax.rpc.NotFoundException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.AdminClientSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionPath;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class DeleteSubscriptionExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    // Choose an existing subscription.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = false;

    deleteSubscriptionExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, subscriptionId, regional);
  }

  public static void deleteSubscriptionExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, String subscriptionId, boolean regional)
      throws Exception {

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    SubscriptionPath subscriptionPath =
        SubscriptionPath.newBuilder()
            .setLocation(location)
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setName(SubscriptionName.of(subscriptionId))
            .build();

    AdminClientSettings adminClientSettings =
        AdminClientSettings.newBuilder().setRegion(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion)).build();

    try (AdminClient adminClient = AdminClient.create(adminClientSettings)) {
      adminClient.deleteSubscription(subscriptionPath).get();
      System.out.println(subscriptionPath + " deleted successfully.");
    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
      try {
        throw e.getCause();
      } catch (NotFoundException notFound) {
        System.out.println("This subscription is not found.");
      } catch (Throwable throwable) {
        throwable.printStackTrace();
      }
    }
  }
}

Python

Before running this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in Pub/Sub Lite Client Libraries.

from google.api_core.exceptions import NotFound
from google.cloud.pubsublite import AdminClient
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import CloudRegion, CloudZone, SubscriptionPath

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# regional = True

if regional:
    location = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
else:
    location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)

subscription_path = SubscriptionPath(project_number, location, subscription_id)

client = AdminClient(cloud_region)
try:
    client.delete_subscription(subscription_path)
    print(f"{subscription_path} deleted successfully.")
except NotFound:
    print(f"{subscription_path} not found.")

What's Next