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Suscribirse

Usa un suscriptor de varias particiones y de flujo controlado (una colección de suscriptores) para suscribirte a un tema de varias particiones y procesar mensajes de forma asíncrona en las devoluciones de llamada.

Páginas de documentación que incluyen esta muestra de código

Para ver la muestra de código usada en contexto, consulta la siguiente documentación:

Muestra de código

Java

import com.google.api.gax.rpc.ApiException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.SubscriptionPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.FlowControlSettings;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.Subscriber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.SubscriberSettings;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class SubscriberExample {

  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    // Choose an existing subscription for the subscribe example to work.
    String subscriptionId = "your-subscription-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");

    subscriberExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, subscriptionId);
  }

  public static void subscriberExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, String subscriptionId)
      throws ApiException {

    SubscriptionPath subscriptionPath =
        SubscriptionPath.newBuilder()
            .setLocation(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId))
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setName(SubscriptionName.of(subscriptionId))
            .build();

    // The message stream is paused based on the maximum size or number of messages that the
    // subscriber has already received, whichever condition is met first.
    FlowControlSettings flowControlSettings =
        FlowControlSettings.builder()
            // 10 MiB. Must be greater than the allowed size of the largest message (1 MiB).
            .setBytesOutstanding(10 * 1024 * 1024L)
            // 1,000 outstanding messages. Must be >0.
            .setMessagesOutstanding(1000L)
            .build();

    MessageReceiver receiver =
        (PubsubMessage message, AckReplyConsumer consumer) -> {
          System.out.println("Id : " + message.getMessageId());
          System.out.println("Data : " + message.getData().toStringUtf8());
          consumer.ack();
        };

    SubscriberSettings subscriberSettings =
        SubscriberSettings.newBuilder()
            .setSubscriptionPath(subscriptionPath)
            .setReceiver(receiver)
            // Flow control settings are set at the partition level.
            .setPerPartitionFlowControlSettings(flowControlSettings)
            .build();

    Subscriber subscriber = Subscriber.create(subscriberSettings);

    // Start the subscriber. Upon successful starting, its state will become RUNNING.
    subscriber.startAsync().awaitRunning();

    System.out.println("Listening to messages on " + subscriptionPath.toString() + "...");

    try {
      System.out.println(subscriber.state());
      // Wait 90 seconds for the subscriber to reach TERMINATED state. If it encounters
      // unrecoverable errors before then, its state will change to FAILED and an
      // IllegalStateException will be thrown.
      subscriber.awaitTerminated(90, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    } catch (TimeoutException t) {
      // Shut down the subscriber. This will change the state of the subscriber to TERMINATED.
      subscriber.stopAsync().awaitTerminated();
      System.out.println("Subscriber is shut down: " + subscriber.state());
    }
  }
}

Python

from concurrent.futures._base import TimeoutError
from google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub import SubscriberClient
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import (
    CloudRegion,
    CloudZone,
    FlowControlSettings,
    SubscriptionPath,
)

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# subscription_id = "your-subscription-id"
# timeout = 90

location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)
subscription_path = SubscriptionPath(project_number, location, subscription_id)
# Configure when to pause the message stream for more incoming messages based on the
# maximum size or number of messages that a single-partition subscriber has received,
# whichever condition is met first.
per_partition_flow_control_settings = FlowControlSettings(
    # 1,000 outstanding messages. Must be >0.
    messages_outstanding=1000,
    # 10 MiB. Must be greater than the allowed size of the largest message (1 MiB).
    bytes_outstanding=10 * 1024 * 1024,
)

def callback(message):
    message_data = message.data.decode("utf-8")
    print(f"Received {message_data} of ordering key {message.ordering_key}.")
    message.ack()

# SubscriberClient() must be used in a `with` block or have __enter__() called before use.
with SubscriberClient() as subscriber_client:

    streaming_pull_future = subscriber_client.subscribe(
        subscription_path,
        callback=callback,
        per_partition_flow_control_settings=per_partition_flow_control_settings,
    )

    print(f"Listening for messages on {str(subscription_path)}...")

    try:
        streaming_pull_future.result(timeout=timeout)
    except TimeoutError or KeyboardInterrupt:
        streaming_pull_future.cancel()
        assert streaming_pull_future.done()