Publicar con atributos personalizados

Publica mensajes con atributos personalizados.

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Para obtener documentación en la que se incluye esta muestra de código, consulta lo siguiente:

Muestra de código

Go

Para autenticarte en Pub/Sub Lite, configura las credenciales predeterminadas de la aplicación. Si deseas obtener más información, consulta Configura la autenticación para un entorno de desarrollo local.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsublite/pscompat"
)

func publishWithCustomAttributes(w io.Writer, projectID, zone, topicID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// zone := "us-central1-a"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	ctx := context.Background()
	topicPath := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/topics/%s", projectID, zone, topicID)

	// Create the publisher client.
	publisher, err := pscompat.NewPublisherClient(ctx, topicPath)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("pscompat.NewPublisherClient error: %w", err)
	}

	// Ensure the publisher will be shut down.
	defer publisher.Stop()

	// Publish a message with custom attributes.
	result := publisher.Publish(ctx, &pubsub.Message{
		Data: []byte("message-with-custom-attributes"),
		Attributes: map[string]string{
			"year":   "2020",
			"author": "unknown",
		},
	})

	// Get blocks until the result is ready.
	id, err := result.Get(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("publish error: %w", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Published a message with custom attributes: %v\n", id)
	return publisher.Error()
}

Java

Para autenticarte en Pub/Sub Lite, configura las credenciales predeterminadas de la aplicación. Si deseas obtener más información, consulta Configura la autenticación para un entorno de desarrollo local.

import com.google.api.core.ApiFuture;
import com.google.api.gax.rpc.ApiException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegion;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudRegionOrZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.CloudZone;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.MessageMetadata;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.ProjectNumber;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicName;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.TopicPath;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.MessageTransforms;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.Publisher;
import com.google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub.PublisherSettings;
import com.google.common.collect.ImmutableMap;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import com.google.protobuf.util.Timestamps;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.time.Instant;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class PublishWithCustomAttributesExample {
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String cloudRegion = "your-cloud-region";
    char zoneId = 'b';
    // Choose an existing topic for the publish example to work.
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";
    long projectNumber = Long.parseLong("123456789");
    // True if using a regional location. False if using a zonal location.
    // https://cloud.google.com/pubsub/lite/docs/topics
    boolean regional = false;

    publishWithCustomAttributesExample(cloudRegion, zoneId, projectNumber, topicId, regional);
  }

  // Publish messages to a topic with custom attributes.
  public static void publishWithCustomAttributesExample(
      String cloudRegion, char zoneId, long projectNumber, String topicId, boolean regional)
      throws ApiException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {

    CloudRegionOrZone location;
    if (regional) {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion));
    } else {
      location = CloudRegionOrZone.of(CloudZone.of(CloudRegion.of(cloudRegion), zoneId));
    }

    TopicPath topicPath =
        TopicPath.newBuilder()
            .setProject(ProjectNumber.of(projectNumber))
            .setLocation(location)
            .setName(TopicName.of(topicId))
            .build();

    PublisherSettings publisherSettings =
        PublisherSettings.newBuilder().setTopicPath(topicPath).build();

    Publisher publisher = Publisher.create(publisherSettings);

    // Start the publisher. Upon successful starting, its state will become RUNNING.
    publisher.startAsync().awaitRunning();

    // Prepare the message data as a byte string.
    String messageData = "message-with-custom-attributes";
    ByteString data = ByteString.copyFromUtf8(messageData);

    // Prepare a protobuf-encoded event timestamp for the message.
    Instant now = Instant.now();
    String eventTime =
        MessageTransforms.encodeAttributeEventTime(Timestamps.fromMillis(now.toEpochMilli()));

    PubsubMessage pubsubMessage =
        PubsubMessage.newBuilder()
            .setData(data)
            // Add two sets of custom attributes to the message.
            .putAllAttributes(ImmutableMap.of("year", "2020", "author", "unknown"))
            // Add an event timestamp as an attribute.
            .putAttributes(MessageTransforms.PUBSUB_LITE_EVENT_TIME_TIMESTAMP_PROTO, eventTime)
            .build();

    // Publish a message.
    ApiFuture<String> future = publisher.publish(pubsubMessage);

    // Shut down the publisher.
    publisher.stopAsync().awaitTerminated();

    String ackId = future.get();
    MessageMetadata metadata = MessageMetadata.decode(ackId);
    System.out.println("Published a message with custom attributes:\n" + metadata);
  }
}

Python

Para autenticarte en Pub/Sub Lite, configura las credenciales predeterminadas de la aplicación. Si deseas obtener más información, consulta Configura la autenticación para un entorno de desarrollo local.

from google.cloud.pubsublite.cloudpubsub import PublisherClient
from google.cloud.pubsublite.types import (
    CloudRegion,
    CloudZone,
    MessageMetadata,
    TopicPath,
)

# TODO(developer):
# project_number = 1122334455
# cloud_region = "us-central1"
# zone_id = "a"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"
# regional = True

if regional:
    location = CloudRegion(cloud_region)
else:
    location = CloudZone(CloudRegion(cloud_region), zone_id)

topic_path = TopicPath(project_number, location, topic_id)

# PublisherClient() must be used in a `with` block or have __enter__() called before use.
with PublisherClient() as publisher_client:
    data = "Hello world!"
    api_future = publisher_client.publish(
        topic_path,
        data.encode("utf-8"),
        year="2020",
        author="unknown",
    )
    # result() blocks. To resolve api futures asynchronously, use add_done_callback().
    message_id = api_future.result()
    message_metadata = MessageMetadata.decode(message_id)
    print(
        f"Published {data} to partition {message_metadata.partition.value} and offset {message_metadata.cursor.offset}."
    )

print(f"Finished publishing a message with custom attributes to {str(topic_path)}.")

¿Qué sigue?

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