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Advertise specific VPC subnets

Customize the subnets in your Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) network that the Cloud Router advertises. The subnets that you advertise are the only ones visible to on-premises clients. Cloud Router doesn't dynamically advertise new subnets unless you configure Cloud Router to advertise all subnets. If you are choosing to advertise only specific subnets and want to advertise new subnets, you must add them as a custom advertisement.

For IPv6-enabled BGP sessions (Preview), you can configure custom route advertisements for specific internal (ULA) and external (GUA) IPv6 subnet ranges. For information about IPv6 subnet types, see IPv6 subnet ranges.

To specify advertisements when you create a Cloud Router or configure a BGP session, see Create Cloud Routers or Establish BGP sessions.

Specify advertisements on a Cloud Router

To specify advertisements on an existing Cloud Router, follow these steps.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Routers page.

    Go to Cloud Routers

  2. Select the Cloud Router to update.

  3. On the Router details page, click Edit.

  4. In the Advertised routes section, for Routes, select Create custom routes.

  5. If the Advertise all subnets visible to the Cloud Router checkbox is selected, clear it.

  6. Select Add custom route to add an advertised route.

  7. Configure the route advertisement:

    • Source: Select a predefined list of subnets. Cloud Router lists all subnets available to it, which depends on the VPC network's dynamic routing mode.
    • IP address range: You can modify the advertised subnet IP range. For example, you can specify a more narrow range so that the Cloud Router advertises part of the subnet. You can specify both IPv4 and IPv6 custom IP ranges. However, IPv6 custom ranges are advertised only in BGP sessions where IPv6 is enabled (Preview).
    • Description: Add a description to help you identify the purpose of this route advertisement, and then click Done.
  8. After you finish adding custom routes, click Save.

gcloud

Before you begin, record the IP ranges of the subnets to advertise.

Run the update command. To specify the subnet IP ranges to advertise, use the --set-advertisement-ranges flag. To append IP ranges to existing advertisements, use the --add-advertisement-ranges flag.

  1. Use the --set-advertisement-ranges flag; any existing custom advertisements are replaced:

    gcloud compute routers update ROUTER_NAME \
       --advertisement-mode custom \
       --set-advertisement-ranges=ADVERTISED_IP_RANGES
    

    Replace the following:

    • ROUTER_NAME: the name of the Cloud Router
    • ADVERTISED_IP_RANGES: the contents of the new array of IP address ranges. You can specify both IPv4 and IPv6 custom IP ranges. However, IPv6 custom ranges are advertised only in BGP sessions where IPv6 is enabled (Preview).

    The following example updates the my-router Cloud Router to advertise the 10.0.0.0/24 and 10.0.10.0/24 subnets; existing custom advertisements are replaced:

    gcloud compute routers update my-router \
       --advertisement-mode custom \
       --set-advertisement-ranges 10.0.0.0/24,10.0.10.0/24
    

    The following example updates the my-router Cloud Router to advertise the 10.0.0.0/24 and10.0.10.0/24 IPv4 subnets, plus the 2001:db8:abcd:12::/64 IPv6 subnet:

    gcloud compute routers update my-router \
       --advertisement-mode custom \
       --set-advertisement-ranges 10.0.0.0/24,10.0.10.0/24,2001:db8:abcd:12::/64
    

    Cloud Router advertises IPv6 ranges only in BGP sessions that are enabled for IPv6.

  2. The following example uses the --add-advertisement-ranges flag to append IP ranges to an existing advertisement:

    gcloud compute routers update my-router \
       --add-advertisement-ranges 10.0.20.0/24
    

    The following example adds the 2001:db8:abcd:12::/64 custom IPv6 range to the Cloud Router's advertisements (Preview):

    gcloud compute routers update my-router \
       --add-advertisement-ranges 2001:db8:abcd:12::/64
    

    Cloud Router advertises IPv6 ranges only in BGP sessions that are enabled for IPv6.

If the advertisement group of your Cloud Router includes all subnets, remove it to prevent the Cloud Router from advertising additional subnets. Advertisement groups are Google-defined IP ranges that the Cloud Router dynamically advertises. For a list of all advertisement groups, see the set-advertisement-groups flag in the Google SDK documentation.

  1. The following example uses the describe command to check the Cloud Router's advertisements:

    gcloud compute routers describe my-router
    
  2. If the output contains the advertisedGroups field with the value all_subnets, remove it. The following example uses the update command with the --remove-advertisement-groups flag:

    gcloud compute routers update my-router \
       --remove-advertisement-groups all_subnets
    

API

Use the routers.patch method to update the bgp.advertisedIpRanges[] field. You might also need to update the bgp.advertisedGroups[] field if it currently has a value of ALL_SUBNETS.

The bgp.advertisedGroups[] and bgp.advertisedIpRanges[] fields accept arrays of advertised groups and advertised IP address ranges. When you PATCH these fields, you overwrite the existing arrays with the new ones in your request.

  1. Send a GET request to get the current arrays of advertised groups and advertised IP ranges on the router. For details, see Viewing Cloud Router status and routes.

  2. Send a PATCH request with new arrays of advertised groups and advertised IP address ranges:

    • Add any subnet IP address ranges that you want on the router to the bgp.advertisedIpRanges[] field.
    • If the advertisedGroups[] field currently specifies the value ALL_SUBNETS, remove it by sending an empty array as shown in the following example. This prevents Cloud Router from advertising additional subnets.
    PATCH https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/PROJECT_ID/regions/REGION/routers/ROUTER_NAME
    {
      "bgp": {
        "advertisedGroups": [],
        "advertisedIpRanges": [
        ADVERTISED_IP_RANGES
       ]
     }
    }
    

    Replace the following:

    • PROJECT_ID: the project that contains the Cloud Router
    • REGION: the region where the Cloud Router is located
    • ROUTER_NAME: the name of the Cloud Router
    • ADVERTISED_IP_RANGES: the contents of the new array of IP address ranges. You can specify IPv6 custom IP address ranges in addition to IPv4 address ranges. However, IPv6 ranges are advertised only if you enable IPv6 exchange for this BGP session (Preview).

    The following example contains two subnet IPv4 address ranges and one IPv6 address range:

        {
          "range": "10.0.0.0/24",
          "description": "First example range"
        },
        {
          "range": "10.0.10.0/24",
          "description": "Second example range"
        },
        {
          "range": "2001:db8:abcd:12::/64",
          "description: "Third example range"
        }
    

Specify advertisements for a BGP session

To specify advertisements for an existing BGP session, follow these steps.

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Routers page.

    Go to Cloud Routers

  2. Select the Cloud Router that contains the BGP session to update.

  3. On the Router details page, select the BGP session to update.

  4. On the BGP session details page, click Edit.

  5. For Routes, select Create custom routes.

  6. If the Advertise all subnets visible to the Cloud Router checkbox is selected, clear it.

  7. Select Add custom route to add an advertised route.

  8. Configure the route advertisement:

    • Source: Select a predefined list of subnets. Cloud Router lists all subnets available to it, which depends on the VPC network's dynamic routing mode.
    • IP address range: You can modify the advertised subnet IP range. For example, you can specify a more narrow range so that the Cloud Router advertises part of the subnet. You can specify IPv6 custom IP address ranges in addition to IPv4 address ranges. However, IPv6 ranges are advertised only if you enable IPv6 exchange for this BGP session (Preview).
    • Description: Add a description to help you identify the purpose of this route advertisement, and then click Done.
  9. After you finish adding custom routes, click Save.

gcloud

Before you begin, record the IP ranges of the subnets to advertise.

Run the update-bgp-peer command. To specify the subnet IP ranges to advertise, use the --set-advertisement-ranges flag. To append IP ranges to existing advertisements, use the --add-advertisement-ranges flag.

  1. Use the --set-advertisement-ranges flag; any existing custom advertisements are replaced:

    gcloud compute routers update-bgp-peer ROUTER_NAME \
       --peer-name=PEER_NAME \
       --advertisement-mode custom \
       --set-advertisement-ranges=ADVERTISED_IP_RANGES
    

    Replace the following:

    • ROUTER_NAME: the name of the Cloud Router
    • PEER_NAME: the name of your BGP peer
    • Optionally, add the --enable-ipv6 flag if you are adding custom IPv6 ranges (Preview).
    • ADVERTISED_IP_RANGES: the contents of the new array of IP address ranges. You can specify both IPv4 and IPv6 custom IP ranges. However, IPv6 custom ranges are advertised only in BGP sessions where IPv6 is enabled.

    The following example updates the my-bgp-session BGP session on the my-router Cloud Router to advertise the 10.0.0.0/24, 10.0.10.0/24 and 2001:db8:abcd:12::/64 subnets; existing custom advertisements are replaced:

    gcloud compute routers update-bgp-peer my-router \
       --peer-name my-bgp-session \
       --enable-ipv6 \
       --advertisement-mode custom \
       --set-advertisement-ranges 10.0.0.0/24,10.0.10.0/24
    
  2. The following example uses the --add-advertisement-ranges flag to append IP ranges to an existing advertisement:

    gcloud compute routers update-bgp-peer my-router \
       --peer-name my-bgp-session \
       --add-advertisement-ranges 10.0.20.0/24
    

    The following example adds the 2001:db8:abcd:12::/64 custom IPv6 address to the Cloud Router's advertisements (Preview):

    gcloud compute routers update-bgp-peer my-router \
        --peer-name my-bgp-session \
        --enable-ipv6 \
        --add-advertisement-ranges 2001:db8:abcd:12::/64
    

If the advertisement group of your BGP session includes all subnets, remove it to prevent the Cloud Router from advertising additional subnets. Advertisement groups are Google-defined IP ranges that the Cloud Router dynamically advertises. For a list of all advertisement groups, see the set-advertisement-groups flag in the Google SDK documentation.

  1. The following example uses the describe command to check the Cloud Router's advertisements:

    gcloud compute routers describe my-router
    
  2. If the related BGP session contains the advertisedGroups field with the value all_subnets, remove it. The following example uses the update command with the --remove-advertisement-groups flag:

    gcloud compute routers update-bgp-peer my-router \
       --peer-name my-bgp-session \
       --remove-advertisement-groups all_subnets
    

API

Use the routers.patch method to update the bgpPeers[] field.

The bgpPeers[] field accepts an array of BGP peers. When you PATCH this field, you overwrite the existing array of BGP peers with the new array included in your request.

  1. Send a GET request to get the current array of BGP peers for the router. For details, see View BGP session configuration.

  2. Send a PATCH request with a new array of BGP peers. For each BGP peer for which you want to add advertisements, do the following:

    • Add any subnet IP address range advertisements that you want to the bgpPeers[].advertisedIpRanges[] field.
    • If the bgpPeers[].advertisedGroups[] field currently specifies the value ALL_SUBNETS, remove it to prevent the BGP session from advertising additional subnets.
    PATCH https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/PROJECT_ID/regions/REGION/routers/ROUTER_NAME
    {
      "bgpPeers": [
        BGP_PEERS
      ]
    }
    

    Replace the following:

    • PROJECT_ID: the project that contains the Cloud Router
    • REGION: the region where the Cloud Router is located
    • ROUTER_NAME: the name of the Cloud Router
    • BGP_PEERS: the contents of the new array of BGP peers

    The following example contains two BGP peers with custom advertisements:

        {
          "name": "peer-1",
          "interfaceName": "if-peer-1",
          "ipAddress": "169.254.10.1",
          "peerIpAddress": "169.254.10.2",
          "peerAsn": 64512,
          "enableIpv6": true,
          "advertisedRoutePriority": 100,
          "advertiseMode": "CUSTOM",
          "advertisedGroups": [],
          "advertisedIpRanges": [
            {
              "range": "10.0.0.0/24",
              "description": "First example subnet"
            },
            {
              "range": "10.0.10.0/24",
              "description": "Second example subnet"
            },
            {
              "range": "2001:db8:abcd:12::/64",
              "description: "Third example subnet"
            }
          ]
        },
        {
          "name": "peer-2",
          "interfaceName": "if-peer-2",
          "ipAddress": "169.254.20.1",
          "peerIpAddress": "169.254.20.2",
          "peerAsn": 64513,
          "advertisedRoutePriority": 100,
          "advertiseMode": "CUSTOM",
          "advertisedGroups": [],
          "advertisedIpRanges": [
            {
              "range": "10.0.20.0/24",
              "description": "Fourth example subnet"
            }
          ]
        }
    

What's next

  • To view the configuration of a Cloud Router, its BGP sessions, and the routes that Cloud Router is advertising, see View Cloud Router details.

  • To troubleshoot custom route advertisement issues, see Troubleshooting.