항목 감정 분석

항목 감정 분석은 항목 분석과 감정 분석을 결합하며, 텍스트 내에서 항목에 대해 표현되는 감정(긍정적 또는 부정적)을 판단하려고 시도합니다. 항목 감정은 score 및 magnitude의 숫자 값으로 표현되며, 항목의 각 멘션에 대해 결정됩니다. 해당 점수가 집계되어 항목의 전체 감정 score 및 magnitude가 결정됩니다. 분석에 포함된 scoremagnitude 감정 값을 해석하는 방법에 대한 자세한 내용은 감정 분석값 해석을 참조하세요.

다음 예시에서는 analyzeEntitySentiment 메서드를 쿼리하는 방법을 보여줍니다. 문서마다 별도의 요청을 제출해야 합니다.

항목 감정 분석

다음은 문자열로 제공된 항목 감정을 분석하는 예입니다.

프로토콜

문서의 항목 감정을 분석하려면 documents:analyzeEntitySentiment REST 메서드에 POST 요청을 하고 다음 예시와 같이 적절한 요청 본문을 제공해야 합니다.

이 예시에서는 gcloud auth application-default print-access-token 명령어를 사용하여 Google Cloud Platform Cloud SDK를 사용하는 프로젝트용으로 설정된 서비스 계정에 대한 액세스 토큰을 얻습니다. Cloud SDK 설치 및 서비스 계정을 통한 프로젝트 설정 지침을 보려면 빠른 시작을 참조하세요.

curl -X POST \
     -H "Authorization: Bearer "$(gcloud auth application-default print-access-token) \
     -H "Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8" \
     --data "{
  'document':{
    'type':'PLAIN_TEXT',
    'content':'I love R&B music. Marvin Gaye is the best.
               \'What\'s Going On\' is one of my favorite songs.
               It was so sad when Marvin Gaye died.'
  },
  'encodingType':'UTF8'
}" "https://language.googleapis.com/v1/documents:analyzeEntitySentiment"

gcloud

자세한 내용은 analyze-entity-sentiment 명령어를 참조하세요.

항목 감정 분석을 수행하려면 gcloud 명령줄 도구와 --content 플래그를 사용하여 분석할 콘텐츠를 식별합니다.

gcloud ml language analyze-entity-sentiment \
  --content="I love R&B music. Marvin Gaye is the best. 'What's Going On' is one of my favorite songs. It was so sad when Marvin Gaye died."

Go


func analyzeEntitySentiment(ctx context.Context, client *language.Client, text string) (*languagepb.AnalyzeEntitySentimentResponse, error) {
	return client.AnalyzeEntitySentiment(ctx, &languagepb.AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest{
		Document: &languagepb.Document{
			Source: &languagepb.Document_Content{
				Content: text,
			},
			Type: languagepb.Document_PLAIN_TEXT,
		},
	})
}

자바

// Instantiate the Language client com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient
try (LanguageServiceClient language = LanguageServiceClient.create()) {
  Document doc = Document.newBuilder().setContent(text).setType(Type.PLAIN_TEXT).build();
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest request =
      AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest.newBuilder()
          .setDocument(doc)
          .setEncodingType(EncodingType.UTF16)
          .build();
  // detect entity sentiments in the given string
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentResponse response = language.analyzeEntitySentiment(request);
  // Print the response
  for (Entity entity : response.getEntitiesList()) {
    System.out.printf("Entity: %s\n", entity.getName());
    System.out.printf("Salience: %.3f\n", entity.getSalience());
    System.out.printf("Sentiment : %s\n", entity.getSentiment());
    for (EntityMention mention : entity.getMentionsList()) {
      System.out.printf("Begin offset: %d\n", mention.getText().getBeginOffset());
      System.out.printf("Content: %s\n", mention.getText().getContent());
      System.out.printf("Magnitude: %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getMagnitude());
      System.out.printf("Sentiment score : %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getScore());
      System.out.printf("Type: %s\n\n", mention.getType());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const language = require('@google-cloud/language');

// Creates a client
const client = new language.LanguageServiceClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following line to run this code.
 */
// const text = 'Your text to analyze, e.g. Hello, world!';

// Prepares a document, representing the provided text
const document = {
  content: text,
  type: 'PLAIN_TEXT',
};

// Detects sentiment of entities in the document
const [result] = await client.analyzeEntitySentiment({document});
const entities = result.entities;

console.log('Entities and sentiments:');
entities.forEach(entity => {
  console.log(`  Name: ${entity.name}`);
  console.log(`  Type: ${entity.type}`);
  console.log(`  Score: ${entity.sentiment.score}`);
  console.log(`  Magnitude: ${entity.sentiment.magnitude}`);
});

Python

from google.cloud import language_v1

def sample_analyze_entity_sentiment(text_content):
    """
    Analyzing Entity Sentiment in a String

    Args:
      text_content The text content to analyze
    """

    client = language_v1.LanguageServiceClient()

    # text_content = 'Grapes are good. Bananas are bad.'

    # Available types: PLAIN_TEXT, HTML
    type_ = language_v1.Document.Type.PLAIN_TEXT

    # Optional. If not specified, the language is automatically detected.
    # For list of supported languages:
    # https://cloud.google.com/natural-language/docs/languages
    language = "en"
    document = {"content": text_content, "type_": type_, "language": language}

    # Available values: NONE, UTF8, UTF16, UTF32
    encoding_type = language_v1.EncodingType.UTF8

    response = client.analyze_entity_sentiment(request = {'document': document, 'encoding_type': encoding_type})
    # Loop through entitites returned from the API
    for entity in response.entities:
        print(u"Representative name for the entity: {}".format(entity.name))
        # Get entity type, e.g. PERSON, LOCATION, ADDRESS, NUMBER, et al
        print(u"Entity type: {}".format(language_v1.Entity.Type(entity.type_).name))
        # Get the salience score associated with the entity in the [0, 1.0] range
        print(u"Salience score: {}".format(entity.salience))
        # Get the aggregate sentiment expressed for this entity in the provided document.
        sentiment = entity.sentiment
        print(u"Entity sentiment score: {}".format(sentiment.score))
        print(u"Entity sentiment magnitude: {}".format(sentiment.magnitude))
        # Loop over the metadata associated with entity. For many known entities,
        # the metadata is a Wikipedia URL (wikipedia_url) and Knowledge Graph MID (mid).
        # Some entity types may have additional metadata, e.g. ADDRESS entities
        # may have metadata for the address street_name, postal_code, et al.
        for metadata_name, metadata_value in entity.metadata.items():
            print(u"{} = {}".format(metadata_name, metadata_value))

        # Loop over the mentions of this entity in the input document.
        # The API currently supports proper noun mentions.
        for mention in entity.mentions:
            print(u"Mention text: {}".format(mention.text.content))
            # Get the mention type, e.g. PROPER for proper noun
            print(
                u"Mention type: {}".format(language_v1.EntityMention.Type(mention.type_).name)
            )

    # Get the language of the text, which will be the same as
    # the language specified in the request or, if not specified,
    # the automatically-detected language.
    print(u"Language of the text: {}".format(response.language))

추가 언어

C#: 클라이언트 라이브러리 페이지의 C# 설정 안내를 따른 후 .NET용 자연 언어 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

PHP: 클라이언트 라이브러리 페이지의 PHP 설정 안내를 따른 후 PHP용 자연 언어 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

Ruby: 클라이언트 라이브러리 페이지의 Ruby 설정 안내를 따른 후 Ruby용 자연 언어 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

Cloud Storage에서 항목 감정 분석

다음은 Cloud Storage의 텍스트 파일에 저장된 항목 감정 분석의 예입니다.

프로토콜

Cloud Storage에 저장된 문서에서 항목 감정을 분석하려면 documents:analyzeEntitySentiment REST 메서드에 POST 요청을 하고 다음 예시와 같이 적절한 요청 본문 및 문서 경로를 제공해야 합니다.

curl -X POST \
     -H "Authorization: Bearer "$(gcloud auth application-default print-access-token) \
     -H "Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8" \
     --data "{
  'document':{
    'type':'PLAIN_TEXT',
    'gcsContentUri':'gs://<bucket-name>/<object-name>'
  }
}" "https://language.googleapis.com/v1/documents:analyzeEntitySentiment"

gcloud

자세한 내용은 analyze-entity-sentiment 명령어를 참조하세요.

항목 감정 분석을 수행하려면 gcloud 명령줄 도구와 --content 플래그를 사용하여 분석할 콘텐츠를 식별합니다.

gcloud ml language analyze-entity-sentiment \
  --content-file=gs://<bucket-name>/<object-name>

자바

// Instantiate the Language client com.google.cloud.language.v1.LanguageServiceClient
try (LanguageServiceClient language = LanguageServiceClient.create()) {
  Document doc =
      Document.newBuilder().setGcsContentUri(gcsUri).setType(Type.PLAIN_TEXT).build();
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest request =
      AnalyzeEntitySentimentRequest.newBuilder()
          .setDocument(doc)
          .setEncodingType(EncodingType.UTF16)
          .build();
  // Detect entity sentiments in the given file
  AnalyzeEntitySentimentResponse response = language.analyzeEntitySentiment(request);
  // Print the response
  for (Entity entity : response.getEntitiesList()) {
    System.out.printf("Entity: %s\n", entity.getName());
    System.out.printf("Salience: %.3f\n", entity.getSalience());
    System.out.printf("Sentiment : %s\n", entity.getSentiment());
    for (EntityMention mention : entity.getMentionsList()) {
      System.out.printf("Begin offset: %d\n", mention.getText().getBeginOffset());
      System.out.printf("Content: %s\n", mention.getText().getContent());
      System.out.printf("Magnitude: %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getMagnitude());
      System.out.printf("Sentiment score : %.3f\n", mention.getSentiment().getScore());
      System.out.printf("Type: %s\n\n", mention.getType());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const language = require('@google-cloud/language');

// Creates a client
const client = new language.LanguageServiceClient();

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines to run this code
 */
// const bucketName = 'Your bucket name, e.g. my-bucket';
// const fileName = 'Your file name, e.g. my-file.txt';

// Prepares a document, representing a text file in Cloud Storage
const document = {
  gcsContentUri: `gs://${bucketName}/${fileName}`,
  type: 'PLAIN_TEXT',
};

// Detects sentiment of entities in the document
const [result] = await client.analyzeEntitySentiment({document});
const entities = result.entities;

console.log('Entities and sentiments:');
entities.forEach(entity => {
  console.log(`  Name: ${entity.name}`);
  console.log(`  Type: ${entity.type}`);
  console.log(`  Score: ${entity.sentiment.score}`);
  console.log(`  Magnitude: ${entity.sentiment.magnitude}`);
});

Python

from google.cloud import language_v1

def sample_analyze_entity_sentiment(gcs_content_uri):
    """
    Analyzing Entity Sentiment in text file stored in Cloud Storage

    Args:
      gcs_content_uri Google Cloud Storage URI where the file content is located.
      e.g. gs://[Your Bucket]/[Path to File]
    """

    client = language_v1.LanguageServiceClient()

    # gcs_content_uri = 'gs://cloud-samples-data/language/entity-sentiment.txt'

    # Available types: PLAIN_TEXT, HTML
    type_ = language_v1.Document.Type.PLAIN_TEXT

    # Optional. If not specified, the language is automatically detected.
    # For list of supported languages:
    # https://cloud.google.com/natural-language/docs/languages
    language = "en"
    document = {"gcs_content_uri": gcs_content_uri, "type_": type_, "language": language}

    # Available values: NONE, UTF8, UTF16, UTF32
    encoding_type = language_v1.EncodingType.UTF8

    response = client.analyze_entity_sentiment(request = {'document': document, 'encoding_type': encoding_type})
    # Loop through entitites returned from the API
    for entity in response.entities:
        print(u"Representative name for the entity: {}".format(entity.name))
        # Get entity type, e.g. PERSON, LOCATION, ADDRESS, NUMBER, et al
        print(u"Entity type: {}".format(language_v1.Entity.Type(entity.type_).name))
        # Get the salience score associated with the entity in the [0, 1.0] range
        print(u"Salience score: {}".format(entity.salience))
        # Get the aggregate sentiment expressed for this entity in the provided document.
        sentiment = entity.sentiment
        print(u"Entity sentiment score: {}".format(sentiment.score))
        print(u"Entity sentiment magnitude: {}".format(sentiment.magnitude))
        # Loop over the metadata associated with entity. For many known entities,
        # the metadata is a Wikipedia URL (wikipedia_url) and Knowledge Graph MID (mid).
        # Some entity types may have additional metadata, e.g. ADDRESS entities
        # may have metadata for the address street_name, postal_code, et al.
        for metadata_name, metadata_value in entity.metadata.items():
            print(u"{} = {}".format(metadata_name, metadata_value))

        # Loop over the mentions of this entity in the input document.
        # The API currently supports proper noun mentions.
        for mention in entity.mentions:
            print(u"Mention text: {}".format(mention.text.content))
            # Get the mention type, e.g. PROPER for proper noun
            print(
                u"Mention type: {}".format(language_v1.EntityMention.Type(mention.type_).name)
            )

    # Get the language of the text, which will be the same as
    # the language specified in the request or, if not specified,
    # the automatically-detected language.
    print(u"Language of the text: {}".format(response.language))

추가 언어

C#: 클라이언트 라이브러리 페이지의 C# 설정 안내를 따른 후 .NET용 자연 언어 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

PHP: 클라이언트 라이브러리 페이지의 PHP 설정 안내를 따른 후 PHP용 자연 언어 참조 문서를 참조하세요.

Ruby: 클라이언트 라이브러리 페이지의 Ruby 설정 안내를 따른 후 Ruby용 자연 언어 참조 문서를 참조하세요.