Créer un canal de notification

Explique comment créer des canaux de notification dans le contexte de la recréation de règles à partir d'une sauvegarde.

En savoir plus

Pour obtenir une documentation détaillée incluant cet exemple de code, consultez les articles suivants :

Exemple de code

C#

Pour vous authentifier auprès de Monitoring, configurez les identifiants par défaut de l'application. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la page Configurer l'authentification pour un environnement de développement local.

static void RestorePolicies(string projectId, string filePath)
{
    var policyClient = AlertPolicyServiceClient.Create();
    var channelClient = NotificationChannelServiceClient.Create();
    List<Exception> exceptions = new List<Exception>();
    var backup = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<BackupRecord>(
        File.ReadAllText(filePath), new ProtoMessageConverter());
    var projectName = new ProjectName(projectId);
    bool isSameProject = projectId == backup.ProjectId;
    // When a channel is recreated, rather than updated, it will get
    // a new name.  We have to update the AlertPolicy with the new
    // name.  Track the names in this map.
    var channelNameMap = new Dictionary<string, string>();
    foreach (NotificationChannel channel in backup.Channels)
    {
        try
        {
            bool updated = false;
            Console.WriteLine("Updating channel.\n{0}",
                channel.DisplayName);
            // This field is immutable and it is illegal to specify a
            // non-default value (UNVERIFIED or VERIFIED) in the
            // Create() or Update() operations.
            channel.VerificationStatus = NotificationChannel.Types
                .VerificationStatus.Unspecified;
            if (isSameProject)
                try
                {
                    channelClient.UpdateNotificationChannel(
                        null, channel);
                    updated = true;
                }
                catch (Grpc.Core.RpcException e)
                when (e.Status.StatusCode == StatusCode.NotFound)
                { }
            if (!updated)
            {
                // The channel no longer exists.  Recreate it.
                string oldName = channel.Name;
                channel.Name = null;
                var response = channelClient.CreateNotificationChannel(
                    projectName, channel);
                channelNameMap.Add(oldName, response.Name);
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            // If one failed, continue trying to update the others.
            exceptions.Add(e);
        }
    }
    foreach (AlertPolicy policy in backup.Policies)
    {
    }
    if (exceptions.Count > 0)
    {
        throw new AggregateException(exceptions);
    }
}

Go

Pour vous authentifier auprès de Monitoring, configurez les identifiants par défaut de l'application. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la page Configurer l'authentification pour un environnement de développement local.


// restorePolicies updates the project with the alert policies and
// notification channels in r.
func restorePolicies(w io.Writer, projectID string, r io.Reader) error {
	b := backup{}
	if err := json.NewDecoder(r).Decode(&b); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	sameProject := projectID == b.ProjectID

	ctx := context.Background()

	alertClient, err := monitoring.NewAlertPolicyClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer alertClient.Close()
	channelClient, err := monitoring.NewNotificationChannelClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer channelClient.Close()

	// When a channel is recreated, rather than updated, it will get
	// a new name.  We have to update the AlertPolicy with the new
	// name.  channelNames keeps track of the new names.
	channelNames := make(map[string]string)
	for _, c := range b.Channels {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Updating channel %q\n", c.GetDisplayName())
		c.VerificationStatus = monitoringpb.NotificationChannel_VERIFICATION_STATUS_UNSPECIFIED
		updated := false
		if sameProject {
			req := &monitoringpb.UpdateNotificationChannelRequest{
				NotificationChannel: c.NotificationChannel,
			}
			_, err := channelClient.UpdateNotificationChannel(ctx, req)
			if err == nil {
				updated = true
			}
		}
		if !updated {
			req := &monitoringpb.CreateNotificationChannelRequest{
				Name:                "projects/" + projectID,
				NotificationChannel: c.NotificationChannel,
			}
			oldName := c.GetName()
			c.Name = ""
			newC, err := channelClient.CreateNotificationChannel(ctx, req)
			if err != nil {
				return err
			}
			channelNames[oldName] = newC.GetName()
		}
	}

	for _, policy := range b.AlertPolicies {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Updating alert %q\n", policy.GetDisplayName())
		policy.CreationRecord = nil
		policy.MutationRecord = nil
		for i, aChannel := range policy.GetNotificationChannels() {
			if c, ok := channelNames[aChannel]; ok {
				policy.NotificationChannels[i] = c
			}
		}
		updated := false
		if sameProject {
			req := &monitoringpb.UpdateAlertPolicyRequest{
				AlertPolicy: policy.AlertPolicy,
			}
			_, err := alertClient.UpdateAlertPolicy(ctx, req)
			if err == nil {
				updated = true
			}
		}
		if !updated {
			req := &monitoringpb.CreateAlertPolicyRequest{
				Name:        "projects/" + projectID,
				AlertPolicy: policy.AlertPolicy,
			}
			if _, err = alertClient.CreateAlertPolicy(ctx, req); err != nil {
				log.Fatal(err)
			}
		}
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Successfully restored alerts.")
	return nil
}

Java

Pour vous authentifier auprès de Monitoring, configurez les identifiants par défaut de l'application. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la page Configurer l'authentification pour un environnement de développement local.

private static Map<String, String> restoreNotificationChannels(
    String projectId, List<NotificationChannel> channels, boolean isSameProject)
    throws IOException {
  Map<String, String> newChannelNames = Maps.newHashMap();
  try (NotificationChannelServiceClient client = NotificationChannelServiceClient.create()) {
    for (NotificationChannel channel : channels) {
      // Update channel name if project ID is different.
      boolean channelUpdated = false;
      if (isSameProject) {
        try {
          NotificationChannel updatedChannel =
              client.updateNotificationChannel(NOTIFICATION_CHANNEL_UPDATE_MASK, channel);
          newChannelNames.put(channel.getName(), updatedChannel.getName());
          channelUpdated = true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
          channelUpdated = false;
        }
      }
      if (!channelUpdated) {
        NotificationChannel newChannel =
            client.createNotificationChannel(
                ProjectName.of(projectId),
                channel.toBuilder().clearName().clearVerificationStatus().build());
        newChannelNames.put(channel.getName(), newChannel.getName());
      }
    }
  }
  return newChannelNames;
}

Node.js

Pour vous authentifier auprès de Monitoring, configurez les identifiants par défaut de l'application. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la page Configurer l'authentification pour un environnement de développement local.


// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const monitoring = require('@google-cloud/monitoring');

// Creates clients
const alertClient = new monitoring.AlertPolicyServiceClient();
const notificationClient = new monitoring.NotificationChannelServiceClient();

async function replaceChannels() {
  /**
   * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
   */
  // const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
  // const alertPolicyId = '123456789012314';
  // const channelIds = [
  //   'channel-1',
  //   'channel-2',
  //   'channel-3',
  // ];

  const notificationChannels = channelIds.map(id =>
    notificationClient.projectNotificationChannelPath(projectId, id)
  );

  for (const channel of notificationChannels) {
    const updateChannelRequest = {
      updateMask: {
        paths: ['enabled'],
      },
      notificationChannel: {
        name: channel,
        enabled: {
          value: true,
        },
      },
    };
    try {
      await notificationClient.updateNotificationChannel(
        updateChannelRequest
      );
    } catch (err) {
      const createChannelRequest = {
        notificationChannel: {
          name: channel,
          notificationChannel: {
            type: 'email',
          },
        },
      };
      const newChannel =
        await notificationClient.createNotificationChannel(
          createChannelRequest
        );
      notificationChannels.push(newChannel);
    }
  }

  const updateAlertPolicyRequest = {
    updateMask: {
      paths: ['notification_channels'],
    },
    alertPolicy: {
      name: alertClient.projectAlertPolicyPath(projectId, alertPolicyId),
      notificationChannels: notificationChannels,
    },
  };
  const [alertPolicy] = await alertClient.updateAlertPolicy(
    updateAlertPolicyRequest
  );
  console.log(`Updated ${alertPolicy.name}.`);
}
replaceChannels();

PHP

Pour vous authentifier auprès de Monitoring, configurez les identifiants par défaut de l'application. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la page Configurer l'authentification pour un environnement de développement local.

use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\Client\NotificationChannelServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\CreateNotificationChannelRequest;
use Google\Cloud\Monitoring\V3\NotificationChannel;

/**
 * @param string $projectId Your project ID
 */
function alert_create_channel(string $projectId): void
{
    $channelClient = new NotificationChannelServiceClient([
        'projectId' => $projectId,
    ]);
    $projectName = 'projects/' . $projectId;

    $channel = new NotificationChannel();
    $channel->setDisplayName('Test Notification Channel');
    $channel->setType('email');
    $channel->setLabels(['email_address' => 'fake@example.com']);
    $createNotificationChannelRequest = (new CreateNotificationChannelRequest())
        ->setName($projectName)
        ->setNotificationChannel($channel);

    $channel = $channelClient->createNotificationChannel($createNotificationChannelRequest);
    printf('Created notification channel %s' . PHP_EOL, $channel->getName());
}

Python

Pour vous authentifier auprès de Monitoring, configurez les identifiants par défaut de l'application. Pour en savoir plus, consultez la page Configurer l'authentification pour un environnement de développement local.

def restore(project_name, backup_filename):
    """Restore alert policies in a project.

    Arguments:
        project_name (str): The Google Cloud Project to use. The project name
            must be in the format - 'projects/<PROJECT_NAME>'.
        backup_filename (str): Name of the file (along with its path) from
            which the alert policies will be restored.
    """
    print(
        "Loading alert policies and notification channels from {}.".format(
            backup_filename
        )
    )
    record = json.load(open(backup_filename, "rt"))
    is_same_project = project_name == record["project_name"]
    # Convert dicts to AlertPolicies.
    policies_json = [json.dumps(policy) for policy in record["policies"]]
    policies = [
        monitoring_v3.AlertPolicy.from_json(policy_json)
        for policy_json in policies_json
    ]
    # Convert dicts to NotificationChannels
    channels_json = [json.dumps(channel) for channel in record["channels"]]
    channels = [
        monitoring_v3.NotificationChannel.from_json(channel_json)
        for channel_json in channels_json
    ]

    # Restore the channels.
    channel_client = monitoring_v3.NotificationChannelServiceClient()
    channel_name_map = {}

    for channel in channels:
        updated = False
        print("Updating channel", channel.display_name)
        # This field is immutable and it is illegal to specify a
        # non-default value (UNVERIFIED or VERIFIED) in the
        # Create() or Update() operations.
        channel.verification_status = (
            monitoring_v3.NotificationChannel.VerificationStatus.VERIFICATION_STATUS_UNSPECIFIED
        )

        if is_same_project:
            try:
                channel_client.update_notification_channel(notification_channel=channel)
                updated = True
            except google.api_core.exceptions.NotFound:
                pass  # The channel was deleted.  Create it below.

        if not updated:
            # The channel no longer exists.  Recreate it.
            old_name = channel.name
            del channel.name
            new_channel = channel_client.create_notification_channel(
                name=project_name, notification_channel=channel
            )
            channel_name_map[old_name] = new_channel.name

    # Restore the alerts
    alert_client = monitoring_v3.AlertPolicyServiceClient()

    for policy in policies:
        print("Updating policy", policy.display_name)
        # These two fields cannot be set directly, so clear them.
        del policy.creation_record
        del policy.mutation_record

        # Update old channel names with new channel names.
        for i, channel in enumerate(policy.notification_channels):
            new_channel = channel_name_map.get(channel)
            if new_channel:
                policy.notification_channels[i] = new_channel

        updated = False

        if is_same_project:
            try:
                alert_client.update_alert_policy(alert_policy=policy)
                updated = True
            except google.api_core.exceptions.NotFound:
                pass  # The policy was deleted.  Create it below.
            except google.api_core.exceptions.InvalidArgument:
                # Annoying that API throws InvalidArgument when the policy
                # does not exist.  Seems like it should throw NotFound.
                pass  # The policy was deleted.  Create it below.

        if not updated:
            # The policy no longer exists.  Recreate it.
            old_name = policy.name
            del policy.name
            for condition in policy.conditions:
                del condition.name
            policy = alert_client.create_alert_policy(
                name=project_name, alert_policy=policy
            )
        print("Updated", policy.name)

Étapes suivantes

Pour rechercher et filtrer des exemples de code pour d'autres produits Google Cloud, consultez l'exemple de navigateur Google Cloud.