版本 2.2

日志记录

Kf 提供数种类型的日志。本文档将介绍这些日志以及如何访问这些日志。

应用日志

写入标准输出 stdout 和标准错误 stderr 的所有日志将上传到 Cloud Logging 并存储在日志名称 user-container 下。

打开 Cloud Logging 并运行以下查询:

resource.type="k8s_container"
log_name="projects/YOUR_PROJECT_ID/logs/user-container"
resource.labels.project_id=YOUR_PROJECT_ID
resource.labels.location=GCP_COMPUTE_ZONE (e.g. us-central1-a)
resource.labels.cluster_name=YOUR_CLUSTER_NAME
resource.labels.namespace_name=YOUR_KF_SPACE_NAME
resource.labels.pod_name:YOUR_KF_APP_NAME

您应该会看到写入标准 stdout 和标准错误 stderr 的所有应用日志。

应用的访问日志

Kf 使用 Istio Sidecar 注入功能提供访问日志。访问日志存储在日志名称 server-accesslog-stackdriver 下。

打开 Cloud Logging 并运行以下查询:

resource.type="k8s_container"
log_name="projects/YOUR_PROJECT_ID/logs/server-accesslog-stackdriver"
resource.labels.project_id=YOUR_PROJECT_ID
resource.labels.location=GCP_COMPUTE_ZONE (e.g. us-central1-a)
resource.labels.cluster_name=YOUR_CLUSTER_NAME
resource.labels.namespace_name=YOUR_KF_SPACE_NAME
resource.labels.pod_name:YOUR_KF_APP_NAME

您应该会看到应用的访问日志。访问日志示例:

{
  "insertId": "166tsrsg273q5mf",
  "httpRequest": {
    "requestMethod": "GET",
    "requestUrl": "http://test-app-38n6dgwh9kx7h-c72edc13nkcm.***. ***.nip.io/",
    "requestSize": "738",
    "status": 200,
    "responseSize": "3353",
    "remoteIp": "10.128.0.54:0",
    "serverIp": "10.48.0.18:8080",
    "latency": "0.000723777s",
    "protocol": "http"
  },
  "resource": {
    "type": "k8s_container",
    "labels": {
      "container_name": "user-container",
      "project_id": ***,
      "namespace_name": ***,
      "pod_name": "test-app-85888b9796-bqg7b",
      "location": "us-central1-a",
      "cluster_name": ***
    }
  },
  "timestamp": "2020-11-19T20:09:21.721815Z",
  "severity": "INFO",
  "labels": {
    "source_canonical_service": "istio-ingressgateway",
    "source_principal": "spiffe://***.svc.id.goog/ns/istio-system/sa/istio-ingressgateway-service-account",
    "request_id": "0e3bac08-ab68-408f-9b14-0aec671845bf",
    "source_app": "istio-ingressgateway",
    "response_flag": "-",
    "route_name": "default",
    "upstream_cluster": "inbound|80|http-user-port|test-app.***.svc.cluster.local",
    "destination_name": "test-app-85888b9796-bqg7b",
    "destination_canonical_revision": "latest",
    "destination_principal": "spiffe://***.svc.id.goog/ns/***/sa/sa-test-app",
    "connection_id": "82261",
    "destination_workload": "test-app",
    "destination_namespace": ***,
    "destination_canonical_service": "test-app",
    "upstream_host": "127.0.0.1:8080",
    "log_sampled": "false",
    "mesh_uid": "proj-228179605852",
    "source_namespace": "istio-system",
    "requested_server_name": "outbound_.80_._.test-app.***.svc.cluster.local",
    "source_canonical_revision": "asm-173-6",
    "x-envoy-original-dst-host": "",
    "destination_service_host": "test-app.***.svc.cluster.local",
    "source_name": "istio-ingressgateway-5469f77856-4n2pw",
    "source_workload": "istio-ingressgateway",
    "x-envoy-original-path": "",
    "service_authentication_policy": "MUTUAL_TLS",
    "protocol": "http"
  },
  "logName": "projects/*/logs/server-accesslog-stackdriver",
  "receiveTimestamp": "2020-11-19T20:09:24.627065813Z"
}

审核日志

审核日志会按时间顺序记录对 Kubernetes API 服务器的调用。Kubernetes 审核日志条目适合用于调查可疑的 API 请求、收集统计信息,或针对不当 API 调用创建监控提醒。

打开 Cloud Logging 并运行以下查询:

resource.type="k8s_container"
log_name="projects/YOUR_PROJECT_ID/logs/cloudaudit.googleapis.com%2Factivity"
resource.labels.project_id=YOUR_PROJECT_ID
resource.labels.location=GCP_COMPUTE_ZONE (e.g. us-central1-a)
resource.labels.cluster_name=YOUR_CLUSTER_NAME
protoPayload.request.metadata.name=YOUR_APP_NAME
protoPayload.methodName:"deployments."

您应该会看到对 Kubernetes API 服务器进行的调用的跟踪记录。

Logging 访问权限控制

请按照此处的说明操作,为开发者和其他团队成员提供日志访问权限。roles/logging.viewer 角色提供日志的只读权限。

日志路由器

您还可以使用日志路由器将日志路由到支持的目标位置。