App mit signierten Headern sichern

Sie können Ihre Anwendung mit signierten IAP-Headern (Identity-Aware Proxy) schützen.

Dokumentationsseiten mit diesem Codebeispiel

Das Codebeispiel im Kontext finden Sie in der folgenden Dokumentation:

Codebeispiel

C#


using Google.Apis.Auth;
using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class IAPTokenVerification
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Verifies a signed jwt token and returns its payload.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="signedJwt">The token to verify.</param>
    /// <param name="expectedAudience">The audience that the token should be meant for.
    /// Validation will fail if that's not the case.</param>
    /// <param name="cancellationToken">The cancellation token to propagate cancellation requests.</param>
    /// <returns>A task that when completed will have as its result the payload of the verified token.</returns>
    /// <exception cref="InvalidJwtException">If verification failed. The message of the exception will contain
    /// information as to why the token failed.</exception>
    public async Task<JsonWebSignature.Payload> VerifyTokenAsync(
        string signedJwt, string expectedAudience, CancellationToken cancellationToken = default)
    {
        SignedTokenVerificationOptions options = new SignedTokenVerificationOptions
        {
            // Use clock tolerance to account for possible clock differences
            // between the issuer and the verifier.
            IssuedAtClockTolerance = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(1),
            ExpiryClockTolerance = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(1),
            TrustedAudiences = { expectedAudience }
        };

        return await JsonWebSignature.VerifySignedTokenAsync(signedJwt, options, cancellationToken: cancellationToken);
    }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"google.golang.org/api/idtoken"
)

// validateJWTFromAppEngine validates a JWT found in the
// "x-goog-iap-jwt-assertion" header.
func validateJWTFromAppEngine(w io.Writer, iapJWT, projectNumber, projectID string) error {
	// iapJWT := "YmFzZQ==.ZW5jb2RlZA==.and0" // req.Header.Get("X-Goog-IAP-JWT-Assertion")
	// projectNumber := "123456789"
	// projectID := "your-project-id"
	ctx := context.Background()
	aud := fmt.Sprintf("/projects/%s/apps/%s", projectNumber, projectID)

	payload, err := idtoken.Validate(ctx, iapJWT, aud)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("idtoken.Validate: %v", err)
	}

	// payload contains the JWT claims for further inspection or validation
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "payload: %v", payload)

	return nil
}

// validateJWTFromComputeEngine validates a JWT found in the
// "x-goog-iap-jwt-assertion" header.
func validateJWTFromComputeEngine(w io.Writer, iapJWT, projectNumber, backendServiceID string) error {
	// iapJWT := "YmFzZQ==.ZW5jb2RlZA==.and0" // req.Header.Get("X-Goog-IAP-JWT-Assertion")
	// projectNumber := "123456789"
	// backendServiceID := "backend-service-id"
	ctx := context.Background()
	aud := fmt.Sprintf("/projects/%s/global/backendServices/%s", projectNumber, backendServiceID)

	payload, err := idtoken.Validate(ctx, iapJWT, aud)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("idtoken.Validate: %v", err)
	}

	// payload contains the JWT claims for further inspection or validation
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "payload: %v", payload)

	return nil
}

Java


import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequest;
import com.google.api.client.json.webtoken.JsonWebToken;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.TokenVerifier;

/** Verify IAP authorization JWT token in incoming request. */
public class VerifyIapRequestHeader {

  private static final String IAP_ISSUER_URL = "https://cloud.google.com/iap";

  // Verify jwt tokens addressed to IAP protected resources on App Engine.
  // The project *number* for your Google Cloud project via 'gcloud projects describe $PROJECT_ID'
  // The project *number* can also be retrieved from the Project Info card in Cloud Console.
  // projectId is The project *ID* for your Google Cloud Project.
  boolean verifyJwtForAppEngine(HttpRequest request, long projectNumber, String projectId)
      throws Exception {
    // Check for iap jwt header in incoming request
    String jwt = request.getHeaders().getFirstHeaderStringValue("x-goog-iap-jwt-assertion");
    if (jwt == null) {
      return false;
    }
    return verifyJwt(
        jwt,
        String.format("/projects/%s/apps/%s", Long.toUnsignedString(projectNumber), projectId));
  }

  boolean verifyJwtForComputeEngine(
      HttpRequest request, long projectNumber, long backendServiceId) throws Exception {
    // Check for iap jwt header in incoming request
    String jwtToken = request.getHeaders()
        .getFirstHeaderStringValue("x-goog-iap-jwt-assertion");
    if (jwtToken == null) {
      return false;
    }
    return verifyJwt(
        jwtToken,
        String.format(
            "/projects/%s/global/backendServices/%s",
            Long.toUnsignedString(projectNumber), Long.toUnsignedString(backendServiceId)));
  }

  private boolean verifyJwt(String jwtToken, String expectedAudience) {
    TokenVerifier tokenVerifier = TokenVerifier.newBuilder()
        .setAudience(expectedAudience)
        .setIssuer(IAP_ISSUER_URL)
        .build();
    try {
      JsonWebToken jsonWebToken = tokenVerifier.verify(jwtToken);

      // Verify that the token contain subject and email claims
      JsonWebToken.Payload payload = jsonWebToken.getPayload();
      return payload.getSubject() != null && payload.get("email") != null;
    } catch (TokenVerifier.VerificationException e) {
      System.out.println(e.getMessage());
      return false;
    }
  }
}

PHP

namespace Google\Cloud\Samples\Iap;

# Imports Google auth libraries for IAP validation
use Google\Auth\AccessToken;

/**
 * Validate a JWT passed to your App Engine app by Identity-Aware Proxy.
 *
 * @param string $iap_jwt The contents of the X-Goog-IAP-JWT-Assertion header.
 * @param string $cloud_project_number The project *number* for your Google
 *     Cloud project. This is returned by 'gcloud projects describe $PROJECT_ID',
 *     or in the Project Info card in Cloud Console.
 * @param string $cloud_project Your Google Cloud Project ID.
 *
 * @return (user_id, user_email).
 */
function validate_jwt_from_app_engine($iap_jwt, $cloud_project_number, $cloud_project_id)
{
    $expected_audience = sprintf(
        '/projects/%s/apps/%s',
        $cloud_project_number,
        $cloud_project_id
    );
    return validate_jwt($iap_jwt, $expected_audience);
}

/**
 * Validate a JWT passed to your Compute / Container Engine app by Identity-Aware Proxy.
 *
 * @param string $iap_jwt The contents of the X-Goog-IAP-JWT-Assertion header.
 * @param string $cloud_project_number The project *number* for your Google
 *     Cloud project. This is returned by 'gcloud projects describe $PROJECT_ID',
 *     or in the Project Info card in Cloud Console.
 * @param string $backend_service_id The ID of the backend service used to access the
 *     application. See https://cloud.google.com/iap/docs/signed-headers-howto
 *     for details on how to get this value.
 *
 * @return (user_id, user_email).
 */
function validate_jwt_from_compute_engine($iap_jwt, $cloud_project_number, $backend_service_id)
{
    $expected_audience = sprintf(
        '/projects/%s/global/backendServices/%s',
        $cloud_project_number,
        $backend_service_id
    );
    return validate_jwt($iap_jwt, $expected_audience);
}

function validate_jwt($iap_jwt, $expected_audience)
{
    // Validate the signature using the IAP cert URL.
    $token = new AccessToken();
    $jwt = $token->verify($iap_jwt, [
        'certsLocation' => AccessToken::IAP_CERT_URL
    ]);

    if (!$jwt) {
        return print('Failed to validate JWT: Invalid JWT');
    }

    // Validate token by checking issuer and audience fields.
    assert($jwt['iss'] == 'https://cloud.google.com/iap');
    assert($jwt['aud'] == $expected_audience);

    // Return the user identity (subject and user email) if JWT verification is successful.
    return array('sub' => $jwt['sub'], 'email' => $jwt['email']);
}

Python

from google.auth.transport import requests
from google.oauth2 import id_token

def validate_iap_jwt(iap_jwt, expected_audience):
    """Validate an IAP JWT.

    Args:
      iap_jwt: The contents of the X-Goog-IAP-JWT-Assertion header.
      expected_audience: The Signed Header JWT audience. See
          https://cloud.google.com/iap/docs/signed-headers-howto
          for details on how to get this value.

    Returns:
      (user_id, user_email, error_str).
    """

    try:
        decoded_jwt = id_token.verify_token(
            iap_jwt, requests.Request(), audience=expected_audience,
            certs_url='https://www.gstatic.com/iap/verify/public_key')
        return (decoded_jwt['sub'], decoded_jwt['email'], '')
    except Exception as e:
        return (None, None, '**ERROR: JWT validation error {}**'.format(e))

Ruby

# iap_jwt = "The contents of the X-Goog-Iap-Jwt-Assertion header"
# project_number = "The project *number* for your Google Cloud project"
# project_id = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# backend_service_id = "Your Compute Engine backend service ID"
require "googleauth"

audience = nil
if project_number && project_id
  # Expected audience for App Engine
  audience = "/projects/#{project_number}/apps/#{project_id}"
elsif project_number && backend_service_id
  # Expected audience for Compute Engine
  audience = "/projects/#{project_number}/global/backendServices/#{backend_service_id}"
end

# The client ID as the target audience for IAP
payload = Google::Auth::IDTokens.verify_iap iap_jwt, aud: audience

puts payload

if audience.nil?
  puts "Audience not verified! Supply a project_number and project_id to verify"
end