Cloud Firestore Locations

Before you use Cloud Firestore, you must choose a location for your database. To reduce latency and increase availability, store your data close to the users and services that need it.

Types of locations

You can store your Cloud Firestore data in a multi-region location or a regional location.

Multi-region locations

A multi-region location is a general geographical area, such as the United States. Data in a multi-region location is replicated in multiple regions. Within a region, data is replicated across zones.

Select a multi-region location to maximize the availability and durability of your database. Multi-region locations can withstand the loss of entire regions and maintain availability without losing data.

The following multi-region location is available for Cloud Firestore:

Multi-Region Name Multi-Region Description
us-central United States

Regional location

A regional location is a specific geographic place, such as South Carolina. Data in a regional location is replicated in multiple zones within a region.

Select a regional location if your application is more sensitive to write latency or if you want co-location with other Google Cloud Platform resources.

The following regional locations are available:

Region NameRegion Description
North America
us-east1South Carolina
Europe
europe-west3Frankfurt

All regional locations are separated from other regional locations by at least 100 miles.

Project location setting

The location setting of your project is shared by the following products:

Setting the location in one product also sets the location for the other. Once set, you cannot change your project's location setting.

Viewing the location setting of your project

Use one of the following methods to find out which location you selected for your project:

  • Run the gcloud app describe command.

  • If you have an active App Engine app, open the App Engine Dashboard in the Google Cloud Platform Console. The location information is in the upper right-hand corner of the dashboard and it applies to both App Engine and Cloud Firestore.

Screenshot of the previously chosen location

Next steps

  • For more information about building applications to meet your latency, availability and durability requirements, see Geography and Regions.
Was this page helpful? Let us know how we did: