숫자 통계 및 카테고리 통계 계산

Cloud Data Loss Prevention(DLP)을 사용하여 BigQuery 테이블에 있는 개별 열의 숫자 통계 및 카테고리 숫자 통계를 계산할 수 있습니다. Cloud DLP는 다음을 계산할 수 있습니다.

  • 열의 최솟값
  • 열의 최댓값
  • 열의 백분위수 값
  • 열의 값 빈도 히스토그램

숫자 통계 계산

개별 BigQuery 열의 최소, 최대, 백분위수 값을 확인할 수 있습니다. 이러한 값을 계산하려면 NumericalStatsConfig 개인정보 보호 측정항목을 스캔 대상 열의 이름으로 설정하여 DlpJob을 구성합니다. 작업을 실행하면 Cloud DLP가 지정된 열의 통계를 계산하고 결과를 NumericalStatsResult 객체에 반환합니다. Cloud DLP는 다음 숫자 유형의 통계를 계산할 수 있습니다.

  • 정수
  • 부동 소수점
  • 날짜
  • 일시
  • 타임스탬프
  • 시간

스캔 실행으로 반환되는 통계에는 최솟값, 최댓값, 그리고 필드 값 집합을 크기가 같은 100개의 버킷으로 분할하는 99개 백분위수 값이 포함됩니다.

코드 예시

다음은 Cloud DLP를 사용하여 숫자 통계를 계산하는 방법을 보여주는 여러 언어로 된 샘플 코드입니다.

자바


import com.google.api.core.SettableApiFuture;
import com.google.cloud.dlp.v2.DlpServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Subscriber;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Action;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Action.PublishToPubSub;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.NumericalStatsResult;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.BigQueryTable;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CreateDlpJobRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.DlpJob;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.FieldId;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.GetDlpJobRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.LocationName;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric.NumericalStatsConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.RiskAnalysisJobConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Value;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectSubscriptionName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectTopicName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

class RiskAnalysisNumericalStats {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String datasetId = "your-bigquery-dataset-id";
    String tableId = "your-bigquery-table-id";
    String topicId = "pub-sub-topic";
    String subscriptionId = "pub-sub-subscription";
    numericalStatsAnalysis(projectId, datasetId, tableId, topicId, subscriptionId);
  }

  public static void numericalStatsAnalysis(
      String projectId, String datasetId, String tableId, String topicId, String subscriptionId)
      throws ExecutionException, InterruptedException, IOException {

    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (DlpServiceClient dlpServiceClient = DlpServiceClient.create()) {

      // Specify the BigQuery table to analyze
      BigQueryTable bigQueryTable =
          BigQueryTable.newBuilder()
              .setTableId(tableId)
              .setDatasetId(datasetId)
              .setProjectId(projectId)
              .build();

      // This represents the name of the column to analyze, which must contain numerical data
      String columnName = "Age";

      // Configure the privacy metric for the job
      FieldId fieldId = FieldId.newBuilder().setName(columnName).build();
      NumericalStatsConfig numericalStatsConfig =
          NumericalStatsConfig.newBuilder().setField(fieldId).build();
      PrivacyMetric privacyMetric =
          PrivacyMetric.newBuilder().setNumericalStatsConfig(numericalStatsConfig).build();

      // Create action to publish job status notifications over Google Cloud Pub/Sub
      ProjectTopicName topicName = ProjectTopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
      PublishToPubSub publishToPubSub =
          PublishToPubSub.newBuilder().setTopic(topicName.toString()).build();
      Action action = Action.newBuilder().setPubSub(publishToPubSub).build();

      // Configure the risk analysis job to perform
      RiskAnalysisJobConfig riskAnalysisJobConfig =
          RiskAnalysisJobConfig.newBuilder()
              .setSourceTable(bigQueryTable)
              .setPrivacyMetric(privacyMetric)
              .addActions(action)
              .build();

      CreateDlpJobRequest createDlpJobRequest =
          CreateDlpJobRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, "global").toString())
              .setRiskJob(riskAnalysisJobConfig)
              .build();

      // Send the request to the API using the client
      DlpJob dlpJob = dlpServiceClient.createDlpJob(createDlpJobRequest);

      // Set up a Pub/Sub subscriber to listen on the job completion status
      final SettableApiFuture<Boolean> done = SettableApiFuture.create();

      ProjectSubscriptionName subscriptionName =
          ProjectSubscriptionName.of(projectId, subscriptionId);

      MessageReceiver messageHandler =
          (PubsubMessage pubsubMessage, AckReplyConsumer ackReplyConsumer) -> {
            handleMessage(dlpJob, done, pubsubMessage, ackReplyConsumer);
          };
      Subscriber subscriber = Subscriber.newBuilder(subscriptionName, messageHandler).build();
      subscriber.startAsync();

      // Wait for job completion semi-synchronously
      // For long jobs, consider using a truly asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions
      try {
        done.get(15, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      } catch (TimeoutException e) {
        System.out.println("Job was not completed after 15 minutes.");
        return;
      } finally {
        subscriber.stopAsync();
        subscriber.awaitTerminated();
      }

      // Build a request to get the completed job
      GetDlpJobRequest getDlpJobRequest =
          GetDlpJobRequest.newBuilder().setName(dlpJob.getName()).build();

      // Retrieve completed job status
      DlpJob completedJob = dlpServiceClient.getDlpJob(getDlpJobRequest);
      System.out.println("Job status: " + completedJob.getState());

      // Get the result and parse through and process the information
      NumericalStatsResult result = completedJob.getRiskDetails().getNumericalStatsResult();

      System.out.printf(
          "Value range : [%.3f, %.3f]\n",
          result.getMinValue().getFloatValue(), result.getMaxValue().getFloatValue());

      int percent = 1;
      Double lastValue = null;
      for (Value quantileValue : result.getQuantileValuesList()) {
        Double currentValue = quantileValue.getFloatValue();
        if (lastValue == null || !lastValue.equals(currentValue)) {
          System.out.printf("Value at %s %% quantile : %.3f", percent, currentValue);
        }
        lastValue = currentValue;
      }
    }
  }

  // handleMessage injects the job and settableFuture into the message reciever interface
  private static void handleMessage(
      DlpJob job,
      SettableApiFuture<Boolean> done,
      PubsubMessage pubsubMessage,
      AckReplyConsumer ackReplyConsumer) {
    String messageAttribute = pubsubMessage.getAttributesMap().get("DlpJobName");
    if (job.getName().equals(messageAttribute)) {
      done.set(true);
      ackReplyConsumer.ack();
    } else {
      ackReplyConsumer.nack();
    }
  }
}

Node.js

// Import the Google Cloud client libraries
const DLP = require('@google-cloud/dlp');
const {PubSub} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Instantiates clients
const dlp = new DLP.DlpServiceClient();
const pubsub = new PubSub();

// The project ID to run the API call under
// const callingProjectId = process.env.GCLOUD_PROJECT;

// The project ID the table is stored under
// This may or (for public datasets) may not equal the calling project ID
// const tableProjectId = process.env.GCLOUD_PROJECT;

// The ID of the dataset to inspect, e.g. 'my_dataset'
// const datasetId = 'my_dataset';

// The ID of the table to inspect, e.g. 'my_table'
// const tableId = 'my_table';

// The name of the column to compute risk metrics for, e.g. 'age'
// Note that this column must be a numeric data type
// const columnName = 'firstName';

// The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job completes
// TODO(developer): create a Pub/Sub topic to use for this
// const topicId = 'MY-PUBSUB-TOPIC'

// The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when listening for job
// completion notifications
// TODO(developer): create a Pub/Sub subscription to use for this
// const subscriptionId = 'MY-PUBSUB-SUBSCRIPTION'

const sourceTable = {
  projectId: tableProjectId,
  datasetId: datasetId,
  tableId: tableId,
};

// Construct request for creating a risk analysis job
const request = {
  parent: `projects/${callingProjectId}/locations/global`,
  riskJob: {
    privacyMetric: {
      numericalStatsConfig: {
        field: {
          name: columnName,
        },
      },
    },
    sourceTable: sourceTable,
    actions: [
      {
        pubSub: {
          topic: `projects/${callingProjectId}/topics/${topicId}`,
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

// Create helper function for unpacking values
const getValue = obj => obj[Object.keys(obj)[0]];

try {
  // Run risk analysis job
  const [topicResponse] = await pubsub.topic(topicId).get();
  const subscription = await topicResponse.subscription(subscriptionId);
  const [jobsResponse] = await dlp.createDlpJob(request);
  const jobName = jobsResponse.name;
  // Watch the Pub/Sub topic until the DLP job finishes
  await new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    const messageHandler = message => {
      if (message.attributes && message.attributes.DlpJobName === jobName) {
        message.ack();
        subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
        subscription.removeListener('error', errorHandler);
        resolve(jobName);
      } else {
        message.nack();
      }
    };

    const errorHandler = err => {
      subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
      subscription.removeListener('error', errorHandler);
      reject(err);
    };

    subscription.on('message', messageHandler);
    subscription.on('error', errorHandler);
  });
  setTimeout(() => {
    console.log(' Waiting for DLP job to fully complete');
  }, 500);
  const [job] = await dlp.getDlpJob({name: jobName});
  const results = job.riskDetails.numericalStatsResult;

  console.log(
    `Value Range: [${getValue(results.minValue)}, ${getValue(
      results.maxValue
    )}]`
  );

  // Print unique quantile values
  let tempValue = null;
  results.quantileValues.forEach((result, percent) => {
    const value = getValue(result);

    // Only print new values
    if (
      tempValue !== value &&
      !(tempValue && tempValue.equals && tempValue.equals(value))
    ) {
      console.log(`Value at ${percent}% quantile: ${value}`);
      tempValue = value;
    }
  });
} catch (err) {
  console.log(`Error in numericalRiskAnalysis: ${err.message || err}`);
}

Python

def numerical_risk_analysis(
    project,
    table_project_id,
    dataset_id,
    table_id,
    column_name,
    topic_id,
    subscription_id,
    timeout=300,
):
    """Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to compute risk metrics of a column
       of numerical data in a Google BigQuery table.
    Args:
        project: The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
        table_project_id: The Google Cloud project id where the BigQuery table
            is stored.
        dataset_id: The id of the dataset to inspect.
        table_id: The id of the table to inspect.
        column_name: The name of the column to compute risk metrics for.
        topic_id: The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job
            completes.
        subscription_id: The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when
            listening for job completion notifications.
        timeout: The number of seconds to wait for a response from the API.

    Returns:
        None; the response from the API is printed to the terminal.
    """

    # Import the client library.
    import google.cloud.dlp

    # This sample additionally uses Cloud Pub/Sub to receive results from
    # potentially long-running operations.
    import google.cloud.pubsub

    # Instantiate a client.
    dlp = google.cloud.dlp_v2.DlpServiceClient()

    # Convert the project id into full resource ids.
    topic = google.cloud.pubsub.PublisherClient.topic_path(project, topic_id)
    parent = dlp.location_path(project, 'global')

    # Location info of the BigQuery table.
    source_table = {
        "project_id": table_project_id,
        "dataset_id": dataset_id,
        "table_id": table_id,
    }

    # Tell the API where to send a notification when the job is complete.
    actions = [{"pub_sub": {"topic": topic}}]

    # Configure risk analysis job
    # Give the name of the numeric column to compute risk metrics for
    risk_job = {
        "privacy_metric": {
            "numerical_stats_config": {"field": {"name": column_name}}        },
        "source_table": source_table,
        "actions": actions,
    }

    # Call API to start risk analysis job
    operation = dlp.create_dlp_job(parent, risk_job=risk_job)

    def callback(message):
        if message.attributes["DlpJobName"] == operation.name:
            # This is the message we're looking for, so acknowledge it.
            message.ack()

            # Now that the job is done, fetch the results and print them.
            job = dlp.get_dlp_job(operation.name)
            results = job.risk_details.numerical_stats_result
            print(
                "Value Range: [{}, {}]".format(
                    results.min_value.integer_value,
                    results.max_value.integer_value,
                )
            )
            prev_value = None
            for percent, result in enumerate(results.quantile_values):
                value = result.integer_value
                if prev_value != value:
                    print("Value at {}% quantile: {}".format(percent, value))
                    prev_value = value
            subscription.set_result(None)
        else:
            # This is not the message we're looking for.
            message.drop()

    # Create a Pub/Sub client and find the subscription. The subscription is
    # expected to already be listening to the topic.
    subscriber = google.cloud.pubsub.SubscriberClient()
    subscription_path = subscriber.subscription_path(project, subscription_id)
    subscription = subscriber.subscribe(subscription_path, callback)

    try:
        subscription.result(timeout=timeout)
    except TimeoutError:
        print(
            "No event received before the timeout. Please verify that the "
            "subscription provided is subscribed to the topic provided."
        )
        subscription.close()

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	dlp "cloud.google.com/go/dlp/apiv2"
	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	dlppb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/privacy/dlp/v2"
)

// riskNumerical computes the numerical risk of the given column.
func riskNumerical(w io.Writer, projectID, dataProject, pubSubTopic, pubSubSub, datasetID, tableID, columnName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// dataProject := "bigquery-public-data"
	// pubSubTopic := "dlp-risk-sample-topic"
	// pubSubSub := "dlp-risk-sample-sub"
	// datasetID := "nhtsa_traffic_fatalities"
	// tableID := "accident_2015"
	// columnName := "state_number"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := dlp.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("dlp.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	// Create a PubSub Client used to listen for when the inspect job finishes.
	pubsubClient, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Error creating PubSub client: %v", err)
	}
	defer pubsubClient.Close()

	// Create a PubSub subscription we can use to listen for messages.
	s, err := setupPubSub(projectID, pubSubTopic, pubSubSub)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("setupPubSub: %v", err)
	}

	// topic is the PubSub topic string where messages should be sent.
	topic := "projects/" + projectID + "/topics/" + pubSubTopic

	// Create a configured request.
	req := &dlppb.CreateDlpJobRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/global", projectID),
		Job: &dlppb.CreateDlpJobRequest_RiskJob{
			RiskJob: &dlppb.RiskAnalysisJobConfig{
				// PrivacyMetric configures what to compute.
				PrivacyMetric: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric{
					Type: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_NumericalStatsConfig_{
						NumericalStatsConfig: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_NumericalStatsConfig{
							Field: &dlppb.FieldId{
								Name: columnName,
							},
						},
					},
				},
				// SourceTable describes where to find the data.
				SourceTable: &dlppb.BigQueryTable{
					ProjectId: dataProject,
					DatasetId: datasetID,
					TableId:   tableID,
				},
				// Send a message to PubSub using Actions.
				Actions: []*dlppb.Action{
					{
						Action: &dlppb.Action_PubSub{
							PubSub: &dlppb.Action_PublishToPubSub{
								Topic: topic,
							},
						},
					},
				},
			},
		},
	}
	// Create the risk job.
	j, err := client.CreateDlpJob(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateDlpJob: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created job: %v\n", j.GetName())

	// Wait for the risk job to finish by waiting for a PubSub message.
	// This only waits for 1 minute. For long jobs, consider using a truly
	// asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 1*time.Minute)
	defer cancel()
	err = s.Receive(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
		// If this is the wrong job, do not process the result.
		if msg.Attributes["DlpJobName"] != j.GetName() {
			msg.Nack()
			return
		}
		msg.Ack()
		time.Sleep(500 * time.Millisecond)
		resp, err := client.GetDlpJob(ctx, &dlppb.GetDlpJobRequest{
			Name: j.GetName(),
		})
		if err != nil {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "GetDlpJob: %v", err)
			return
		}
		n := resp.GetRiskDetails().GetNumericalStatsResult()
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "Value range: [%v, %v]\n", n.GetMinValue(), n.GetMaxValue())
		var tmp string
		for p, v := range n.GetQuantileValues() {
			if v.String() != tmp {
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "Value at %v quantile: %v\n", p, v)
				tmp = v.String()
			}
		}
		// Stop listening for more messages.
		cancel()
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Recieve: %v", err)
	}
	return nil
}

PHP

/**
 * Computes risk metrics of a column of numbers in a Google BigQuery table.
 */
use Google\Cloud\Core\ExponentialBackoff;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\RiskAnalysisJobConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\BigQueryTable;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpJob\JobState;
use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Action;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Action\PublishToPubSub;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric\NumericalStatsConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\FieldId;
use Google\Cloud\PubSub\V1\PublisherClient;

/** Uncomment and populate these variables in your code */
// $callingProjectId = 'The project ID to run the API call under';
// $dataProjectId = 'The project ID containing the target Datastore';
// $topicId = 'The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job completes';
// $subscriptionId = 'The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when listening for job';
// $datasetId = 'The ID of the BigQuery dataset to inspect';
// $tableId = 'The ID of the BigQuery table to inspect';
// $columnName = 'The name of the column to compute risk metrics for, e.g. "age"';

// Instantiate a client.
$dlp = new DlpServiceClient([
    'projectId' => $callingProjectId
]);
$pubsub = new PubSubClient([
    'projectId' => $callingProjectId
]);

// Construct risk analysis config
$columnField = (new FieldId())
    ->setName($columnName);

$statsConfig = (new NumericalStatsConfig())
    ->setField($columnField);

$privacyMetric = (new PrivacyMetric())
    ->setNumericalStatsConfig($statsConfig);

// Construct items to be analyzed
$bigqueryTable = (new BigQueryTable())
    ->setProjectId($dataProjectId)
    ->setDatasetId($datasetId)
    ->setTableId($tableId);

// Construct the action to run when job completes
$fullTopicId = PublisherClient::topicName($callingProjectId, $topicId);
$pubSubAction = (new PublishToPubSub())
    ->setTopic($fullTopicId);

$action = (new Action())
    ->setPubSub($pubSubAction);

// Construct risk analysis job config to run
$riskJob = (new RiskAnalysisJobConfig())
    ->setPrivacyMetric($privacyMetric)
    ->setSourceTable($bigqueryTable)
    ->setActions([$action]);

// Listen for job notifications via an existing topic/subscription.
$topic = $pubsub->topic($topicId);
$subscription = $topic->subscription($subscriptionId);

// Submit request
$parent = $dlp->projectName($callingProjectId);
$job = $dlp->createDlpJob($parent, [
    'riskJob' => $riskJob
]);

// Poll Pub/Sub using exponential backoff until job finishes
$backoff = new ExponentialBackoff(30);
$backoff->execute(function () use ($subscription, $dlp, &$job) {
    printf('Waiting for job to complete' . PHP_EOL);
    foreach ($subscription->pull() as $message) {
        if (isset($message->attributes()['DlpJobName']) &&
            $message->attributes()['DlpJobName'] === $job->getName()) {
            $subscription->acknowledge($message);
            // Get the updated job. Loop to avoid race condition with DLP API.
            do {
                $job = $dlp->getDlpJob($job->getName());
            } while ($job->getState() == JobState::RUNNING);
            return true;
        }
    }
    throw new Exception('Job has not yet completed');
});

// Helper function to convert Protobuf values to strings
$valueToString = function ($value) {
    $json = json_decode($value->serializeToJsonString(), true);
    return array_shift($json);
};

// Print finding counts
printf('Job %s status: %s' . PHP_EOL, $job->getName(), JobState::name($job->getState()));
switch ($job->getState()) {
    case JobState::DONE:
        $results = $job->getRiskDetails()->getNumericalStatsResult();
        printf(
            'Value range: [%s, %s]' . PHP_EOL,
            $valueToString($results->getMinValue()),
            $valueToString($results->getMaxValue())
        );

        // Only print unique values
        $lastValue = null;
        foreach ($results->getQuantileValues() as $percent => $quantileValue) {
            $value = $valueToString($quantileValue);
            if ($value != $lastValue) {
                printf('Value at %s quantile: %s' . PHP_EOL, $percent, $value);
                $lastValue = $value;
            }
        }

        break;
    case JobState::FAILED:
        printf('Job %s had errors:' . PHP_EOL, $job->getName());
        $errors = $job->getErrors();
        foreach ($errors as $error) {
            var_dump($error->getDetails());
        }
        break;
    default:
        print('Unexpected job state. Most likely, the job is either running or has not yet started.');
}

C#


using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2;
using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.Action.Types;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.PrivacyMetric.Types;

public class RiskAnalysisCreateNumericalStats
{
    public static AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.Types.NumericalStatsResult NumericalStats(
        string callingProjectId,
        string tableProjectId,
        string datasetId,
        string tableId,
        string topicId,
        string subscriptionId,
        string columnName)
    {
        var dlp = DlpServiceClient.Create();

        // Construct + submit the job
        var config = new RiskAnalysisJobConfig
        {
            PrivacyMetric = new PrivacyMetric
            {
                NumericalStatsConfig = new NumericalStatsConfig
                {
                    Field = new FieldId { Name = columnName }
                }
            },
            SourceTable = new BigQueryTable
            {
                ProjectId = tableProjectId,
                DatasetId = datasetId,
                TableId = tableId
            },
            Actions =
                {
                    new Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.Action
                    {
                        PubSub = new PublishToPubSub
                        {
                            Topic = $"projects/{callingProjectId}/topics/{topicId}"
                        }
                    }
                }
        };

        var submittedJob = dlp.CreateDlpJob(
            new CreateDlpJobRequest
            {
                ParentAsProjectName = new ProjectName(callingProjectId),
                RiskJob = config
            });

        // Listen to pub/sub for the job
        var subscriptionName = new SubscriptionName(callingProjectId, subscriptionId);
        var subscriber = SubscriberClient.CreateAsync(
            subscriptionName).Result;

        // SimpleSubscriber runs your message handle function on multiple
        // threads to maximize throughput.
        var done = new ManualResetEventSlim(false);
        subscriber.StartAsync((PubsubMessage message, CancellationToken cancel) =>
        {
            if (message.Attributes["DlpJobName"] == submittedJob.Name)
            {
                Thread.Sleep(500); // Wait for DLP API results to become consistent
                done.Set();
                return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Ack);
            }
            else
            {
                return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Nack);
            }
        });

        done.Wait(TimeSpan.FromMinutes(10)); // 10 minute timeout; may not work for large jobs
        subscriber.StopAsync(CancellationToken.None).Wait();

        // Process results
        var resultJob = dlp.GetDlpJob(
            new GetDlpJobRequest
            {
                DlpJobName = DlpJobName.Parse(submittedJob.Name)
            });

        var result = resultJob.RiskDetails.NumericalStatsResult;

        // 'UnpackValue(x)' is a prettier version of 'x.toString()'
        Console.WriteLine($"Value Range: [{UnpackValue(result.MinValue)}, {UnpackValue(result.MaxValue)}]");
        var lastValue = string.Empty;
        for (var quantile = 0; quantile < result.QuantileValues.Count; quantile++)
        {
            var currentValue = UnpackValue(result.QuantileValues[quantile]);
            if (lastValue != currentValue)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"Value at {quantile + 1}% quantile: {currentValue}");
            }
            lastValue = currentValue;
        }

        return result;
    }

    public static string UnpackValue(Value protoValue)
    {
        var jsonValue = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Dictionary<string, object>>(protoValue.ToString());
        return jsonValue.Values.ElementAt(0).ToString();
    }
}

범주 숫자 통계 계산

BigQuery 열 내의 개별 히스토그램 버킷을 대상으로 카테고리 숫자 통계를 계산할 수 있으며, 여기에는 다음이 포함됩니다.

  • 지정된 버킷 내 값 빈도의 상한
  • 지정된 버킷 내 값 빈도의 하한
  • 지정된 버킷의 크기
  • 지정된 버킷 내의 값 빈도 샘플(최대 20)

이러한 값을 계산하려면 CategoricalStatsConfig 개인정보 보호 측정항목을 스캔 대상 열의 이름으로 설정하여 DlpJob을 구성합니다. 작업을 실행하면 Cloud DLP가 지정된 열의 통계를 계산하고 결과를 CategoricalStatsResult 객체에 반환합니다.

코드 예시

다음은 Cloud DLP를 사용하여 카테고리 통계를 계산하는 방법을 보여주는 여러 언어로 된 샘플 코드입니다.

자바


import com.google.api.core.SettableApiFuture;
import com.google.cloud.dlp.v2.DlpServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.AckReplyConsumer;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.MessageReceiver;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Subscriber;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Action;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.Action.PublishToPubSub;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.CategoricalStatsResult;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.CategoricalStatsResult.CategoricalStatsHistogramBucket;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.BigQueryTable;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.CreateDlpJobRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.DlpJob;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.FieldId;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.GetDlpJobRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.LocationName;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrivacyMetric.CategoricalStatsConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.RiskAnalysisJobConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ValueFrequency;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectSubscriptionName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.ProjectTopicName;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

class RiskAnalysisCategoricalStats {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String datasetId = "your-bigquery-dataset-id";
    String tableId = "your-bigquery-table-id";
    String topicId = "pub-sub-topic";
    String subscriptionId = "pub-sub-subscription";
    categoricalStatsAnalysis(projectId, datasetId, tableId, topicId, subscriptionId);
  }

  public static void categoricalStatsAnalysis(
      String projectId, String datasetId, String tableId, String topicId, String subscriptionId)
      throws ExecutionException, InterruptedException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (DlpServiceClient dlpServiceClient = DlpServiceClient.create()) {
      // Specify the BigQuery table to analyze
      BigQueryTable bigQueryTable =
          BigQueryTable.newBuilder()
              .setProjectId(projectId)
              .setDatasetId(datasetId)
              .setTableId(tableId)
              .build();

      // The name of the column to analyze, which doesn't need to contain numerical data
      String columnName = "Mystery";

      // Configure the privacy metric for the job
      FieldId fieldId = FieldId.newBuilder().setName(columnName).build();
      CategoricalStatsConfig categoricalStatsConfig =
          CategoricalStatsConfig.newBuilder().setField(fieldId).build();
      PrivacyMetric privacyMetric =
          PrivacyMetric.newBuilder().setCategoricalStatsConfig(categoricalStatsConfig).build();

      // Create action to publish job status notifications over Google Cloud Pub/Sub
      ProjectTopicName topicName = ProjectTopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
      PublishToPubSub publishToPubSub =
          PublishToPubSub.newBuilder().setTopic(topicName.toString()).build();
      Action action = Action.newBuilder().setPubSub(publishToPubSub).build();

      // Configure the risk analysis job to perform
      RiskAnalysisJobConfig riskAnalysisJobConfig =
          RiskAnalysisJobConfig.newBuilder()
              .setSourceTable(bigQueryTable)
              .setPrivacyMetric(privacyMetric)
              .addActions(action)
              .build();

      // Build the job creation request to be sent by the client
      CreateDlpJobRequest createDlpJobRequest =
          CreateDlpJobRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, "global").toString())
              .setRiskJob(riskAnalysisJobConfig)
              .build();

      // Send the request to the API using the client
      DlpJob dlpJob = dlpServiceClient.createDlpJob(createDlpJobRequest);

      // Set up a Pub/Sub subscriber to listen on the job completion status
      final SettableApiFuture<Boolean> done = SettableApiFuture.create();

      ProjectSubscriptionName subscriptionName =
          ProjectSubscriptionName.of(projectId, subscriptionId);

      MessageReceiver messageHandler =
          (PubsubMessage pubsubMessage, AckReplyConsumer ackReplyConsumer) -> {
            handleMessage(dlpJob, done, pubsubMessage, ackReplyConsumer);
          };
      Subscriber subscriber = Subscriber.newBuilder(subscriptionName, messageHandler).build();
      subscriber.startAsync();

      // Wait for job completion semi-synchronously
      // For long jobs, consider using a truly asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions
      try {
        done.get(15, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      } catch (TimeoutException e) {
        System.out.println("Job was not completed after 15 minutes.");
        return;
      } finally {
        subscriber.stopAsync();
        subscriber.awaitTerminated();
      }

      // Build a request to get the completed job
      GetDlpJobRequest getDlpJobRequest =
          GetDlpJobRequest.newBuilder().setName(dlpJob.getName()).build();

      // Retrieve completed job status
      DlpJob completedJob = dlpServiceClient.getDlpJob(getDlpJobRequest);
      System.out.println("Job status: " + completedJob.getState());

      // Get the result and parse through and process the information
      CategoricalStatsResult result = completedJob.getRiskDetails().getCategoricalStatsResult();
      List<CategoricalStatsHistogramBucket> histogramBucketList =
          result.getValueFrequencyHistogramBucketsList();

      for (CategoricalStatsHistogramBucket bucket : histogramBucketList) {
        long mostCommonFrequency = bucket.getValueFrequencyUpperBound();
        System.out.printf("Most common value occurs %d time(s).\n", mostCommonFrequency);

        long leastCommonFrequency = bucket.getValueFrequencyLowerBound();
        System.out.printf("Least common value occurs %d time(s).\n", leastCommonFrequency);

        for (ValueFrequency valueFrequency : bucket.getBucketValuesList()) {
          System.out.printf(
              "Value %s occurs %d time(s).\n",
              valueFrequency.getValue().toString(), valueFrequency.getCount());
        }
      }
    }
  }

  // handleMessage injects the job and settableFuture into the message reciever interface
  private static void handleMessage(
      DlpJob job,
      SettableApiFuture<Boolean> done,
      PubsubMessage pubsubMessage,
      AckReplyConsumer ackReplyConsumer) {
    String messageAttribute = pubsubMessage.getAttributesMap().get("DlpJobName");
    if (job.getName().equals(messageAttribute)) {
      done.set(true);
      ackReplyConsumer.ack();
    } else {
      ackReplyConsumer.nack();
    }
  }
}

Node.js

// Import the Google Cloud client libraries
const DLP = require('@google-cloud/dlp');
const {PubSub} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Instantiates clients
const dlp = new DLP.DlpServiceClient();
const pubsub = new PubSub();

// The project ID to run the API call under
// const callingProjectId = process.env.GCLOUD_PROJECT;

// The project ID the table is stored under
// This may or (for public datasets) may not equal the calling project ID
// const tableProjectId = process.env.GCLOUD_PROJECT;

// The ID of the dataset to inspect, e.g. 'my_dataset'
// const datasetId = 'my_dataset';

// The ID of the table to inspect, e.g. 'my_table'
// const tableId = 'my_table';

// The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job completes
// TODO(developer): create a Pub/Sub topic to use for this
// const topicId = 'MY-PUBSUB-TOPIC'

// The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when listening for job
// completion notifications
// TODO(developer): create a Pub/Sub subscription to use for this
// const subscriptionId = 'MY-PUBSUB-SUBSCRIPTION'

// The name of the column to compute risk metrics for, e.g. 'firstName'
// const columnName = 'firstName';

const sourceTable = {
  projectId: tableProjectId,
  datasetId: datasetId,
  tableId: tableId,
};

// Construct request for creating a risk analysis job
const request = {
  parent: `projects/${callingProjectId}/locations/global`,
  riskJob: {
    privacyMetric: {
      categoricalStatsConfig: {
        field: {
          name: columnName,
        },
      },
    },
    sourceTable: sourceTable,
    actions: [
      {
        pubSub: {
          topic: `projects/${callingProjectId}/topics/${topicId}`,
        },
      },
    ],
  },
};

// Create helper function for unpacking values
const getValue = obj => obj[Object.keys(obj)[0]];

try {
  // Run risk analysis job
  const [topicResponse] = await pubsub.topic(topicId).get();
  const subscription = await topicResponse.subscription(subscriptionId);
  const [jobsResponse] = await dlp.createDlpJob(request);
  const jobName = jobsResponse.name;
  // Watch the Pub/Sub topic until the DLP job finishes
  await new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    const messageHandler = message => {
      if (message.attributes && message.attributes.DlpJobName === jobName) {
        message.ack();
        subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
        subscription.removeListener('error', errorHandler);
        resolve(jobName);
      } else {
        message.nack();
      }
    };

    const errorHandler = err => {
      subscription.removeListener('message', messageHandler);
      subscription.removeListener('error', errorHandler);
      reject(err);
    };

    subscription.on('message', messageHandler);
    subscription.on('error', errorHandler);
  });
  setTimeout(() => {
    console.log(' Waiting for DLP job to fully complete');
  }, 500);
  const [job] = await dlp.getDlpJob({name: jobName});
  const histogramBuckets =
    job.riskDetails.categoricalStatsResult.valueFrequencyHistogramBuckets;
  histogramBuckets.forEach((histogramBucket, histogramBucketIdx) => {
    console.log(`Bucket ${histogramBucketIdx}:`);

    // Print bucket stats
    console.log(
      `  Most common value occurs ${histogramBucket.valueFrequencyUpperBound} time(s)`
    );
    console.log(
      `  Least common value occurs ${histogramBucket.valueFrequencyLowerBound} time(s)`
    );

    // Print bucket values
    console.log(`${histogramBucket.bucketSize} unique values total.`);
    histogramBucket.bucketValues.forEach(valueBucket => {
      console.log(
        `  Value ${getValue(valueBucket.value)} occurs ${
          valueBucket.count
        } time(s).`
      );
    });
  });
} catch (err) {
  console.log(`Error in categoricalRiskAnalysis: ${err.message || err}`);
}

Python

def categorical_risk_analysis(
    project,
    table_project_id,
    dataset_id,
    table_id,
    column_name,
    topic_id,
    subscription_id,
    timeout=300,
):
    """Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to compute risk metrics of a column
       of categorical data in a Google BigQuery table.
    Args:
        project: The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
        table_project_id: The Google Cloud project id where the BigQuery table
            is stored.
        dataset_id: The id of the dataset to inspect.
        table_id: The id of the table to inspect.
        column_name: The name of the column to compute risk metrics for.
        topic_id: The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job
            completes.
        subscription_id: The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when
            listening for job completion notifications.
        timeout: The number of seconds to wait for a response from the API.

    Returns:
        None; the response from the API is printed to the terminal.
    """

    # Import the client library.
    import google.cloud.dlp

    # This sample additionally uses Cloud Pub/Sub to receive results from
    # potentially long-running operations.
    import google.cloud.pubsub

    # Instantiate a client.
    dlp = google.cloud.dlp_v2.DlpServiceClient()

    # Convert the project id into full resource ids.
    topic = google.cloud.pubsub.PublisherClient.topic_path(project, topic_id)
    parent = dlp.location_path(project, 'global')

    # Location info of the BigQuery table.
    source_table = {
        "project_id": table_project_id,
        "dataset_id": dataset_id,
        "table_id": table_id,
    }

    # Tell the API where to send a notification when the job is complete.
    actions = [{"pub_sub": {"topic": topic}}]

    # Configure risk analysis job
    # Give the name of the numeric column to compute risk metrics for
    risk_job = {
        "privacy_metric": {
            "categorical_stats_config": {"field": {"name": column_name}}        },
        "source_table": source_table,
        "actions": actions,
    }

    # Call API to start risk analysis job
    operation = dlp.create_dlp_job(parent, risk_job=risk_job)

    def callback(message):
        if message.attributes["DlpJobName"] == operation.name:
            # This is the message we're looking for, so acknowledge it.
            message.ack()

            # Now that the job is done, fetch the results and print them.
            job = dlp.get_dlp_job(operation.name)
            histogram_buckets = (
                job.risk_details.categorical_stats_result.value_frequency_histogram_buckets  # noqa: E501
            )
            # Print bucket stats
            for i, bucket in enumerate(histogram_buckets):
                print("Bucket {}:".format(i))
                print(
                    "   Most common value occurs {} time(s)".format(
                        bucket.value_frequency_upper_bound
                    )
                )
                print(
                    "   Least common value occurs {} time(s)".format(
                        bucket.value_frequency_lower_bound
                    )
                )
                print("   {} unique values total.".format(bucket.bucket_size))
                for value in bucket.bucket_values:
                    print(
                        "   Value {} occurs {} time(s)".format(
                            value.value.integer_value, value.count
                        )
                    )
            subscription.set_result(None)
        else:
            # This is not the message we're looking for.
            message.drop()

    # Create a Pub/Sub client and find the subscription. The subscription is
    # expected to already be listening to the topic.
    subscriber = google.cloud.pubsub.SubscriberClient()
    subscription_path = subscriber.subscription_path(project, subscription_id)
    subscription = subscriber.subscribe(subscription_path, callback)

    try:
        subscription.result(timeout=timeout)
    except TimeoutError:
        print(
            "No event received before the timeout. Please verify that the "
            "subscription provided is subscribed to the topic provided."
        )
        subscription.close()

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	dlp "cloud.google.com/go/dlp/apiv2"
	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	dlppb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/privacy/dlp/v2"
)

// riskCategorical computes the categorical risk of the given data.
func riskCategorical(w io.Writer, projectID, dataProject, pubSubTopic, pubSubSub, datasetID, tableID, columnName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// dataProject := "bigquery-public-data"
	// pubSubTopic := "dlp-risk-sample-topic"
	// pubSubSub := "dlp-risk-sample-sub"
	// datasetID := "nhtsa_traffic_fatalities"
	// tableID := "accident_2015"
	// columnName := "state_number"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := dlp.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("dlp.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	// Create a PubSub Client used to listen for when the inspect job finishes.
	pubsubClient, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Error creating PubSub client: %v", err)
	}
	defer pubsubClient.Close()

	// Create a PubSub subscription we can use to listen for messages.
	s, err := setupPubSub(projectID, pubSubTopic, pubSubSub)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("setupPubSub: %v", err)
	}

	// topic is the PubSub topic string where messages should be sent.
	topic := "projects/" + projectID + "/topics/" + pubSubTopic

	// Create a configured request.
	req := &dlppb.CreateDlpJobRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/global", projectID),
		Job: &dlppb.CreateDlpJobRequest_RiskJob{
			RiskJob: &dlppb.RiskAnalysisJobConfig{
				// PrivacyMetric configures what to compute.
				PrivacyMetric: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric{
					Type: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_CategoricalStatsConfig_{
						CategoricalStatsConfig: &dlppb.PrivacyMetric_CategoricalStatsConfig{
							Field: &dlppb.FieldId{
								Name: columnName,
							},
						},
					},
				},
				// SourceTable describes where to find the data.
				SourceTable: &dlppb.BigQueryTable{
					ProjectId: dataProject,
					DatasetId: datasetID,
					TableId:   tableID,
				},
				// Send a message to PubSub using Actions.
				Actions: []*dlppb.Action{
					{
						Action: &dlppb.Action_PubSub{
							PubSub: &dlppb.Action_PublishToPubSub{
								Topic: topic,
							},
						},
					},
				},
			},
		},
	}
	// Create the risk job.
	j, err := client.CreateDlpJob(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateDlpJob: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created job: %v\n", j.GetName())

	// Wait for the risk job to finish by waiting for a PubSub message.
	// This only waits for 1 minute. For long jobs, consider using a truly
	// asynchronous execution model such as Cloud Functions.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, 1*time.Minute)
	defer cancel()
	err = s.Receive(ctx, func(ctx context.Context, msg *pubsub.Message) {
		// If this is the wrong job, do not process the result.
		if msg.Attributes["DlpJobName"] != j.GetName() {
			msg.Nack()
			return
		}
		msg.Ack()
		time.Sleep(500 * time.Millisecond)
		resp, err := client.GetDlpJob(ctx, &dlppb.GetDlpJobRequest{
			Name: j.GetName(),
		})
		if err != nil {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "GetDlpJob: %v", err)
			return
		}
		h := resp.GetRiskDetails().GetCategoricalStatsResult().GetValueFrequencyHistogramBuckets()
		for i, b := range h {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Histogram bucket %v\n", i)
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "  Most common value occurs %v times\n", b.GetValueFrequencyUpperBound())
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "  Least common value occurs %v times\n", b.GetValueFrequencyLowerBound())
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "  %v unique values total\n", b.GetBucketSize())
			for _, v := range b.GetBucketValues() {
				fmt.Fprintf(w, "    Value %v occurs %v times\n", v.GetValue(), v.GetCount())
			}
		}
		// Stop listening for more messages.
		cancel()
	})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Receive: %v", err)
	}
	return nil
}

PHP

/**
 * Computes risk metrics of a column of data in a Google BigQuery table.
 */
use Google\Cloud\Core\ExponentialBackoff;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\RiskAnalysisJobConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\BigQueryTable;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpJob\JobState;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Action;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\Action\PublishToPubSub;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric\CategoricalStatsConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrivacyMetric;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\FieldId;
use Google\Cloud\PubSub\PubSubClient;

/** Uncomment and populate these variables in your code */
// $callingProjectId = 'The project ID to run the API call under';
// $dataProjectId = 'The project ID containing the target Datastore';
// $topicId = 'The name of the Pub/Sub topic to notify once the job completes';
// $subscriptionId = 'The name of the Pub/Sub subscription to use when listening for job';
// $datasetId = 'The ID of the dataset to inspect';
// $tableId = 'The ID of the table to inspect';
// $columnName = 'The name of the column to compute risk metrics for, e.g. "age"';

// Instantiate a client.
$dlp = new DlpServiceClient([
    'projectId' => $callingProjectId,
]);
$pubsub = new PubSubClient([
    'projectId' => $callingProjectId,
]);
$topic = $pubsub->topic($topicId);

// Construct risk analysis config
$columnField = (new FieldId())
    ->setName($columnName);

$statsConfig = (new CategoricalStatsConfig())
    ->setField($columnField);

$privacyMetric = (new PrivacyMetric())
    ->setCategoricalStatsConfig($statsConfig);

// Construct items to be analyzed
$bigqueryTable = (new BigQueryTable())
    ->setProjectId($dataProjectId)
    ->setDatasetId($datasetId)
    ->setTableId($tableId);

// Construct the action to run when job completes
$pubSubAction = (new PublishToPubSub())
    ->setTopic($topic->name());

$action = (new Action())
    ->setPubSub($pubSubAction);

// Construct risk analysis job config to run
$riskJob = (new RiskAnalysisJobConfig())
    ->setPrivacyMetric($privacyMetric)
    ->setSourceTable($bigqueryTable)
    ->setActions([$action]);

// Submit request
$parent = $dlp->projectName($callingProjectId);
$job = $dlp->createDlpJob($parent, [
    'riskJob' => $riskJob
]);

// Listen for job notifications via an existing topic/subscription.
$subscription = $topic->subscription($subscriptionId);

// Poll Pub/Sub using exponential backoff until job finishes
$backoff = new ExponentialBackoff(30);
$backoff->execute(function () use ($subscription, $dlp, &$job) {
    printf('Waiting for job to complete' . PHP_EOL);
    foreach ($subscription->pull() as $message) {
        if (isset($message->attributes()['DlpJobName']) &&
            $message->attributes()['DlpJobName'] === $job->getName()) {
            $subscription->acknowledge($message);
            // Get the updated job. Loop to avoid race condition with DLP API.
            do {
                $job = $dlp->getDlpJob($job->getName());
            } while ($job->getState() == JobState::RUNNING);
            return true;
        }
    }
    throw new Exception('Job has not yet completed');
});

// Print finding counts
printf('Job %s status: %s' . PHP_EOL, $job->getName(), JobState::name($job->getState()));
switch ($job->getState()) {
    case JobState::DONE:
        $histBuckets = $job->getRiskDetails()->getCategoricalStatsResult()->getValueFrequencyHistogramBuckets();

        foreach ($histBuckets as $bucketIndex => $histBucket) {
            // Print bucket stats
            printf('Bucket %s:' . PHP_EOL, $bucketIndex);
            printf('  Most common value occurs %s time(s)' . PHP_EOL, $histBucket->getValueFrequencyUpperBound());
            printf('  Least common value occurs %s time(s)' . PHP_EOL, $histBucket->getValueFrequencyLowerBound());
            printf('  %s unique value(s) total.', $histBucket->getBucketSize());

            // Print bucket values
            foreach ($histBucket->getBucketValues() as $percent => $quantile) {
                printf(
                    '  Value %s occurs %s time(s).' . PHP_EOL,
                    $quantile->getValue()->serializeToJsonString(),
                    $quantile->getCount()
                );
            }
        }

        break;
    case JobState::FAILED:
        $errors = $job->getErrors();
        printf('Job %s had errors:' . PHP_EOL, $job->getName());
        foreach ($errors as $error) {
            var_dump($error->getDetails());
        }
        break;
    default:
        printf('Unexpected job state.');
}

C#


using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2;
using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.Action.Types;
using static Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.PrivacyMetric.Types;

public class RiskAnalysisCreateCategoricalStats
{
    public static AnalyzeDataSourceRiskDetails.Types.CategoricalStatsResult CategoricalStats(
        string callingProjectId,
        string tableProjectId,
        string datasetId,
        string tableId,
        string topicId,
        string subscriptionId,
        string columnName)
    {
        var dlp = DlpServiceClient.Create();

        // Construct + submit the job
        var config = new RiskAnalysisJobConfig
        {
            PrivacyMetric = new PrivacyMetric
            {
                CategoricalStatsConfig = new CategoricalStatsConfig()
                {
                    Field = new FieldId { Name = columnName }
                }
            },
            SourceTable = new BigQueryTable
            {
                ProjectId = tableProjectId,
                DatasetId = datasetId,
                TableId = tableId
            },
            Actions =
            {
                new Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2.Action
                {
                    PubSub = new PublishToPubSub
                    {
                        Topic = $"projects/{callingProjectId}/topics/{topicId}"
                    }
                }
            }
        };

        var submittedJob = dlp.CreateDlpJob(new CreateDlpJobRequest
        {
            ParentAsProjectName = new ProjectName(callingProjectId),
            RiskJob = config
        });

        // Listen to pub/sub for the job
        var subscriptionName = new SubscriptionName(callingProjectId, subscriptionId);
        var subscriber = SubscriberClient.CreateAsync(
            subscriptionName).Result;

        // SimpleSubscriber runs your message handle function on multiple
        // threads to maximize throughput.
        var done = new ManualResetEventSlim(false);
        subscriber.StartAsync((PubsubMessage message, CancellationToken cancel) =>
        {
            if (message.Attributes["DlpJobName"] == submittedJob.Name)
            {
                Thread.Sleep(500); // Wait for DLP API results to become consistent
                done.Set();
                return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Ack);
            }
            else
            {
                return Task.FromResult(SubscriberClient.Reply.Nack);
            }
        });

        done.Wait(TimeSpan.FromMinutes(10)); // 10 minute timeout; may not work for large jobs
        subscriber.StopAsync(CancellationToken.None).Wait();

        // Process results
        var resultJob = dlp.GetDlpJob(new GetDlpJobRequest
        {
            DlpJobName = DlpJobName.Parse(submittedJob.Name)
        });

        var result = resultJob.RiskDetails.CategoricalStatsResult;

        for (var bucketIdx = 0; bucketIdx < result.ValueFrequencyHistogramBuckets.Count; bucketIdx++)
        {
            var bucket = result.ValueFrequencyHistogramBuckets[bucketIdx];
            Console.WriteLine($"Bucket {bucketIdx}");
            Console.WriteLine($"  Most common value occurs {bucket.ValueFrequencyUpperBound} time(s).");
            Console.WriteLine($"  Least common value occurs {bucket.ValueFrequencyLowerBound} time(s).");
            Console.WriteLine($"  {bucket.BucketSize} unique value(s) total.");

            foreach (var bucketValue in bucket.BucketValues)
            {
                // 'UnpackValue(x)' is a prettier version of 'x.toString()'
                Console.WriteLine($"  Value {UnpackValue(bucketValue.Value)} occurs {bucketValue.Count} time(s).");
            }
        }

        return result;
    }

    public static string UnpackValue(Value protoValue)
    {
        var jsonValue = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Dictionary<string, object>>(protoValue.ToString());
        return jsonValue.Values.ElementAt(0).ToString();
    }
}