Ejemplos de Terraform para Cloud CDN

Usa el siguiente ejemplo para implementar un backend de balanceador de cargas de HTTP(S) externo de muestra con Cloud CDN habilitado.

Si es la primera vez que usas Terraform para Google Cloud, consulta la página Comenzar con Google Cloud en el sitio web de HashiCorp.

MIG y encabezados personalizados

Puedes usar recursos de Terraform para abrir un balanceador de cargas HTTP externo con un servicio de backend habilitado para Cloud CDN y una solicitud personalizada, y encabezados de respuesta.

Para obtener información sobre la configuración del balanceador de cargas, consulta la guía de configuración principal.
# VPC
resource "google_compute_network" "default" {
  name                    = "l7-xlb-network"
  provider                = google-beta
  auto_create_subnetworks = false
}

# backend subnet
resource "google_compute_subnetwork" "default" {
  name          = "l7-xlb-subnet"
  provider      = google-beta
  ip_cidr_range = "10.0.1.0/24"
  region        = "us-central1"
  network       = google_compute_network.default.id
}

# reserved IP address
resource "google_compute_global_address" "default" {
  provider = google-beta
  name = "l7-xlb-static-ip"
}

# forwarding rule
resource "google_compute_global_forwarding_rule" "default" {
  name                  = "l7-xlb-forwarding-rule"
  provider              = google-beta
  ip_protocol           = "TCP"
  load_balancing_scheme = "EXTERNAL"
  port_range            = "80"
  target                = google_compute_target_http_proxy.default.id
  ip_address            = google_compute_global_address.default.id
}

# http proxy
resource "google_compute_target_http_proxy" "default" {
  name     = "l7-xlb-target-http-proxy"
  provider = google-beta
  url_map  = google_compute_url_map.default.id
}

# url map
resource "google_compute_url_map" "default" {
  name            = "l7-xlb-url-map"
  provider        = google-beta
  default_service = google_compute_backend_service.default.id
}

# backend service with custom request and response headers
resource "google_compute_backend_service" "default" {
  name                     = "l7-xlb-backend-service"
  provider                 = google-beta
  protocol                 = "HTTP"
  port_name                = "my-port"
  load_balancing_scheme    = "EXTERNAL"
  timeout_sec              = 10
  enable_cdn               = true
  custom_request_headers   = ["X-Client-Geo-Location: {client_region_subdivision}, {client_city}"]
  custom_response_headers  = ["X-Cache-Hit: {cdn_cache_status}"]
  health_checks            = [google_compute_health_check.default.id]
  backend {
    group           = google_compute_instance_group_manager.default.instance_group
    balancing_mode  = "UTILIZATION"
    capacity_scaler = 1.0
  }
}

# instance template
resource "google_compute_instance_template" "default" {
  name         = "l7-xlb-mig-template"
  provider     = google-beta
  machine_type = "e2-small"
  tags         = ["allow-health-check"]

  network_interface {
    network    = google_compute_network.default.id
    subnetwork = google_compute_subnetwork.default.id
    access_config {
      # add external ip to fetch packages
    }
  }
  disk {
    source_image = "debian-cloud/debian-10"
    auto_delete  = true
    boot         = true
  }

  # install nginx and serve a simple web page
  metadata = {
    startup-script = <<-EOF1
      #! /bin/bash
      set -euo pipefail

      export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive
      apt-get update
      apt-get install -y nginx-light jq

      NAME=$(curl -H "Metadata-Flavor: Google" "http://metadata.google.internal/computeMetadata/v1/instance/hostname")
      IP=$(curl -H "Metadata-Flavor: Google" "http://metadata.google.internal/computeMetadata/v1/instance/network-interfaces/0/ip")
      METADATA=$(curl -f -H "Metadata-Flavor: Google" "http://metadata.google.internal/computeMetadata/v1/instance/attributes/?recursive=True" | jq 'del(.["startup-script"])')

      cat <<EOF > /var/www/html/index.html
      <pre>
      Name: $NAME
      IP: $IP
      Metadata: $METADATA
      </pre>
      EOF
    EOF1
  }
  lifecycle {
    create_before_destroy = true
  }
}

# health check
resource "google_compute_health_check" "default" {
  name     = "l7-xlb-hc"
  provider = google-beta
  http_health_check {
    port_specification = "USE_SERVING_PORT"
  }
}

# MIG
resource "google_compute_instance_group_manager" "default" {
  name     = "l7-xlb-mig1"
  provider = google-beta
  zone     = "us-central1-c"
  named_port {
    name = "http"
    port = 8080
  }
  version {
    instance_template = google_compute_instance_template.default.id
    name              = "primary"
  }
  base_instance_name = "vm"
  target_size        = 2
}

# allow access from health check ranges
resource "google_compute_firewall" "default" {
  name          = "l7-xlb-fw-allow-hc"
  provider      = google-beta
  direction     = "INGRESS"
  network       = google_compute_network.default.id
  source_ranges = ["130.211.0.0/22", "35.191.0.0/16"]
  allow {
    protocol = "tcp"
  }
  target_tags = ["allow-health-check"]
}