Version 1.6. This version is no longer supported. For more information, see the version support policy. For information about how to upgrade to version 1.7, see Upgrading Anthos on bare metal in the 1.7 documentation.

Available versions: 1.9  |   1.8  |   1.7

Installing a Container Storage Interface driver

This page explains how to install a Container Storage Interface (CSI) storage driver to Anthos clusters on bare metal clusters.

Overview

Anthos clusters on bare metal is compatible with Container Storage Interface (CSI) v1.0 drivers. CSI is an open standard API supported by many major storage vendors that enables Kubernetes to expose arbitrary storage systems to containerized workloads.

Kubernetes volumes are managed by vendor-specific storage drivers, which have historically been compiled into Kubernetes binaries. Previously, you could not use a storage driver that was not included with Kubernetes. Installing a CSI driver adds support for a storage system that is not natively supported by Kubernetes. Also, CSI enables the use of modern storage features, such as snapshots and resizing.

To use a CSI driver, you need to create a Kubernetes StorageClass. You set the CSI driver as the provisioner for the StorageClass. Then, you can set the StorageClass as the cluster's default, or configure your workloads to use the StorageClass (StatefulSet example).

Installing a vendor's CSI driver

Storage vendors develop their own CSI drivers, and they are responsible for providing installation instructions. In simple cases, installation might only involve deploying manifests to your clusters. See the list of CSI drivers in the CSI documentation.

For production storage, we recommend installing a CSI driver from an Anthos Ready storage partner.

Verifying a driver installation

After you install a CSI driver, you can verify the installation by running:

kubectl get csinodes 
-o jsonpath='{range .items[]} {.metadata.name}{": "} {range .spec.drivers[]} {.name}{"\n"} {end}{end}'

Using a CSI driver

To use a CSI driver:

  1. Create a Kubernetes StorageClass that references the driver in its provisioner field.

  2. To provision storage, you can either:

Considerations for StorageClasses backed by a CSI driver

When you create a StorageClass, consider the following:

  • CSI driver documentation should include the driver-specific parameters that you provide to your StorageClass, including the provisioner name.
  • You should name the StorageClass after its properties, rather than after the name of the specific driver or appliance behind it. Naming the StorageClass after its properties allows you to create StorageClasses with the same name across multiple clusters and environments, and allows your applications to get storage with the same properties across clusters.

Example: Reference StorageClass in a StatefulSet

The following example models how to define a CSI driver in a StorageClass, and then reference the StorageClass in a StatefulSet workload. The example assumes the driver has already been installed to the cluster.

Below is a simple StorageClass named premium-rwo that uses a fictional CSI driver, csi.example.com, as its provisioner:

fast-sc.yaml

apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
  name: premium-rwo
provisioner: csi.example.com # CSI driver
parameters: # You provide vendor-specific parameters to this specification
  type: example-parameter # Be sure to follow the vendor's instructions
  datastore: my-datastore
reclaimPolicy: Retain
allowVolumeExpansion: true

You reference the StorageClass in a StatefulSet's volumeClaimTemplates specification.

When you reference a StorageClass in a StatefulSet's volumeClaimTemplates specification, Kubernetes provides stable storage using PersistentVolumes (PVs). Kubernetes calls the provisioner defined in the StorageClass to create a new storage volume. In this case, Kubernetes calls the fictional csi.example.com provider, which calls out to the provider's API, to create a volume. After the volume is provisioned, Kubernetes automatically creates a PV to represent the storage.

Here is a simple StatefulSet that references the StorageClass:

statefulset.yaml

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: StatefulSet
metadata:
  name: web
spec:
  replicas: 2
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx
        image: k8s.gcr.io/nginx-slim:0.8
        volumeMounts:
        - name: www
          mountPath: /usr/share/nginx/html
  volumeClaimTemplates: # This is the specification in which you reference the StorageClass
  - metadata:
      name: www
    spec:
      accessModes: [ "ReadWriteOnce" ]
      resources:
        requests:
          storage: 1Gi
      storageClassName: fast # This field references the existing StorageClass

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