Create HTTP tasks with authentication

Creates tasks with OIDC token to send to a Cloud Run, Cloud Function, or external URL.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

Code Sample

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Tasks, see the Cloud Tasks Client Libraries.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	cloudtasks "cloud.google.com/go/cloudtasks/apiv2"
	taskspb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/tasks/v2"
)

// createHTTPTaskWithToken constructs a task with a authorization token
// and HTTP target then adds it to a Queue.
func createHTTPTaskWithToken(projectID, locationID, queueID, url, email, message string) (*taskspb.Task, error) {
	// Create a new Cloud Tasks client instance.
	// See https://godoc.org/cloud.google.com/go/cloudtasks/apiv2
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := cloudtasks.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}

	// Build the Task queue path.
	queuePath := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/queues/%s", projectID, locationID, queueID)

	// Build the Task payload.
	// https://godoc.org/google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/tasks/v2#CreateTaskRequest
	req := &taskspb.CreateTaskRequest{
		Parent: queuePath,
		Task: &taskspb.Task{
			// https://godoc.org/google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/tasks/v2#HttpRequest
			MessageType: &taskspb.Task_HttpRequest{
				HttpRequest: &taskspb.HttpRequest{
					HttpMethod: taskspb.HttpMethod_POST,
					Url:        url,
					AuthorizationHeader: &taskspb.HttpRequest_OidcToken{
						OidcToken: &taskspb.OidcToken{
							ServiceAccountEmail: email,
						},
					},
				},
			},
		},
	}

	// Add a payload message if one is present.
	req.Task.GetHttpRequest().Body = []byte(message)

	createdTask, err := client.CreateTask(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("cloudtasks.CreateTask: %v", err)
	}

	return createdTask, nil
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Tasks, see the Cloud Tasks Client Libraries.

import com.google.cloud.tasks.v2.CloudTasksClient;
import com.google.cloud.tasks.v2.HttpMethod;
import com.google.cloud.tasks.v2.HttpRequest;
import com.google.cloud.tasks.v2.OidcToken;
import com.google.cloud.tasks.v2.QueueName;
import com.google.cloud.tasks.v2.Task;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;

public class CreateHttpTaskWithToken {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String locationId = "us-central1";
    String queueId = "my-queue";
    String serviceAccountEmail = 
        "java-docs-samples-testing@java-docs-samples-testing.iam.gserviceaccount.com";
    createTask(projectId, locationId, queueId, serviceAccountEmail);
  }

  // Create a task with a HTTP target and authorization token using the Cloud Tasks client.
  public static void createTask(
      String projectId, String locationId, String queueId, String serviceAccountEmail)
      throws IOException {

    // Instantiates a client.
    try (CloudTasksClient client = CloudTasksClient.create()) {
      String url =
          "https://example.com/taskhandler"; // The full url path that the request will be sent to
      String payload = "Hello, World!"; // The task HTTP request body

      // Construct the fully qualified queue name.
      String queuePath = QueueName.of(projectId, locationId, queueId).toString();

      // Add your service account email to construct the OIDC token.
      // in order to add an authentication header to the request.
      OidcToken.Builder oidcTokenBuilder =
          OidcToken.newBuilder().setServiceAccountEmail(serviceAccountEmail);

      // Construct the task body.
      Task.Builder taskBuilder =
          Task.newBuilder()
              .setHttpRequest(
                  HttpRequest.newBuilder()
                      .setBody(ByteString.copyFrom(payload, Charset.defaultCharset()))
                      .setHttpMethod(HttpMethod.POST)
                      .setUrl(url)
                      .setOidcToken(oidcTokenBuilder)
                      .build());

      // Send create task request.
      Task task = client.createTask(queuePath, taskBuilder.build());
      System.out.println("Task created: " + task.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Tasks, see the Cloud Tasks Client Libraries.

// Imports the Google Cloud Tasks library.
const {CloudTasksClient} = require('@google-cloud/tasks');

// Instantiates a client.
const client = new CloudTasksClient();

async function createHttpTaskWithToken() {
  // TODO(developer): Uncomment these lines and replace with your values.
  // const project = 'my-project-id';
  // const queue = 'my-queue';
  // const location = 'us-central1';
  // const url = 'https://example.com/taskhandler';
  // const serviceAccountEmail = 'client@<project-id>.iam.gserviceaccount.com';
  // const payload = 'Hello, World!';

  // Construct the fully qualified queue name.
  const parent = client.queuePath(project, location, queue);

  const task = {
    httpRequest: {
      httpMethod: 'POST',
      url,
      oidcToken: {
        serviceAccountEmail,
      },
    },
  };

  if (payload) {
    task.httpRequest.body = Buffer.from(payload).toString('base64');
  }

  if (inSeconds) {
    // The time when the task is scheduled to be attempted.
    task.scheduleTime = {
      seconds: inSeconds + Date.now() / 1000,
    };
  }

  console.log('Sending task:');
  console.log(task);
  // Send create task request.
  const request = {parent, task};
  const [response] = await client.createTask(request);
  const name = response.name;
  console.log(`Created task ${name}`);
}
createHttpTaskWithToken();

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Tasks, see the Cloud Tasks Client Libraries.

use Google\Cloud\Tasks\V2\CloudTasksClient;
use Google\Cloud\Tasks\V2\HttpMethod;
use Google\Cloud\Tasks\V2\HttpRequest;
use Google\Cloud\Tasks\V2\Task;
use Google\Cloud\Tasks\V2\OidcToken;

/** Uncomment and populate these variables in your code */
// $projectId = 'The Google project ID';
// $locationId = 'The Location ID';
// $queueId = 'The Cloud Tasks Queue ID';
// $url = 'The full url path that the task request will be sent to.';
// $serviceAccountEmail = 'The Cloud IAM service account to be used at the construction of the token';
// $payload = 'The payload your task should carry to the task handler. Optional';

// Instantiate the client and queue name.
$client = new CloudTasksClient();
$queueName = $client->queueName($projectId, $locationId, $queueId);

// Add your service account email to construct the OIDC token
// in order to add an authentication header to the request.
$oidcToken = new OidcToken();
$oidcToken->setServiceAccountEmail($serviceAccountEmail);

// Create an Http Request Object.
$httpRequest = new HttpRequest();
// The full url path that the task request will be sent to.
$httpRequest->setUrl($url);
// POST is the default HTTP method, but any HTTP method can be used.
$httpRequest->setHttpMethod(HttpMethod::POST);
//The oidcToken used to assert identity.
$httpRequest->setOidcToken($oidcToken);
// Setting a body value is only compatible with HTTP POST and PUT requests.
if (isset($payload)) {
    $httpRequest->setBody($payload);
}

// Create a Cloud Task object.
$task = new Task();
$task->setHttpRequest($httpRequest);

// Send request and print the task name.
$response = $client->createTask($queueName, $task);
printf('Created task %s' . PHP_EOL, $response->getName());

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Tasks, see the Cloud Tasks Client Libraries.

"""Create a task for a given queue with an arbitrary payload."""

from google.cloud import tasks_v2
from google.protobuf import timestamp_pb2

# Create a client.
client = tasks_v2.CloudTasksClient()

# TODO(developer): Uncomment these lines and replace with your values.
# project = 'my-project-id'
# queue = 'my-queue'
# location = 'us-central1'
# url = 'https://example.com/task_handler'
# service_account_email = 'service-account@my-project-id.iam.gserviceaccount.com';
# payload = 'hello'

# Construct the fully qualified queue name.
parent = client.queue_path(project, location, queue)

# Construct the request body.
task = {
    "http_request": {  # Specify the type of request.
        "http_method": tasks_v2.HttpMethod.POST,
        "url": url,  # The full url path that the task will be sent to.
        "oidc_token": {"service_account_email": service_account_email},
    }
}

if payload is not None:
    # The API expects a payload of type bytes.
    converted_payload = payload.encode()

    # Add the payload to the request.
    task["http_request"]["body"] = converted_payload

if in_seconds is not None:
    # Convert "seconds from now" into an rfc3339 datetime string.
    d = datetime.datetime.utcnow() + datetime.timedelta(seconds=in_seconds)

    # Create Timestamp protobuf.
    timestamp = timestamp_pb2.Timestamp()
    timestamp.FromDatetime(d)

    # Add the timestamp to the tasks.
    task["schedule_time"] = timestamp

if task_name is not None:
    # Add the name to tasks.
    task["name"] = task_name

# Use the client to build and send the task.
response = client.create_task(request={"parent": parent, "task": task})

print("Created task {}".format(response.name))
return response