Migrating to the Storage Transfer Service Cloud Client Library

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To ensure high quality and to be consistent with our other Cloud libraries, the documentation for Storage Transfer Service is now using the Cloud Client Libraries instead of the Google API Client Libraries. See Client libraries explained for more information about the two options.

The Google API Client Library continues to receive updates, but is no longer referenced in the documentation.

This guide covers the main differences as they apply to using Storage Transfer Service, and provides instructions on updating your clients when migrating to the Cloud Client Library.

Java

Updating dependencies

To switch to the new library, replace your dependency on google-api-services-storagetransfer with google-cloud-storage-transfer.

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-storage-transfer</artifactId>
    <version>0.2.3</version>
</dependency>

If you are using Gradle without BOM, add this to your dependencies:

implementation 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-storage-transfer:0.2.3'
<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>libraries-bom</artifactId>
      <version>24.1.0</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-storage-transfer</artifactId>
  </dependency>

For the most part, code can be pretty easily converted from the API Client Library to the Cloud Client Library. The following are some key differences between the two Java clients

Client instantiation

The Cloud Client Library reduces a lot of the boilerplate associated with client instantiation by handling it behind the scenes.

API Client Library

GoogleCredentials credential = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault();
if (credential.createScopedRequired()) {
 credential = credential.createScoped(StoragetransferScopes.all());
}
Storagetransfer storageTransfer = new Storagetransfer.Builder(Utils.getDefaultTransport(),
   Utils.getDefaultJsonFactory(), new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential))
   .build();

Cloud Client Library

StorageTransferServiceClient storageTransfer = StorageTransferServiceClient.create();

Builders for model classes

Model classes in the Cloud Client Library use builders instead of constructors.

API Client Library

TransferJob transferJob =
   new TransferJob()
       .setStatus("ENABLED");

Cloud Client Library

TransferJob transferJob =
   TransferJob.newBuilder()
       .setStatus(Status.ENABLED)
   .build();

List operations return iterables

List operations in the Cloud Client Library return simple iterables instead of the paginated results in the API Client Library.

API Client Library

public class StoragetransferExample {
  public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException {
    Storagetransfer storagetransferService = createStoragetransferService();
    Storagetransfer.TransferJobs.List request = storagetransferService.transferJobs().list();

    ListTransferJobsResponse response;
    do {
      response = request.execute();
      if (response.getTransferJobs() == null) {
        continue;
      }
      for (TransferJob transferJob : response.getTransferJobs()) {
        System.out.println(transferJob);
      }
      request.setPageToken(response.getNextPageToken());
    } while (response.getNextPageToken() != null);
  }

  public static Storagetransfer createStoragetransferService()
      throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException {
    HttpTransport httpTransport = GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport();
    JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();

    GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.getApplicationDefault();
    }

    return new Storagetransfer.Builder(httpTransport, jsonFactory, credential)
        .build();
  }
}

Cloud Client Library

public class StoragetransferExample {
 public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception {
   StorageTransferServiceClient storageTransfer = StorageTransferServiceClient.create();
   ListTransferJobsRequest request = ListTransferJobsRequest.newBuilder().build();
   for (TransferJob job : client.listTransferJobs(request).iterateAll()) {
     System.out.println(job);
   }
 }
}

Sample comparisons

Here, we include the old API Client Library samples, compared to their equivalent samples using the Cloud Client Library. If you used these samples before, you can use this comparison to understand how to move your code to the new Cloud Client Library.

Transfer from Amazon S3

API Client Library


import com.google.api.client.googleapis.util.Utils;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.Storagetransfer;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.StoragetransferScopes;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.AwsAccessKey;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.AwsS3Data;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.Date;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.GcsData;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.Schedule;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.TimeOfDay;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.TransferJob;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.TransferSpec;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class TransferFromAwsApiary {

  // Creates a one-off transfer job from Amazon S3 to Google Cloud Storage.
  public static void transferFromAws(
      String projectId,
      String jobDescription,
      String awsSourceBucket,
      String gcsSinkBucket,
      long startDateTime,
      String awsAccessKeyId,
      String awsSecretAccessKey)
      throws IOException {

    // Your Google Cloud Project ID
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // A short description of this job
    // String jobDescription = "Sample transfer job from S3 to GCS.";

    // The name of the source AWS bucket to transfer data from
    // String awsSourceBucket = "yourAwsSourceBucket";

    // The name of the GCS bucket to transfer data to
    // String gcsSinkBucket = "your-gcs-bucket";

    // What day and time in UTC to start the transfer, expressed as an epoch date timestamp.
    // If this is in the past relative to when the job is created, it will run the next day.
    // long startDateTime =
    //     new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").parse("2000-01-01 00:00:00").getTime();

    // The ID used to access your AWS account. Should be accessed via environment variable.
    // String awsAccessKeyId = System.getenv("AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID");

    // The Secret Key used to access your AWS account. Should be accessed via environment variable.
    // String awsSecretAccessKey = System.getenv("AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY");

    // Set up source and sink
    TransferSpec transferSpec =
        new TransferSpec()
            .setAwsS3DataSource(
                new AwsS3Data()
                    .setBucketName(awsSourceBucket)
                    .setAwsAccessKey(
                        new AwsAccessKey()
                            .setAccessKeyId(awsAccessKeyId)
                            .setSecretAccessKey(awsSecretAccessKey)))
            .setGcsDataSink(new GcsData().setBucketName(gcsSinkBucket));

    // Parse epoch timestamp into the model classes
    Calendar startCalendar = Calendar.getInstance();
    startCalendar.setTimeInMillis(startDateTime);
    // Note that this is a Date from the model class package, not a java.util.Date
    Date startDate =
        new Date()
            .setYear(startCalendar.get(Calendar.YEAR))
            .setMonth(startCalendar.get(Calendar.MONTH) + 1)
            .setDay(startCalendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH));
    TimeOfDay startTime =
        new TimeOfDay()
            .setHours(startCalendar.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY))
            .setMinutes(startCalendar.get(Calendar.MINUTE))
            .setSeconds(startCalendar.get(Calendar.SECOND));
    Schedule schedule =
        new Schedule()
            .setScheduleStartDate(startDate)
            .setScheduleEndDate(startDate)
            .setStartTimeOfDay(startTime);

    // Set up the transfer job
    TransferJob transferJob =
        new TransferJob()
            .setDescription(jobDescription)
            .setProjectId(projectId)
            .setTransferSpec(transferSpec)
            .setSchedule(schedule)
            .setStatus("ENABLED");

    // Create a Transfer Service client
    GoogleCredentials credential = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault();
    if (credential.createScopedRequired()) {
      credential = credential.createScoped(StoragetransferScopes.all());
    }
    Storagetransfer storageTransfer =
        new Storagetransfer.Builder(
                Utils.getDefaultTransport(),
                Utils.getDefaultJsonFactory(),
                new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential))
            .build();

    // Create the transfer job
    TransferJob response = storageTransfer.transferJobs().create(transferJob).execute();

    System.out.println("Created transfer job from AWS to GCS:");
    System.out.println(response.toPrettyString());
  }
}

Cloud Client Library


import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.StorageTransferServiceClient;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferProto.CreateTransferJobRequest;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.AwsAccessKey;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.AwsS3Data;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.GcsData;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.Schedule;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferJob;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferJob.Status;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferSpec;
import com.google.type.Date;
import com.google.type.TimeOfDay;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class TransferFromAws {

  // Creates a one-off transfer job from Amazon S3 to Google Cloud Storage.
  public static void transferFromAws(
      String projectId,
      String jobDescription,
      String awsSourceBucket,
      String gcsSinkBucket,
      long startDateTime,
      String awsAccessKeyId,
      String awsSecretAccessKey)
      throws IOException {

    // Your Google Cloud Project ID
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // A short description of this job
    // String jobDescription = "Sample transfer job from S3 to GCS.";

    // The name of the source AWS bucket to transfer data from
    // String awsSourceBucket = "yourAwsSourceBucket";

    // The name of the GCS bucket to transfer data to
    // String gcsSinkBucket = "your-gcs-bucket";

    // What day and time in UTC to start the transfer, expressed as an epoch date timestamp.
    // If this is in the past relative to when the job is created, it will run the next day.
    // long startDateTime =
    //     new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").parse("2000-01-01 00:00:00").getTime();

    // The ID used to access your AWS account. Should be accessed via environment variable.
    // String awsAccessKeyId = System.getenv("AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID");

    // The Secret Key used to access your AWS account. Should be accessed via environment variable.
    // String awsSecretAccessKey = System.getenv("AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY");

    // Set up source and sink
    TransferSpec transferSpec =
        TransferSpec.newBuilder()
            .setAwsS3DataSource(
                AwsS3Data.newBuilder()
                    .setBucketName(awsSourceBucket)
                    .setAwsAccessKey(
                        AwsAccessKey.newBuilder()
                            .setAccessKeyId(awsAccessKeyId)
                            .setSecretAccessKey(awsSecretAccessKey)))
            .setGcsDataSink(GcsData.newBuilder().setBucketName(gcsSinkBucket))
            .build();

    // Parse epoch timestamp into the model classes
    Calendar startCalendar = Calendar.getInstance();
    startCalendar.setTimeInMillis(startDateTime);
    // Note that this is a Date from the model class package, not a java.util.Date
    Date startDate =
        Date.newBuilder()
            .setYear(startCalendar.get(Calendar.YEAR))
            .setMonth(startCalendar.get(Calendar.MONTH) + 1)
            .setDay(startCalendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH))
            .build();
    TimeOfDay startTime =
        TimeOfDay.newBuilder()
            .setHours(startCalendar.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY))
            .setMinutes(startCalendar.get(Calendar.MINUTE))
            .setSeconds(startCalendar.get(Calendar.SECOND))
            .build();
    Schedule schedule =
        Schedule.newBuilder()
            .setScheduleStartDate(startDate)
            .setScheduleEndDate(startDate)
            .setStartTimeOfDay(startTime)
            .build();

    // Set up the transfer job
    TransferJob transferJob =
        TransferJob.newBuilder()
            .setDescription(jobDescription)
            .setProjectId(projectId)
            .setTransferSpec(transferSpec)
            .setSchedule(schedule)
            .setStatus(Status.ENABLED)
            .build();

    // Create a Transfer Service client
    StorageTransferServiceClient storageTransfer = StorageTransferServiceClient.create();

    // Create the transfer job
    TransferJob response =
        storageTransfer.createTransferJob(
            CreateTransferJobRequest.newBuilder().setTransferJob(transferJob).build());

    System.out.println("Created transfer job from AWS to GCS:");
    System.out.println(response.toString());
  }
}

Transfer to nearline

API Client Library

import com.google.api.client.googleapis.util.Utils;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.Storagetransfer;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.StoragetransferScopes;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.Date;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.GcsData;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.ObjectConditions;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.Schedule;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.TimeOfDay;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.TransferJob;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.TransferOptions;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.TransferSpec;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class TransferToNearlineApiary {
  /**
   * Creates a one-off transfer job that transfers objects in a standard GCS bucket that are more
   * than 30 days old to a Nearline GCS bucket.
   */
  public static void transferToNearlineApiary(
      String projectId,
      String jobDescription,
      String gcsSourceBucket,
      String gcsNearlineSinkBucket,
      long startDateTime)
      throws IOException {

    // Your Google Cloud Project ID
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // A short description of this job
    // String jobDescription = "Sample transfer job of old objects to a Nearline GCS bucket.";

    // The name of the source GCS bucket to transfer data from
    // String gcsSourceBucket = "your-gcs-source-bucket";

    // The name of the Nearline GCS bucket to transfer old objects to
    // String gcsSinkBucket = "your-nearline-gcs-bucket";

    // What day and time in UTC to start the transfer, expressed as an epoch date timestamp.
    // If this is in the past relative to when the job is created, it will run the next day.
    // long startDateTime =
    //     new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").parse("2000-01-01 00:00:00").getTime();

    // Parse epoch timestamp into the model classes
    Calendar startCalendar = Calendar.getInstance();
    startCalendar.setTimeInMillis(startDateTime);
    // Note that this is a Date from the model class package, not a java.util.Date
    Date date =
        new Date()
            .setYear(startCalendar.get(Calendar.YEAR))
            .setMonth(startCalendar.get(Calendar.MONTH) + 1)
            .setDay(startCalendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH));
    TimeOfDay time =
        new TimeOfDay()
            .setHours(startCalendar.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY))
            .setMinutes(startCalendar.get(Calendar.MINUTE))
            .setSeconds(startCalendar.get(Calendar.SECOND));

    TransferJob transferJob =
        new TransferJob()
            .setDescription(jobDescription)
            .setProjectId(projectId)
            .setTransferSpec(
                new TransferSpec()
                    .setGcsDataSource(new GcsData().setBucketName(gcsSourceBucket))
                    .setGcsDataSink(new GcsData().setBucketName(gcsNearlineSinkBucket))
                    .setObjectConditions(
                        new ObjectConditions()
                            .setMinTimeElapsedSinceLastModification("2592000s" /* 30 days */))
                    .setTransferOptions(
                        new TransferOptions().setDeleteObjectsFromSourceAfterTransfer(true)))
            .setSchedule(new Schedule().setScheduleStartDate(date).setStartTimeOfDay(time))
            .setStatus("ENABLED");

    // Create a Transfer Service client
    GoogleCredentials credential = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault();
    if (credential.createScopedRequired()) {
      credential = credential.createScoped(StoragetransferScopes.all());
    }
    Storagetransfer storageTransfer =
        new Storagetransfer.Builder(
                Utils.getDefaultTransport(),
                Utils.getDefaultJsonFactory(),
                new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential))
            .build();

    // Create the transfer job
    TransferJob response = storageTransfer.transferJobs().create(transferJob).execute();

    System.out.println("Created transfer job from standard bucket to Nearline bucket:");
    System.out.println(response.toPrettyString());
  }
}

Cloud Client Library

import com.google.protobuf.Duration;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.StorageTransferServiceClient;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferProto.CreateTransferJobRequest;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.GcsData;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.ObjectConditions;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.Schedule;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferJob;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferJob.Status;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferOptions;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferSpec;
import com.google.type.Date;
import com.google.type.TimeOfDay;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Calendar;

public class TransferToNearline {
  /**
   * Creates a one-off transfer job that transfers objects in a standard GCS bucket that are more
   * than 30 days old to a Nearline GCS bucket.
   */
  public static void transferToNearline(
      String projectId,
      String jobDescription,
      String gcsSourceBucket,
      String gcsNearlineSinkBucket,
      long startDateTime)
      throws IOException {

    // Your Google Cloud Project ID
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // A short description of this job
    // String jobDescription = "Sample transfer job of old objects to a Nearline GCS bucket.";

    // The name of the source GCS bucket to transfer data from
    // String gcsSourceBucket = "your-gcs-source-bucket";

    // The name of the Nearline GCS bucket to transfer old objects to
    // String gcsSinkBucket = "your-nearline-gcs-bucket";

    // What day and time in UTC to start the transfer, expressed as an epoch date timestamp.
    // If this is in the past relative to when the job is created, it will run the next day.
    // long startDateTime =
    //     new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").parse("2000-01-01 00:00:00").getTime();

    // Parse epoch timestamp into the model classes
    Calendar startCalendar = Calendar.getInstance();
    startCalendar.setTimeInMillis(startDateTime);
    // Note that this is a Date from the model class package, not a java.util.Date
    Date date =
        Date.newBuilder()
            .setYear(startCalendar.get(Calendar.YEAR))
            .setMonth(startCalendar.get(Calendar.MONTH) + 1)
            .setDay(startCalendar.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH))
            .build();
    TimeOfDay time =
        TimeOfDay.newBuilder()
            .setHours(startCalendar.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY))
            .setMinutes(startCalendar.get(Calendar.MINUTE))
            .setSeconds(startCalendar.get(Calendar.SECOND))
            .build();

    TransferJob transferJob =
        TransferJob.newBuilder()
            .setDescription(jobDescription)
            .setProjectId(projectId)
            .setTransferSpec(
                TransferSpec.newBuilder()
                    .setGcsDataSource(GcsData.newBuilder().setBucketName(gcsSourceBucket))
                    .setGcsDataSink(GcsData.newBuilder().setBucketName(gcsNearlineSinkBucket))
                    .setObjectConditions(
                        ObjectConditions.newBuilder()
                            .setMinTimeElapsedSinceLastModification(
                                Duration.newBuilder().setSeconds(2592000 /* 30 days */)))
                    .setTransferOptions(
                        TransferOptions.newBuilder().setDeleteObjectsFromSourceAfterTransfer(true)))
            .setSchedule(Schedule.newBuilder().setScheduleStartDate(date).setStartTimeOfDay(time))
            .setStatus(Status.ENABLED)
            .build();

    // Create a Transfer Service client
    StorageTransferServiceClient storageTransfer = StorageTransferServiceClient.create();

    // Create the transfer job
    TransferJob response =
        storageTransfer.createTransferJob(
            CreateTransferJobRequest.newBuilder().setTransferJob(transferJob).build());

    System.out.println("Created transfer job from standard bucket to Nearline bucket:");
    System.out.println(response.toString());
  }
}

Check latest transfer operation

API Client Library


import com.google.api.client.googleapis.util.Utils;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.Storagetransfer;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.StoragetransferScopes;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.Operation;
import com.google.api.services.storagetransfer.v1.model.TransferJob;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CheckLatestTransferOperationApiary {

  // Gets the requested transfer job and checks its latest operation
  public static void checkLatestTransferOperationApiary(String projectId, String jobName)
      throws IOException {
    // Your Google Cloud Project ID
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The name of the job to check
    // String jobName = "myJob/1234567890";

    // Create Storage Transfer client
    GoogleCredentials credential = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault();
    if (credential.createScopedRequired()) {
      credential = credential.createScoped(StoragetransferScopes.all());
    }
    Storagetransfer storageTransfer =
        new Storagetransfer.Builder(
                Utils.getDefaultTransport(),
                Utils.getDefaultJsonFactory(),
                new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential))
            .build();

    // Get transfer job and check latest operation
    TransferJob transferJob = storageTransfer.transferJobs().get(jobName, projectId).execute();
    String latestOperationName = transferJob.getLatestOperationName();

    if (latestOperationName != null) {
      Operation latestOperation =
          storageTransfer.transferOperations().get(latestOperationName).execute();
      System.out.println("The latest operation for transfer job " + jobName + " is:");
      System.out.println(latestOperation.toPrettyString());

    } else {
      System.out.println(
          "Transfer job "
              + jobName
              + " does not have an operation scheduled yet,"
              + " try again once the job starts running.");
    }
  }
}

Cloud Client Library


import com.google.longrunning.Operation;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.StorageTransferServiceClient;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferProto.GetTransferJobRequest;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferJob;
import com.google.storagetransfer.v1.proto.TransferTypes.TransferOperation;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CheckLatestTransferOperation {

  // Gets the requested transfer job and checks its latest operation
  public static void checkLatestTransferOperation(String projectId, String jobName)
      throws IOException {
    // Your Google Cloud Project ID
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The name of the job to check
    // String jobName = "myJob/1234567890";

    StorageTransferServiceClient storageTransfer = StorageTransferServiceClient.create();

    // Get transfer job and check latest operation
    TransferJob transferJob =
        storageTransfer.getTransferJob(
            GetTransferJobRequest.newBuilder().setJobName(jobName).setProjectId(projectId).build());
    String latestOperationName = transferJob.getLatestOperationName();

    if (!latestOperationName.isEmpty()) {
      Operation operation = storageTransfer.getOperationsClient().getOperation(latestOperationName);
      TransferOperation latestOperation =
          TransferOperation.parseFrom(operation.getMetadata().getValue());

      System.out.println("The latest operation for transfer job " + jobName + " is:");
      System.out.println(latestOperation.toString());

    } else {
      System.out.println(
          "Transfer job "
              + jobName
              + " hasn't run yet,"
              + " try again once the job starts running.");
    }
  }
}

Python

Updating dependencies

To use the new library, add a dependency on google-cloud-storage-transfer. This will be used instead of the discovery client from google-api-python-client.

pip install --upgrade google-cloud-storage-transfer

Client instantiation

Use the storage_transfer module instead of googleapiclient.discovery.

API Client Library

"""A sample for creating a Storage Transfer Service client."""

import googleapiclient.discovery


def create_transfer_client():
    return googleapiclient.discovery.build('storagetransfer', 'v1')

Cloud Client Library

"""A sample for creating a Storage Transfer Service client."""

from google.cloud import storage_transfer


def create_transfer_client():
    return storage_transfer.StorageTransferServiceClient()

Sample comparisons

To illustrate the differences between the two libraries, here are the old API Client Samples side-by-side with their equivalents in the Cloud Client Library.

Transfer from Amazon S3

API Client Library

def main(description, project_id, start_date, start_time, source_bucket,
         access_key_id, secret_access_key, sink_bucket):
    """Create a one-time transfer from Amazon S3 to Google Cloud Storage."""
    storagetransfer = googleapiclient.discovery.build('storagetransfer', 'v1')

    # Edit this template with desired parameters.
    transfer_job = {
        'description': description,
        'status': 'ENABLED',
        'projectId': project_id,
        'schedule': {
            'scheduleStartDate': {
                'day': start_date.day,
                'month': start_date.month,
                'year': start_date.year
            },
            'scheduleEndDate': {
                'day': start_date.day,
                'month': start_date.month,
                'year': start_date.year
            },
            'startTimeOfDay': {
                'hours': start_time.hour,
                'minutes': start_time.minute,
                'seconds': start_time.second
            }
        },
        'transferSpec': {
            'awsS3DataSource': {
                'bucketName': source_bucket,
                'awsAccessKey': {
                    'accessKeyId': access_key_id,
                    'secretAccessKey': secret_access_key
                }
            },
            'gcsDataSink': {
                'bucketName': sink_bucket
            }
        }
    }

    result = storagetransfer.transferJobs().create(body=transfer_job).execute()
    print('Returned transferJob: {}'.format(
        json.dumps(result, indent=4)))

Cloud Client Library

from datetime import datetime

from google.cloud import storage_transfer


def create_one_time_aws_transfer(
        project_id: str, description: str,
        source_bucket: str, aws_access_key_id: str,
        aws_secret_access_key: str, sink_bucket: str):
    """Creates a one-time transfer job from Amazon S3 to Google Cloud
    Storage."""

    client = storage_transfer.StorageTransferServiceClient()

    # The ID of the Google Cloud Platform Project that owns the job
    # project_id = 'my-project-id'

    # A useful description for your transfer job
    # description = 'My transfer job'

    # AWS S3 source bucket name
    # source_bucket = 'my-s3-source-bucket'

    # AWS Access Key ID
    # aws_access_key_id = 'AKIA...'

    # AWS Secret Access Key
    # aws_secret_access_key = 'HEAoMK2.../...ku8'

    # Google Cloud Storage destination bucket name
    # sink_bucket = 'my-gcs-destination-bucket'

    now = datetime.utcnow()
    # Setting the start date and the end date as
    # the same time creates a one-time transfer
    one_time_schedule = {
        'day': now.day,
        'month': now.month,
        'year': now.year
    }

    transfer_job_request = storage_transfer.CreateTransferJobRequest({
        'transfer_job': {
            'project_id': project_id,
            'description': description,
            'status': storage_transfer.TransferJob.Status.ENABLED,
            'schedule': {
                'schedule_start_date': one_time_schedule,
                'schedule_end_date': one_time_schedule
            },
            'transfer_spec': {
                'aws_s3_data_source': {
                    'bucket_name': source_bucket,
                    'aws_access_key': {
                        'access_key_id': aws_access_key_id,
                        'secret_access_key': aws_secret_access_key,
                    }
                },
                'gcs_data_sink': {
                    'bucket_name': sink_bucket,
                }
            }
        }
    })

    result = client.create_transfer_job(transfer_job_request)
    print(f'Created transferJob: {result.name}')

Transfer to nearline

API Client Library

def main(description, project_id, start_date, start_time, source_bucket,
         sink_bucket):
    """Create a daily transfer from Standard to Nearline Storage class."""
    storagetransfer = googleapiclient.discovery.build('storagetransfer', 'v1')

    # Edit this template with desired parameters.
    transfer_job = {
        'description': description,
        'status': 'ENABLED',
        'projectId': project_id,
        'schedule': {
            'scheduleStartDate': {
                'day': start_date.day,
                'month': start_date.month,
                'year': start_date.year
            },
            'startTimeOfDay': {
                'hours': start_time.hour,
                'minutes': start_time.minute,
                'seconds': start_time.second
            }
        },
        'transferSpec': {
            'gcsDataSource': {
                'bucketName': source_bucket
            },
            'gcsDataSink': {
                'bucketName': sink_bucket
            },
            'objectConditions': {
                'minTimeElapsedSinceLastModification': '2592000s'  # 30 days
            },
            'transferOptions': {
                'deleteObjectsFromSourceAfterTransfer': 'true'
            }
        }
    }

    result = storagetransfer.transferJobs().create(body=transfer_job).execute()
    print('Returned transferJob: {}'.format(
        json.dumps(result, indent=4)))

Cloud Client Library

Note the import of google.protobuf.duration_pb2.Duration.

from datetime import datetime

from google.cloud import storage_transfer
from google.protobuf.duration_pb2 import Duration


def create_daily_nearline_30_day_migration(
        project_id: str, description: str, source_bucket: str,
        sink_bucket: str, start_date: datetime):
    """Create a daily migration from a GCS bucket to a Nearline GCS bucket
    for objects untouched for 30 days."""

    client = storage_transfer.StorageTransferServiceClient()

    # The ID of the Google Cloud Platform Project that owns the job
    # project_id = 'my-project-id'

    # A useful description for your transfer job
    # description = 'My transfer job'

    # Google Cloud Storage source bucket name
    # source_bucket = 'my-gcs-source-bucket'

    # Google Cloud Storage destination bucket name
    # sink_bucket = 'my-gcs-destination-bucket'

    transfer_job_request = storage_transfer.CreateTransferJobRequest({
        'transfer_job': {
            'project_id': project_id,
            'description': description,
            'status': storage_transfer.TransferJob.Status.ENABLED,
            'schedule': {
                'schedule_start_date': {
                    'day': start_date.day,
                    'month': start_date.month,
                    'year': start_date.year
                }
            },
            'transfer_spec': {
                'gcs_data_source': {
                    'bucket_name': source_bucket,
                },
                'gcs_data_sink': {
                    'bucket_name': sink_bucket,
                },
                'object_conditions': {
                    'min_time_elapsed_since_last_modification': Duration(
                        seconds=2592000  # 30 days
                    )
                },
                'transfer_options': {
                    'delete_objects_from_source_after_transfer': True
                }
            }
        }
    })

    result = client.create_transfer_job(transfer_job_request)
    print(f'Created transferJob: {result.name}')

Check latest transfer operation

API Client Library


"""Command-line sample that checks the latest operation of a transfer.
This sample is used on this page:
    https://cloud.google.com/storage/transfer/create-transfer
For more information, see README.md.
"""

import argparse
import json

import googleapiclient.discovery


def check_latest_transfer_operation(project_id, job_name):
    """Check the latest transfer operation associated with a transfer job."""
    storagetransfer = googleapiclient.discovery.build("storagetransfer", "v1")

    transferJob = (
        storagetransfer.transferJobs()
        .get(projectId=project_id, jobName=job_name)
        .execute()
    )
    latestOperationName = transferJob.get("latestOperationName")

    if latestOperationName:
        result = (
            storagetransfer.transferOperations().get(name=latestOperationName).execute()
        )
        print(
            "The latest operation for job"
            + job_name
            + " is: {}".format(json.dumps(result, indent=4, sort_keys=True))
        )

    else:
        print(
            "Transfer job "
            + job_name
            + " does not have an operation scheduled yet, "
            + "try again once the job starts running."
        )


if __name__ == "__main__":
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
        description=__doc__, formatter_class=argparse.RawDescriptionHelpFormatter
    )
    parser.add_argument("project_id", help="Your Google Cloud project ID.")
    parser.add_argument("job_name", help="Your job name.")

    args = parser.parse_args()

    check_latest_transfer_operation(args.project_id, args.job_name)

Cloud Client Library

Note the use of storage_transfer.TransferOperation.deserialize

from google.cloud import storage_transfer


def check_latest_transfer_operation(project_id: str, job_name: str):
    """Checks the latest transfer operation for a given transfer job."""

    client = storage_transfer.StorageTransferServiceClient()

    # The ID of the Google Cloud Platform Project that owns the job
    # project_id = 'my-project-id'

    # Storage Transfer Service job name
    # job_name = 'transferJobs/1234567890'

    transfer_job = client.get_transfer_job({
        'project_id': project_id,
        'job_name': job_name,
    })

    if transfer_job.latest_operation_name:
        response = client.transport.operations_client.get_operation(
            transfer_job.latest_operation_name)
        operation = storage_transfer.TransferOperation.deserialize(
            response.metadata.value)

        print(f"Latest transfer operation for `{job_name}`: {operation}")
    else:
        print(f"Transfer job {job_name} has not ran yet.")