You are now viewing Migrate to Virtual Machines (formerly Migrate for Compute Engine). For Migrate for Compute Engine versions 4.x, see the 4.x documentation.

Enabling Migrate to Virtual Machines services

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Before you can begin a migration, you must enable the Migrate to Virtual Machines service on the Google Cloud and also enable all other Google Cloud services required by Migrate to Virtual Machines.

Identifying your host project

Google Cloud projects form the basis for creating, enabling, and using Google Cloud services including managing APIs, enabling billing, adding and removing collaborators, and managing permissions for Google Cloud resources.

Migrate to Virtual Machines uses the following types of projects:

  • Host project (Required)

    Use the host project to control the migration process and optionally to host the Compute Engine instances running your migrated workloads. You must create and configure a host project as described below.

  • Target project (Optional)

    A target project defines the destination project for a Compute Engine instance running your migrated VM. Your host project can be used as a target project. If you want to migrate VMs to additional projects, you must add them as target projects to Migrate for Compute Engine. See Adding a target project for more.

To enable Migrate for Compute Engine services, you must identify the Google Cloud project that you want to use as the host project:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project to use as the host project:

    Go to the project selector page

  2. Note the name and ID of the selected project.

Installing the gcloud CLI

Install the gcloud CLI on your workstation, which also installs the Google Cloud CLI. gcloud is the primary CLI tool that you use to create and manage Google Cloud resources. You can use gcloud to perform many common platform tasks either from the command line or in scripts and other automations.

To install the gcloud CLI:

  1. Install and initialize the gcloud CLI.

  2. Update gcloud CLI:

    gcloud components update
  3. Make sure that gcloud CLI is authorized to access your data and services:

    gcloud auth login
  4. A new browser tab opens and you are prompted to choose an account.

Enabling required services on the host project

Within your host project, enable the Google Cloud services required by Migrate to Virtual Machines service. For more information about these services, see gcloud services.

The host project for Migrate to Virtual Machines requires that you enable the following Google Cloud services:

Name Title
vmmigration.googleapis.com Migrate to Virtual Machines API
servicemanagement.googleapis.com Service Management API
servicecontrol.googleapis.com Service Control API
iam.googleapis.com Identity and Access Management (IAM) API
cloudresourcemanager.googleapis.com Cloud Resource Manager API
compute.googleapis.com Compute Engine API

To enable the required services:

  1. Ensure that you have set the default project to the host project. Replace PROJECT_ID with the project ID of your host project:

    gcloud config set project PROJECT_ID
  2. View the list of services already enabled on the project:

    gcloud services list
  3. If you do not see all of the required services listed, enable them:

    gcloud services enable vmmigration.googleapis.com servicemanagement.googleapis.com servicecontrol.googleapis.com iam.googleapis.com cloudresourcemanager.googleapis.com compute.googleapis.com 
  4. You should now be able to open the Migrate to Virtual Machines page in the Google Cloud console:

    Go to the Migrate to Virtual Machines page

  5. Install the Migrate Connector.

Using predefined roles

Identity and Access Management includes two predefined roles that you can use to control access for users in your organization:

Role Title Description
roles/vmmigration.admin VM Migration Administrator Allows users to create new Migrate to Virtual Machines sources and perform all other migration operations.
roles/vmmigration.viewer VM Migration Viewer Allows users to retrieve information about Migrate to Virtual Machines in the Google Cloud console. Intended for users who are performing migrations, but not setting up the system or adding new migration sources.

For example, if you want to allow a user in your organization to be able to view information about a migration, but not be able to perform a migration, assign them the role roles/vmmigration.viewer.

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