Policy

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An Identity and Access Management (IAM) policy, which specifies access controls for Google Cloud resources.

A Policy is a collection of bindings. A binding binds one or more members, or principals, to a single role. Principals can be user accounts, service accounts, Google groups, and domains (such as G Suite). A role is a named list of permissions; each role can be an IAM predefined role or a user-created custom role.

For some types of Google Cloud resources, a binding can also specify a condition, which is a logical expression that allows access to a resource only if the expression evaluates to true. A condition can add constraints based on attributes of the request, the resource, or both. To learn which resources support conditions in their IAM policies, see the IAM documentation.

JSON example:

{
  "bindings": [
    {
      "role": "roles/resourcemanager.organizationAdmin",
      "members": [
        "user:mike@example.com",
        "group:admins@example.com",
        "domain:google.com",
        "serviceAccount:my-project-id@appspot.gserviceaccount.com"
      ]
    },
    {
      "role": "roles/resourcemanager.organizationViewer",
      "members": [
        "user:eve@example.com"
      ],
      "condition": {
        "title": "expirable access",
        "description": "Does not grant access after Sep 2020",
        "expression": "request.time < timestamp('2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z')",
      }
    }
  ],
  "etag": "BwWWja0YfJA=",
  "version": 3
}

YAML example:

bindings:
- members:
  - user:mike@example.com
  - group:admins@example.com
  - domain:google.com
  - serviceAccount:my-project-id@appspot.gserviceaccount.com
  role: roles/resourcemanager.organizationAdmin
- members:
  - user:eve@example.com
  role: roles/resourcemanager.organizationViewer
  condition:
    title: expirable access
    description: Does not grant access after Sep 2020
    expression: request.time < timestamp('2020-10-01T00:00:00.000Z')
etag: BwWWja0YfJA=
version: 3

For a description of IAM and its features, see the IAM documentation.

JSON representation
{
  "version": integer,
  "bindings": [
    {
      object (Binding)
    }
  ],
  "etag": string
}
Fields
version

integer

Specifies the format of the policy.

Valid values are 0, 1, and 3. Requests that specify an invalid value are rejected.

Any operation that affects conditional role bindings must specify version 3. This requirement applies to the following operations:

  • Getting a policy that includes a conditional role binding
  • Adding a conditional role binding to a policy
  • Changing a conditional role binding in a policy
  • Removing any role binding, with or without a condition, from a policy that includes conditions

Important: If you use IAM Conditions, you must include the etag field whenever you call setIamPolicy. If you omit this field, then IAM allows you to overwrite a version 3 policy with a version 1 policy, and all of the conditions in the version 3 policy are lost.

If a policy does not include any conditions, operations on that policy may specify any valid version or leave the field unset.

To learn which resources support conditions in their IAM policies, see the IAM documentation.

bindings[]

object (Binding)

Associates a list of members, or principals, with a role. Optionally, may specify a condition that determines how and when the bindings are applied. Each of the bindings must contain at least one principal.

The bindings in a Policy can refer to up to 1,500 principals; up to 250 of these principals can be Google groups. Each occurrence of a principal counts towards these limits. For example, if the bindings grant 50 different roles to user:alice@example.com, and not to any other principal, then you can add another 1,450 principals to the bindings in the Policy.

etag

string (bytes format)

etag is used for optimistic concurrency control as a way to help prevent simultaneous updates of a policy from overwriting each other. It is strongly suggested that systems make use of the etag in the read-modify-write cycle to perform policy updates in order to avoid race conditions: An etag is returned in the response to getIamPolicy, and systems are expected to put that etag in the request to setIamPolicy to ensure that their change will be applied to the same version of the policy.

Important: If you use IAM Conditions, you must include the etag field whenever you call setIamPolicy. If you omit this field, then IAM allows you to overwrite a version 3 policy with a version 1 policy, and all of the conditions in the version 3 policy are lost.

A base64-encoded string.

Binding

Associates members, or principals, with a role.

JSON representation
{
  "role": string,
  "members": [
    string
  ]
}
Fields
role

string

Role that is assigned to the list of members, or principals. For example, roles/viewer, roles/editor, or roles/owner.

members[]

string

Specifies the principals requesting access for a Google Cloud resource. members can have the following values:

  • allUsers: A special identifier that represents anyone who is on the internet; with or without a Google account.

  • allAuthenticatedUsers: A special identifier that represents anyone who is authenticated with a Google account or a service account. Does not include identities that come from external identity providers (IdPs) through identity federation.

  • user:{emailid}: An email address that represents a specific Google account. For example, alice@example.com .

  • serviceAccount:{emailid}: An email address that represents a Google service account. For example, my-other-app@appspot.gserviceaccount.com.

  • serviceAccount:{projectid}.svc.id.goog[{namespace}/{kubernetes-sa}]: An identifier for a Kubernetes service account. For example, my-project.svc.id.goog[my-namespace/my-kubernetes-sa].

  • group:{emailid}: An email address that represents a Google group. For example, admins@example.com.

  • deleted:user:{emailid}?uid={uniqueid}: An email address (plus unique identifier) representing a user that has been recently deleted. For example, alice@example.com?uid=123456789012345678901. If the user is recovered, this value reverts to user:{emailid} and the recovered user retains the role in the binding.

  • deleted:serviceAccount:{emailid}?uid={uniqueid}: An email address (plus unique identifier) representing a service account that has been recently deleted. For example, my-other-app@appspot.gserviceaccount.com?uid=123456789012345678901. If the service account is undeleted, this value reverts to serviceAccount:{emailid} and the undeleted service account retains the role in the binding.

  • deleted:group:{emailid}?uid={uniqueid}: An email address (plus unique identifier) representing a Google group that has been recently deleted. For example, admins@example.com?uid=123456789012345678901. If the group is recovered, this value reverts to group:{emailid} and the recovered group retains the role in the binding.

  • domain:{domain}: The G Suite domain (primary) that represents all the users of that domain. For example, google.com or example.com.