Cantidad máxima de versiones

Organiza tus páginas con colecciones Guarda y categoriza el contenido según tus preferencias.

Crea una familia de columnas con una política de recolección de elementos no utilizados que indique la cantidad de versiones que se conservarán.

Explora más

Para obtener documentación en la que se incluye esta muestra de código, consulta lo siguiente:

Muestra de código

C#

Si deseas obtener información sobre cómo instalar y usar la biblioteca cliente para Bigtable, consulta Bibliotecas cliente de Bigtable.

// Create a column family with GC policy : most recent N versions
// where 1 = most recent version
// Initialize request argument(s).
// Define the GC policy to retain only the most recent 2 versions
GcRule maxVersionsRule = new GcRule { MaxNumVersions = 2 };

// Column family to create
ColumnFamily columnFamily = new ColumnFamily { GcRule = maxVersionsRule };

TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);

// Modification to create column family
ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest.Types.Modification modification = new ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest.Types.Modification
{
    Create = columnFamily,
    Id = "cf2"
};

ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest request = new ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest
{
    TableName = tableName,
    Modifications = { modification }
};
try
{
    // Make the request
    Table response = bigtableTableAdminClient.ModifyColumnFamilies(request);
    Console.WriteLine("Created column family");
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    Console.WriteLine($"Error creating column family {ex.Message}");
}

C++

Si deseas obtener información sobre cómo instalar y usar la biblioteca cliente para Bigtable, consulta Bibliotecas cliente de Bigtable.

namespace cbt = ::google::cloud::bigtable;
namespace cbta = ::google::cloud::bigtable_admin;
using ::google::bigtable::admin::v2::ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest;
using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](cbta::BigtableTableAdminClient admin, std::string const& project_id,
   std::string const& instance_id, std::string const& table_id,
   std::string const& family_name) {
  std::string table_name = cbt::TableName(project_id, instance_id, table_id);

  ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest::Modification mod;
  mod.set_id(family_name);
  mod.mutable_create()->mutable_gc_rule()->set_max_num_versions(2);

  StatusOr<google::bigtable::admin::v2::Table> schema =
      admin.ModifyColumnFamilies(table_name, {std::move(mod)});

  if (!schema) throw std::runtime_error(schema.status().message());
  std::cout << "Schema modified to: " << schema->DebugString() << "\n";
}

Go

Si deseas obtener información sobre cómo instalar y usar la biblioteca cliente para Bigtable, consulta Bibliotecas cliente de Bigtable.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/bigtable"
)

func createFamilyGCMaxVersions(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "my-table-name"

	ctx := context.Background()

	adminClient, err := bigtable.NewAdminClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	columnFamilyName := "cf2"
	if err := adminClient.CreateColumnFamily(ctx, tableName, columnFamilyName); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateColumnFamily(%s): %v", columnFamilyName, err)
	}

	// Set a garbage collection policy of 2 versions.
	policy := bigtable.MaxVersionsPolicy(2)
	if err := adminClient.SetGCPolicy(ctx, tableName, columnFamilyName, policy); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("SetGCPolicy(%s): %v", policy, err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "created column family %s with policy: %v\n", columnFamilyName, policy)
	return nil
}

Java

Si deseas obtener información sobre cómo instalar y usar la biblioteca cliente para Bigtable, consulta Bibliotecas cliente de Bigtable.

// Creates a column family with GC policy : most recent N versions
// where 1 = most recent version

// Defines the GC policy to retain only the most recent 2 versions.
VersionRule versionRule = GCRULES.maxVersions(2);

// Creates column family with given GC rule.
try {
  // ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest can be used both for adding and modifying families, here it is
  // being used to add a family
  ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest columnFamiliesRequest =
      ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest.of(tableId).addFamily(COLUMN_FAMILY_2, versionRule);
  adminClient.modifyFamilies(columnFamiliesRequest);
  System.out.println("Created column family: " + COLUMN_FAMILY_2);
} catch (AlreadyExistsException e) {
  System.err.println(
      "Failed to create column family with rule, already exists: " + e.getMessage());
}

Node.js

Si deseas obtener información sobre cómo instalar y usar la biblioteca cliente para Bigtable, consulta Bibliotecas cliente de Bigtable.

// Create a column family with GC policy : most recent N versions
// where 1 = most recent version

// Define the GC policy to retain only the most recent 2 versions
const maxVersionsRule = {
  rule: {
    versions: 2,
  },
};

// Create a column family with given GC rule
[family] = await table.createFamily('cf2', maxVersionsRule);
console.log(`Created column family ${family.id}`);

PHP

Si deseas obtener información sobre cómo instalar y usar la biblioteca cliente para Bigtable, consulta Bibliotecas cliente de Bigtable.

use Google\Cloud\Bigtable\Admin\V2\ModifyColumnFamiliesRequest\Modification;
use Google\Cloud\Bigtable\Admin\V2\BigtableTableAdminClient;
use Google\Cloud\Bigtable\Admin\V2\ColumnFamily;
use Google\Cloud\Bigtable\Admin\V2\GcRule;

/**
 * Create a new column family with a max versions GC rule
 *
 * @param string $projectId The Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $instanceId The ID of the Bigtable instance where the table resides
 * @param string $tableId The ID of the table in which the rule needs to be created
 */
function create_family_gc_max_versions(
    string $projectId,
    string $instanceId,
    string $tableId
): void {
    $tableAdminClient = new BigtableTableAdminClient();

    $tableName = $tableAdminClient->tableName($projectId, $instanceId, $tableId);

    print('Creating column family cf2 with max versions GC rule...' . PHP_EOL);
    $columnFamily2 = new ColumnFamily();
    $maxVersionRule = (new GcRule())->setMaxNumVersions(2);
    $columnFamily2->setGCRule($maxVersionRule);

    $columnModification = new Modification();
    $columnModification->setId('cf2');
    $columnModification->setCreate($columnFamily2);
    $tableAdminClient->modifyColumnFamilies($tableName, [$columnModification]);

    print('Created column family cf2 with Max Versions GC Rule.' . PHP_EOL);
}

Python

Si deseas obtener información sobre cómo instalar y usar la biblioteca cliente para Bigtable, consulta Bibliotecas cliente de Bigtable.

    print("Creating column family cf2 with max versions GC rule...")
    # Create a column family with GC policy : most recent N versions
    # where 1 = most recent version

    # Define the GC policy to retain only the most recent 2 versions
    max_versions_rule = column_family.MaxVersionsGCRule(2)

    column_family2 = table.column_family("cf2", max_versions_rule)
    column_family2.create()
    print("Created column family cf2 with Max Versions GC Rule.")

Ruby

Si deseas obtener información sobre cómo instalar y usar la biblioteca cliente para Bigtable, consulta Bibliotecas cliente de Bigtable.

# Create a column family with GC policy : most recent N versions
# where 1 = most recent version
max_versions_rule = Google::Cloud::Bigtable::GcRule.max_versions 2
column_families = table.column_families do |cfs|
  cfs.add "cf2", gc_rule: max_versions_rule
end
family = column_families["cf2"]

¿Qué sigue?

Para buscar y filtrar muestras de código de otros productos de Google Cloud, consulta el navegador de muestra de Google Cloud.