Mentranskripsi ucapan menjadi teks menggunakan library klien

Halaman ini menjelaskan cara mengirim permintaan pengenalan ucapan ke Speech-to-Text dalam bahasa pemrograman favorit Anda menggunakan Library Klien Google Cloud.

Speech-to-Text memudahkan integrasi teknologi pengenalan ucapan Google ke dalam aplikasi developer. Anda dapat mengirim data audio ke Speech-to-Text API, yang kemudian menampilkan transkripsi teks dari file audio tersebut. Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang layanan ini, lihat Dasar-dasar Speech-to-Text.

Sebelum memulai

  1. Sign in to your Google Cloud account. If you're new to Google Cloud, create an account to evaluate how our products perform in real-world scenarios. New customers also get $300 in free credits to run, test, and deploy workloads.
  2. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  3. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  4. Enable the Speech-to-Text APIs.

    Enable the APIs

  5. Make sure that you have the following role or roles on the project: Cloud Speech Administrator

    Check for the roles

    1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the IAM page.

      Go to IAM
    2. Select the project.
    3. In the Principal column, find the row that has your email address.

      If your email address isn't in that column, then you do not have any roles.

    4. In the Role column for the row with your email address, check whether the list of roles includes the required roles.

    Grant the roles

    1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the IAM page.

      Go to IAM
    2. Select the project.
    3. Click Grant access.
    4. In the New principals field, enter your email address.
    5. In the Select a role list, select a role.
    6. To grant additional roles, click Add another role and add each additional role.
    7. Click Save.
  6. Install the Google Cloud CLI.
  7. To initialize the gcloud CLI, run the following command:

    gcloud init
  8. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  9. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  10. Enable the Speech-to-Text APIs.

    Enable the APIs

  11. Make sure that you have the following role or roles on the project: Cloud Speech Administrator

    Check for the roles

    1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the IAM page.

      Go to IAM
    2. Select the project.
    3. In the Principal column, find the row that has your email address.

      If your email address isn't in that column, then you do not have any roles.

    4. In the Role column for the row with your email address, check whether the list of roles includes the required roles.

    Grant the roles

    1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the IAM page.

      Go to IAM
    2. Select the project.
    3. Click Grant access.
    4. In the New principals field, enter your email address.
    5. In the Select a role list, select a role.
    6. To grant additional roles, click Add another role and add each additional role.
    7. Click Save.
  12. Install the Google Cloud CLI.
  13. To initialize the gcloud CLI, run the following command:

    gcloud init
  14. Client libraries can use Application Default Credentials to easily authenticate with Google APIs and send requests to those APIs. With Application Default Credentials, you can test your application locally and deploy it without changing the underlying code. For more information, see Authenticate for using client libraries.

  15. Create local authentication credentials for your Google Account:

    gcloud auth application-default login

Selain itu, pastikan Anda telah menginstal library klien

Membuat permintaan transkripsi audio

Gunakan kode berikut untuk mengirim permintaan Recognize ke Speech-to-Text API.

Java

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
import com.google.api.gax.longrunning.OperationFuture;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.AutoDetectDecodingConfig;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.CreateRecognizerRequest;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.OperationMetadata;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.RecognitionConfig;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.RecognizeRequest;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.RecognizeResponse;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.Recognizer;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.SpeechClient;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.SpeechRecognitionAlternative;
import com.google.cloud.speech.v2.SpeechRecognitionResult;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Path;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class QuickstartSampleV2 {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, ExecutionException,
      InterruptedException {
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String filePath = "path/to/audioFile.raw";
    String recognizerId = "my-recognizer-id";
    quickstartSampleV2(projectId, filePath, recognizerId);
  }

  public static void quickstartSampleV2(String projectId, String filePath, String recognizerId)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException {

    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (SpeechClient speechClient = SpeechClient.create()) {
      Path path = Paths.get(filePath);
      byte[] data = Files.readAllBytes(path);
      ByteString audioBytes = ByteString.copyFrom(data);

      String parent = String.format("projects/%s/locations/global", projectId);

      // First, create a recognizer
      Recognizer recognizer = Recognizer.newBuilder()
          .setModel("latest_long")
          .addLanguageCodes("en-US")
          .build();

      CreateRecognizerRequest createRecognizerRequest = CreateRecognizerRequest.newBuilder()
          .setParent(parent)
          .setRecognizerId(recognizerId)
          .setRecognizer(recognizer)
          .build();

      OperationFuture<Recognizer, OperationMetadata> operationFuture =
          speechClient.createRecognizerAsync(createRecognizerRequest);
      recognizer = operationFuture.get();

      // Next, create the transcription request
      RecognitionConfig recognitionConfig = RecognitionConfig.newBuilder()
          .setAutoDecodingConfig(AutoDetectDecodingConfig.newBuilder().build())
          .build();

      RecognizeRequest request = RecognizeRequest.newBuilder()
          .setConfig(recognitionConfig)
          .setRecognizer(recognizer.getName())
          .setContent(audioBytes)
          .build();

      RecognizeResponse response = speechClient.recognize(request);
      List<SpeechRecognitionResult> results = response.getResultsList();

      for (SpeechRecognitionResult result : results) {
        // There can be several alternative transcripts for a given chunk of speech. Just use the
        // first (most likely) one here.
        if (result.getAlternativesCount() > 0) {
          SpeechRecognitionAlternative alternative = result.getAlternativesList().get(0);
          System.out.printf("Transcription: %s%n", alternative.getTranscript());
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Python

from google.cloud.speech_v2 import SpeechClient
from google.cloud.speech_v2.types import cloud_speech

def quickstart_v2(
    project_id: str,
    audio_file: str,
) -> cloud_speech.RecognizeResponse:
    """Transcribe an audio file."""
    # Instantiates a client
    client = SpeechClient()

    # Reads a file as bytes
    with open(audio_file, "rb") as f:
        content = f.read()

    config = cloud_speech.RecognitionConfig(
        auto_decoding_config=cloud_speech.AutoDetectDecodingConfig(),
        language_codes=["en-US"],
        model="long",
    )

    request = cloud_speech.RecognizeRequest(
        recognizer=f"projects/{project_id}/locations/global/recognizers/_",
        config=config,
        content=content,
    )

    # Transcribes the audio into text
    response = client.recognize(request=request)

    for result in response.results:
        print(f"Transcript: {result.alternatives[0].transcript}")

    return response

Anda telah mengirim permintaan pertama ke Speech-to-Text.

Pembersihan

Agar akun Google Cloud Anda tidak dikenai biaya untuk resource yang digunakan pada halaman ini, ikuti langkah-langkah berikut.

  1. Optional: Revoke the authentication credentials that you created, and delete the local credential file.

    gcloud auth application-default revoke
  2. Optional: Revoke credentials from the gcloud CLI.

    gcloud auth revoke

Konsol

  • In the Google Cloud console, go to the Manage resources page.

    Go to Manage resources

  • In the project list, select the project that you want to delete, and then click Delete.
  • In the dialog, type the project ID, and then click Shut down to delete the project.
  • gcloud

    Delete a Google Cloud project:

    gcloud projects delete PROJECT_ID

    Langkah berikutnya