Class AsyncCollectionReference (2.5.1)

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AsyncCollectionReference(*path, **kwargs)

A reference to a collection in a Firestore database.

The collection may already exist or this class can facilitate creation of documents within the collection.

Parameters

NameDescription
path Tuple[str, ...]

The components in the collection path. This is a series of strings representing each collection and sub-collection ID, as well as the document IDs for any documents that contain a sub-collection.

kwargs dict

The keyword arguments for the constructor. The only supported keyword is client and it must be a Client if provided. It represents the client that created this collection reference.

Inheritance

builtins.object > BaseCollectionReference > AsyncCollectionReference

Methods

add

add(document_data: dict, document_id: Optional[str] = None, retry: google.api_core.retry.Retry = <_MethodDefault._DEFAULT_VALUE: <object object>>, timeout: Optional[float] = None)

Create a document in the Firestore database with the provided data.

Parameters
NameDescription
document_data dict

Property names and values to use for creating the document.

document_id Optional[str]

The document identifier within the current collection. If not provided, an ID will be automatically assigned by the server (the assigned ID will be a random 20 character string composed of digits, uppercase and lowercase letters).

retry google.api_core.retry.Retry

Designation of what errors, if any, should be retried. Defaults to a system-specified policy.

timeout float

The timeout for this request. Defaults to a system-specified value.

Exceptions
TypeDescription
google.cloud.exceptions.ConflictIf ``document_id`` is provided and the document already exists.
Returns
TypeDescription
Tuple[`google.protobuf.timestamp_pb2.Timestamp`, AsyncDocumentReference]Pair of * The ``update_time`` when the document was created/overwritten. * A document reference for the created document.

document

document(document_id: Optional[str] = None)

Create a sub-document underneath the current collection.

Parameter
NameDescription
document_id Optional[str]

The document identifier within the current collection. If not provided, will default to a random 20 character string composed of digits, uppercase and lowercase and letters.

Returns
TypeDescription
AsyncDocumentReferenceThe child document.

get

get(transaction: Optional[google.cloud.firestore_v1.transaction.Transaction] = None, retry: google.api_core.retry.Retry = <_MethodDefault._DEFAULT_VALUE: <object object>>, timeout: Optional[float] = None)

Read the documents in this collection.

This sends a RunQuery RPC and returns a list of documents returned in the stream of RunQueryResponse messages.

Parameters
NameDescription
retry google.api_core.retry.Retry

Designation of what errors, if any, should be retried. Defaults to a system-specified policy.

timeout float If a ``transaction`` is used and it already has write operations added, this method cannot be used (i.e. read-after-write is not allowed).

The timeout for this request. Defaults to a system-specified value.

Returns
TypeDescription
listThe documents in this collection that match the query.

list_documents

list_documents(page_size: Optional[int] = None, retry: google.api_core.retry.Retry = <_MethodDefault._DEFAULT_VALUE: <object object>>, timeout: Optional[float] = None)

List all subdocuments of the current collection.

Parameters
NameDescription
page_size Optional[int]]

The maximum number of documents in each page of results from this request. Non-positive values are ignored. Defaults to a sensible value set by the API.

retry google.api_core.retry.Retry

Designation of what errors, if any, should be retried. Defaults to a system-specified policy.

timeout float

The timeout for this request. Defaults to a system-specified value.

Returns
TypeDescription
Sequence[DocumentReference]iterator of subdocuments of the current collection. If the collection does not exist at the time of `snapshot`, the iterator will be empty

stream

stream(transaction: Optional[google.cloud.firestore_v1.transaction.Transaction] = None, retry: google.api_core.retry.Retry = <_MethodDefault._DEFAULT_VALUE: <object object>>, timeout: Optional[float] = None)

Read the documents in this collection.

This sends a RunQuery RPC and then returns an iterator which consumes each document returned in the stream of RunQueryResponse messages.

.. note::

The underlying stream of responses will time out after the max_rpc_timeout_millis value set in the GAPIC client configuration for the RunQuery API. Snapshots not consumed from the iterator before that point will be lost.

If a transaction is used and it already has write operations added, this method cannot be used (i.e. read-after-write is not allowed).

Parameters
NameDescription
transaction Optional[ Transaction]

An existing transaction that the query will run in.

retry google.api_core.retry.Retry

Designation of what errors, if any, should be retried. Defaults to a system-specified policy.

timeout float :Yields: DocumentSnapshot -- The next document that fulfills the query.

The timeout for this request. Defaults to a system-specified value.