Token

Represents the smallest syntactic building block of the text.

JSON representation
{
  "text": {
    object(TextSpan)
  },
  "partOfSpeech": {
    object(PartOfSpeech)
  },
  "dependencyEdge": {
    object(DependencyEdge)
  },
  "lemma": string,
}
Fields
text

object(TextSpan)

The token text.

partOfSpeech

object(PartOfSpeech)

Parts of speech tag for this token.

dependencyEdge

object(DependencyEdge)

Dependency tree parse for this token.

lemma

string

Lemma of the token.

PartOfSpeech

Represents part of speech information for a token. Parts of speech are as defined in http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2012/pdf/274_Paper.pdf

JSON representation
{
  "tag": enum(Tag),
  "aspect": enum(Aspect),
  "case": enum(Case),
  "form": enum(Form),
  "gender": enum(Gender),
  "mood": enum(Mood),
  "number": enum(Number),
  "person": enum(Person),
  "proper": enum(Proper),
  "reciprocity": enum(Reciprocity),
  "tense": enum(Tense),
  "voice": enum(Voice),
}
Fields
tag

enum(Tag)

The part of speech tag.

aspect

enum(Aspect)

The grammatical aspect.

case

enum(Case)

The grammatical case.

form

enum(Form)

The grammatical form.

gender

enum(Gender)

The grammatical gender.

mood

enum(Mood)

The grammatical mood.

number

enum(Number)

The grammatical number.

person

enum(Person)

The grammatical person.

proper

enum(Proper)

The grammatical properness.

reciprocity

enum(Reciprocity)

The grammatical reciprocity.

tense

enum(Tense)

The grammatical tense.

voice

enum(Voice)

The grammatical voice.

Tag

The part of speech tags enum.

Enums
UNKNOWN Unknown
ADJ Adjective
ADP Adposition (preposition and postposition)
ADV Adverb
CONJ Conjunction
DET Determiner
NOUN Noun (common and proper)
NUM Cardinal number
PRON Pronoun
PRT Particle or other function word
PUNCT Punctuation
VERB Verb (all tenses and modes)
X Other: foreign words, typos, abbreviations
AFFIX Affix

Aspect

The characteristic of a verb that expresses time flow during an event.

Enums
ASPECT_UNKNOWN Aspect is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
PERFECTIVE Perfective
IMPERFECTIVE Imperfective
PROGRESSIVE Progressive

Case

The grammatical function performed by a noun or pronoun in a phrase, clause, or sentence. In some languages, other parts of speech, such as adjective and determiner, take case inflection in agreement with the noun.

Enums
CASE_UNKNOWN Case is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
ACCUSATIVE Accusative
ADVERBIAL Adverbial
COMPLEMENTIVE Complementive
DATIVE Dative
GENITIVE Genitive
INSTRUMENTAL Instrumental
LOCATIVE Locative
NOMINATIVE Nominative
OBLIQUE Oblique
PARTITIVE Partitive
PREPOSITIONAL Prepositional
REFLEXIVE_CASE Reflexive
RELATIVE_CASE Relative
VOCATIVE Vocative

Form

Depending on the language, Form can be categorizing different forms of verbs, adjectives, adverbs, etc. For example, categorizing inflected endings of verbs and adjectives or distinguishing between short and long forms of adjectives and participles

Enums
FORM_UNKNOWN Form is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
ADNOMIAL Adnomial
AUXILIARY Auxiliary
COMPLEMENTIZER Complementizer
FINAL_ENDING Final ending
GERUND Gerund
REALIS Realis
IRREALIS Irrealis
SHORT Short form
LONG Long form
ORDER Order form
SPECIFIC Specific form

Gender

Gender classes of nouns reflected in the behaviour of associated words.

Enums
GENDER_UNKNOWN Gender is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
FEMININE Feminine
MASCULINE Masculine
NEUTER Neuter

Mood

The grammatical feature of verbs, used for showing modality and attitude.

Enums
MOOD_UNKNOWN Mood is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
CONDITIONAL_MOOD Conditional
IMPERATIVE Imperative
INDICATIVE Indicative
INTERROGATIVE Interrogative
JUSSIVE Jussive
SUBJUNCTIVE Subjunctive

Number

Count distinctions.

Enums
NUMBER_UNKNOWN Number is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
SINGULAR Singular
PLURAL Plural
DUAL Dual

Person

The distinction between the speaker, second person, third person, etc.

Enums
PERSON_UNKNOWN Person is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
FIRST First
SECOND Second
THIRD Third
REFLEXIVE_PERSON Reflexive

Proper

This category shows if the token is part of a proper name.

Enums
PROPER_UNKNOWN Proper is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
PROPER Proper
NOT_PROPER Not proper

Reciprocity

Reciprocal features of a pronoun.

Enums
RECIPROCITY_UNKNOWN Reciprocity is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
RECIPROCAL Reciprocal
NON_RECIPROCAL Non-reciprocal

Tense

Time reference.

Enums
TENSE_UNKNOWN Tense is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
CONDITIONAL_TENSE Conditional
FUTURE Future
PAST Past
PRESENT Present
IMPERFECT Imperfect
PLUPERFECT Pluperfect

Voice

The relationship between the action that a verb expresses and the participants identified by its arguments.

Enums
VOICE_UNKNOWN Voice is not applicable in the analyzed language or is not predicted.
ACTIVE Active
CAUSATIVE Causative
PASSIVE Passive

DependencyEdge

Represents dependency parse tree information for a token. (For more information on dependency labels, see http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/P13-2017

JSON representation
{
  "headTokenIndex": number,
  "label": enum(Label),
}
Fields
headTokenIndex

number

Represents the head of this token in the dependency tree. This is the index of the token which has an arc going to this token. The index is the position of the token in the array of tokens returned by the API method. If this token is a root token, then the headTokenIndex is its own index.

label

enum(Label)

The parse label for the token.

Label

The parse label enum for the token.

Enums
UNKNOWN Unknown
ABBREV Abbreviation modifier
ACOMP Adjectival complement
ADVCL Adverbial clause modifier
ADVMOD Adverbial modifier
AMOD Adjectival modifier of an NP
APPOS Appositional modifier of an NP
ATTR Attribute dependent of a copular verb
AUX Auxiliary (non-main) verb
AUXPASS Passive auxiliary
CC Coordinating conjunction
CCOMP Clausal complement of a verb or adjective
CONJ Conjunct
CSUBJ Clausal subject
CSUBJPASS Clausal passive subject
DEP Dependency (unable to determine)
DET Determiner
DISCOURSE Discourse
DOBJ Direct object
EXPL Expletive
GOESWITH Goes with (part of a word in a text not well edited)
IOBJ Indirect object
MARK Marker (word introducing a subordinate clause)
MWE Multi-word expression
MWV Multi-word verbal expression
NEG Negation modifier
NN Noun compound modifier
NPADVMOD Noun phrase used as an adverbial modifier
NSUBJ Nominal subject
NSUBJPASS Passive nominal subject
NUM Numeric modifier of a noun
NUMBER Element of compound number
P Punctuation mark
PARATAXIS Parataxis relation
PARTMOD Participial modifier
PCOMP The complement of a preposition is a clause
POBJ Object of a preposition
POSS Possession modifier
POSTNEG Postverbal negative particle
PRECOMP Predicate complement
PRECONJ Preconjunt
PREDET Predeterminer
PREF Prefix
PREP Prepositional modifier
PRONL The relationship between a verb and verbal morpheme
PRT Particle
PS Associative or possessive marker
QUANTMOD Quantifier phrase modifier
RCMOD Relative clause modifier
RCMODREL Complementizer in relative clause
RDROP Ellipsis without a preceding predicate
REF Referent
REMNANT Remnant
REPARANDUM Reparandum
ROOT Root
SNUM Suffix specifying a unit of number
SUFF Suffix
TMOD Temporal modifier
TOPIC Topic marker
VMOD Clause headed by an infinite form of the verb that modifies a noun
VOCATIVE Vocative
XCOMP Open clausal complement
SUFFIX Name suffix
TITLE Name title
ADVPHMOD Adverbial phrase modifier
AUXCAUS Causative auxiliary
AUXVV Helper auxiliary
DTMOD Rentaishi (Prenominal modifier)
FOREIGN Foreign words
KW Keyword
LIST List for chains of comparable items
NOMC Nominalized clause
NOMCSUBJ Nominalized clausal subject
NOMCSUBJPASS Nominalized clausal passive
NUMC Compound of numeric modifier
COP Copula
DISLOCATED Dislocated relation (for fronted/topicalized elements)

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