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Quickstart for MPEG-DASH live stream

This page shows you how to create a basic MPEG-DASH live stream job using the default settings of the Live Stream API and curl, PowerShell, or the client libraries.

Before you begin

  1. Sign in to your Google Cloud account. If you're new to Google Cloud, create an account to evaluate how our products perform in real-world scenarios. New customers also get $300 in free credits to run, test, and deploy workloads.
  2. Install and initialize the Google Cloud CLI.
  3. Create or select a Google Cloud project.

    • Create a Cloud project:

      gcloud projects create PROJECT_ID
    • Select the Cloud project that you created:

      gcloud config set project PROJECT_ID
  4. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Cloud project. Learn how to check if billing is enabled on a project.

  5. Enable the Live Stream API:

    gcloud services enable livestream.googleapis.com
  6. Create authentication credentials for your Google Account:

    gcloud auth application-default login
  7. Grant roles to your Google Account. Run the following command once for each of the following IAM roles: roles/livestream.editor, roles/storage.admin

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID --member="user:EMAIL_ADDRESS" --role=ROLE
    • Replace PROJECT_ID with your project ID.
    • Replace EMAIL_ADDRESS with your email address.
    • Replace ROLE with each individual role.
  8. Install and initialize the Google Cloud CLI.
  9. Create or select a Google Cloud project.

    • Create a Cloud project:

      gcloud projects create PROJECT_ID
    • Select the Cloud project that you created:

      gcloud config set project PROJECT_ID
  10. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Cloud project. Learn how to check if billing is enabled on a project.

  11. Enable the Live Stream API:

    gcloud services enable livestream.googleapis.com
  12. Create authentication credentials for your Google Account:

    gcloud auth application-default login
  13. Grant roles to your Google Account. Run the following command once for each of the following IAM roles: roles/livestream.editor, roles/storage.admin

    gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID --member="user:EMAIL_ADDRESS" --role=ROLE
    • Replace PROJECT_ID with your project ID.
    • Replace EMAIL_ADDRESS with your email address.
    • Replace ROLE with each individual role.

Create a Cloud Storage bucket

Create a Cloud Storage bucket to hold the live stream manifest and segment files.

Google Cloud console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Storage Buckets page.

    Go to Buckets page

  2. Click Create bucket.
  3. On the Create a bucket page, enter your bucket information. To go to the next step, click Continue.
    • For Name your bucket, enter a name that meets the bucket naming requirements.
    • For Choose where to store your data, do the following:
      • Select a Location type option.
      • Select a Location option.
    • For Choose a default storage class for your data, select the following: Standard.
    • For Choose how to control access to objects, select an Access control option.
    • For Advanced settings (optional), specify an encryption method, a retention policy, or bucket labels.
  4. Click Create.

Command line

    Create a Cloud Storage bucket:
    gsutil mb gs://BUCKET_NAME
    Replace BUCKET_NAME with a bucket name that meets the bucket naming requirements.

Install an encoder

To use the API, you need an encoder to generate input streams that the API processes.

Install ffmpeg as this page covers how to use ffmpeg to generate input streams.

Create an input endpoint

To start a live stream, you first must use the projects.locations.inputs.create method to create an input endpoint. You send the input stream to this endpoint.

REST

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location in which to create the input endpoint; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • INPUT_ID: a user-defined identifier for the new input endpoint to create (to which you send your input stream). This value must be 1-63 characters, begin and end with [a-z0-9], and can contain dashes (-) between characters. For example, my-input.

Request JSON body:

{
  "type": "RTMP_PUSH"
}

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/operations/OPERATION_ID",
  "metadata": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.OperationMetadata",
    "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
    "target": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/inputs/INPUT_ID",
    "verb": "create",
    "requestedCancellation": false,
    "apiVersion": "v1"
  },
  "done": false
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;
using Google.LongRunning;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class CreateInputSample
{
    public async Task<Input> CreateInputAsync(
         string projectId, string locationId, string inputId)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        CreateInputRequest request = new CreateInputRequest
        {
            ParentAsLocationName = LocationName.FromProjectLocation(projectId, locationId),
            InputId = inputId,
            Input = new Input
            {
                Type = Input.Types.Type.RtmpPush
            }
        };

        // Make the request.
        Operation<Input, OperationMetadata> response = await client.CreateInputAsync(request);

        // Poll until the returned long-running operation is complete.
        Operation<Input, OperationMetadata> completedResponse = await response.PollUntilCompletedAsync();

        // Retrieve the operation result.
        return completedResponse.Result;
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1/livestreampb"
)

// createInput creates an input endpoint. You send an input video stream to this
// endpoint.
func createInput(w io.Writer, projectID, location, inputID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// inputID := "my-input"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &livestreampb.CreateInputRequest{
		Parent:  fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectID, location),
		InputId: inputID,
		Input: &livestreampb.Input{
			Type: livestreampb.Input_RTMP_PUSH,
		},
	}
	// Creates the input.
	op, err := client.CreateInput(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateInput: %v", err)
	}
	response, err := op.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Wait: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Input: %v", response.Name)
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.CreateInputRequest;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Input;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LocationName;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class CreateInput {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String inputId = "my-input-id";

    createInput(projectId, location, inputId);
  }

  public static void createInput(String projectId, String location, String inputId)
      throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      var createInputRequest =
          CreateInputRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, location).toString())
              .setInputId(inputId)
              .setInput(Input.newBuilder().setType(Input.Type.RTMP_PUSH).build())
              .build();
      // First API call in a project can take up to 15 minutes.
      Input result =
          livestreamServiceClient.createInputAsync(createInputRequest).get(15, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      System.out.println("Input: " + result.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// inputId = 'my-input';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function createInput() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    parent: livestreamServiceClient.locationPath(projectId, location),
    inputId: inputId,
    input: {
      type: 'RTMP_PUSH',
    },
  };

  // Run request
  const [operation] = await livestreamServiceClient.createInput(request);
  const response = await operation.promise();
  const [input] = response;
  console.log(`Input: ${input.name}`);
}

createInput();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Python API reference documentation.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video import live_stream_v1
from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)


def create_input(project_id: str, location: str, input_id: str) -> str:
    """Creates an input.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location in which to create the input.
        input_id: The user-defined input ID."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()

    parent = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}"

    input = live_stream_v1.types.Input(
        type_="RTMP_PUSH",
    )
    operation = client.create_input(parent=parent, input=input, input_id=input_id)
    response = operation.result(900)
    print(f"Input: {response.name}")

    return response

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Create an input endpoint
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param input_id [String] Your input name (e.g. "my-input")
#
def create_input project_id:, location:, input_id:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the parent.
  parent = client.location_path project: project_id, location: location

  # Set the input fields.
  new_input = {
    type: Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream::V1::Input::Type::RTMP_PUSH
  }

  operation = client.create_input parent: parent, input: new_input, input_id: input_id

  # The returned object is of type Gapic::Operation. You can use this
  # object to check the status of an operation, cancel it, or wait
  # for results. Here is how to block until completion:
  operation.wait_until_done!

  # Print the input name.
  puts "Input: #{operation.response.name}"
end

Copy the returned OPERATION_ID to use in the next section.

Check for the result

Use the projects.locations.operations.get method to check if the input endpoint has been created. If the response contains "done: false", repeat the command until the response contains "done: true". Creating the first input endpoint in a region may take up to 10 minutes.

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location where your input endpoint is located; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • OPERATION_ID: the identifier for the operation

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/operations/OPERATION_ID",
  "metadata": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.OperationMetadata",
    "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
    "endTime": END_TIME,
    "target": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/inputs/INPUT_ID",
    "verb": "create",
    "requestedCancellation": false,
    "apiVersion": "v1"
  },
  "done": true,
  "response": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Input",
    "name": "projects/PROJECT_ID/locations/LOCATION/inputs/INPUT_ID",
    "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
    "updateTime": UPDATE_TIME,
    "type": "RTMP_PUSH",
    "uri":  INPUT_STREAM_URI, # For example, "rtmp://1.2.3.4/live/b8ebdd94-c8d9-4d88-a16e-b963c43a953b",
    "tier": "HD"
  }
}

Find the uri field and copy the returned INPUT_STREAM_URI to use later in the Send the input stream section.

Create a channel

To transcode the input stream into an output stream, you need to create a channel resource.

To create a channel, use the projects.locations.channels.create method. The following example creates a channel generating an MPEG-DASH live stream that consists of a single, high-definition (1280x720) rendition.

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location in which to create the channel; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • CHANNEL_ID: a user-defined identifier for the channel to create; this value must be 1-63 characters, begin and end with [a-z0-9], and can contain dashes (-) between characters
  • INPUT_ID: the user-defined identifier for the input endpoint
  • BUCKET_NAME: the name of the Cloud Storage bucket you created to hold the live stream manifest and segment files

Request JSON body:

{
  "inputAttachments": [
    {
      "key": "my-input",
      "input": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/inputs/INPUT_ID"
    }
  ],
  "output": {
    "uri": "gs://BUCKET_NAME"
  },
  "elementaryStreams": [
    {
      "key": "es_video",
      "videoStream": {
        "h264": {
          "profile": "high",
          "widthPixels": 1280,
          "heightPixels": 720,
          "bitrateBps": 3000000,
          "frameRate": 30
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "es_audio",
      "audioStream": {
        "codec": "aac",
        "channelCount": 2,
        "bitrateBps": 160000
      }
    }
  ],
  "muxStreams": [
    {
      "key": "mux_video",
      "elementaryStreams": ["es_video"],
      "segmentSettings": { "segmentDuration": "2s" }
    },
    {
      "key": "mux_audio",
      "elementaryStreams": ["es_audio"],
      "segmentSettings": { "segmentDuration": "2s" }
    }
  ],
  "manifests": [
    {
      "fileName": "main.mpd",
      "type": "DASH",
      "muxStreams": [
        "mux_video",
        "mux_audio"
      ],
      "maxSegmentCount": 5
    }
  ]
}

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/operations/OPERATION_ID",
  "metadata": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.OperationMetadata",
    "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
    "target": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/channels/CHANNEL_ID",
    "verb": "create",
    "requestedCancellation": false,
    "apiVersion": "v1"
  },
  "done": false
}

Get the channel

You can check for the result of the channel creation operation using the new operation ID.

Once the channel has been created, use the projects.locations.channels.get method to query the channel state.

REST

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location where your channel is located; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • CHANNEL_ID: a user-defined identifier for the channel

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/channels/CHANNEL_ID",
  "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
  "updateTime": UPDATE_TIME,
  "inputAttachments": [
    {
      "key": "INPUT_ID",
      "input": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/inputs/INPUT_ID"
    }
  ],
  "activeInput": "INPUT_ID",
  "output": {
    "uri": "gs://BUCKET_NAME"
  },
  "elementaryStreams": [
    {
      "videoStream": {
        "h264": {
          "widthPixels": 1280,
          "heightPixels": 720,
          "frameRate": 30,
          "bitrateBps": 3000000,
          "gopDuration": "2s",
          "vbvSizeBits": 3000000,
          "vbvFullnessBits": 2700000,
          "entropyCoder": "cabac",
          "profile": "high"
        }
      },
      "key": "es_video"
    },
    {
      "audioStream": {
        "codec": "aac",
        "bitrateBps": 160000,
        "channelCount": 2,
        "channelLayout": ["fl", "fr"],
        "sampleRateHertz": 48000
      },
      "key": "es_audio"
    }
  ],
  "muxStreams": [
    {
      "key": "mux_video",
      "container": "fmp4",
      "elementaryStreams": ["es_video"],
      "segmentSettings": { "segmentDuration": "2s" }
    },
    {
      "key": "mux_audio",
      "container": "fmp4",
      "elementaryStreams": ["es_audio"],
      "segmentSettings": { "segmentDuration": "2s" }
    }
  ],
  "manifests": [
    {
      "fileName": "main.mpd",
      "type": "DASH",
      "muxStreams": [
        "mux_video",
        "mux_audio"
      ],
      "maxSegmentCount": 5,
      "segmentKeepDuration": "60s"
    }
  ],
  "streamingState": "STOPPED"
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;

public class GetChannelSample
{
    public Channel GetChannel(
         string projectId, string locationId, string channelId)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        GetChannelRequest request = new GetChannelRequest
        {
            ChannelName = ChannelName.FromProjectLocationChannel(projectId, locationId, channelId)
        };

        // Make the request.
        Channel response = client.GetChannel(request);
        return response;
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1/livestreampb"
)

// getChannel gets a previously-created channel.
func getChannel(w io.Writer, projectID, location, channelID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// channelID := "my-channel-id"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &livestreampb.GetChannelRequest{
		Name: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/channels/%s", projectID, location, channelID),
	}

	response, err := client.GetChannel(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("GetChannel: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Channel: %v", response.Name)
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Channel;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.ChannelName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import java.io.IOException;

public class GetChannel {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String channelId = "my-channel-id";

    getChannel(projectId, location, channelId);
  }

  public static void getChannel(String projectId, String location, String channelId)
      throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      ChannelName name = ChannelName.of(projectId, location, channelId);
      Channel response = livestreamServiceClient.getChannel(name);
      System.out.println("Channel: " + response.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// channelId = 'my-channel';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function getChannel() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    name: livestreamServiceClient.channelPath(projectId, location, channelId),
  };
  const [channel] = await livestreamServiceClient.getChannel(request);
  console.log(`Channel: ${channel.name}`);
}

getChannel();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Python API reference documentation.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)


def get_channel(project_id: str, location: str, channel_id: str) -> str:
    """Gets a channel.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location of the channel.
        channel_id: The user-defined channel ID."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()

    name = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/channels/{channel_id}"
    response = client.get_channel(name=name)
    print(f"Channel: {response.name}")

    return response

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Get a channel
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param channel_id [String] Your channel name (e.g. "my-channel")
#
def get_channel project_id:, location:, channel_id:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the channel.
  name = client.channel_path project: project_id, location: location, channel: channel_id

  # Get the channel.
  channel = client.get_channel name: name

  # Print the channel name.
  puts "Channel: #{channel.name}"
end

The full response contains the following field. (Some of the code samples above only return certain fields in the response but can be modified to return the full response.)

{
  ...
  "streamingState": "STOPPED"
  ...
}

This response indicates that you can now start the channel.

Start the channel

Use the projects.locations.channels.start method to start the channel. A channel must be started before it can accept input streams or generate an output stream.

Starting the first channel in a region takes about 10 minutes.

REST

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location where your channel is located; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • CHANNEL_ID: a user-defined identifier for the channel

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/operations/OPERATION_ID",
  "metadata": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.OperationMetadata",
    "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
    "target": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/channels/CHANNEL_ID",
    "verb": "start",
    "requestedCancellation": false,
    "apiVersion": "v1"
  },
  "done": false
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;
using Google.LongRunning;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class StartChannelSample
{
    public async Task StartChannelAsync(
         string projectId, string locationId, string channelId)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        StartChannelRequest request = new StartChannelRequest
        {
            ChannelName = ChannelName.FromProjectLocationChannel(projectId, locationId, channelId)
        };

        // Make the request.
        Operation<ChannelOperationResponse, OperationMetadata> response = await client.StartChannelAsync(request);

        // Poll until the returned long-running operation is complete.
        await response.PollUntilCompletedAsync();
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1/livestreampb"
)

// startChannel starts a channel.
func startChannel(w io.Writer, projectID, location, channelID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// channelID := "my-channel-id"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &livestreampb.StartChannelRequest{
		Name: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/channels/%s", projectID, location, channelID),
	}

	op, err := client.StartChannel(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("StartChannel: %v", err)
	}
	_, err = op.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Wait: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Started channel")
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.ChannelName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class StartChannel {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String channelId = "my-channel-id";

    startChannel(projectId, location, channelId);
  }

  public static void startChannel(String projectId, String location, String channelId)
      throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      ChannelName name = ChannelName.of(projectId, location, channelId);
      // First API call in a project can take up to 15 minutes.
      livestreamServiceClient.startChannelAsync(name).get(15, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      System.out.println("Started channel");
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// channelId = 'my-channel';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function startChannel() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    name: livestreamServiceClient.channelPath(projectId, location, channelId),
  };
  const [operation] = await livestreamServiceClient.startChannel(request);
  await operation.promise();
  console.log('Started channel');
}

startChannel();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Python API reference documentation.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)


def start_channel(project_id: str, location: str, channel_id: str) -> None:
    """Starts a channel.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location of the channel.
        channel_id: The user-defined channel ID."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()

    name = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/channels/{channel_id}"
    operation = client.start_channel(name=name)
    operation.result(900)
    print("Started channel")

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Starts a channel
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param channel_id [String] Your channel name (e.g. "my-channel")
#
def start_channel project_id:, location:, channel_id:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the channel.
  name = client.channel_path project: project_id, location: location, channel: channel_id

  # Start the channel.
  operation = client.start_channel name: name

  # The returned object is of type Gapic::Operation. You can use this
  # object to check the status of an operation, cancel it, or wait
  # for results. Here is how to block until completion:
  operation.wait_until_done!

  # Print a success message.
  puts "Started channel"
end

Send the input stream

To determine if the channel has started, get the channel information as done previously. The response should contain the following:

{
  ...
  "streamingState": "AWAITING_INPUT"
  ...
}

Now that the channel is ready, send a test input stream to the input endpoint to generate the live stream.

Open a new terminal window. Run the following command, using the INPUT_STREAM_URI from the Check for the result section:

ffmpeg -re -f lavfi -i "testsrc=size=1280x720 [out0]; sine=frequency=500 [out1]" \
  -acodec aac -vcodec h264 -f flv INPUT_STREAM_URI

Check that the channel is streaming

To check the status of the live streaming operation, get the channel information as done previously. The response should contain the following:

{
  ...
  "streamingState": "STREAMING"
  ...
}

Verify the contents in the Cloud Storage bucket

Open the Cloud Storage bucket. Verify that it contains the following files and directories:

  • main.mpd
  • mux_audio/
    • Multiple segment-segment-number.m4s files
    • A single segment-initialization_segment_0000000000.m4s file
  • mux_video/
    • Multiple segment-segment-number.m4s files
    • A single segment-initialization_segment_0000000000.m4s file

Play the generated live stream

To play the generated media file in Shaka Player, complete the following steps:

  1. Make the Cloud Storage bucket you created publicly readable.
  2. To enable cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) on a Cloud Storage bucket, do the following:
    1. Create a JSON file that contains the following:
      [
        {
          "origin": ["https://shaka-player-demo.appspot.com/"],
          "responseHeader": ["Content-Type", "Range"],
          "method": ["GET", "HEAD"],
          "maxAgeSeconds": 3600
        }
      ]
    2. Run the following command after replacing JSON_FILE_NAME with the name of the JSON file you created in the previous step:
      gsutil cors set JSON_FILE_NAME.json gs://BUCKET_NAME
  3. In the Cloud Storage bucket, find the generated main.mpd file. Click Copy URL in the file's Public access column.
  4. Navigate to Shaka Player, an online live stream player.
  5. Click Custom Content in the top navigation bar.
  6. Click the + button.
  7. Paste the public URL of the file into the Manifest URL box.

  8. Type a name in the Name box.

  9. Click Save.

  10. Click Play.

You should see a test pattern play as the live stream.

Test pattern video

Add an ad break marker to the live stream

Use the projects.locations.channels.events.create method to add an ad break marker to the live stream.

REST

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location where your channel is located; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • CHANNEL_ID: a user-defined identifier for the channel
  • EVENT_ID: a user-defined identifier for the event

Request JSON body:

{
  "adBreak": {
    "duration": "100s"
  },
  "executeNow": true
}

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/channels/CHANNEL_ID/events/EVENT_ID",
  "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
  "updateTime": UPDATE_TIME,
  "adBreak": {
    "duration": "100s"
  },
  "executeNow": true,
  "state": "SCHEDULED"
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;

public class CreateChannelEventSample
{
    public Event CreateChannelEvent(
         string projectId, string locationId, string channelId, string eventId)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        CreateEventRequest request = new CreateEventRequest
        {
            ParentAsChannelName = ChannelName.FromProjectLocationChannel(projectId, locationId, channelId),
            EventId = eventId,
            Event = new Event
            {
                AdBreak = new Event.Types.AdBreakTask
                {
                    Duration = new Google.Protobuf.WellKnownTypes.Duration
                    {
                        Seconds = 30
                    }
                },
                ExecuteNow = true
            }
        };

        // Make the request.
        Event response = client.CreateEvent(request);
        return response;
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"github.com/golang/protobuf/ptypes/duration"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1/livestreampb"
)

// createChannelEvent creates a channel event. An event is a sub-resource of a
// channel, which can be scheduled by the user to execute operations on a
// channel resource without having to stop the channel. This sample creates an
// ad break event.
func createChannelEvent(w io.Writer, projectID, location, channelID, eventID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// channelID := "my-channel"
	// eventID := "my-channel-event"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &livestreampb.CreateEventRequest{
		Parent:  fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/channels/%s", projectID, location, channelID),
		EventId: eventID,
		Event: &livestreampb.Event{
			Task: &livestreampb.Event_AdBreak{
				AdBreak: &livestreampb.Event_AdBreakTask{
					Duration: &duration.Duration{
						Seconds: 30,
					},
				},
			},
			ExecuteNow: true,
		},
	}
	// Creates the channel event.
	response, err := client.CreateEvent(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateEvent: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Channel event: %v", response.Name)
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.ChannelName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.CreateEventRequest;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Event;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Event.AdBreakTask;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import com.google.protobuf.Duration;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CreateChannelEvent {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String channelId = "my-channel-id";
    String eventId = "my-channel-event-id";

    createChannelEvent(projectId, location, channelId, eventId);
  }

  public static void createChannelEvent(
      String projectId, String location, String channelId, String eventId) throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      var createEventRequest =
          CreateEventRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(ChannelName.of(projectId, location, channelId).toString())
              .setEventId(eventId)
              .setEvent(
                  Event.newBuilder()
                      .setAdBreak(
                          AdBreakTask.newBuilder()
                              .setDuration(Duration.newBuilder().setSeconds(30).build())
                              .build())
                      .setExecuteNow(true)
                      .build())
              .build();

      Event response = livestreamServiceClient.createEvent(createEventRequest);
      System.out.println("Channel event: " + response.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// channelId = 'my-channel';
// eventId = 'my-channel-event';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function createChannelEvent() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    parent: livestreamServiceClient.channelPath(
      projectId,
      location,
      channelId
    ),
    eventId: eventId,
    event: {
      adBreak: {
        duration: {
          seconds: 30,
        },
      },
      executeNow: true,
    },
  };

  // Run request
  const [event] = await livestreamServiceClient.createEvent(request);
  console.log(`Channel event: ${event.name}`);
}

createChannelEvent();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Python API reference documentation.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video import live_stream_v1
from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)
from google.protobuf import duration_pb2 as duration


def create_channel_event(
    project_id: str, location: str, channel_id: str, event_id: str
) -> str:
    """Creates a channel event.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location of the channel.
        channel_id: The user-defined channel ID.
        event_id: The user-defined event ID."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()
    parent = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/channels/{channel_id}"
    name = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/channels/{channel_id}/events/{event_id}"

    event = live_stream_v1.types.Event(
        name=name,
        ad_break=live_stream_v1.types.Event.AdBreakTask(
            duration=duration.Duration(
                seconds=30,
            ),
        ),
        execute_now=True,
    )

    response = client.create_event(parent=parent, event=event, event_id=event_id)
    print(f"Channel event: {response.name}")

    return response

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Create a channel event
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param channel_id [String] Your channel name (e.g. "my-channel")
# @param event_id [String] Your event name (e.g. "my-event")
#
def create_channel_event project_id:, location:, channel_id:, event_id:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the parent.
  parent = client.channel_path project: project_id, location: location, channel: channel_id

  # Set the event fields.
  new_event = {
    ad_break: {
      duration: {
        seconds: 100
      }
    },
    execute_now: true
  }

  response = client.create_event parent: parent, event: new_event, event_id: event_id

  # Print the channel event name.
  puts "Channel event: #{response.name}"
end

Verify the ad break marker exists

When the ad marker is inserted in the live stream, an event labeled <SpliceInfoSection> appears in the DASH manifest for the specified ad duration (100s).

Run the following command to see the contents of the generated DASH manifest:

gsutil cat gs://BUCKET_NAME/main.mpd

You may have to run the gsutil cat command multiple times until the <SpliceInfoSection> section appears:

<EventStream timescale="10000000" schemeIdUri="urn:scte:scte35:2013:xml">
  <Event duration="100000000" id="809">
    <SpliceInfoSection xmlns="urn:scte:scte35:2013:xml">
      <SpliceInsert outOfNetworkIndicator="true" spliceImmediateFlag="true">
        <BreakDuration autoReturn="true" duration="100000000"/>
      </SpliceInsert>
    </SpliceInfoSection>
  </Event>
</EventStream>

Clean up

To avoid incurring charges to your Google Cloud account for the resources used on this page, follow these steps.

Stop the channel

Use the projects.locations.channels.stop method to stop the channel. You must stop the channel before you can delete it.

REST

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location where your channel is located; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • CHANNEL_ID: a user-defined identifier for the channel

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/operations/OPERATION_ID",
  "metadata": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.OperationMetadata",
    "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
    "target": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/channels/CHANNEL_ID",
    "verb": "stop",
    "requestedCancellation": false,
    "apiVersion": "v1"
  },
  "done": false
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;
using Google.LongRunning;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class StopChannelSample
{
    public async Task StopChannelAsync(
         string projectId, string locationId, string channelId)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        StopChannelRequest request = new StopChannelRequest
        {
            ChannelName = ChannelName.FromProjectLocationChannel(projectId, locationId, channelId)
        };

        // Make the request.
        Operation<ChannelOperationResponse, OperationMetadata> response = await client.StopChannelAsync(request);

        // Poll until the returned long-running operation is complete.
        await response.PollUntilCompletedAsync();
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1/livestreampb"
)

// stopChannel stops a channel.
func stopChannel(w io.Writer, projectID, location, channelID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// channelID := "my-channel-id"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &livestreampb.StopChannelRequest{
		Name: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/channels/%s", projectID, location, channelID),
	}

	op, err := client.StopChannel(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("StopChannel: %v", err)
	}
	_, err = op.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Wait: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Stopped channel")
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.ChannelName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class StopChannel {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String channelId = "my-channel-id";

    stopChannel(projectId, location, channelId);
  }

  public static void stopChannel(String projectId, String location, String channelId)
      throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      ChannelName name = ChannelName.of(projectId, location, channelId);
      // First API call in a project can take up to 10 minutes.
      livestreamServiceClient.stopChannelAsync(name).get(10, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      System.out.println("Stopped channel");
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// channelId = 'my-channel';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function stopChannel() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    name: livestreamServiceClient.channelPath(projectId, location, channelId),
  };
  const [operation] = await livestreamServiceClient.stopChannel(request);
  await operation.promise();
  console.log('Stopped channel');
}

stopChannel();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Python API reference documentation.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)


def stop_channel(project_id: str, location: str, channel_id: str) -> None:
    """Stops a channel.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location of the channel.
        channel_id: The user-defined channel ID."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()

    name = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/channels/{channel_id}"
    operation = client.stop_channel(name=name)
    operation.result(600)
    print("Stopped channel")

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Stops a channel
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param channel_id [String] Your channel name (e.g. "my-channel")
#
def stop_channel project_id:, location:, channel_id:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the channel.
  name = client.channel_path project: project_id, location: location, channel: channel_id

  # Stop the channel.
  operation = client.stop_channel name: name

  # The returned object is of type Gapic::Operation. You can use this
  # object to check the status of an operation, cancel it, or wait
  # for results. Here is how to block until completion:
  operation.wait_until_done!

  # Print a success message.
  puts "Stopped channel"
end

Use the OPERATION_ID to check for the operation status until you get "done":true in the result.

Stop the input stream

If you used ffmpeg to send the input stream, the connection is automatically broken after you stop the channel.

If you used other encoders with retry mechanisms, you may need to manually stop the input stream.

Delete the event

Use the projects.locations.channels.events.delete method to delete the ad break event. You must delete channel events before you can delete the channel.

REST

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location where your channel is located; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • CHANNEL_ID: a user-defined identifier for the channel
  • EVENT_ID: a user-defined identifier for the event

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;

public class DeleteChannelEventSample
{
    public void DeleteChannelEvent(
         string projectId, string locationId, string channelId, string eventId)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        DeleteEventRequest request = new DeleteEventRequest
        {
            EventName = EventName.FromProjectLocationChannelEvent(projectId, locationId, channelId, eventId),
        };

        // Make the request.
        client.DeleteEvent(request);
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1/livestreampb"
)

// deleteChannelEvent deletes a previously-created channel event.
func deleteChannelEvent(w io.Writer, projectID, location, channelID, eventID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// channelID := "my-channel"
	// eventID := "my-channel-event"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &livestreampb.DeleteEventRequest{
		Name: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/channels/%s/events/%s", projectID, location, channelID, eventID),
	}

	err = client.DeleteEvent(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("DeleteEvent: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Deleted channel event")
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.DeleteEventRequest;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.EventName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import java.io.IOException;

public class DeleteChannelEvent {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String channelId = "my-channel-id";
    String eventId = "my-channel-event-id";

    deleteChannelEvent(projectId, location, channelId, eventId);
  }

  public static void deleteChannelEvent(
      String projectId, String location, String channelId, String eventId) throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      var deleteEventRequest =
          DeleteEventRequest.newBuilder()
              .setName(EventName.of(projectId, location, channelId, eventId).toString())
              .build();

      livestreamServiceClient.deleteEvent(deleteEventRequest);
      System.out.println("Deleted channel event");
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// channelId = 'my-channel';
// eventId = 'my-channel-event';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function deleteChannelEvent() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    name: livestreamServiceClient.eventPath(
      projectId,
      location,
      channelId,
      eventId
    ),
  };

  // Run request
  await livestreamServiceClient.deleteEvent(request);
  console.log('Deleted channel event');
}

deleteChannelEvent();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Python API reference documentation.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)


def delete_channel_event(
    project_id: str, location: str, channel_id: str, event_id: str
) -> None:
    """Deletes a channel event.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location of the channel.
        channel_id: The user-defined channel ID.
        event_id: The user-defined event ID."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()

    name = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/channels/{channel_id}/events/{event_id}"
    client.delete_event(name=name)
    print("Deleted channel event")

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Delete a channel event
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param channel_id [String] Your channel name (e.g. "my-channel")
# @param event_id [String] Your event name (e.g. "my-event")
#
def delete_channel_event project_id:, location:, channel_id:, event_id:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the channel event.
  name = client.event_path project: project_id, location: location, channel: channel_id, event: event_id

  # Delete the channel event.
  client.delete_event name: name

  # Print a success message.
  puts "Deleted channel event"
end

Delete the channel

Use the projects.locations.channels.delete method to delete the channel. You must delete the channel before you can delete the input endpoint that is used by the channel.

REST

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location where your channel is located; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • CHANNEL_ID: a user-defined identifier for the channel

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/operations/OPERATION_ID",
  "metadata": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.OperationMetadata",
    "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
    "target": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/channels/CHANNEL_ID",
    "verb": "delete",
    "requestedCancellation": false,
    "apiVersion": "v1"
  },
  "done": false
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;
using Google.LongRunning;
using Google.Protobuf.WellKnownTypes;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class DeleteChannelSample
{
    public async Task DeleteChannelAsync(
         string projectId, string locationId, string channelId)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        DeleteChannelRequest request = new DeleteChannelRequest
        {
            ChannelName = ChannelName.FromProjectLocationChannel(projectId, locationId, channelId)
        };

        // Make the request.
        Operation<Empty, OperationMetadata> response = await client.DeleteChannelAsync(request);

        // Poll until the returned long-running operation is complete.
        await response.PollUntilCompletedAsync();
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1/livestreampb"
)

// deleteChannel deletes a previously-created channel.
func deleteChannel(w io.Writer, projectID, location, channelID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// channelID := "my-channel"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &livestreampb.DeleteChannelRequest{
		Name: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/channels/%s", projectID, location, channelID),
	}

	op, err := client.DeleteChannel(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("DeleteChannel: %v", err)
	}
	err = op.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Wait: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Deleted channel")
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.ChannelName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.DeleteChannelRequest;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class DeleteChannel {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String channelId = "my-channel-id";

    deleteChannel(projectId, location, channelId);
  }

  public static void deleteChannel(String projectId, String location, String channelId)
      throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      var deleteChannelRequest =
          DeleteChannelRequest.newBuilder()
              .setName(ChannelName.of(projectId, location, channelId).toString())
              .build();
      // First API call in a project can take up to 10 minutes.
      livestreamServiceClient.deleteChannelAsync(deleteChannelRequest).get(10, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      System.out.println("Deleted channel");
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// channelId = 'my-channel';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function deleteChannel() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    name: livestreamServiceClient.channelPath(projectId, location, channelId),
  };

  // Run request
  const [operation] = await livestreamServiceClient.deleteChannel(request);
  await operation.promise();
  console.log('Deleted channel');
}

deleteChannel();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Python API reference documentation.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)


def delete_channel(project_id: str, location: str, channel_id: str) -> None:
    """Deletes a channel.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location of the channel.
        channel_id: The user-defined channel ID."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()

    name = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/channels/{channel_id}"
    operation = client.delete_channel(name=name)
    operation.result(600)
    print("Deleted channel")

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Delete a channel
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param channel_id [String] Your channel name (e.g. "my-channel")
#
def delete_channel project_id:, location:, channel_id:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the channel.
  name = client.channel_path project: project_id, location: location, channel: channel_id

  # Delete the channel.
  operation = client.delete_channel name: name

  # The returned object is of type Gapic::Operation. You can use this
  # object to check the status of an operation, cancel it, or wait
  # for results. Here is how to block until completion:
  operation.wait_until_done!

  # Print a success message.
  puts "Deleted channel"
end

Use the OPERATION_ID to check for the operation status until you get "done":true in the result.

Delete the input endpoint

Use the projects.locations.inputs.delete method to delete the input endpoint.

REST

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your Google Cloud project number; this is located in the Project number field on the IAM Settings page
  • LOCATION: the location where your input endpoint is located; use one of the supported regions:
    • us-central1
    • us-east1
    • us-east4
    • us-west1
    • us-west2
    • northamerica-northeast1
    • southamerica-east1
    • asia-east1
    • asia-east2
    • asia-northeast1
    • asia-southeast1
    • australia-southeast1
    • europe-west1
    • europe-west2
    • europe-west3
    • europe-west4
  • INPUT_ID: the user-defined identifier for the input endpoint

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/operations/OPERATION_ID",
  "metadata": {
    "@type": "type.googleapis.com/google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.OperationMetadata",
    "createTime": CREATE_TIME,
    "target": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/LOCATION/inputs/INPUT_ID",
    "verb": "delete",
    "requestedCancellation": false,
    "apiVersion": "v1"
  },
  "done": false
}

C#

Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;
using Google.LongRunning;
using Google.Protobuf.WellKnownTypes;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class DeleteInputSample
{
    public async Task DeleteInputAsync(
         string projectId, string locationId, string inputId)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        DeleteInputRequest request = new DeleteInputRequest
        {
            InputName = InputName.FromProjectLocationInput(projectId, locationId, inputId)
        };

        // Make the request.
        Operation<Empty, OperationMetadata> response = await client.DeleteInputAsync(request);

        // Poll until the returned long-running operation is complete.
        await response.PollUntilCompletedAsync();
    }
}

Go

Before trying this sample, follow the Go setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	"cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1/livestreampb"
)

// deleteInput deletes a previously-created input endpoint.
func deleteInput(w io.Writer, projectID, location, inputID string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// inputID := "my-input"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	req := &livestreampb.DeleteInputRequest{
		Name: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/inputs/%s", projectID, location, inputID),
	}

	op, err := client.DeleteInput(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("DeleteInput: %v", err)
	}
	err = op.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Wait: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Deleted input")
	return nil
}

Java

Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.DeleteInputRequest;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.InputName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class DeleteInput {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String inputId = "my-input-id";

    deleteInput(projectId, location, inputId);
  }

  public static void deleteInput(String projectId, String location, String inputId)
      throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      var deleteInputRequest =
          DeleteInputRequest.newBuilder()
              .setName(InputName.of(projectId, location, inputId).toString())
              .build();
      // First API call in a project can take up to 10 minutes.
      livestreamServiceClient.deleteInputAsync(deleteInputRequest).get(10, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      System.out.println("Deleted input");
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Before trying this sample, follow the Node.js setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// inputId = 'my-input';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function deleteInput() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    name: livestreamServiceClient.inputPath(projectId, location, inputId),
  };

  // Run request
  const [operation] = await livestreamServiceClient.deleteInput(request);
  await operation.promise();
  console.log('Deleted input');
}

deleteInput();

Python

Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Python API reference documentation.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)


def delete_input(project_id: str, location: str, input_id: str) -> None:
    """Deletes an input.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location of the input.
        input_id: The user-defined input ID."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()

    name = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/inputs/{input_id}"
    operation = client.delete_input(name=name)
    operation.result(600)
    print("Deleted input")

Ruby

Before trying this sample, follow the Ruby setup instructions in the Live Stream API quickstart using client libraries. For more information, see the Live Stream API Ruby API reference documentation.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Delete an input endpoint
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param input_id [String] Your input name (e.g. "my-input")
#
def delete_input project_id:, location:, input_id:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the input.
  name = client.input_path project: project_id, location: location, input: input_id

  # Delete the input.
  operation = client.delete_input name: name

  # The returned object is of type Gapic::Operation. You can use this
  # object to check the status of an operation, cancel it, or wait
  # for results. Here is how to block until completion:
  operation.wait_until_done!

  # Print a success message.
  puts "Deleted input"
end

Delete the Cloud Storage bucket

Note that all files and folders in the bucket generated by the Live Stream API are deleted once you stop the channel.

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Storage Browser page.

    Go to the Cloud Storage Browser page

  2. Select the checkbox next to the bucket that you created.

  3. Click Delete.

  4. In the pop-up window that appears, click Delete to permanently delete the bucket and its contents.

Revoke your credentials

  1. Optional: Revoke the authentication credentials that you created, and delete the local credential file.

    gcloud auth application-default revoke
  2. Optional: Revoke credentials from the gcloud CLI.

    gcloud auth revoke

What's next