HTTP Hello World

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HTTP function responds with "Hello, world!"

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C#

using Google.Cloud.Functions.Framework;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;
using System.IO;
using System.Text.Json;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace HelloHttp
{
    public class Function : IHttpFunction
    {
        private readonly ILogger _logger;

        public Function(ILogger<Function> logger) =>
            _logger = logger;

        public async Task HandleAsync(HttpContext context)
        {
            HttpRequest request = context.Request;
            // Check URL parameters for "name" field
            // "world" is the default value
            string name = ((string) request.Query["name"]) ?? "world";

            // If there's a body, parse it as JSON and check for "name" field.
            using TextReader reader = new StreamReader(request.Body);
            string text = await reader.ReadToEndAsync();
            if (text.Length > 0)
            {
                try
                {
                    JsonElement json = JsonSerializer.Deserialize<JsonElement>(text);
                    if (json.TryGetProperty("name", out JsonElement nameElement) &&
                        nameElement.ValueKind == JsonValueKind.String)
                    {
                        name = nameElement.GetString();
                    }
                }
                catch (JsonException parseException)
                {
                    _logger.LogError(parseException, "Error parsing JSON request");
                }
            }

            await context.Response.WriteAsync($"Hello {name}!");
        }
    }
}

Go


// Package helloworld provides a set of Cloud Functions samples.
package helloworld

import (
	"encoding/json"
	"fmt"
	"html"
	"net/http"
)

// HelloHTTP is an HTTP Cloud Function with a request parameter.
func HelloHTTP(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
	var d struct {
		Name string `json:"name"`
	}
	if err := json.NewDecoder(r.Body).Decode(&d); err != nil {
		fmt.Fprint(w, "Hello, World!")
		return
	}
	if d.Name == "" {
		fmt.Fprint(w, "Hello, World!")
		return
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Hello, %s!", html.EscapeString(d.Name))
}

Java


import com.google.cloud.functions.HttpFunction;
import com.google.cloud.functions.HttpRequest;
import com.google.cloud.functions.HttpResponse;
import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.google.gson.JsonElement;
import com.google.gson.JsonObject;
import com.google.gson.JsonParseException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

public class HelloHttp implements HttpFunction {
  private static final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(HelloHttp.class.getName());

  private static final Gson gson = new Gson();

  @Override
  public void service(HttpRequest request, HttpResponse response)
      throws IOException {
    // Check URL parameters for "name" field
    // "world" is the default value
    String name = request.getFirstQueryParameter("name").orElse("world");

    // Parse JSON request and check for "name" field
    try {
      JsonElement requestParsed = gson.fromJson(request.getReader(), JsonElement.class);
      JsonObject requestJson = null;

      if (requestParsed != null && requestParsed.isJsonObject()) {
        requestJson = requestParsed.getAsJsonObject();
      }

      if (requestJson != null && requestJson.has("name")) {
        name = requestJson.get("name").getAsString();
      }
    } catch (JsonParseException e) {
      logger.severe("Error parsing JSON: " + e.getMessage());
    }

    var writer = new PrintWriter(response.getWriter());
    writer.printf("Hello %s!", name);
  }
}

Node.js

const functions = require('@google-cloud/functions-framework');
const escapeHtml = require('escape-html');

/**
 * Responds to an HTTP request using data from the request body parsed according
 * to the "content-type" header.
 *
 * @param {Object} req Cloud Function request context.
 * @param {Object} res Cloud Function response context.
 */
functions.http('helloHttp', (req, res) => {
  res.send(`Hello ${escapeHtml(req.query.name || req.body.name || 'World')}!`);
});

PHP

<?php

use Google\CloudFunctions\FunctionsFramework;
use Psr\Http\Message\ServerRequestInterface;

// Register the function with Functions Framework.
// This enables omitting the `FUNCTIONS_SIGNATURE_TYPE=http` environment
// variable when deploying. The `FUNCTION_TARGET` environment variable should
// match the first parameter.
FunctionsFramework::http('helloHttp', 'helloHttp');

function helloHttp(ServerRequestInterface $request): string
{
    $name = 'World';
    $body = $request->getBody()->getContents();
    if (!empty($body)) {
        $json = json_decode($body, true);
        if (json_last_error() != JSON_ERROR_NONE) {
            throw new RuntimeException(sprintf(
                'Could not parse body: %s',
                json_last_error_msg()
            ));
        }
        $name = $json['name'] ?? $name;
    }
    $queryString = $request->getQueryParams();
    $name = $queryString['name'] ?? $name;

    return sprintf('Hello, %s!', htmlspecialchars($name));
}

Python

from flask import escape
import functions_framework

@functions_framework.http
def hello_http(request):
    """HTTP Cloud Function.
    Args:
        request (flask.Request): The request object.
        <https://flask.palletsprojects.com/en/1.1.x/api/#incoming-request-data>
    Returns:
        The response text, or any set of values that can be turned into a
        Response object using `make_response`
        <https://flask.palletsprojects.com/en/1.1.x/api/#flask.make_response>.
    """
    request_json = request.get_json(silent=True)
    request_args = request.args

    if request_json and 'name' in request_json:
        name = request_json['name']
    elif request_args and 'name' in request_args:
        name = request_args['name']
    else:
        name = 'World'
    return 'Hello {}!'.format(escape(name))

Ruby

require "functions_framework"
require "cgi"
require "json"

FunctionsFramework.http "hello_http" do |request|
  # The request parameter is a Rack::Request object.
  # See https://www.rubydoc.info/gems/rack/Rack/Request
  name = request.params["name"] ||
         (JSON.parse(request.body.read)["name"] rescue nil) ||
         "World"
  # Return the response body as a string.
  # You can also return a Rack::Response object, a Rack response array, or
  # a hash which will be JSON-encoded into a response.
  "Hello #{CGI.escape_html name}!"
end

What's next

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