Anonimizza i dati sensibili sostituendoli con infoType

Utilizza l'API Data Loss Prevention per anonimizzare i dati sensibili in una stringa sostituendoli con l'infoType.

Per saperne di più

Per la documentazione dettagliata che include questo esempio di codice, consulta quanto segue:

Esempio di codice

C#

Per scoprire come installare e utilizzare la libreria client per Sensitive Data Protection, consulta Librerie client di Sensitive Data Protection.

Per eseguire l'autenticazione in Sensitive Data Protection, configura Credenziali predefinite dell'applicazione. Per maggiori informazioni, consulta Configurare l'autenticazione per un ambiente di sviluppo locale.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Dlp.V2;

public class DeidentifyWithReplaceInfotypes
{
    public static DeidentifyContentResponse DeidentifyInfo(
        string projectId,
        string text,
        IEnumerable<InfoType> infoTypes = null)
    {
        // Instantiate the client.
        var dlp = DlpServiceClient.Create();

        // Construct the inspect config by specifying the type of info to be inspected.
        var inspectConfig = new InspectConfig
        {
            InfoTypes =
            {
                infoTypes ?? new InfoType[] { new InfoType { Name = "EMAIL_ADDRESS" } }
            }
        };

        // Construct the replace info types config.
        var replaceInfoTypesConfig = new ReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig();

        // Construct the deidentify config using replace config.
        var deidentifyConfig = new DeidentifyConfig
        {
            InfoTypeTransformations = new InfoTypeTransformations
            {
                Transformations =
                {
                    new InfoTypeTransformations.Types.InfoTypeTransformation
                    {
                        PrimitiveTransformation = new PrimitiveTransformation
                        {
                            ReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig = replaceInfoTypesConfig
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        };

        // Construct the request.
        var request = new DeidentifyContentRequest
        {
            ParentAsLocationName = new LocationName(projectId, "global"),
            DeidentifyConfig = deidentifyConfig,
            InspectConfig = inspectConfig,
            Item = new ContentItem { Value = text }
        };

        // Call the API.
        var response = dlp.DeidentifyContent(request);

        // Check the de-identified content.
        Console.WriteLine($"De-identified content: {response.Item.Value}");
        return response;
    }
}

Go

Per scoprire come installare e utilizzare la libreria client per Sensitive Data Protection, consulta Librerie client di Sensitive Data Protection.

Per eseguire l'autenticazione in Sensitive Data Protection, configura Credenziali predefinite dell'applicazione. Per maggiori informazioni, consulta Configurare l'autenticazione per un ambiente di sviluppo locale.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	dlp "cloud.google.com/go/dlp/apiv2"
	"cloud.google.com/go/dlp/apiv2/dlppb"
)

// deidentifyWithInfotype de-identifies sensitive data by replacing infoType.
func deidentifyWithInfotype(w io.Writer, projectID, item string, infoTypeNames []string) error {
	// projectId := "your-project-id"
	// item := "My email is test@example.com"
	// infoTypeNames := "[]string{"EMAIL_ADDRESS"}"

	ctx := context.Background()

	// Initialize a client once and reuse it to send multiple requests. Clients
	// are safe to use across goroutines. When the client is no longer needed,
	// call the Close method to cleanup its resources.
	client, err := dlp.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	// Closing the client safely cleans up background resources.
	defer client.Close()

	// Specify the content to be de-identified.
	input := &dlppb.ContentItem{
		DataItem: &dlppb.ContentItem_Value{
			Value: item,
		},
	}

	// Specify the type of info the inspection will look for.
	// See https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/infotypes-reference for complete list of info types.
	var infoTypes []*dlppb.InfoType
	for _, it := range infoTypeNames {
		infoTypes = append(infoTypes, &dlppb.InfoType{Name: it})
	}

	//  Associate de-identification type with info type.
	transformation := &dlppb.DeidentifyConfig_InfoTypeTransformations{
		InfoTypeTransformations: &dlppb.InfoTypeTransformations{
			Transformations: []*dlppb.InfoTypeTransformations_InfoTypeTransformation{
				{
					PrimitiveTransformation: &dlppb.PrimitiveTransformation{
						Transformation: &dlppb.PrimitiveTransformation_ReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig{},
					},
				},
			},
		},
	}

	// Construct the de-identification request to be sent by the client.
	req := &dlppb.DeidentifyContentRequest{
		Parent: fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/global", projectID),
		InspectConfig: &dlppb.InspectConfig{
			InfoTypes: infoTypes,
		},
		DeidentifyConfig: &dlppb.DeidentifyConfig{
			Transformation: transformation,
		},
		Item: input,
	}

	// Send the request.
	resp, err := client.DeidentifyContent(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	// Print the results.
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "output : %v", resp.GetItem().GetValue())
	return nil
}

Java

Per scoprire come installare e utilizzare la libreria client per Sensitive Data Protection, consulta Librerie client di Sensitive Data Protection.

Per eseguire l'autenticazione in Sensitive Data Protection, configura Credenziali predefinite dell'applicazione. Per maggiori informazioni, consulta Configurare l'autenticazione per un ambiente di sviluppo locale.


import com.google.cloud.dlp.v2.DlpServiceClient;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ContentItem;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.DeidentifyConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.DeidentifyContentRequest;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.DeidentifyContentResponse;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoType;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoTypeTransformations;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InfoTypeTransformations.InfoTypeTransformation;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.InspectConfig;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.LocationName;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.PrimitiveTransformation;
import com.google.privacy.dlp.v2.ReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig;
import java.io.IOException;

public class DeIdentifyWithInfoType {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String textToInspect = "My email is test@example.com";
    deIdentifyWithInfoType(projectId, textToInspect);
  }

  public static void deIdentifyWithInfoType(String projectId, String textToRedact)
      throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (DlpServiceClient dlp = DlpServiceClient.create()) {
      // Specify the content to be inspected.
      ContentItem item = ContentItem.newBuilder().setValue(textToRedact).build();

      // Specify the type of info the inspection will look for.
      // See https://cloud.google.com/dlp/docs/infotypes-reference for complete list of info types
      InfoType infoType = InfoType.newBuilder().setName("EMAIL_ADDRESS").build();
      InspectConfig inspectConfig = InspectConfig.newBuilder().addInfoTypes(infoType).build();
      // Specify replacement string to be used for the finding.
      ReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig replaceWithInfoTypeConfig =
          ReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig.newBuilder().build();
      // Define type of deidentification as replacement with info type.
      PrimitiveTransformation primitiveTransformation =
          PrimitiveTransformation.newBuilder()
              .setReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig(replaceWithInfoTypeConfig)
              .build();
      // Associate deidentification type with info type.
      InfoTypeTransformation transformation =
          InfoTypeTransformation.newBuilder()
              .addInfoTypes(infoType)
              .setPrimitiveTransformation(primitiveTransformation)
              .build();
      // Construct the configuration for the Redact request and list all desired transformations.
      DeidentifyConfig redactConfig =
          DeidentifyConfig.newBuilder()
              .setInfoTypeTransformations(
                  InfoTypeTransformations.newBuilder().addTransformations(transformation))
              .build();

      // Construct the Redact request to be sent by the client.
      DeidentifyContentRequest request =
          DeidentifyContentRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, "global").toString())
              .setItem(item)
              .setDeidentifyConfig(redactConfig)
              .setInspectConfig(inspectConfig)
              .build();

      // Use the client to send the API request.
      DeidentifyContentResponse response = dlp.deidentifyContent(request);

      // Parse the response and process results
      System.out.println("Text after redaction: " + response.getItem().getValue());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Per scoprire come installare e utilizzare la libreria client per Sensitive Data Protection, consulta Librerie client di Sensitive Data Protection.

Per eseguire l'autenticazione in Sensitive Data Protection, configura Credenziali predefinite dell'applicazione. Per maggiori informazioni, consulta Configurare l'autenticazione per un ambiente di sviluppo locale.

// Imports the Google Cloud Data Loss Prevention library
const DLP = require('@google-cloud/dlp');

// Instantiates a client
const dlp = new DLP.DlpServiceClient();

// The project ID to run the API call under
// const projectId = 'my-project';

// The string to deidentify
// const string = 'My email is test@example.com';

// The string to replace sensitive information with
// const infoTypes = [{name: 'EMAIL_ADDRESS'}];

async function deIdentifyWithInfoTypeReplace() {
  // Define type of deidentification as replacement with info type.
  const primitiveTransformation = {
    replaceWithInfoTypeConfig: {},
  };

  // Associate deidentification type with info type.
  const deidentifyConfig = {
    infoTypeTransformations: {
      transformations: [
        {
          primitiveTransformation: primitiveTransformation,
        },
      ],
    },
  };

  // Specify inspect confiugration using infotypes.
  const inspectConfig = {
    infoTypes: infoTypes,
  };

  // Specify the content to be inspected.
  const item = {
    value: string,
  };

  // Combine configurations into a request for the service.
  const request = {
    parent: `projects/${projectId}/locations/global`,
    item,
    deidentifyConfig,
    inspectConfig,
  };

  // Send the request and receive response from the service.
  const [response] = await dlp.deidentifyContent(request);
  // Print the results
  console.log(`Text after replacement: ${response.item.value}`);
}

deIdentifyWithInfoTypeReplace();

PHP

Per scoprire come installare e utilizzare la libreria client per Sensitive Data Protection, consulta Librerie client di Sensitive Data Protection.

Per eseguire l'autenticazione in Sensitive Data Protection, configura Credenziali predefinite dell'applicazione. Per maggiori informazioni, consulta Configurare l'autenticazione per un ambiente di sviluppo locale.

use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DlpServiceClient;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\PrimitiveTransformation;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InfoType;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\DeidentifyConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InfoTypeTransformations\InfoTypeTransformation;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InfoTypeTransformations;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\ContentItem;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\InspectConfig;
use Google\Cloud\Dlp\V2\ReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig;

/**
 * De-identify sensitive data by replacing with infoType.
 * Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to deidentify sensitive data in a string by replacing it with
 * the info type.
 *
 * @param string $callingProjectId  The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
 * @param string $string            The string to deidentify (will be treated as text).
 */

function deidentify_replace_infotype(
    // TODO(developer): Replace sample parameters before running the code.
    string $callingProjectId,
    string $string
): void {
    // Instantiate a client.
    $dlp = new DlpServiceClient();

    $parent = "projects/$callingProjectId/locations/global";

    // Specify what content you want the service to de-identify.
    $content = (new ContentItem())
        ->setValue($string);

    // The infoTypes of information to mask.
    $phoneNumberinfoType = (new InfoType())
        ->setName('PHONE_NUMBER');
    $personNameinfoType = (new InfoType())
        ->setName('PERSON_NAME');
    $infoTypes = [$phoneNumberinfoType, $personNameinfoType];

    // Create the configuration object.
    $inspectConfig = (new InspectConfig())
        ->setInfoTypes($infoTypes);

    // Create the information transform configuration objects.
    $primitiveTransformation = (new PrimitiveTransformation())
        ->setReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig(new ReplaceWithInfoTypeConfig());

    $infoTypeTransformation = (new InfoTypeTransformation())
        ->setPrimitiveTransformation($primitiveTransformation);

    $infoTypeTransformations = (new InfoTypeTransformations())
        ->setTransformations([$infoTypeTransformation]);

    // Create the deidentification configuration object.
    $deidentifyConfig = (new DeidentifyConfig())
        ->setInfoTypeTransformations($infoTypeTransformations);

    // Run request.
    $response = $dlp->deidentifyContent([
        'parent' => $parent,
        'deidentifyConfig' => $deidentifyConfig,
        'item' => $content,
        'inspectConfig' => $inspectConfig
    ]);

    // Print the results.
    printf('Text after replace with infotype config: %s', $response->getItem()->getValue());
}

Python

Per scoprire come installare e utilizzare la libreria client per Sensitive Data Protection, consulta Librerie client di Sensitive Data Protection.

Per eseguire l'autenticazione in Sensitive Data Protection, configura Credenziali predefinite dell'applicazione. Per maggiori informazioni, consulta Configurare l'autenticazione per un ambiente di sviluppo locale.

from typing import List

import google.cloud.dlp

def deidentify_with_replace_infotype(
    project: str, item: str, info_types: List[str]
) -> None:
    """Uses the Data Loss Prevention API to deidentify sensitive data in a
    string by replacing it with the info type.
    Args:
        project: The Google Cloud project id to use as a parent resource.
        item: The string to deidentify (will be treated as text).
        info_types: A list of strings representing info types to look for.
            A full list of info type categories can be fetched from the API.
    Returns:
        None; the response from the API is printed to the terminal.
    """

    # Instantiate a client
    dlp = google.cloud.dlp_v2.DlpServiceClient()

    # Convert the project id into a full resource id.
    parent = f"projects/{project}/locations/global"

    # Construct inspect configuration dictionary
    inspect_config = {"info_types": [{"name": info_type} for info_type in info_types]}

    # Construct deidentify configuration dictionary
    deidentify_config = {
        "info_type_transformations": {
            "transformations": [
                {"primitive_transformation": {"replace_with_info_type_config": {}}}
            ]
        }
    }

    # Call the API
    response = dlp.deidentify_content(
        request={
            "parent": parent,
            "deidentify_config": deidentify_config,
            "inspect_config": inspect_config,
            "item": {"value": item},
        }
    )

    # Print out the results.
    print(response.item.value)

Passaggi successivi

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