Cómo crear un canal con una entrada de copia de seguridad

Organiza tus páginas con colecciones Guarda y categoriza el contenido según tus preferencias.

Crea un canal con dos flujos de entrada, en el que un flujo de entrada es la copia de seguridad del otro flujo de entrada. Si la transmisión de entrada principal se desconecta debido a problemas de red, el canal cambia automáticamente para usar la transmisión de entrada de respaldo como fuente de entrada. Una vez que la transmisión de entrada principal vuelve a estar en línea, el canal vuelve automáticamente a la transmisión de entrada principal como fuente de entrada.

Explora más

Para obtener documentación en la que se incluye esta muestra de código, consulta lo siguiente:

Muestra de código

C#

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para C# que se encuentran en la Guía de inicio rápido de la API de Live Stream con bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Live Stream C#.


using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Video.LiveStream.V1;
using Google.LongRunning;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class CreateChannelWithBackupInputSample
{
    public async Task<Channel> CreateChannelWithBackupInputAsync(
         string projectId, string locationId, string channelId, string primaryInputId, string backupInputId, string outputUri)
    {
        // Create the client.
        LivestreamServiceClient client = LivestreamServiceClient.Create();

        InputAttachment primaryInputAttachment = new InputAttachment
        {
            Key = "my-primary-input",
            InputAsInputName = InputName.FromProjectLocationInput(projectId, locationId, primaryInputId),
            AutomaticFailover = new InputAttachment.Types.AutomaticFailover
            {
                InputKeys = { "my-backup-input" }
            }
        };

        InputAttachment backupInputAttachment = new InputAttachment
        {
            Key = "my-backup-input",
            InputAsInputName = InputName.FromProjectLocationInput(projectId, locationId, backupInputId)
        };

        VideoStream videoStream = new VideoStream
        {
            H264 = new VideoStream.Types.H264CodecSettings
            {
                Profile = "high",
                BitrateBps = 3000000,
                FrameRate = 30,
                HeightPixels = 720,
                WidthPixels = 1280
            }
        };

        ElementaryStream elementaryStreamVideo = new ElementaryStream
        {
            Key = "es_video",
            VideoStream = videoStream
        };

        AudioStream audioStream = new AudioStream
        {
            Codec = "aac",
            ChannelCount = 2,
            BitrateBps = 160000
        };

        ElementaryStream elementaryStreamAudio = new ElementaryStream
        {
            Key = "es_audio",
            AudioStream = audioStream
        };

        MuxStream muxVideo = new MuxStream
        {
            Key = "mux_video",
            ElementaryStreams = { "es_video" },
            SegmentSettings = new SegmentSettings
            {
                SegmentDuration = new Google.Protobuf.WellKnownTypes.Duration
                {
                    Seconds = 2
                }
            }
        };

        MuxStream muxAudio = new MuxStream
        {
            Key = "mux_audio",
            ElementaryStreams = { "es_audio" },
            SegmentSettings = new SegmentSettings
            {
                SegmentDuration = new Google.Protobuf.WellKnownTypes.Duration
                {
                    Seconds = 2
                }
            }
        };

        CreateChannelRequest request = new CreateChannelRequest
        {
            ParentAsLocationName = LocationName.FromProjectLocation(projectId, locationId),
            ChannelId = channelId,
            Channel = new Channel
            {
                InputAttachments = { primaryInputAttachment, backupInputAttachment },
                Output = new Channel.Types.Output
                {
                    Uri = outputUri
                },
                ElementaryStreams = { elementaryStreamVideo, elementaryStreamAudio },
                MuxStreams = { muxVideo, muxAudio },
                Manifests = {
                    new Manifest {
                        FileName = "manifest.m3u8",
                        Type = Manifest.Types.ManifestType.Hls,
                        MuxStreams = { "mux_video", "mux_audio" },
                        MaxSegmentCount = 5
                    }
                }
            }
        };

        // Make the request.
        Operation<Channel, OperationMetadata> response = await client.CreateChannelAsync(request);

        // Poll until the returned long-running operation is complete.
        Operation<Channel, OperationMetadata> completedResponse = await response.PollUntilCompletedAsync();

        // Retrieve the operation result.
        return completedResponse.Result;
    }
}

Go

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Go que se encuentran en la Guía de inicio rápido de la API de Live Stream con bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Live Stream Go.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"github.com/golang/protobuf/ptypes/duration"

	livestream "cloud.google.com/go/video/livestream/apiv1"
	livestreampb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/video/livestream/v1"
)

// createChannelWithBackupInput creates a channel with a failover backup input.
func createChannelWithBackupInput(w io.Writer, projectID, location, channelID, primaryInputID, backupInputID, outputURI string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// location := "us-central1"
	// channelID := "my-channel"
	// primaryInputID := "my-primary-input"
	// backupInputID := "my-backup-input"
	// outputURI := "gs://my-bucket/my-output-folder/"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := livestream.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	primaryInput := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/inputs/%s", projectID, location, primaryInputID)
	backupInput := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/inputs/%s", projectID, location, backupInputID)
	automaticFailover := &livestreampb.InputAttachment_AutomaticFailover{
		InputKeys: []string{"my-backup-input"},
	}

	req := &livestreampb.CreateChannelRequest{
		Parent:    fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectID, location),
		ChannelId: channelID,
		Channel: &livestreampb.Channel{
			InputAttachments: []*livestreampb.InputAttachment{
				{
					Key:               "my-primary-input",
					Input:             primaryInput,
					AutomaticFailover: automaticFailover,
				},
				{
					Key:   "my-backup-input",
					Input: backupInput,
				},
			},
			Output: &livestreampb.Channel_Output{
				Uri: outputURI,
			},
			ElementaryStreams: []*livestreampb.ElementaryStream{
				{
					Key: "es_video",
					ElementaryStream: &livestreampb.ElementaryStream_VideoStream{
						VideoStream: &livestreampb.VideoStream{
							CodecSettings: &livestreampb.VideoStream_H264{
								H264: &livestreampb.VideoStream_H264CodecSettings{
									Profile:      "high",
									BitrateBps:   3000000,
									FrameRate:    30,
									HeightPixels: 720,
									WidthPixels:  1280,
								},
							},
						},
					},
				},
				{
					Key: "es_audio",
					ElementaryStream: &livestreampb.ElementaryStream_AudioStream{
						AudioStream: &livestreampb.AudioStream{
							Codec:        "aac",
							ChannelCount: 2,
							BitrateBps:   160000,
						},
					},
				},
			},
			MuxStreams: []*livestreampb.MuxStream{
				{
					Key:               "mux_video",
					ElementaryStreams: []string{"es_video"},
					SegmentSettings: &livestreampb.SegmentSettings{
						SegmentDuration: &duration.Duration{
							Seconds: 2,
						},
					},
				},
				{
					Key:               "mux_audio",
					ElementaryStreams: []string{"es_audio"},
					SegmentSettings: &livestreampb.SegmentSettings{
						SegmentDuration: &duration.Duration{
							Seconds: 2,
						},
					},
				},
			},
			Manifests: []*livestreampb.Manifest{
				{
					FileName:        "manifest.m3u8",
					Type:            livestreampb.Manifest_HLS,
					MuxStreams:      []string{"mux_video", "mux_audio"},
					MaxSegmentCount: 5,
				},
			},
		},
	}
	// Creates the channel.
	op, err := client.CreateChannel(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("CreateChannel: %v", err)
	}
	response, err := op.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("Wait: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Channel: %v", response.Name)
	return nil
}

Java

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Java que se encuentran en la Guía de inicio rápido de la API de Live Stream con bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Live Stream Java.


import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.AudioStream;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Channel;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Channel.Output;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.CreateChannelRequest;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.ElementaryStream;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.InputAttachment;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.InputAttachment.AutomaticFailover;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.InputName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LivestreamServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.LocationName;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Manifest;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.Manifest.ManifestType;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.MuxStream;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.SegmentSettings;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.VideoStream;
import com.google.cloud.video.livestream.v1.VideoStream.H264CodecSettings;
import com.google.protobuf.Duration;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class CreateChannelWithBackupInput {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project-id";
    String location = "us-central1";
    String channelId = "my-channel-id";
    String primaryInputId = "my-primary-input-id";
    String backupInputId = "my-backup-input-id";
    String outputUri = "gs://my-bucket/my-output-folder/";

    createChannelWithBackupInput(
        projectId, location, channelId, primaryInputId, backupInputId, outputUri);
  }

  public static void createChannelWithBackupInput(
      String projectId,
      String location,
      String channelId,
      String primaryInputId,
      String backupInputId,
      String outputUri)
      throws InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException, IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (LivestreamServiceClient livestreamServiceClient = LivestreamServiceClient.create()) {
      VideoStream videoStream =
          VideoStream.newBuilder()
              .setH264(
                  H264CodecSettings.newBuilder()
                      .setProfile("high")
                      .setBitrateBps(3000000)
                      .setFrameRate(30)
                      .setHeightPixels(720)
                      .setWidthPixels(1280))
              .build();

      AudioStream audioStream =
          AudioStream.newBuilder().setCodec("aac").setChannelCount(2).setBitrateBps(160000).build();

      var createChannelRequest =
          CreateChannelRequest.newBuilder()
              .setParent(LocationName.of(projectId, location).toString())
              .setChannelId(channelId)
              .setChannel(
                  Channel.newBuilder()
                      .addInputAttachments(
                          0,
                          InputAttachment.newBuilder()
                              .setKey("my-primary-input")
                              .setInput(
                                  InputName.of(projectId, location, primaryInputId).toString())
                              .setAutomaticFailover(
                                  AutomaticFailover.newBuilder()
                                      .addInputKeys("my-backup-input")
                                      .build())
                              .build())
                      .addInputAttachments(
                          1,
                          InputAttachment.newBuilder()
                              .setKey("my-backup-input")
                              .setInput(
                                  InputName.of(projectId, location, backupInputId).toString()))
                      .setOutput(Output.newBuilder().setUri(outputUri).build())
                      .addElementaryStreams(
                          ElementaryStream.newBuilder()
                              .setKey("es_video")
                              .setVideoStream(videoStream))
                      .addElementaryStreams(
                          ElementaryStream.newBuilder()
                              .setKey("es_audio")
                              .setAudioStream(audioStream))
                      .addMuxStreams(
                          MuxStream.newBuilder()
                              .setKey("mux_video")
                              .addElementaryStreams("es_video")
                              .setSegmentSettings(
                                  SegmentSettings.newBuilder()
                                      .setSegmentDuration(
                                          Duration.newBuilder().setSeconds(2).build())
                                      .build())
                              .build())
                      .addMuxStreams(
                          MuxStream.newBuilder()
                              .setKey("mux_audio")
                              .addElementaryStreams("es_audio")
                              .setSegmentSettings(
                                  SegmentSettings.newBuilder()
                                      .setSegmentDuration(
                                          Duration.newBuilder().setSeconds(2).build())
                                      .build())
                              .build())
                      .addManifests(
                          Manifest.newBuilder()
                              .setFileName("manifest.m3u8")
                              .setType(ManifestType.HLS)
                              .addMuxStreams("mux_video")
                              .addMuxStreams("mux_audio")
                              .setMaxSegmentCount(5)
                              .build()))
              .build();
      // First API call in a project can take up to 10 minutes.
      Channel result =
          livestreamServiceClient
              .createChannelAsync(createChannelRequest)
              .get(10, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
      System.out.println("Channel: " + result.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Node.js que se encuentran en la Guía de inicio rápido de la API de Live Stream con bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Live Stream Node.js.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// projectId = 'my-project-id';
// location = 'us-central1';
// channelId = 'my-channel';
// primaryInputId = 'my-primary-input';
// backupInputId = 'my-backup-input';
// outputUri = 'gs://my-bucket/my-output-folder/';

// Imports the Livestream library
const {LivestreamServiceClient} = require('@google-cloud/livestream').v1;

// Instantiates a client
const livestreamServiceClient = new LivestreamServiceClient();

async function createChannelWithBackupInput() {
  // Construct request
  const request = {
    parent: livestreamServiceClient.locationPath(projectId, location),
    channelId: channelId,
    channel: {
      inputAttachments: [
        {
          key: 'my-primary-input',
          input: livestreamServiceClient.inputPath(
            projectId,
            location,
            primaryInputId
          ),
          automaticFailover: {
            inputKeys: ['my-backup-input'],
          },
        },
        {
          key: 'my-backup-input',
          input: livestreamServiceClient.inputPath(
            projectId,
            location,
            backupInputId
          ),
        },
      ],
      output: {
        uri: outputUri,
      },
      elementaryStreams: [
        {
          key: 'es_video',
          videoStream: {
            h264: {
              profile: 'high',
              heightPixels: 720,
              widthPixels: 1280,
              bitrateBps: 3000000,
              frameRate: 30,
            },
          },
        },
        {
          key: 'es_audio',
          audioStream: {
            codec: 'aac',
            channelCount: 2,
            bitrateBps: 160000,
          },
        },
      ],
      muxStreams: [
        {
          key: 'mux_video',
          elementaryStreams: ['es_video'],
          segmentSettings: {
            seconds: 2,
          },
        },
        {
          key: 'mux_audio',
          elementaryStreams: ['es_audio'],
          segmentSettings: {
            seconds: 2,
          },
        },
      ],
      manifests: [
        {
          fileName: 'manifest.m3u8',
          type: 'HLS',
          muxStreams: ['mux_video', 'mux_audio'],
          maxSegmentCount: 5,
        },
      ],
    },
  };

  // Run request
  const [operation] = await livestreamServiceClient.createChannel(request);
  const response = await operation.promise();
  const [channel] = response;
  console.log(`Channel: ${channel.name}`);
}

createChannelWithBackupInput();

Python

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Python que se encuentran en la Guía de inicio rápido de la API de Live Stream con bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Live Stream Python.


import argparse

from google.cloud.video import live_stream_v1
from google.cloud.video.live_stream_v1.services.livestream_service import (
    LivestreamServiceClient,
)
from google.protobuf import duration_pb2 as duration

def create_channel_with_backup_input(
    project_id: str,
    location: str,
    channel_id: str,
    primary_input_id: str,
    backup_input_id: str,
    output_uri: str,
) -> str:
    """Creates a channel.
    Args:
        project_id: The GCP project ID.
        location: The location in which to create the channel.
        channel_id: The user-defined channel ID.
        primary_input_id: The user-defined primary input ID.
        backup_input_id: The user-defined backup input ID.
        output_uri: Uri of the channel output folder in a Cloud Storage bucket."""

    client = LivestreamServiceClient()
    parent = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}"
    primary_input = (
        f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/inputs/{primary_input_id}"
    )
    backup_input = (
        f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/inputs/{backup_input_id}"
    )
    name = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{location}/channels/{channel_id}"

    channel = live_stream_v1.types.Channel(
        name=name,
        input_attachments=[
            live_stream_v1.types.InputAttachment(
                key="my-primary-input",
                input=primary_input,
                automatic_failover=live_stream_v1.types.InputAttachment.AutomaticFailover(
                    input_keys=["my-backup-input"],
                ),
            ),
            live_stream_v1.types.InputAttachment(
                key="my-backup-input",
                input=backup_input,
            ),
        ],
        output=live_stream_v1.types.Channel.Output(
            uri=output_uri,
        ),
        elementary_streams=[
            live_stream_v1.types.ElementaryStream(
                key="es_video",
                video_stream=live_stream_v1.types.VideoStream(
                    h264=live_stream_v1.types.VideoStream.H264CodecSettings(
                        profile="high",
                        width_pixels=1280,
                        height_pixels=720,
                        bitrate_bps=3000000,
                        frame_rate=30,
                    ),
                ),
            ),
            live_stream_v1.types.ElementaryStream(
                key="es_audio",
                audio_stream=live_stream_v1.types.AudioStream(
                    codec="aac", channel_count=2, bitrate_bps=160000
                ),
            ),
        ],
        mux_streams=[
            live_stream_v1.types.MuxStream(
                key="mux_video",
                elementary_streams=["es_video"],
                segment_settings=live_stream_v1.types.SegmentSettings(
                    segment_duration=duration.Duration(
                        seconds=2,
                    ),
                ),
            ),
            live_stream_v1.types.MuxStream(
                key="mux_audio",
                elementary_streams=["es_audio"],
                segment_settings=live_stream_v1.types.SegmentSettings(
                    segment_duration=duration.Duration(
                        seconds=2,
                    ),
                ),
            ),
        ],
        manifests=[
            live_stream_v1.types.Manifest(
                file_name="manifest.m3u8",
                type_="HLS",
                mux_streams=["mux_video", "mux_audio"],
                max_segment_count=5,
            ),
        ],
    )
    operation = client.create_channel(
        parent=parent, channel=channel, channel_id=channel_id
    )
    response = operation.result(600)
    print(f"Channel: {response.name}")

    return response

Ruby

Antes de probar esta muestra, sigue las instrucciones de configuración para Ruby que se encuentran en la Guía de inicio rápido de la API de Live Stream con bibliotecas cliente. Si quieres obtener más información, consulta la documentación de referencia de la API de Live Stream Ruby.

require "google/cloud/video/live_stream"

##
# Create a channel with a failover backup input
#
# @param project_id [String] Your Google Cloud project (e.g. "my-project")
# @param location [String] The location (e.g. "us-central1")
# @param channel_id [String] Your channel name (e.g. "my-channel")
# @param primary_input_id [String] Your primary input name (e.g. "my-primary-input")
# @param backup_input_id [String] Your backup input name (e.g. "my-backup-input")
# @param output_uri [String] Uri of the channel output folder in a Cloud Storage
#     bucket. (e.g. "gs://my-bucket/my-output-folder/";)
#
def create_channel_with_backup_input project_id:, location:, channel_id:, primary_input_id:, backup_input_id:, output_uri:
  # Create a Live Stream client.
  client = Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream.livestream_service

  # Build the resource name of the parent.
  parent = client.location_path project: project_id, location: location
  # Build the resource name of the inputs.
  primary_input_path = client.input_path project: project_id, location: location, input: primary_input_id
  backup_input_path = client.input_path project: project_id, location: location, input: backup_input_id

  # Set the channel fields.
  new_channel = {
    input_attachments: [
      {
        key: "my-primary-input",
        input: primary_input_path,
        automatic_failover: {
          input_keys: ["my-backup-input"]
        }
      },
      {
        key: "my-backup-input",
        input: backup_input_path
      }
    ],
    output: {
      uri: output_uri
    },
    elementary_streams: [
      {
        key: "es_video",
        video_stream: {
          h264: {
            profile: "high",
            bitrate_bps: 3_000_000,
            frame_rate: 30,
            height_pixels: 720,
            width_pixels: 1280
          }
        }
      },
      {
        key: "es_audio",
        audio_stream: {
          codec: "aac",
          channel_count: 2,
          bitrate_bps: 160_000
        }
      }
    ],
    mux_streams: [
      {
        key: "mux_video",
        elementary_streams: [
          "es_video"
        ],
        segment_settings: {
          segment_duration: {
            seconds: 2
          }
        }
      },
      {
        key: "mux_audio",
        elementary_streams: [
          "es_audio"
        ],
        segment_settings: {
          segment_duration: {
            seconds: 2
          }
        }
      }
    ],
    manifests: [
      {
        file_name: "main.m3u8",
        type: Google::Cloud::Video::LiveStream::V1::Manifest::ManifestType::HLS,
        mux_streams: [
          "mux_video", "mux_audio"
        ],
        max_segment_count: 5
      }
    ]
  }

  operation = client.create_channel parent: parent, channel: new_channel, channel_id: channel_id

  # The returned object is of type Gapic::Operation. You can use this
  # object to check the status of an operation, cancel it, or wait
  # for results. Here is how to block until completion:
  operation.wait_until_done!

  # Print the channel name.
  puts "Channel: #{operation.response.name}"
end

¿Qué sigue?

Para buscar y filtrar muestras de código de otros productos de Google Cloud, consulta el navegador de muestra de Google Cloud.