Organiza tus páginas con colecciones Guarda y categoriza el contenido según tus preferencias.

Consulta y filtra datos

Firestore proporciona una función de consulta potente para especificar qué documentos deseas recuperar de una colección o de un grupo de colecciones. Estas consultas también se pueden usar con get() o addSnapshotListener(), como se describe en Obtén datos y Obtén actualizaciones en tiempo real.

Datos de ejemplo

Para comenzar, escribe algunos datos sobre ciudades para que podamos ver las distintas maneras de leerlos:

Web versión 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore";

const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "SF"), {
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "LA"), {
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "DC"), {
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "TOK"), {
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "BJ"), {
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });

Web versión 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.doc("SF").set({
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
citiesRef.doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
citiesRef.doc("DC").set({
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
citiesRef.doc("TOK").set({
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
citiesRef.doc("BJ").set({
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.document("SF").setData([
    "name": "San Francisco",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 860000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("LA").setData([
    "name": "Los Angeles",
    "state": "CA",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": false,
    "population": 3900000,
    "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("DC").setData([
    "name": "Washington D.C.",
    "country": "USA",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 680000,
    "regions": ["east_coast"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("TOK").setData([
    "name": "Tokyo",
    "country": "Japan",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 9000000,
    "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
    ])
citiesRef.document("BJ").setData([
    "name": "Beijing",
    "country": "China",
    "capital": true,
    "population": 21500000,
    "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
    ])
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"San Francisco",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @860000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"norcal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @3900000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"socal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Washington D.C.",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @680000,
  @"regions": @[@"east_coast"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Tokyo",
  @"country": @"Japan",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @9000000,
  @"regions": @[@"kanto", @"honshu"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Beijing",
  @"country": @"China",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @21500000,
  @"regions": @[@"jingjinji", @"hebei"]
}];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val cities = db.collection("cities")

val data1 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "San Francisco",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 860000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "norcal")
)
cities.document("SF").set(data1)

val data2 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Los Angeles",
        "state" to "CA",
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to false,
        "population" to 3900000,
        "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "socal")
)
cities.document("LA").set(data2)

val data3 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Washington D.C.",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "USA",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 680000,
        "regions" to listOf("east_coast")
)
cities.document("DC").set(data3)

val data4 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Tokyo",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "Japan",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 9000000,
        "regions" to listOf("kanto", "honshu")
)
cities.document("TOK").set(data4)

val data5 = hashMapOf(
        "name" to "Beijing",
        "state" to null,
        "country" to "China",
        "capital" to true,
        "population" to 21500000,
        "regions" to listOf("jingjinji", "hebei")
)
cities.document("BJ").set(data5)
Java
Android
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> data1 = new HashMap<>();
data1.put("name", "San Francisco");
data1.put("state", "CA");
data1.put("country", "USA");
data1.put("capital", false);
data1.put("population", 860000);
data1.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"));
cities.document("SF").set(data1);

Map<String, Object> data2 = new HashMap<>();
data2.put("name", "Los Angeles");
data2.put("state", "CA");
data2.put("country", "USA");
data2.put("capital", false);
data2.put("population", 3900000);
data2.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
cities.document("LA").set(data2);

Map<String, Object> data3 = new HashMap<>();
data3.put("name", "Washington D.C.");
data3.put("state", null);
data3.put("country", "USA");
data3.put("capital", true);
data3.put("population", 680000);
data3.put("regions", Arrays.asList("east_coast"));
cities.document("DC").set(data3);

Map<String, Object> data4 = new HashMap<>();
data4.put("name", "Tokyo");
data4.put("state", null);
data4.put("country", "Japan");
data4.put("capital", true);
data4.put("population", 9000000);
data4.put("regions", Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"));
cities.document("TOK").set(data4);

Map<String, Object> data5 = new HashMap<>();
data5.put("name", "Beijing");
data5.put("state", null);
data5.put("country", "China");
data5.put("capital", true);
data5.put("population", 21500000);
data5.put("regions", Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"));
cities.document("BJ").set(data5);

Dart

final cities = db.collection("cities");
final data1 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "San Francisco",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 860000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
};
cities.doc("SF").set(data1);

final data2 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Los Angeles",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 3900000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"],
};
cities.doc("LA").set(data2);

final data3 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Washington D.C.",
  "state": null,
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 680000,
  "regions": ["east_coast"]
};
cities.doc("DC").set(data3);

final data4 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Tokyo",
  "state": null,
  "country": "Japan",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 9000000,
  "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
};
cities.doc("TOK").set(data4);

final data5 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Beijing",
  "state": null,
  "country": "China",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 21500000,
  "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"],
};
cities.doc("BJ").set(data5);
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures = new ArrayList<>();
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("SF")
        .set(
            new City(
                "San Francisco",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                860000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("LA")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Los Angeles",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                3900000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("DC")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Washington D.C.", null, "USA", true, 680000L, Arrays.asList("east_coast"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("TOK")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Tokyo", null, "Japan", true, 9000000L, Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("BJ")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Beijing",
                null,
                "China",
                true,
                21500000L,
                Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"))));
// (optional) block on documents successfully added
ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Python
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0,
                 regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return (
            f'City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )'
        )
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.document(u'BJ').set(
    City(u'Beijing', None, u'China', True, 21500000, [u'hebei']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'SF').set(
    City(u'San Francisco', u'CA', u'USA', False, 860000,
         [u'west_coast', u'norcal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'LA').set(
    City(u'Los Angeles', u'CA', u'USA', False, 3900000,
         [u'west_coast', u'socal']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'DC').set(
    City(u'Washington D.C.', None, u'USA', True, 680000,
         [u'east_coast']).to_dict())
cities_ref.document(u'TOK').set(
    City(u'Tokyo', None, u'Japan', True, 9000000,
         [u'kanto', u'honshu']).to_dict())
Python
(Async)
class City(object):
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
await cities_ref.document("BJ").set(
    City("Beijing", None, "China", True, 21500000, ["hebei"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("SF").set(
    City(
        "San Francisco", "CA", "USA", False, 860000, ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("LA").set(
    City(
        "Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", False, 3900000, ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("DC").set(
    City("Washington D.C.", None, "USA", True, 680000, ["east_coast"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("TOK").set(
    City("Tokyo", None, "Japan", True, 9000000, ["kanto", "honshu"]).to_dict()
)
C++
CollectionReference cities = db->Collection("cities");

cities.Document("SF").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("San Francisco")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(860000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("norcal")})},
});

cities.Document("LA").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(3900000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("socal")})},
});

cities.Document("DC").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Washington D.C.")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(680000)},
    {"regions",
     FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("east_coast")})},
});

cities.Document("TOK").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Tokyo")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("Japan")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(9000000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("kanto"),
                                   FieldValue::String("honshu")})},
});

cities.Document("BJ").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Beijing")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("China")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(21500000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("jingjinji"),
                                   FieldValue::String("hebei")})},
});
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').set({
  name: 'San Francisco', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 860000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'norcal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').set({
  name: 'Los Angeles', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 3900000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'socal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').set({
  name: 'Washington, D.C.', state: null, country: 'USA',
  capital: true, population: 680000,
  regions: ['east_coast']
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').set({
  name: 'Tokyo', state: null, country: 'Japan',
  capital: true, population: 9000000,
  regions: ['kanto', 'honshu']
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').set({
  name: 'Beijing', state: null, country: 'China',
  capital: true, population: 21500000,
  regions: ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
});
Comienza a usarlo
cities := []struct {
	id string
	c  City
}{
	{
		id: "SF",
		c: City{Name: "San Francisco", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 860000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "norcal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "LA",
		c: City{Name: "Los Angeles", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 3900000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "socal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "DC",
		c: City{Name: "Washington D.C.", Country: "USA",
			Capital: true, Population: 680000,
			Regions: []string{"east_coast"}},
	},
	{
		id: "TOK",
		c: City{Name: "Tokyo", Country: "Japan",
			Capital: true, Population: 9000000,
			Regions: []string{"kanto", "honshu"}},
	},
	{
		id: "BJ",
		c: City{Name: "Beijing", Country: "China",
			Capital: true, Population: 21500000,
			Regions: []string{"jingjinji", "hebei"}},
	},
}
for _, c := range cities {
	if _, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc(c.id).Set(ctx, c.c); err != nil {
		return err
	}
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->set([
    'name' => 'San Francisco',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 860000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'norcal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->set([
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 3900000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'socal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->set([
    'name' => 'Washington D.C.',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 680000,
    'regions' => ['east_coast']
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->set([
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'Japan',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 9000000,
    'regions' => ['kanto', 'honshu']
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'China',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 21500000,
    'regions' => ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
]);
printf('Added example cities data to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities_ref.doc("SF").set(
  {
    name:       "San Francisco",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 860_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "norcal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("LA").set(
  {
    name:       "Los Angeles",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 3_900_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "socal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("DC").set(
  {
    name:       "Washington D.C.",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    true,
    population: 680_000,
    regions:    ["east_coast"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("TOK").set(
  {
    name:       "Tokyo",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "Japan",
    capital:    true,
    population: 9_000_000,
    regions:    ["kanto", "honshu"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("BJ").set(
  {
    name:       "Beijing",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "China",
    capital:    true,
    population: 21_500_000,
    regions:    ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
  }
)

Consultas simples

La siguiente consulta muestra todas las ciudades con el estado CA:

Web versión 9

// Create a reference to the cities collection
import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));

Web versión 8

// Create a reference to the cities collection
var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
var query = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
// Create a reference to the cities collection
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
let query = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
// Create a reference to the cities collection
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
// Create a query against the collection.
FIRQuery *query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
// Create a reference to the cities collection
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
val query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
Java
Android
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");

Dart

// Create a reference to the cities collection
final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
final query = citiesRef.where("state", isEqualTo: "CA");
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')
Python
(Async)
# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA")
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query_ca =
    cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
Node.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const queryRef = citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA');
Comienza a usarlo
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("state", "==", "CA")
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query state=CA' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id));
    }
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query state=CA."
end

La siguiente consulta muestra todas las capitales:

Web versión 9

import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

const q = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "==", true));

Web versión 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

var query = citiesRef.where("capital", "==", true);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
let capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
FIRQuery *capitalCities =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@YES];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true)
Java
Android
Query capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true);

Dart

final capitalcities =
    db.collection("cities").where("capital", isEqualTo: true);
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("capital", true);
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'capital', u'==', True)
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("capital", "==", True)
C++
Query capital_cities = db->Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo(
    "capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true));
Node.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const allCapitalsRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
Comienza a usarlo
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true)
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query capital=true' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id));
    }
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query capital=true."
end

Ejecuta una consulta

Después de crear un objeto de consulta, usa la función get() para recuperar los resultados:

Web versión 9

import { collection, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(collection(db, "cities"), where("capital", "==", true));

const querySnapshot = await getDocs(q);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
  console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
});

Web versión 8

db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", true)
    .get()
    .then((querySnapshot) => {
        querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
            // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
            console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
        });
    })
    .catch((error) => {
        console.log("Error getting documents: ", error);
    });
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
    .getDocuments() { (querySnapshot, err) in
        if let err = err {
            print("Error getting documents: \(err)")
        } else {
            for document in querySnapshot!.documents {
                print("\(document.documentID) => \(document.data())")
            }
        }
}
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@(YES)]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error getting documents: %@", error);
      } else {
        for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
          NSLog(@"%@ => %@", document.documentID, document.data);
        }
      }
    }];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnSuccessListener { documents ->
            for (document in documents) {
                Log.d(TAG, "${document.id} => ${document.data}")
            }
        }
        .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
            Log.w(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", exception)
        }
Java
Android
db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
                if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                    for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, document.getId() + " => " + document.getData());
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", task.getException());
                }
            }
        });

Dart

db.collection("cities").where("capital", isEqualTo: true).get().then(
      (res) => print("Successfully completed"),
      onError: (e) => print("Error completing: $e"),
    );
Java
// asynchronously retrieve multiple documents
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true).get();
// future.get() blocks on response
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> documents = future.get().getDocuments();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : documents) {
  System.out.println(document.getId() + " => " + document.toObject(City.class));
}
Python
# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection(u'cities').where(u'capital', u'==', True).stream()

for doc in docs:
    print(f'{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}')
Python
(Async)
# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", True).stream()

async for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
C++
db->Collection("cities")
    .WhereEqualTo("capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true))
    .Get()
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<QuerySnapshot>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        for (const DocumentSnapshot& document :
             future.result()->documents()) {
          std::cout << document << std::endl;
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error getting documents: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');
const snapshot = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
if (snapshot.empty) {
  console.log('No matching documents.');
  return;
}

snapshot.forEach(doc => {
  console.log(doc.id, '=>', doc.data());
});
Comienza a usarlo
fmt.Println("All capital cities:")
iter := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true).Documents(ctx)
for {
	doc, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		break
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Println(doc.Data())
}
PHP

PHP

$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$documents = $query->documents();
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    if ($document->exists()) {
        printf('Document data for document %s:' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
        print_r($document->data());
        printf(PHP_EOL);
    } else {
        printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
    }
}
Unity
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
  QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = task.Result;
  foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents) {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city) {
      Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }

    // Newline to separate entries
    Debug.Log("");
  };
});
C#
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = await capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "#{city.document_id} data: #{city.data}."
end

Consulta cómo obtener datos para saber más sobre cómo recuperar resultados de consultas. También puedes agregar un objeto de escucha a una consulta para obtener los resultados actuales y detectar actualizaciones futuras.

Operadores de consultas

El método where() usa tres parámetros: un campo para filtrar, un operador de comparación y un valor. Firestore admite los siguientes operadores de comparación:

Por ejemplo:

Web versión 9

const stateQuery = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));
const populationQuery = query(citiesRef, where("population", "<", 100000));
const nameQuery = query(citiesRef, where("name", ">=", "San Francisco"));

Web versión 8

const stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
const populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", "<", 100000);
const nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco");
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
let stateQuery = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
let populationQuery = citiesRef.whereField("population", isLessThan: 100000)
let nameQuery = citiesRef.whereField("name", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "San Francisco")
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
FIRQuery *stateQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
FIRQuery *populationQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@100000];
FIRQuery *nameQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"San Francisco"];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
val populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000)
val nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco")
Java
Android
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", isEqualTo: "CA");
final populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", isLessThan: 100000);
final nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", isEqualTo: "San Francisco");
Java
Query stateQuery = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = cities.whereLessThan("population", 1000000L);
Query nameQuery = cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

cities_ref.where(u'state', u'==', u'CA')
cities_ref.where(u'population', u'<', 1000000)
cities_ref.where(u'name', u'>=', u'San Francisco')
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA")
cities_ref.where("population", "<", 1000000)
cities_ref.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
cities_ref.WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name",
                                     FieldValue::String("San Francisco"));
Node.js
const stateQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').get();
const populationQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('population', '<', 1000000).get();
const nameQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco').get();
Comienza a usarlo
countryQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA")
popQuery := cities.Where("population", "<", 1000000)
cityQuery := cities.Where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$populationQuery = $citiesRef->where('population', '>', 1000000);
$nameQuery = $citiesRef->where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco');
Unity
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
C#
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Ruby
state_query      = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"
population_query = cities_ref.where "population", ">", 1_000_000
name_query       = cities_ref.where "name", ">=", "San Francisco"

No igual (!=)

Usa el operador no igual (!=) para mostrar documentos en los que exista el campo especificado y no coincida con el valor de comparación. Por ejemplo:

Web versión 9

const notCapitalQuery = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "!=", false));

Web versión 8

citiesRef.where("capital", "!=", false);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
let notEqualQuery = citiesRef.whereField("capital", isNotEqualTo: false)
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"capital" isNotEqualTo:@NO];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false)
Java
Android
Query notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final notCapitals = citiesRef.where("capital", isNotEqualTo: true);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);
Python
// Snippet not yet available
C++
// Snippet not yet available
Node.js
const capitalNotFalseRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '!=', false).get();
Comienza a usarlo
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('capital', '!=', false);
Unity
// Snippet not yet available
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
query = cities_ref.where "capital", "!=", false

Esta consulta muestra todos los documentos de city en los que existe el campo capital con un valor distinto de false o null. Esto incluye los documentos de city en los que el valor del campo capital es igual a true o a cualquier valor no booleano además de null.

Esta consulta no muestra los documentos de city en los que no existe el campo capital. Las consultas no igual (!=) y not-in excluyen los documentos en los que no existe el campo especificado.

Un campo existe cuando se configura con cualquier valor, incluida una string vacía (""), null y NaN (no un número). Ten en cuenta que los valores del campo null no coinciden con las cláusulas != porque x != null se evalúa como undefined.

Limitaciones

Ten en cuenta las siguientes limitaciones de las consultas !=:

  • Solo los documentos en los que existe el campo especificado pueden coincidir con la consulta.
  • No puedes combinar not-in y != en una consulta compuesta.
  • En una consulta compuesta, las comparaciones de intervalo (<, <=, > y >=) y desigualdad (!= y not-in) deben aplicar filtros en el mismo campo.

Pertenencia a un array

Puedes usar el operador array-contains para filtrar en función de los valores del array. Por ejemplo:

Web versión 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const q = query(citiesRef, where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"));

Web versión 8

citiesRef.where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast");
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
citiesRef
  .whereField("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast")
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" arrayContains:@"west_coast"];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast")
Java
Android
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final westCoastcities =
    citiesRef.where("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast");
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
Query westCoastQuery = citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'regions', u'array_contains', u'west_coast')
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("regions", "array_contains", "west_coast")
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereArrayContains("region", FieldValue::String("west_coast"));
Node.js
const westCoastCities = citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains',
  'west_coast').get();
Comienza a usarlo
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast").Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains', 'west_coast');
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query arrayContainsQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("region", "west_coast");
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("Regions", "west_coast");
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"

Esta consulta muestra todos los documentos de city en los que el campo regions es un array que contiene west_coast. Si el array tiene múltiples instancias del valor que consultaste, el documento se incluye en los resultados solo una vez.

Puedes usar como máximo una cláusula array-contains por consulta. No puedes combinar array-contains con array-contains-any.

in, not-in y array-contains-any

Usa el operador in para combinar hasta 10 cláusulas de igualdad (==) en el mismo campo con un OR lógico. Una consulta in muestra documentos en los que el campo dado coincide con cualquiera de los valores de comparación. Por ejemplo:

Web versión 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Web versión 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereField("country", in: ["USA", "Japan"])
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" in:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))
Java
Android
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("country", whereIn: ["USA", "Japan"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(u'country', u'in', [u'USA', u'Japan'])
return query
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"])
return query
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereIn("country", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("USA"),
  FieldValue::String("Japan")
});
Node.js
const usaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
Comienza a usarlo
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("country", "in", []string{"USA", "Japan"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List countriesList = new List<object>() {"USA", "Japan"};

Query whereInQuery = citiesRef.WhereIn("country", countriesList);
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Country", new[] { "USA", "Japan" });
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"]

Esta consulta muestra todos los documentos city en los que el campo country se configura como USA o Japan. A partir de los datos de ejemplo, se incluyen los documentos SF, LA, DC y TOK.

not-in

Usa el operador not-in para combinar hasta 10 cláusulas no igual (!=) en el mismo campo con un AND lógico. Una consulta not-in muestra documentos en los que existe el campo especificado, no es null y no coincide con ninguno de los valores de comparación. Por ejemplo:

Web versión 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Web versión 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
citiesRef.whereField("country", notIn: ["USA", "Japan"])
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" notIn:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("country", whereNotIn: ["USA", "Japan"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
Python
// Snippet not yet available
C++
cities_ref.WhereNotIn("country", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("USA"),
  FieldValue::String("Japan")
});
Node.js
const notUsaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
Comienza a usarlo
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where(
    'country',
    \Google\Cloud\Firestore\V1\StructuredQuery\FieldFilter\Operator::NOT_IN,
    ['USA', 'Japan']
);
Unity
// Snippet not yet available
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "not_in", ["USA", "Japan"]

Esta consulta muestra todos los documentos city en los que existe el campo country y no se definió como USA, Japan ni null. A partir de los datos de ejemplo, se incluyen los documentos London y Hong Kong.

Las consultas not-in excluyen los documentos en los que no existe el campo especificado. Un campo existe cuando se configura con cualquier valor, incluida una string vacía (""), null y NaN (no un número). Ten en cuenta que x != null se evalúa como undefined. Una consulta not-in con null como uno de los valores de comparación no coincide con ningún documento.

array-contains-any

Del mismo modo, usa el operador array-contains-any para combinar hasta 10 cláusulas array-contains en el mismo campo con un OR lógico. Una consulta array-contains-any muestra documentos en los que el campo dado es un array que contiene uno o más de los valores de comparación:

Web versión 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef,
  where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']));

Web versión 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")
citiesRef.whereField("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"])
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" arrayContainsAny:@[@"west_coast", @"east_coast"]];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", listOf("west_coast", "east_coast"))
Java
Android
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef
    .where("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(
    u'regions', u'array_contains_any', [u'west_coast', u'east_coast']
)
return query
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    "regions", "array_contains_any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]
)
return query
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereArrayContainsAny("region", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
  FieldValue::String("east_coast")
});
Node.js
const coastalCities = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']).get();
Comienza a usarlo
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains-any", []string{"west_coast", "east_coast"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List regionsList = new List<object>() {"west_coast", "east_coast"};

Query arrayContainsAnyQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("regions", regionsList);
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("Regions", new[] { "west_coast", "east_coast" });
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
costal_cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains-any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]

Esta consulta muestra todos los documentos de city en los que el campo regions es un array que contiene west_coast o east_coast. A partir de los datos de ejemplo, se incluyen los documentos SF, LA y DC.

Se deducen los resultados de array-contains-any. Aunque el campo de array de un documento coincida con más de uno de los valores de comparación, el conjunto de resultados solo incluye ese documento una vez.

array-contains-any siempre filtra por el tipo de datos del array. Por ejemplo, la consulta anterior no mostraría un documento de city en el que, en lugar de un array, el campo regions sea la string west_coast.

Puedes usar un valor de arreglo como un valor de comparación para in, pero a diferencia de array-contains-any, la cláusula coincide exactamente con los valores, el orden y la longitud del arreglo. Por ejemplo:

Web versión 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]));

Web versión 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
citiesRef.whereField("regions", in: [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]);
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" in:@[@[@"west_coast"], @[@"east_coast"]]];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereIn("regions", listOf(arrayOf("west_coast"), arrayOf("east_coast")))
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereIn("regions", Arrays.asList(new String[]{"west_coast"}, new String[]{"east_coast"}));

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("regions", whereIn: [
  ["west_coast"],
  ["east_coast"]
]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereIn(
        "regions", Arrays.asList(Arrays.asList("west_coast"), Arrays.asList("east_coast")));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

query = cities_ref.where(
    u'regions', u'in', [[u'west_coast'], [u'east_coast']]
)
return query
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where("regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]])
return query
C++
cities_ref.WhereIn("region", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
  FieldValue::String("east_coast")
});
Node.js
const exactlyOneCoast = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]).get();
Comienza a usarlo
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "in", [][]string{{"west_coast"}, {"east_coast"}}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast'], ['east_coast']]);
Unity
// Not yet supported in the Unity SDK
C#
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Regions",
    new[] { new[] { "west_coast" }, new[] { "east_coast" } });
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
exactly_one_cost = cities_ref.where "regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]

Esta consulta muestra todos los documentos de city en los que el campo regions es un array que contiene exactamente un elemento de west_coast o east_coast. A partir de los datos de ejemplo, solo el documento DC califica con su campo regions de ["east_coast"]. Sin embargo, el documento SF no coincide porque su campo regions es ["west_coast", "norcal"].

Limitaciones

Ten en cuenta las siguientes limitaciones de in, not-in, y array-contains-any:

  • in, not-in y array-contains-any admiten hasta 10 valores de comparación.
  • Puedes usar como máximo una cláusula array-contains por consulta. No puedes combinar array-contains con array-contains-any.
  • Puedes usar como máximo una cláusula in, not-in o array-contains-any por consulta. No puedes combinar estos operadores en la misma consulta.
  • No puedes combinar not-in con no es igual a !=.
  • No puedes ordenar tu consulta por un campo incluido en una cláusula de igualdad (==) o in.

Consultas compuestas

Puedes encadenar varios métodos de operadores de igualdad (== o array-contains) para crear búsquedas más específicas (AND lógico). Sin embargo, debes crear un índice compuesto para combinar los operadores de igualdad con los operadores de desigualdad <, <=, > y !=.

Web versión 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CO"), where("name", "==", "Denver"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", "<", 1000000));

Web versión 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", "<", 1000000);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .whereField("name", isEqualTo: "Denver")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isLessThan: 1000000)
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CO"]
    queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"Denver"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@1000000];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000)
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000);

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .where("name", isEqualTo: "Denver");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isLessThan: 1000000);
Java
Query chainedQuery1 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')

denver_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CO').where(u'name', u'==', u'Denver')
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'==', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>', 1000000)
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

denver_query = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver")
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where("state", "==", "CA").where(
    "population", ">", 1000000
)
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CO"))
    .WhereEqualTo("name", FieldValue::String("Denver"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CO').where('name', '==', 'Denver');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '<', 1000000);
Comienza a usarlo
denverQuery := cities.Where("name", "==", "Denver").Where("state", "==", "CO")
caliQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", "<=", 1000000)
query := cities.Where("country", "==", "USA").Where("population", ">", 5000000)
PHP
$chainedQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '=', 'CA')
    ->where('name', '=', 'San Francisco');
Unity
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
C#
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Ruby
chained_query = cities_ref.where("state", "=", "CA").where("name", "=", "San Francisco")

Puedes realizar comparaciones de rango (<, <=, >, >=) o no igual (!=) solo en un campo único y puedes incluir como máximo una cláusula array-contains o array-contains-any en una consulta compuesta:

Válido: Filtros de rango en solo un campo

Web versión 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("state", "<=", "IN"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", ">", 1000000));

Web versión 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", ">", 1000000);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN")
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"state" isLessThanOrEqualTo:@"IN"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000)
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000);
Java
Query validQuery1 =
    cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
Query validQuery2 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'state', u'<=', u'IN')
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")
C++
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("IN"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereGreaterThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('state', '<=', 'IN');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
Comienza a usarlo
stateQuery := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("state", "<", "IN")
populationQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('state', '<=', 'IN');
Unity
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
C#
Query rangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereLessThanOrEqualTo("State", "IN");
Ruby
range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN")

No válido: Filtros de rango en diferentes campos

Web versión 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("population", ">", 100000));

Web versión 8

citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 100000);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
citiesRef
    .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
Objective-C
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clips.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 100000)
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000);
Java
Query invalidRangeQuery =
    cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA").whereGreaterThan("population", 100000);
Python
cities_ref = db.collection(u'cities')
cities_ref.where(
    u'state', u'>=', u'CA').where(u'population', u'>=', 1000000)
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">=", 1000000)
C++
// BAD EXAMPLE -- will crash the program:
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereGreaterThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '>=', 'CA').where('population', '>', 1000000);
Comienza a usarlo
query := cities.Where("state", ">=", "CA").Where("population", ">", 1000000)
PHP
$invalidRangeQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '>=', 'CA')
    ->where('population', '>', 1000000);
Unity
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
C#
Query invalidRangeQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Ruby
invalid_range_query = cities_ref.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("population", ">", 1_000_000)

Consultas de grupos de colecciones

Un grupo de colecciones consta de todas las colecciones con el mismo ID. Según la configuración predeterminada, las consultas recuperan los resultados de una sola colección de tu base de datos. Usa una consulta de grupos de colecciones para obtener documentos de un grupo de colecciones y no de una sola colección.

Por ejemplo, para crear un grupo de colecciones de landmarks, puedes agregar una subcolección de puntos de referencia a cada ciudad:

Web versión 9

import { collection, addDoc } from "firebase/firestore";

const citiesRef = collection(db, 'cities');

await Promise.all([
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'SF', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'SF', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'LA', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'LA', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'DC', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'DC', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'TOK', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'TOK', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'BJ', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    addDoc(collection(citiesRef, 'BJ', 'landmarks'), {
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);

Web versión 8

var citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

var landmarks = Promise.all([
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Golden Gate Bridge',
        type: 'bridge'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('SF').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Legion of Honor',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Griffith Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('LA').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'The Getty',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Lincoln Memorial',
        type: 'memorial'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('DC').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Air and Space Museum',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Ueno Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('TOK').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'National Museum of Nature and Science',
        type: 'museum'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Jingshan Park',
        type: 'park'
    }),
    citiesRef.doc('BJ').collection('landmarks').doc().set({
        name: 'Beijing Ancient Observatory',
        type: 'museum'
    })
]);
Swift
Nota: Este producto no se encuentra disponible en los destinos de watchOS ni de App Clip.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

var data = ["name": "Golden Gate Bridge", "type": "bridge"]
citiesRef.document("SF").collection("landmarks").addDocument(data: data)

data = ["name": "Legion of Honor", "type": "museum"]
citiesRef.document("SF&qu